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GETSERVENT(3)          FreeBSD Library Functions Manual          GETSERVENT(3)

NAME
     getservent, getservbyport, getservbyname, setservent, endservent - get
     service entry

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <netdb.h>

     struct servent *
     getservent();

     struct servent *
     getservbyname(const char *name, const char *proto);

     struct servent *
     getservbyport(int port, const char *proto);

     void
     setservent(int stayopen);

     void
     endservent(void);

DESCRIPTION
     The getservent(), getservbyname(), and getservbyport() functions each
     return a pointer to an object with the following structure containing the
     broken-out fields of a line in the network services data base,
     /etc/services.

           struct  servent {
                   char    *s_name;        /* official name of service */
                   char    **s_aliases;    /* alias list */
                   int     s_port;         /* port service resides at */
                   char    *s_proto;       /* protocol to use */
           };

     The members of this structure are:

     s_name     The official name of the service.

     s_aliases  A zero terminated list of alternate names for the service.

     s_port     The port number at which the service resides.  Port numbers
                are returned in network byte order.

     s_proto    The name of the protocol to use when contacting the service.

     The getservent() function reads the next line of the file, opening the
     file if necessary.

     The setservent() function opens and rewinds the file.  If the stayopen
     flag is non-zero, the net data base will not be closed after each call to
     getservbyname() or getservbyport().

     The endservent() function closes the file.

     The getservbyname() and getservbyport() functions sequentially search
     from the beginning of the file until a matching protocol name or port
     number (which must be specified in network byte order) is found, or until
     EOF is encountered.  If a protocol name is also supplied (non- NULL),
     searches must also match the protocol.

FILES
     /etc/services

DIAGNOSTICS
     Null pointer (0) returned on EOF or error.

SEE ALSO
     getprotoent(3), services(5)

HISTORY
     The getservent(), getservbyport(), getservbyname(), setservent(), and
     endservent() functions appeared in 4.2BSD.

BUGS
     These functions use a thread-specific data storage; if the data is needed
     for future use, it should be copied before any subsequent calls overwrite
     it.  Expecting port numbers to fit in a 32 bit quantity is probably
     naive.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE          July 9, 1995          FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE

NAME | LIBRARY | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | FILES | DIAGNOSTICS | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | BUGS

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