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Geomview(5gv)						      Ge-

       Geomview	- Geomview command language

       The  material  in  this	manual	page  also appears in the
       Geomview	manual.

       gcl: the	Geomview Command Language

       Gcl has the syntax of lisp -- i.e. an  expression  of  the
form  (f  a  b	       ...) means pass the values of a,	b, ... to
the function f.
       Gcl is very limited and is by no	means  an  implementation
of lisp.  It
       is simply a language for	expressing commands to be execut-
ed in the order
       given, rather than a programming	language.   It	does  not
support	variable
       or function definition.

       Gcl  is	the  language that Geomview understands	for files
that it	loads
       as well as for communication with other programs.
       To execute a gcl	command	interactively, you can	bring  up
       *Commands*  panel  which	 lets  you type	in a command; Ge-
       executes	the command when you hit the return key.   Output
from such
       commands	 is printed to standard	output.	 Alternately, you
can invoke
       Geomview	as `geomview -c	-' which causes	it  to	read  gcl
       from standard input.

       Gcl  functions  return  a value,	and you	can nest function
calls in ways
       which use this returned value.  For example	       (f
(g a b))
       evaluates `(g a b)' and then evaluates `(f x)' where `x'
       is  the	result returned	by `(g a b)'.  Geomview	maintains
       return values internally	but does not normally print  them
       To  print  out  a return	value pass it to the `echo' func-
       For example  the	 `geomview-version'  function  returns	a
       representing  the version of Geomview that is running, and
	    (echo (geomview-version))
       prints out this string.

       Many functions simply return `t'	for success or `nil' for
       failure;	this is	the case if  the  documentation	 for  the
function does not
       indicate	 otherwise.   These are	the lisp symbols for true
and false,
       respectively.  (They correspond to the  C  variables  `Lt'
       `Lnil'  which  you  are	likely	to see if you look at the
source code
       for Geomview or some of the external modules.)

       In the descriptions of the commands below  several  refer-
ences are made to
       "OOGL"  formats.	 OOGL  is  the	data description language
that Geomview
       uses for	describing geometry,  cameras,	appearances,  and
other basic
       objects.	 For details of	the OOGL formats, *Note	OOGL File
       (Or equivalently, see the oogl(5) manual	page, distributed
with Geomview
       in the file man/cat5/oogl.5.

       The  gcl	 commands  and	argument  types	are listed below.

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996			1

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

       of the documentation in this  section  of  the  manual  is
available within
       Geomview	via the	`?' and	`??' commands.	The command `(?
       COMMAND)'  causes Geomview to print out a one-line summary
of the
       syntax of COMMAND, and `(?? COMMAND)' prints out	an
       explanation of what COMMAND does.   You	can  include  the
       character  `*' in COMMAND to print information for a group
       commands	matching a pattern.   For  example,  `(??  *emod-
ule*)' will
       print  all  information	about all commands containing the
       `emodule'.  `(? *)' will	print a	short list  of	all  com-

       Conventions Used	In Describing Argument Types

       The following symbols are used to describe argument types
       in the documentation for	gcl functions.

       `APPEARANCE'		 is an OOGL appearance specifica-

       `CAM-ID'		    is an ID that refers to a camera.

       `CAMERA'		    is an OOGL camera specification.

       `GEOM-ID'	     is	an ID that refers to a geometry.

       `GEOMETRY'	      is an OOGL geometry specification.

       `ID'		is a string which  names  a  geometry  or
camera.	 Besides	     those you create, valid ones are:

	     ``World, world, worldgeom,	g0''		      the
collection of all geom's

	    `target'		      selected target object (cam
or geom)

	     `center'			selected center-of-motion

	    `targetcam'			   last	 selected  target

	     `targetgeom'		     last selected target

	    `focus'		     camera where cursor  is  (or
most recently was)

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996			2

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	    `allgeoms'			all geom objects

	    `allcams'		       all cameras

	     ``default,	 defaultcam, prototype''
future cameras inherit default's settings

	    The	following IDs are used to  name	 coordinate  sys-
tems,		  e.g. in `pick' and `write' commands:

	     ``World, world, worldgeom,	g0''		      the
world, within which all	other geoms live.

	    `universe '			 the universe,	in  which
the  World,  lights  and cameras live.	Cameras'
world2cam transforms might better be called universe2cam, etc.

	     `self'		       "this  Geomview	 object".
Transform  from	an object to `self' is the		    iden-
tity; writing its  geometry  gives  the	 object	 itself	 with  no
		 enclosing transform; picked points appear in the
object's coordinates.

	    `primitive'			 (for `pick' only) Picked
points	appear	in  the	coordinate system of the
lowest-level OOGL primitive.

	    A name is also an acceptable  id.	Given  names  are
made  unique  by	     appending numbers if necessary (i.e.
`foo<2>'). Every geom is also		  named	 g[n]  and  every
camera	is also	named c[n] (`g0' is always the		   world-
geom): this name is used as a prefix to	keyboard commands and can
	     also  be used as a	gcl id.	 Numbers are reused after
an	       object is deleted. Both names are shown in the Ob-
ject browser.

       `STATEMENT'	       represents a function call.  Func-
tion calls have	the form `(func	arg1		   arg2	 ...  )',
where  `func'  is  the	name of	the function and `arg1',
`arg2',	... are	the arguments.

       `TRANSFORM'	       is an OOGL 4x4 transformation  ma-

       `WINDOW'		    is an OOGL winddow specification.

       Gcl Reference Guide

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996			3

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

       `! is a synonym for `shell''

       `(<  EXPR1  EXPR2)'	       Returns t if EXPR1 is less
than EXPR2.  EXPR1 and EXPR2 should		 be  either  both
integers or floats, or both strings.

       `(=  EXPR1 EXPR2)'	      Returns t	if EXPR1 is equal
to EXPR2.  EXPR1 and EXPR2 should	      be either	both  in-
tegers or floats, or both strings.

       `(>  EXPR1  EXPR2)'		 Returns  t  if	 EXPR1 is
greater	than EXPR2.  EXPR1 and EXPR2 should		be either
both integers or floats, or both strings.

       `(?   [command])'	     Gives one-line usage summary
for `command'.		    Command may	 include  `*'s	as  wild-
cards;	see  also  `??'		     One-line command help; lists
names only if multiple commands	match.		    ? is  a  syn-
onym for `help'

       `(??   command)	 `command'  may	 include  `*'  wildcards'
	    Prints more	info than `(? command)'.  ?? is	a synonym
	    for	`morehelp'.

       `| is a synonym for `emodule-run'.'

       `(all  geometry)	 returns  a list of names of all geometry
objects.'	       Use e.g.	`(echo (all geometry))'	to  print
such a list.
       `(all camera)  returns a	list of	names of all cameras.'
       `(all  emodule defined)	returns	a list of all defined ex-
ternal modules.'
       `(all emodule running)  returns a list of all running  ex-
ternal modules.'

       `(ap-override  [on|off])'	      Selects whether ap-
pearance controls should override objects' own		     set-
tings.	 On  by	default.  With no arguments, returns current set-

       `(backcolor	CAM-ID R G B)'		   Set the  back-
ground	color  of CAM-ID; R G B	are numbers		between	0
and 1.

       `(background-image CAM-ID [FILENAME])'		  Use the
given  image  as the background	of camera CAM-ID (which	must be	a
	    real camera, not `default' or `allcams'). Centers the
image  on		the  window area.  Works only with GL and
OpenGL graphics.	      Use "" for filename to remove back-
ground.	  With	no filename argument,		  returns name of
that window's current background image,	or "".		      Any
file type acceptable as	a texture is allowed, e.g. .ppm.gz, .sgi,

       `(bbox-color	GEOM-ID	 R  G  B)'		 Set  the
bounding-box  color of GEOM-ID;	R G B are numbers	      be-
tween 0	and 1.

       `(bbox-draw	GEOM-ID	  [yes|no])'		      Say
whether	GEOM-ID's bounding-box should be drawn;	`yes' if omitted.

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996			4

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

       `(camera		CAM-ID [CAMERA])'	      Specify da-
ta for CAM-ID; CAMERA is a string giving an OOGL	     cam-
era specification.  If no camera CAM-ID	exists,		    it is
created; in this case, the second argument is optional,
and if omitted,	a default camera is used.  See also: new-camera.

       `(camera-draw	CAM-ID [yes|no])'	      Say whether
or not cameras should be drawn in CAM-ID; `yes'	if omitted.

       `(camera-prop  {	 geometry   object   }	   [projective])'
	     Specify  the  object  to be shown when drawing other
cameras.	      By default, this object is drawn	with  its
origin at the camera,		  and with the camera looking to-
ward the object's -Z axis.		  With	the  `projective'
keyword,  the camera's viewing projection is		 also ap-
plied to the object; this places the object's Z=-1  and	 Z=+1  at
	     near  and far clipping planes, with the viewing area
-1<={X,Y}<=+1.		    Example:  (camera-prop  {  <  cube	}

       `(camera-reset	CAM-ID)'	      Reset CAM-ID to its
default	value.

       `(car LIST)'		 returns  the  first  element  of

       `(cdr  LIST)'		 returns the list obtained by re-
moving the first element of LIST.

       `(clock)'	     Returns the current  time,	 in  sec-
onds, as shown by this stream's	clock.		    See	also set-
clock and sleep-until.

       `(command	INFILE [OUTFILE])'	       Read  com-
mands from INFILE; send	corresponding responses		    (e.g.
anything written to filename `-')  to  OUTFILE,	 stdout
by default.

       `(copy  [ID] [name])'		 Copies	an object or cam-
era.  If ID is not specified, it	      is  assumed  to  be
targetgeom.   If name is not specified,	it	       is assumed
to be the same as the name of ID.

       `(cursor-still [INT])'		  Sets the number of  mi-
croseconds for which the cursor	must not	     move to reg-
ister as holding still.	If INT is not specified,	      the
value will be reset to the default.

       `(cursor-twitch	    [INT])'		Sets the distance
which the cursor must not move (in x or		    y) to  regis-
ter  as	 holding still.	 If INT	is not specified,	      the
value will be reset to the default.

       `(delete		ID)'		 Delete	object or  camera

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996			5

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

       `(dice		GEOM-ID	 N)'		  Dice any Bezier
patches	within GEOM-ID into NxN	 meshes;  default  10.
See  also  the appearance attribute `dice', which makes	this com-
mand		 obsolete.

       `(dimension [N])'	     Sets or reads the space  di-
mension	 for  N-dimensional viewing.		  (Since calcula-
tions are done using homogeneous  coordinates,		     this
means  matrices	are (N+1)x(N+1).)	       With no arguments,
returns	the current dimension, or 0 if		    N-dimensional
viewing	has not	been enabled.

       `(dither	    CAM-ID   {on|off|toggle})'
Turn dithering on or off in that camera.

       `(draw		CAM-ID)'	      Draw  the	 view  in
CAM-ID,	if it needs redrawing.	See also `redraw'.

       `(echo	       ...)'		  Write	the given data to
the special file `-'.  Strings are written	       literally;
lisp   expressions   are  evaluated  and  their	 values	 written.
	    If received	from an	external program, `echo' sends to
the  program's		   input.  Otherwise writes to geomview's
own standard output		(typically the terminal).

       `(emodule-clear)'	     Clears the	geomview applica-
tion (external module) browser.

       `(emodule-define	      NAME	 SHELL-COMMAND	    ...)'
		    Define an external module called NAME,  which
then  appears in the			 external-module browser.
The SHELL-COMMAND string		     is	a UNIX shell com-
mand  which invokes the	module.			     See emodule-
run for	discussion of external modules.

       `(emodule-defined `modulename')'		    If the  given
external-module	 name  is  known,  returns  the	 name of
the program invoked when it's run as a quoted  string;	otherwise
	      returns  nil.   `(echo  (emodule-defined	`name'))'
prints the string.

       `(emodule-isrunning NAME)'	      Returns Lt  if  the
emodule	 NAME  is  running, or Lnil		if it is not run-
ning.  NAME is searched	for in the	       names as	they  ap-
pear in	the browser and	in the shell commands		  used to
execute	the external modules (not including arguments).

       `(emodule-path)'		    Returns  the  current  search
path for external modules.		Note: to actually see the
value returned by this function		    you	should wrap it in
a  call	 to echo: (echo	(emodule-path)).		      See
also set-emodule-path.

       `(emodule-run  SHELL-COMMAND ARGS...)'		     Runs
the  given  SHELL-COMMAND  (a  string  containing  a  UNIX  shell
	    command) as	an external module.  The  module's  stan-
dard output

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996			6

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	     is	taken as geomview commands; responses (written to
filename	     `-') are sent to the module's  standard  in-
put.  The shell		    command is interpreted by /bin/sh, so
e.g. I/O redirection may	     be	 used;	a  program  which
prompts	the user for input from	the		terminal could be
run with:		(emodule-run  yourprogram  <&2)
If  not	 already  set,	the environment	variable $MACHTYPE is set
	    to the name	of the machine type.   Input  and  output
	     connections  to  geomview are dropped when	the shell
command		    terminates.	 Clicking on a running	program's
module-browser	entry		   sends the signal SIGHUP to the
program.  For this to work,  programs		    should  avoid
running	 in  the  background;  those  using  FORMS or GL
should call foreground() before	 the  first  FORMS  or	winopen()
call.		   See also emodule-define, emodule-start.

       `(emodule-sort)'			     Sorts the modules in
the application	browser	alphabetically.

       `(emodule-start	NAME)'			   Starts the ex-
ternal	module NAME, defined by	emodule-define.
Equivalent to clicking on the corresponding module-browser entry.

       `(emodule-transmit NAME LIST)'		  Places LIST in-
to  external  module  NAME's  standard	input.	 NAME is
searched for in	the names of the modules as they  appear  in  the
	     External  Modules browser and then	in the shell com-
mands used to		  execute  the	external  modules.   Does
nothing	if modname is not	      running.

       `(escale		  GEOM-ID  FACTOR)'		  Same as
scale but multiplies by	exp(scale).	  Obsolete.

       `(event-keys {on|off})'			    Turn keyboard
events on or off to enable/disable keyboard shortcuts.

       `(event-mode	MODESTRING)'		   Set	the mouse
event (motion) mode; MODESTRING	should be one of	      the
following strings:
		1. "[r]	Rotate"
		2. "[t]	Translate"
		3. "[z]	Cam Zoom"
		4. "[s]	Geom Scale"
		5. "[f]	Cam Fly"
		6. "[o]	Cam Orbit"
		7. "[le] Edit Lights"

       `(event-pick  {on|off})'		      Turn  picking on or

       `(evert		GEOM-ID	[yes|no])'		 Set  the
normal	eversion  state	 of  GEOM-ID.	If  the	 second	 argument
	    is omitted,	toggle the eversion state.

       `(exit)'		    Terminates geomview.

       `(ezoom		GEOM-ID	FACTOR)'	     Same as zoom
but multiplies by exp(zoom).  Obsolete.

       `(freeze		CAM-ID)'

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996			7

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	     Freeze  CAM-ID;  drawing  in this camera's	window is
turned off	       until it	is explicitly redrawn with  `(re-
draw  CAM-ID)',	 after		    which time drawing resumes as

       `(geometry	GEOM-ID	[GEOMETRY])'		  Specify
the  geometry for GEOM-ID.  GEOMETRY is	a string	     giv-
ing an	OOGL  geometry	specification.	 If  no	 object
called	GEOM-ID	 exists, it is created;	in this	case the
GEOMETRY argument is optional, and if omitted, the  new
object GEOM-ID is given	an empty geometry.

       `(geomview-version)'		  Returns a string repre-
senting	the version of geomview	that is		    running.

       `(hdefine  `geometry'|`camera'|`transform'|`window'   name
value)'		      Sets the value of	a handle of a given type.
		   (hdefine  <type>   <name>   <value>)
is generally equivalent	to		      (read <type>  { de-
fine <name> <value> })		   except that the assignment  is
done  when  hdefine is executed,	     (possibly not at all
if inside a conditional	statement),		while  the  `read
...  define'  performs assignment as soon as the	     text
is read.

       `(help	      [command])'	      Command may include
`*'s  as  wildcards;  see also `??'		 One-line command
help; lists names only if multiple commands match.

       `(hmodel	CAMID  {virtual|projective|conformal})'
Set  the  model	used to	display	geometry in		this cam-
era; see also `space'.

       `(hsphere-draw	CAMID [yes|no])'	     Say  whether
to  draw a unit	sphere:	the sphere at infinity in	      hy-
perbolic space,	and a reference	sphere in Euclidean and	spherical
	     spaces.  If the second argument is	omitted, `yes' is

       `(if TEST EXPR1 [EXPR2])'	     Evaluates	TEST;  if
TEST  returns  a  non-nil value, returns the		 value of
EXPR1.	If TEST	returns	nil, returns the value of	      EX-
PR2 if EXPR2 is	present, otherwise returns nil.

       `(inhibit-warning STRING)'	      Inhibit warning in-
hbits geomview from displaying a	      particular  warning
message	 determined  by	STRING.		     At	present	there are
no warning messages that this		   applies  to,	 so  this
command	is rather useless.

       `(input-translator   "#prefix_string"   "Bourne-shell-com-
mand")'		    Defines an external	translation  program  for
special	input types.		  When asked to	read a file which
begins with the	specified string,		geomview  invokes
that program with standard input coming	from the given file.

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996			8

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	     The  program is expected to emit OOGL geometric data
to its standard	output.		     In	this implementation, only
prefixes  beginning with # are recognized.		Useful as
in		      (input-translator	"#VRML"	"vrml2oogl")

       `(interest (COMMAND [args]))'

	    Allows you to express interest in  a  command.   When
geomview	      executes that command in the future it will
echo it	to the		   communication pool from which the  in-
terest	command	 came.		     COMMAND can be any	command.
Args specify restrictions on the	     values of the  argu-
ments;	if  args are present in	the interest		 command,
geomview will only echo	calls to the command  in  which
the  arguments	match  those  given in the interest command.  Two
	    special argument values may	appear	in  the	 argument
list.  `*'	       matches any value. `nil'	matches	any value
but supresses the	      reporting	of that	value; its  value
is reported as `nil'.

	     The  purpose of the interest command is to	allow ex-
ternal		   modules to find out about things happening in-
side  geomview.		      For example, a module interested in
knowing	when a geom called	       `foo' is	deleted	could say
`(interest  (delete  foo))'  and  would		      receive the
string `(delete	foo)' when foo is deleted.

	    Picking is a special case of this.	For most  modules
	     interested	 in  pick  events  the command `(interest
(pick		  world))' is sufficient.  This	 causes	 geomview
to send	a string	     of	the form `(pick	world ...)' every
time a pick event (right	     mouse  double  click).   See
the `pick' command for details.

       `(lines-closer	CAM-ID DIST)'		  Draw lines (in-
cluding	edges) closer to the camera than polygons	       by
DIST  /	 10^5	of  the	 Z-buffer  range.  DIST	= 3.0 by default.
	    If DIST is too small, a line lying on a  surface  may
be		 dotted	or invisible, depending	on the viewpoint.
	    If DIST is too large, lines	may appear  in	front  of
surfaces	      that they	actually lie behind.  Good values
for DIST vary with	       the scene, viewpoint, and distance
between	 near  and far clipping		    planes.  This feature
is a kludge, but can be	helpful.

       `(load	filename   [command|geometry|camera])'
Loads the given	file into geomview.  The optional second argument
	    specifies the type of data it contains, which may  be
`command'	       (geomview commands), `geometry' (OOGL geo-
metric	data),	or		 `camera'  (OOGL  camera  defini-
tion).	If  omitted,  attempts	to  guess		about the
file's contents.	      Loading geometric	 data  creates	a
new visible object; loading a camera		 opens a new win-
dow; loading a command file executes those commands.

       `(load-path)'		 Returns the current search  path
for command, geometry, etc. files.		Note: to actually
see the	value returned by this function		      you  should
wrap it	in a call to echo: (echo (load-path)).

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996			9

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	    See	also set-load-path.

       `(look  [objectID]  [cameraID])'		      Rotates the
named camera to	point toward the center	of the		   bound-
ing  box  of  the  named  object  (or the origin in hyperbolic or
	    spherical space).  In Euclidean space, moves the cam-
era		  forward or backward until the	object appears as
large		  as possible while still being	entirely visible.
Equivalent  to		    progn (		     (look-toward
[objectID] [cameraID] {center |	origin})		  [(look-
encompass  [objectID]  [cameraID])]		 )	       If
objectID is not	 specified,  it	 is  assumed  to  be  World.   If
	     cameraID  is not specified, it is assumed to be tar-

       `(look-encompass	[objectID] [cameraID])'		    Moves
cameraID  backwards  or	forwards until its field of view
surrounds objectID. This routine works only in	Euclidean  space.
	    If objectID	is not specified, it is	assumed	to be the
world.		    If cameraID	is not specified, it  is  assumed
to be the targetcam.		  See also (look-encompass-size).

       `(look-encompass-size  [view-fraction   clip-ratio   near-
margin far-margin])'		 Sets/returns parameters used  by
(look-encompass).		 view-fraction	is the portion of
the camera window filled by the	object,		    clip-ratio is
the  max  allowed ratio	of near-to-far clipping	planes.
The near clipping plane	is 1/near-margin times	closer	than  the
near		   edge	of the object, and the far clipping plane
is far-margin times		further	away.  Returns	the  list
of current values.		Defaults: .75  100  0.1	 4.0

       `(look-recenter [objectID] [cameraID])'		   Trans-
lates and rotates the  camera  so  that	 it  is	 looking  in  the
	    -z direction (in objectID's	coordinate system) at the
center of	      objectID's bounding box (or the  origin  of
the  coordinate	 system		     in	non-Eudlidean space).  In
Euclidean space, the camera is also		moved as close as
possible  to the object	while allowing the	       entire ob-
ject to	be visible.  Also makes	sure that the y-axes of
objectID and cameraID are parallel.

       `(look-toward  [objectID]  [cameraID]  [origin |	center])'
	    Rotates the	named camera to	point toward  the  origin
of  the		     object's coordinate system, or the	center of
the object's		 bounding box  (in  non-Euclidean  space,
the  origin will be used	     automatically).  Default ob-
jectID is the world, default camera		is targetcam, de-
fault  location	to point towards is the	center		   of the
bounding box.

       `(merge		{window|camera}	CAM-ID	{ WINDOW or  CAM-
ERA  ...  }  )'		      Modify  the given	window or camera,
changing just those properties		   specified in	the  last
argument.  E.g.			  (merge camera	`Camera' { far 20
})	       sets Camera's far clipping plane	to 20 while leav-

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       10

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	    other attributes untouched.

       `(merge-ap	GEOM-ID	APPEARANCE)'		 Merge in
some appearance	characteristics	to GEOM-ID.		  Appear-
ance  parameters include surface and line color, shading
style, line width, and lighting.

       `merge-base-ap is a synonym for merge-baseap.'

       `(merge-baseap	APPEARANCE)'		  Merge	 in  some
appearance  characteristics  to	 the base default	      ap-
pearance (applied  to  every  geom  before  its	 own  apperance).
	     Lighting  is  typically included in the base appear-

       `(morehelp    command)'		   `command' may  include
`*'  wildcards.		       Prints  more info than `(help com-

       `(name-object	ID NAME)'	      Assign a	new  NAME
(a  string)  to	 ID.	      A	 number	 is  appended if
that name is in	use (for example, `foo'	->  `foo<2>').	 The  new
	     name,  possibly with number appended, may be used as
object's	     id	thereafter.

       `(ND-axes CAMID	[CLUSTERNAME  [Xindex  Yindex  Zindex]])'
	     In	 our  model  for  N-D viewing (enabled by (dimen-
sion)),	objects	in	       N-space are viewed by N-dimension-
al  *camera  clusters*.		      Each real	camera window be-
longs to some cluster, and shows &	       manipulates a  3-D
axis-aligned  projected	 subspace  of  the  N-space seen
by its cluster.	 Moving	one camera in a	cluster	affects	its  sib-

	     The  ND-axes command configures all this.	It speci-
fies a camera's		    cluster membership,	and the	set of N-
space  axes which become the		 3-D camera's X, Y, and	Z
axes.  Axes are	specified by their indices,		from 0 to
N-1  for an N-dimensional space.  Cluster CLUSTERNAME is
implicitly created if not previously known.		 To  read
a camera's configuration, use `(echo (ND-axes CAMID))'.

       `(ND-color CAMID'		  [ (( [ID] (x0	x1 x2 ...
xn) v r	g b a	 v r g b a  ...	)			((x0  ...
xn)   v	 r  g b	a  v r g b a ...) ...)]	)	      Specifies	a
function, applied  to  each  N-D  vertex,  which  determines  the
	     colors  of	 N-dimensional objects as shown	in camera
CAMID.		    Each coloring function is defined by a vector
(in  ID's  coordinate system)		  [x0 x1 ... xn] and by	a
sequence of value (v)/color(r g	b a) tuples,		  ordered
by  increasing	v.   The  inner	 product  v  =	P.[x] is linearly
	    interpolated in this table to give a color.
If  ID is omitted, the (xi) vector is assumed in universe coordi-
nates.		    The	ND-color command specifies a list of such
functions;  each  vertex	      is colored by their sum (so
e.g. green intensity could indicate		projection  along
one axis while red indicated another.		   An empty list,
as in (ND-color	CAMID ()), suppresses coloring.		     With
no second argument, (ND-color CAMID) returns that camera's

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       11

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	     color-function list.	       Even when coloring
is enabled, objects tagged with	the `keepcolor'		      ap-
pearance attribute are shown in	their natural colors.

       `(ND-xform   OBJID  [ntransform	{  idim	 odim	...  }])'
	    Sets or returns the	N-D transform of  the  given  ob-
ject.		   In dimension	N, this	is an (N+1)x(N+1) matrix.
	    Note that all cameras in a	camera-cluster	have  the
same N-D transform.

       `(ND-xform-get  ID [from-ID])'		  Returns the N-D
transform of the given object in the coordinate	 system
of   from-ID   (default	  `universe'),	 in  the  sense
<point-in-ID-coords> * Transform = <point-in-from-ID-coords>

       `(new-alien	name [GEOMETRY])'		Create	a
new  alien  (geom  not in the world) with the given name
(a string).   GEOMETRY	is  a  string  giving  an  OOGL	 geometry
	    specification.  If GEOMETRY	is omitted, the	new alien
	    is given an	empty geometry.	  If an	object with  that
name		  already exists, the new alien	is given a unique
name.  The	       light beams that	are used to  move  around
the  lights  are  an		 example of aliens. They're drawn
but are	not controllable the		   way	ordinary  objects
are:  they don't appear	in the object		  browser and the
user can't move	them with the normal motion		modes.

       `(new-camera	name [CAMERA])'		    Create a  new
camera	with  the given	name (a	string).  If a		   camera
with that name already exists, the new object is  given
a unique name.	If CAMERA is omitted a default camera is used.

       `(new-center  [id])'		  Stop	id, then set id's
transform to  the  identity.   Default	id		 is  tar-
get.  Also, if the id is a camera, calls	     (look-recen-
ter World id).	 The  main  function  of  the  call  to
(look-recenter)	 is  to	 place	the camera so that it is pointing
	    parallel to	the z  axis  toward  the  center  of  the

       `(new-geometry	name  [GEOMETRY])'		 Create	a
new geom with the given	name (a	string).   GEOMETRY  is
a  string  giving  an  OOGL  geometry specification.  If
GEOMETRY is omitted, the new object is given an	 empty	geometry.
	     If	 an object with	that name already exists, the new
object is	      given a unique name.

       `(new-reset)'		 Equivalent to (progn (new-center
ALLGEOMS)(new-center ALLCAMS))

       `(NeXT)'		      Returns t	if running on a	NeXT, nil
if not

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       12

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

       `(normalization	GEOM-ID	 {each|none|all|keep})'
Set  the  normalization	 status	 of  GEOM-ID.		   `none'
		   suppresses	all   normalization.
`each'			  normalizes the object's bounding box to
fit into the unit		   sphere, with	the center of its
bounding  box translated		  to the origin.  The box
is  scaled  such  that	its   long   diagonal,
sqrt((xmax-xmin)^2   +	(ymax-ymin)^2  +  (zmax-zmin)^2),  is  2.
	    `all'		   resembles `each', except  when
an object is changing		       (e.g. when its geometry is
being changed by an external  program).			    Then,
`each'	tightly	fits the bounding box around the
object	whenever   it	changes	  and	normalizes   accordingly,
		 while `all' normalizes	the union of all variants
of  the	 object			   and	normalizes   accordingly.
	    `keep'		    leaves the current normaliza-
tion  transform	 unchanged		      when   the   object
changes.   It  may  be useful to apply `each' or
`all' normalization apply to the  first	 version  of  a	 changing
		  object  to  bring  it	 in  view, then	switch to

       `(pick COORDSYS GEOMID G	V E  F	P  VI  EI  FI)'
The  pick  command  is	executed  internally  in response to pick
	    events (right mouse	double click).

	    COORDSYS = coordinate system in which coordinates  of
the following		      arguments	are specified.	 This can
be:		      world:  world  coord  sys
self:  coord  sys  of  the  picked geom	(GEOMID)
primitive:   coord   sys   of	the   actual   primitive   within
		      the  picked  geom	 where the pick	occurred.
	    GEOMID = id	of picked geom		     G	=  picked
point (actual intersection of pick ray with object)		V
= picked vertex, if any		     E	=  picked  edge,  if  any
	    F =	picked face		P = path to picked primi-
tive [0	or more]	     VI	= index	of picked vertex in prim-
itive		    EI	=  list	of indices of endpoints	of picked
edge, if any		 FI = index of picked face

	    External modules can find out about	 pick  events  by
registering		 interest in calls to `pick' via the `in-
terest'	command.

       `(pick-invisible	[yes|no])'		 Selects  whether
picks  should  be  sensitive to	objects	whose appearance
makes them invisible; default yes.		  With	no  argu-
ments, returns current status.

       `(pickable	GEOM-ID	   {yes|no})'		      Say
whether	or not	GEOM-ID	 is  included  in  the	pool  of  objects
	    that could be returned from	the pick command.

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       13

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

       `(position	objectID  otherID)'		  Set the
transform of objectID to that of otherID.

       `(position-at	objectID  otherID  [center  |	origin])'
	     Translate objectID	to the center of the bounding box
or the		   origin of the  coordinate  system  of  otherID
(parallel translation).		     Default is	center.

       `(position-toward  objectID  otherID  [center  |	origin])'
	    Rotate objectID so that the	center	of  the	 bounding
box		  or  the  origin of the coordinate system of the
otherID		    lies on the	positive z-axis	of the first  ob-
ject.  Default is	      the center of the	bounding box.

       `(progn	STATEMENT  [  ...  ])'		   evaluates each
STATEMENT in order and returns the value of the		     last
one.   Use  progn  to  group  a	 collection of commands	together,
	    forcing them to be treated as a single command.

       `quit is	a synonym for `exit''

       `(quote EXPR)'		  returns the symbolic	lisp  ex-
pression EXPR without evaluating it.

       `(rawevent	dev  val  x  y	t)'		Enter the
specified raw event into  the  event  queue.	    The
arguments  directly  specify  the  members of the event	structure
	    used internally by geomview.  This is the lowest lev-
el event	     handler and is not	intended for general use.

       `(rawpick  CAMID	X Y)'		  Process a pick event in
camera CAMID at	location (X,Y) given in		    integer pixel
coordinates.  This  is	a low-level procedure not	      in-
tended for external use.

       `(read  {geometry|camera|transform|command}  {GEOMETRY  or
CAMERA	or  ...})'	       Read and	interpret the text in ...
as containing the	      given type  of  data.   Useful  for
defining objects using OOGL		reference syntax, e.g.

	       (geometry   thing  { INST  transform : T	   geom	:
fred })		      (read  geometry  { define	fred QUAD 1 0  0
0  1 0	0 0 1  1 0 0 })		      (read  transform { define	T

       `(real-id ID)'		  Returns  a  string  canonically
identifying the	given ID,	      or `nil' if the object does
not exist.  Examples:		    (if	 (real-id  fred)  (delete
fred))		   deletes `fred' if it	exists but reports no er-
ror if it doesn't, and		    (if	(=  (real-id  targetgeom)
(real-id  World))  ()  (delete	targetgeom))		  deletes
`targetgeom' if	it is different	from the World.

       `(redraw		CAM-ID)'

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       14

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	    States that	the view in CAM-ID should be  redrawn  on
the		next pass through the main loop	or the next invo-
cation of `draw'.

       `(regtable) --- shows the registry table'

       `(rehash-emodule-path)'		   Rebuilds the	 applica-
tion  (external	 module)  browser by reading		 all .ge-
omview-* files in all directories on the emodule-path.
Primarily  intended  for  internal  use; any applications defined
	    by (emodule-define ...) commands outside of	the  .ge-
omview-*	       files  on  the  emodule-path will be lost.
Does not sort the	      entries in the brower;  see  (emod-
ule-sort) for that.

       `(replace-geometry  GEOM-ID  PART-SPECIFICATION GEOMETRY)'
	    Replace a part of the geometry for GEOM-ID.

       `(rib-display	[frame|tiff] FILEPREFIX)'	      Set
Renderman  display  to	framebuffer  (popup  screen  window) or	a
	    TIFF format	disk file. FILEPREFIX  is  used	 to  con-
struct		     names of the form `prefixNNNN.suffix'. (i.e.
foo0000.rib)		 The number is incremented on every  call
to  `rib-snapshot'  and		     reset to 0000 when	`rib-dis-
play' is called. TIFF files are	given		  the same prefix
and  number  as	the RIB	file (i.e. foo0004.rib		   gener-
ates foo0004.tiff). The	default	FILEPREFIX is `geom' and
the  default format is TIFF. (Note that	geomview just generates	a
	    RIB	file, which must then be rendered.)

       `(rib-snapshot	CAM-ID	[filename])'		    Write
Renderman  snapshot  (in  RIB  format)	of  CAM-ID to <filename>.
	    If no filename specified, see `rib-display'	 for  ex-
planation of		 the filename used.

       `(scale		GEOM-ID	   FACTOR   [FACTORY   FACTORZ])'
	    Scale GEOM-ID, multiplying its size	by  FACTOR.   The
factors		      should be	positive numbers.  If FACTORY and
FACTORZ	are		 present  and  non-zero,  the  object  is
scaled	by  FACTOR in x, by		FACTORY	in y, and by FAC-
TORZ in	z.	 If only FACTOR	is present,		 the  ob-
ject  is  scaled by FACTOR in x, y, and	z.  Scaling only
really makes sense in Euclidean	space.	Mouse-driven  scaling  in
	     other  spaces is not allowed;  the	scale command may
be issued	      in other spaces but  should  be  used  with
caution	 because  it may	     cause the data to extend be-
yond the limits	of the space.

       `(scene		CAM-ID [GEOMETRY])'		Make CAM-
ID look	at GEOMETRY instead of at the universe.

       `(set-clock  TIME)'	       Adjusts the clock for this
command	stream to read TIME (in	seconds)	      as  of  the
moment the command is received.	 See also sleep-until, clock.

       `(set-conformal-refine	CMX  [N	 [SHOWEDGES]])'
Sets the parameters for	the refinement algorithm used in  drawing
	     in	 the  conformal	 model.	 CMX is	the cosine of the
maximum	angle		  an edge can bend before it is	 refined.
Its value should be between

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       15

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	     -1	 and 1;	the default is 0.95; decreasing	its value
will cause less		    refinement.	 N is the maximum  number
of   iterations	 of  refining;		     the  default  is  6.
SHOWEDGES, which should	be `no'	or `yes',	       determines
whether	interior edges in the refinement are drawn.

       `(set-emodule-path	 (PATH1	  ...  PATHN))'
Sets the  search  path	for  external  modules.	       The  PATHi
should		     be	 pathnames of directories containing, for
each module, the	     module's executable file and a  .ge-
omview-<modulename>  file	      which contains an	(emodule-
define ...) command for	that		  module.   This  command
implicitly calls (rehash-emodule-path)		   to rebuild the
application brower from	the new	path  setting.		      The
special	 directory  name  `+'  is  replaced by the existing path,
	    so e.g. (set-emodule-path (mydir +))  prepends  mydir
to the path.

       `(set-load-path	     (PATH1 ...	PATHN))'	     Sets
search	path  for  command,  geometry,	etc.  files.   The  PATHi
	    are	strings	giving the pathnames of	directories to be
searched.	       The special directory name `+' is replaced
by  the	 existing path,		    so e.g. (set-load-path (mydir
+)) prepends mydir to the path.

       `(set-motionscale X)'		  Set  the  motion  scale
factor	to  X  (default	 value	0.5).  These		 commands
scale their motion by an amount	which  depends	on  the
distance  from	the  frame  to	the center and on the size of the
	    frame.  Specifically, they scale by
dist + scaleof(frame) *	motionscale		where dist is the
distance from the center to the	frame and	      motionscale
is  the	 motion	 scale	factor	set  by	 this function.
Scaleof(frame) measures	the size of the	frame object.

       `(setenv	 name  string)	 sets  the  environment	 variable
`name' to the value'

	     STRING;		  the name is visible to geomview
(as in pathnames containing `$name')		 and to	processes
it creates, e.g. external modules.

       `(sgi)'		     Returns  t	 if running on an sgi ma-
chine, nil if not

       `(shell	       SHELL-COMMAND)'		     Execute  the
given  UNIX SHELL-COMMAND using	/bin/sh.	Geomview
waits for it to	complete and will be unresponsive until	it  does.
	    A synonym is `!'.

       `(sleep-for   TIME)'		 Suspend reading commands
from this stream for TIME seconds.		Commands  already
read   will   still  be	 executed;  `sleep-for'	 inside
`progn'	won't delay execution of the rest  of  the  progn's  con-

       `(sleep-until  TIME)'		 Suspend reading commands
from this stream until TIME (in	seconds).		 Commands
already	  read	will  still  be	 executed;  `sleep-until'  inside
	    `progn' won't delay	execution  of  the  rest  of  the
progn's	contents.

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       16

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	    Time is measured according to this stream's	clock, as
set by		   `set-clock';	if never set, the first	sleep-un-
til  sets it to	0	      (so initially (sleep-until TIME) is
the same as (sleep-for TIME)).		    Returns the	number of
seconds	until TIME.

       `(snapshot	CAM-ID	      FILENAME	 [FORMAT   [XSIZE
[YSIZE]]])'		Save a snapshot	of CAM-ID in the FILENAME
(a  string).  The	      FORMAT argument is optional; it may
be `ppmscreen',		    `sgi', `ps', or `ppm'.  A `ppmscreen'
snapshot  is  created  by  reading	       the image directly
from the given	window;	 the  window  is  popped  above
other windows and redrawn first, then its contents are written as
a	      PPM format image.	 With `ps',  dumps  a  Postscript
picture	 representing		  the view from	that window; hid-
den-surface removal might be incorrect.		     With  `ppm',
dumps a	PPM-format image produced by geomview's	internal
software renderer; this	may be of arbitrary size.  If  the  FILE-
NAME		  argument begins with the vertical bar	`|', it's
interpreted as a	     /bin/sh command to	which the PPM  or
PS  data  should  be piped.		 Optional XSIZE	and YSIZE
values are relevant only for `ppm' format,	       and render
to  a  window  of  that	 size  (or  scaled to that size,
with aspect fixed, if only XSIZE is given)

       `(soft-shader  CAM-ID  {on|off|toggle})'		      Se-
lect whether to	use software or	hardware shading in that camera.

       `(space {euclidean|hyperbolic|spherical})'	      Set
the space associated with the world.

       `(stereowin CAM-ID  [no|horizontal|vertical|colored] [gap-
size])'			Configure  CAM-ID  as  a  stereo  window.
	    no:	entire window is a single pane,	 stereo	 disabled
	     horizontal:  split	left/right: left is stereo eye#0,
right is #1.		  vertical: split top/bottom:  bottom  is
eye#0,	top  is	 #1.		   colored: panes overlap, red is
stereo eye#0, cyan is #1.

	    A gap of `gapsize' pixels is left between subwindows;
	     if	omitted, subwindows are	adjacent.	       If
both layout and	gapsize	are  omitted,  e.g.  (stereowin	 CAM-ID),
	     returns current settings as a `(stereowin ...)' com-
mand list.		This command doesn't set  stereo  projec-
tion;  use  `merge  camera'  or		      `camera' to set the
stereyes transforms, and `merge	window'	or		 `window'
to set the pixel aspect	ratio &	window position	if needed.

       `(time-interests	  deltatime   initial  prefix  [suffix])'
	    Indicates that all	interest-related  messages,  when
separated  by  at		least `deltatime' seconds of real
time, should be	preceded by		the string  `prefix'  and
followed  by  `suffix';	the first message	      is preceded
by `initial'.  All three  are  printf  format  strings,
whose  argument	 is  the  current clock	time (in seconds) on that
stream.		     A `deltatime' of zero timestamps every  mes-
sage.	Typical	usage:		   (time-interests .1 `(set-clock
%g)'  `(sleep-until  %g)')   or		      (time-interests  .1
`(set-clock  %g)'		   "(sleep-until %g) (progn (set-
clock %g)" ")")	  or		 (time-interests  .1  "(set-clock
%g)"				"(if  (>  0  (sleep-until %g)) ("

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       17

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

       `(transform	objectID centerID frameID  [rotate|trans-
late|translate-scaled|scale]  x	 y  z  [dt] [`smooth'])'
Apply a	motion (rotation, translation, scaling)	to object `objec-
tID';		   that	is, construct and concatenate a	transfor-
mation matrix with	       objectID's transform   The  3  IDs
involved are the object		    that moves,	the center of mo-
tion, and the frame of reference	     in	 which	to  apply
the motion.  The center	is easiest understood		  for ro-
tations: if centerID  is  the  same  as	 objectID  then	 it  will
	    spin around	its own	axes; otherwise	the moving object
will orbit	       the center object.  Normally  frameID,  in
whose  coordinate  system	      the (mouse) motions are in-
terpreted, is `focus', the current camera.		 Transla-
tions  can be scaled proportional to the	     distance be-
tween the target and the center. Support for		  spheri-
cal  and  hyperbolic  as  well	as  Euclidean  space  is
built-in: use the `space' command  to  change  spaces.	     With
type		   `rotate' x, y, and z	are floats specifying an-
gles in	RADIANS.	      For types	`translate'  and  `trans-
late-scaled'  x,  y, and z are		   floats specifying dis-
tances in the coordinate system	of the		   center object.
The  optional `dt' field allows	a simple form of	     ani-
mation;	if present, the	object moves by	just that  amount  during
	     approximately  `dt' seconds, then stops.  If present
and followed by		    the	`smooth' keyword, the  motion  is
animated  with	a  3t^2-2t^3		 function, so as to start
and stop smoothly.	   If  absent,	the  motion  is
applied	immediately.

       `(transform-incr	 objectID centerID frameID [rotate|trans-
late|translate-scaled|scale] x y z [dt])'	      Apply  con-
tinuing	 motion:  construct  a transformation matrix and
concatenate it with  the  current  transform  of  objectID  every
	    refresh (sets objectID's incremental transform). Same
syntax		   as transform.  If optional  `dt'  argument  is
present,	       the object is moved at each time	step such
that its average motion		    equals one	instance  of  the
motion	per  `dt' seconds.	  E.g.		      (transform-
incr  World World World	 rotate	  6.28318  0  0	  10.0)
rotates	the World about	its X axis at 1	turn (2pi radians) per 10

       `(transform-set objectID	centerID  frameID  [rotate|trans-
late|translate-scaled|scale]  x	 y z)'		   Set objectID's
transform to the constructed transform.		     Same  syntax
as transform.

       `(ui-center	ID)'			   Set the center
for  user  interface  (i.e.  mouse)  controlled
motions	to object ID.

       `ui-emotion-program  is	an  obsolete  command.'
Use its	new eqivalent `emodule-define' instead.

       `ui-emotion-run is an obsolete command.'		      Use
its new	eqivalent `emodule_start' instead.

       `(ui-freeze [on|off])'			  Toggle updating
user interface panels. Off by default.

       `(ui-panel	PANELNAME   {on|off}  [	  WINDOW   ]   )'
		     Do	or don't display the given user-interface

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       18

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

		    Case is ignored in panel names.  Current PAN-
ELNAMEs	 are:				    geomview	     main
panel				  tools		  motion controls
			     appearance	      appearance controls
			      cameras		camera	 controls
			     lighting		lighting controls
			     obscure	       obscure	 controls
			     materials		 material proper-
ties controls				  command	  command
entry  box				 credits	 geomview
credits			      By  default,  the	 `geomview'   and
`tools'	 panels	 appear	when			 geomview starts.
If the optional	Window is supplied, a			   `posi-
tion'	clause	 (e.g.	(ui-panel  obscure  on	{  position  xmin
		    xmax ymin ymax }) sets  the	 panel's  default
position.  (Only		     xmin and ymin values are ac-
tually used.)  A present but  empty			  Window,
e.g.	 `(ui-panel    obscure	 on   {})'   causes   interactive

       `(ui-target	ID [yes|no])'			  Set the
target of user actions (the selected line of the
target object browser) to  ID.	 The  second  argument	specifies
		    whether to make ID the current object regard-
less of	its type.		       If `no',	then  ID  becomes
the  current object of its type			    (geom or cam-
era).  The default is `yes'.  This command  may
result in a change of motion modes based on target choice.

       `(uninterest (COMMAND [args]))'		   Undoes the ef-
fect of	an  `interest'	command.	  (COMMAND  [args])  must
	    be identical to those used in the `interest' command.

       `(update	 [timestep_in_seconds])'	       Apply each
incremental motion once.	Uses timestep if it's present and
	      nonzero;	otherwise  motions  are	 proportional  to
elapsed	real time.

       `(update-draw	CAM-ID	[timestep_in_seconds])'
Apply	each  incremental  motion  once	 and  then  draw  CAM-ID.
	    Applies `timestep' seconds'	worth of motion, or  uses
elapsed	real		 time if `timestep' is absent or zero.

       `(window		CAM-ID	WINDOW)'	      Specify at-
tributes for the window	of CAM-ID, e.g.	its size	       or
initial	 position,  in	the  OOGL Window syntax.	      The
special	CAM-ID `default' specifies	       properties of  fu-
ture windows (created by `camera' or		 `new-camera').

       `(winenter	CAM-ID)'	       Tell geomview that
the mouse cursor is in the window		of  CAM-ID.  This
function  is  for development purposes		   and is not in-
tended for general use.

       `(write	{command,geometry,camera,transform,window}  FILE-
NAME   [ID|(ID	 ...)]	[self|world|universe|otherID])'
write description of  ID  in  given  format  to	 FILENAME.   Last
	     parameter	chooses	 coordinate system for geometry	&

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       19

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	    self: just the object, no transformation  or  appear-
ance  (geometry	only)		  world: the object as positioned
within the World.		universe:  object's  position  in
universal   coordinates;		 includes  Worldtransform
	    other ID: the object transformed to	otherID's coordi-
nate system.

	    A filename of `-' is a special case: data are written
to the		   stream from	which  the  'write'  command  was
read.  For external		modules, the data are sent to the
module's standard input.	      For commands not read  from
an  external  program,	`-' means	      geomview's standard
output.	 (See also the `command'	     command.)

	    The	ID can either be a single id or	 a  parenthesized
list of		    ids, like `g0' or `(g2 g1'.

       `(write-comments	  FILENAME   GEOMID  PICKPATH)'
write OOGL  COMMENT  objects  in  the  GEOMID  hierarchy  at  the
		  level	of the pick path to FILENAME. Specifical-
ly, COMMENTS		      at level (a b c ... f g) will match
pick  paths  of	the form		  (a b c ... f *) where	*
includes any value of g, and also		   any values  of
possible  further  indices  h,i,j, etc.	The pick
path  (returned	 in  the   `pick'   command)   is   a	list   of
		 integer counters specifying a subpart of a hier-
archical		  OOGL object. Descent into a complex ob-
ject  (LIST  or	 INST)			adds a new integer to the
path. Traversal	of simple objects		   increments the
counter	 at  the current level.			  Individual COM-
MENTS are enclosed by curly braces, and	the		      en-
tire   string	of  zero,  one,	 or  more  COMMENTS  (written  in
		 the order in which they are  encountered  during
hierarchy		   traversal) is enclosed by parentheses.

		     Note  that	arbitrary data can only	be passed
through	the OOGL		  libraries as full-fledged  OOGL
COMMENT	 objects, which	can be			attached to other
OOGL objects via the  LIST  type  as  described
above.	Ordinary  comments  in	OOGL files (i.e. everything after
		 '#' on	a line)	are ignored at when the	 file  is
loaded and		    cannot be returned.

       `(write-sexpr	 FILENAME LISPOBJECT)'		   Writes
the given LISPOBJECT  to  FILENAME.  This  function  is	 intended
	    for	internal debugging use only.

       `(xform		ID  TRANSFORM)'		      Concatenate
TRANSFORM with the  current  transform	of  the	 object
(apply TRANSFORM to object ID).

       `(xform-incr	ID TRANSFORM)'		   Apply continu-
al  motion:  concatenate  TRANSFORM  with  the	current
transform  of  the object every	refresh	(set object ID's
incremental transform to TRANSFORM).

       `(xform-set	ID TRANSFORM)'		   Overwrite  the
current	object transform with TRANSFORM	(set

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       20

Geomview(5)					      Geomview(5)

	    object ID's	transform to TRANSFORM).

       `(zoom		CAM-ID	FACTOR)'	     Zoom CAM-ID,
multiplying its	field of  view	by  FACTOR.		   FACTOR
should be a positive number.

       Info file: geomview,    -*-Text-*-
       produced	by texinfo-format-buffer
       from file: geomview.tex

Geometry Center	   Thu Dec 12 02:41:23 CST 1996		       21

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