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gencat(1)			 User Commands			     gencat(1)

NAME
       gencat -	generate a formatted message catalog

SYNOPSIS
       gencat catfile msgfile...

DESCRIPTION
       The  gencat command merges the message text source file(s) msgfile into
       a formatted message database catfile. The database catfile  is  created
       if  it does not already exist.  If catfile does exist, its messages are
       included	in the new catfile. If set and message	numbers	 collide,  the
       new  message-text defined in msgfile replaces the old message text cur-
       rently contained	in catfile. The	message	text source file  (or  set  of
       files)  input  to  gencat can contain either set	and message numbers or
       simply  message	numbers,  in  which  case   the	  set	NL_SETD	  (see
       nl_types.h(3HEAD)) is assumed.

   Message Text	Source File Format
       The  format  of	a message text source file is defined as follows. Note
       that the	fields of a message text source	line are separated by a	single
       ASCII  space  or	tab character. Any other ASCII spaces or tabs are con-
       sidered as part of the subsequent field.

       $set n comment	       Where n specifies the  set  identifier  of  the
			       following   messages   until   the  next	 $set,
			       $delset,	or end-of-file appears.	n  must	 be  a
			       number  in the range (1-{NL_SETMAX}). Set iden-
			       tifiers within a	single source file need	not be
			       contiguous.  Any	string following the set iden-
			       tifier is treated as a  comment.	  If  no  $set
			       directive is specified in a message text	source
			       file, all messages are located in  the  default
			       message set NL_SETD.

       $delset n comment       Deletes	message	set n from an existing message
			       catalog.	Any string following the set number is
			       treated	as  a  comment.	 (Note:	if  n is not a
			       valid set it is ignored.)

       $comment		       A line beginning	with a dollar symbol   $  fol-
			       lowed  by  an  ASCII  space or tab character is
			       treated as a comment.

       m message-text	       The m denotes the message identifier, a	number
			       in the range (1-{NL_MSGMAX}).  The message-text
			       is stored in the	message	catalog	with  the  set
			       identifier  specified  by  the last $set	direc-
			       tive, and with message  identifier  m.  If  the
			       message-text  is	 empty,	 and an	ASCII space or
			       tab field separator is present, an empty	string
			       is stored in the	message	catalog.  If a message
			       source line has a message number, but neither a
			       field  separator	nor message-text, the existing
			       message with that number	(if  any)  is  deleted
			       from  the catalog. Message identifiers need not
			       be contiguous.  The length of message-text must
			       be in the range (0-{NL_TEXTMAX}).

       $quote c		       This line specifies an optional quote character
			       c, which	can be used to	surround  message-text
			       so  that	 trailing  spaces or null (empty) mes-
			       sages are visible in a message source line.  By
			       default,	 or  if	 an  empty $quote directive is
			       supplied, no quoting of	message-text  will  be
			       recognized.

       Empty lines in a	message	text source file are ignored.

       Text  strings  can  contain the special characters and escape sequences
       defined in the following	table:

       +--------------------------------------------------------------+
       |Description	     Symbol		   Sequence	      |
       |newline		     NL(LF)		   \n		      |
       |horizontal tab	     HT			   \t		      |
       |vertical tab	     VT			   \v		      |
       |backspace	     BS			   \b		      |
       |carriage return	     CR			   \r		      |
       |form feed	     FF			   \f		      |
       |backslash	     \			   \\		      |
       |bit pattern	     ddd		   \ddd		      |
       +--------------------------------------------------------------+

       The escape sequence \ddd	consists of backslash followed by 1,  2	 or  3
       octal digits, which are taken to	specify	the value of the desired char-
       acter. If the character following a backslash is	not one	of those spec-
       ified, the backslash is ignored.

       Backslash  followed  by an ASCII	newline	character is also used to con-
       tinue a string on the following line. Thus,  the	 following  two	 lines
       describe	a single message string:

       1 This line continues \
       to the next line

       which is	equivalent to:

	   1 This line continues to the	next line

OPERANDS
       The following operands are supported:

       catfile	       A  path	name of	the formatted message catalog. If - is
		       specified, standard output is used.

       msgfile	       A path name of a	message	text  source  file.  If	 -  is
		       specified for an	instance of msgfile, standard input is
		       used. The  format  of  message  text  source  files  is
		       defined in Message Text Source File Format.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       See  environ(5) for descriptions	of the following environment variables
       that affect the execution of gencat: LANG,  LC_ALL,  LC_CTYPE,  LC_MES-
       SAGES, and NLSPATH.

EXIT STATUS
       The following exit values are returned:

       0	Successful completion.

       >0	An error occurred.

ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |      ATTRIBUTE	TYPE	     |	    ATTRIBUTE VALUE	   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |Availability		     |SUNWloc			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |CSI			     |enabled			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |Interface Stability	     |Standard			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+

SEE ALSO
       mkmsgs(1),  catgets(3C),	 catopen(3C),  gettxt(3C),  nl_types.h(3HEAD),
       attributes(5), environ(5), standards(5)

SunOS 5.10			  1 Feb	1995			     gencat(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPERANDS | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | EXIT STATUS | ATTRIBUTES | SEE ALSO

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