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FSTAT(1)                FreeBSD General Commands Manual               FSTAT(1)

     fstat -- identify active files

     fstat [-fmnv] [-M core] [-N system] [-p pid] [-u user] [file ...]

     The fstat utility identifies open files.  A file is considered open by a
     process if it was explicitly opened, is the working directory, root
     directory, jail root directory, active executable text, or kernel trace
     file for that process.  If no options are specified, fstat reports on all
     open files in the system.

     The following options are available:

     -f      Restrict examination to files open in the same file systems as
             the named file arguments, or to the file system containing the
             current directory if there are no additional filename arguments.
             For example, to find all files open in the file system where the
             directory /usr/src resides, type ``fstat -f /usr/src''.

     -M      Extract values associated with the name list from the specified
             core instead of the default /dev/kmem.

     -N      Extract the name list from the specified system instead of the
             default, which is the kernel image the system has booted from.

     -m      Include memory-mapped files in the listing; normally these are
             excluded due to the extra processing required.

     -n      Numerical format.  Print the device number (maj,min) of the file
             system the file resides in rather than the mount point name; for
             special files, print the device number that the special device
             refers to rather than the filename in /dev; and print the mode of
             the file in octal instead of symbolic form.

     -p      Report all files open by the specified process.

     -u      Report all files open by the specified user.

     -v      Verbose mode.  Print error messages upon failures to locate par-
             ticular system data structures rather than silently ignoring
             them.  Most of these data structures are dynamically created or
             deleted and it is possible for them to disappear while fstat is
             running.  This is normal and unavoidable since the rest of the
             system is running while fstat itself is running.

     file ...
             Restrict reports to the specified files.

     The following fields are printed:

     USER   The username of the owner of the process (effective uid).

     CMD    The command name of the process.

     PID    The process id.

     FD     The file number in the per-process open file table or one of the
            following special names:

                  jail    - jail root directory
                  mmap    - memory-mapped file
                  root    - root inode
                  text    - executable text inode
                  tr      - kernel trace file
                  wd      - current working directory

            If the file number is followed by an asterisk (``*''), the file is
            not an inode, but rather a socket, FIFO, or there is an error.  In
            this case the remainder of the line does not correspond to the
            remaining headers -- the format of the line is described later
            under Sockets.

     MOUNT  If the -n flag was not specified, this header is present and is
            the pathname that the file system the file resides in is mounted

     DEV    If the -n flag is specified, this header is present and is the
            major/minor number of the device that this file resides in.

     INUM   The inode number of the file.

     MODE   The mode of the file.  If the -n flag is not specified, the mode
            is printed using a symbolic format (see strmode(3)); otherwise,
            the mode is printed as an octal number.

     SZ|DV  If the file is not a character or block special, prints the size
            of the file in bytes.  Otherwise, if the -n flag is not specified,
            prints the name of the special file as located in /dev.  If that
            cannot be located, or the -n flag is specified, prints the
            major/minor device number that the special device refers to.

     R/W    This column describes the access mode that the file allows.  The
            letter ``r'' indicates open for reading; the letter ``w'' indi-
            cates open for writing.  This field is useful when trying to find
            the processes that are preventing a file system from being down
            graded to read-only.

     NAME   If filename arguments are specified and the -f flag is not, then
            this field is present and is the name associated with the given
            file.  Normally the name cannot be determined since there is no
            mapping from an open file back to the directory entry that was
            used to open that file.  Also, since different directory entries
            may reference the same file (via ln(1)), the name printed may not
            be the actual name that the process originally used to open that

     The formating of open sockets depends on the protocol domain.  In all
     cases the first field is the domain name, the second field is the socket
     type (stream, dgram, etc), and the third is the socket flags field (in
     hex).  The remaining fields are protocol dependent.  For tcp, it is the
     address of the tcpcb, and for udp, the inpcb (socket pcb).  For unix
     domain sockets, its the address of the socket pcb and the address of the
     connected pcb (if connected).  Otherwise the protocol number and address
     of the socket itself are printed.  The attempt is to make enough informa-
     tion available to permit further analysis without duplicating netstat(1).

     For example, the addresses mentioned above are the addresses which the
     ``netstat -A'' command would print for tcp, udp, and unixdomain.  Note
     that since pipes are implemented using sockets, a pipe appears as a con-
     nected unix domain stream socket.  A unidirectional unix domain socket
     indicates the direction of flow with an arrow (``<-'' or ``->''), and a
     full duplex socket shows a double arrow (``<->'').

     netstat(1), nfsstat(1), ps(1), sockstat(1), systat(1), tcp(4), unix(4),
     iostat(8), pstat(8), vmstat(8)

     The fstat command appeared in 4.3BSD-Tahoe.

     Since fstat takes a snapshot of the system, it is only correct for a very
     short period of time.

FreeBSD 6.2                     March 27, 2002                     FreeBSD 6.2


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