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fspec(4)                         File Formats                         fspec(4)

NAME
       fspec - format specification in text files

DESCRIPTION
       It is sometimes convenient to maintain text files on the system with
       non-standard tabs, (tabs that are not set at every eighth column). Such
       files must generally be converted to a standard format, frequently by
       replacing all tabs with the appropriate number of spaces, before they
       can be processed by system commands. A format specification occurring
       in the first line of a text file specifies how tabs are to be expanded
       in the remainder of the file.

       A format specification consists of a sequence of parameters separated
       by blanks and surrounded by the brackets <: and :>. Each parameter
       consists of a keyletter, possibly followed immediately by a value. The
       following parameters are recognized:

       ttabs The t parameter specifies the tab settings for the file. The
             value of tabs must be one of the following:

                o  A list of column numbers separated by commas, indicating
                   tabs set at the specified columns.

                o  A '-' followed immediately by an integer n, indicating tabs
                   at intervals of n columns.

                o  A '-' followed by the name of a ``canned'' tab
                   specification.
             Standard tabs are specified by t-8, or equivalently, t1,9,17,25,
             etc. The canned tabs that are recognized are defined by the
             tabs(1) command.

       ssize The s parameter specifies a maximum line size. The value of size
             must be an integer. Size checking is performed after tabs have
             been expanded, but before the margin is prepended.

       mmargin
             The m parameter specifies a number of spaces to be prepended to
             each line. The value of margin must be an integer.

       d     The d parameter takes no value. Its presence indicates that the
             line containing the format specification is to be deleted from
             the converted file.

       e     The e parameter takes no value. Its presence indicates that the
             current format is to prevail only until another format
             specification is encountered in the file.

       Default values, which are assumed for parameters not supplied, are t-8
       and m0. If the s parameter is not specified, no size checking is
       performed. If the first line of a file does not contain a format
       specification, the above defaults are assumed for the entire file. The
       following is an example of a line containing a format specification:

              * <:t5,10,15 s72:> *

       If a format specification can be disguised as a comment, it is not
       necessary to code the d parameter.

SEE ALSO
       ed(1), newform(1), tabs(1)

SunOS 5.9                         3 Jul 1990                          fspec(4)

NAME | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO

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