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FSIRAND(8)		  BSD System Manager's Manual		    FSIRAND(8)

NAME
     fsirand --	randomize inode	generation numbers

SYNOPSIS
     fsirand [-b] [-f] [-p] special [special ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The fsirand utility installs random generation numbers on all the inodes
     for each file system specified on the command line	by special.  This in-
     creases the security of NFS-exported file systems by making it difficult
     to	``guess'' filehandles.

     Note: newfs(8) now	does the equivalent of fsirand itself so it is no
     longer necessary to run fsirand by	hand on	a new file system.  It is only
     used to re-randomize or report on an existing file	system.

     The fsirand utility should	only be	used on	an unmounted file system that
     has been checked with fsck(8) or a	file system that is mounted read-only.
     The fsirand utility may be	used on	the root file system in	single-user
     mode but the system should	be rebooted via	``reboot -n'' afterwards.

OPTIONS
     The available options are as follows:

     -b	     Use the default block size	(usually 512 bytes) instead of the
	     value gleaned from	the disklabel.

     -f	     Force fsirand to run even if the file system on special is	not
	     marked as clean.

     -p	     Print the current generation numbers for all inodes instead of
	     generating	new ones.

SEE ALSO
     fs(5), fsck(8), newfs(8)

HISTORY
     The fsirand utility appeared in SunOS 3.x.

     This version of fsirand first appeared in OpenBSD 2.1.

     A FreeBSD version first appeared in FreeBSD 2.2.5.

AUTHORS
     Todd C. Miller <Todd.Miller@courtesan.com>

CAVEATS
     Since fsirand allocates enough memory to hold all the inodes in a given
     cylinder group it may use a large amount of memory	for large disks	with
     few cylinder groups.

BSD			       January 25, 1997				   BSD

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | AUTHORS | CAVEATS

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