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FSCK(8)			FreeBSD	System Manager's Manual		       FSCK(8)

NAME
     fsck -- file system consistency check and interactive repair

SYNOPSIS
     fsck [-dfNnpvy] [-b block#] [-l maxparallel] [-T fstype:fsoptions]
	  [-t fstype] [special | node ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The fsck command invokes file-system-specific programs to check the spe-
     cial devices listed in the	fstab(5) file or on the	command	line for con-
     sistency.

     It	is normally used in the	script rc(8) during automatic reboot.  If no
     file systems are specified, fsck reads the	file fstab(5) to determine
     which file	systems	to check and in	what order.  Only partitions in	fstab
     that are mounted "rw" or "ro" and that have non-zero pass numbers are
     checked.  File systems with pass number 1 (normally just the root file
     system) are checked one at	a time.	 When pass 1 completes,	all remaining
     file systems are checked, with one	process	spawned	per disk drive.	 The
     disk drive	containing each	file system is inferred	from the longest pre-
     fix of the	device name that ends in a digit; the remaining	characters are
     assumed to	be the partition designator.  By default, file systems which
     are already mounted read/write are	not checked.

     The options are as	follows:

     -b	block#
	     Causes fsck to use	the specified block as the location of the su-
	     perblock.	Block 32 is usually an alternate super block.  This
	     option is only valid for filesystems that support backup su-
	     perblocks (ffs and	ext2fs).

     -d	     Debugging mode.  Just print the commands without executing	them.
	     Available only if fsck is compiled	to support it.

     -f	     Force checking of file systems, even when they are	marked clean
	     (for file systems that support this).

     -l	maxparallel
	     Limit the number of parallel checks to maxparallel.  By default,
	     the limit is the number of	disks, running one process per disk.
	     If	a smaller limit	is given, the disks are	checked	round-robin,
	     one file system at	a time.

     -N	     When using	fstab(5), only check filesystems that have the "net"
	     mount option set.	By default file	systems	with this option are
	     ignored.

     -n	     Assume a "no" response to all questions asked by fsck except for
	     "CONTINUE?", which	is assumed to be affirmative.  File systems
	     will not be opened	for writing.  This is the default for file
	     systems to	be checked that	are concurrently mounted writable.

     -p	     Enter preen mode: fsck will check all file	systems	listed in
	     fstab(5) according	to their pass number, or any special devices
	     listed on the command line, and will make minor repairs without
	     human intervention.  Any major problems will cause	fsck to	exit
	     with a non-zero exit code,	so as to alert any invoking program or
	     script that human intervention is required.

     -T	fstype:fsoptions
	     List of comma separated file system specific options for the
	     specified file system type, in the	same format as mount(8).

     -t	fstype
	     Invoke fsck only for the comma separated list of file system
	     types.  If	the list starts	with "no", invoke fsck only in the
	     file system types that are	not specified in the list.

     -v	     Print the commands	before executing them.

     -y	     Cause fsck	to assume "yes"	as the answer to all operator ques-
	     tions.

     If	neither	of the -y or -n	options	are specified, the user	may force fsck
     to	assume an answer of "yes" to all the remaining questions by replying
     to	a question with	a value	of "F".

FILES
     /etc/fstab	 file system table

SEE ALSO
     fs(5), fstab(5), fsck_ext2fs(8), fsck_ffs(8), fsck_msdos(8), fsdb(8),
     growfs(8),	mount(8), newfs(8), rc(8), scan_ffs(8)

FreeBSD	13.0			 July 13, 2014			  FreeBSD 13.0

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | FILES | SEE ALSO

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