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FOSSILCONS(8)		    System Manager's Manual		 FOSSILCONS(8)

       fossilcons - fossil console commands

       con /srv/fscons

       .  file
       9p T-message
       bind [ -b|-a|-c|-bc|-ac ] new old
       echo [ -n ] [ arg ]
       listen [	-INd ] [ address ]
       msg [ -m	nmsg ] [ -p nproc ]
       srv [ -APWdp ] name
       uname name [ id | :id | %newname	| =leader | +member | -member ]
       users [ -d | -r file ] [	-w ]

       fsys name
       fsys name config	[ device ]
       fsys name venti [ host ]
       fsys name open [	-APVWar	] [ -c ncache ]
       [ fsys name ] close
       fsys name unconfig

       [ fsys name ] bfree addr
       [ fsys name ] block addr	offset [ count [ data ]]
       [ fsys name ] check [ pblock ] [	pdir ] [ pfile ] [ bclose ] [ clri ] [
		 clre ]	[ clrp ] [ fix ] [ venti ] [ snapshot ]
       [ fsys name ] clre addr offsets ...
       [ fsys name ] clri files	...
       [ fsys name ] clrp addr offset ...
       [ fsys name ] create path uid gid perm
       [ fsys name ] df
       [ fsys name ] epoch [[ -ry ] n ]
       [ fsys name ] halt
       [ fsys name ] label addr	[ type state epoch epochclose tag ]
       [ fsys name ] remove files ...
       [ fsys name ] snap [ -a ] [ -s src ] [ -d dst ]
       [ fsys name ] snapclean [ timeout ]
       [ fsys name ] snaptime [	-a hhmm	] [ -s interval	] [ -t timeout ]
       [ fsys name ] stat files...
       [ fsys name ] sync
       [ fsys name ] unhalt
       [ fsys name ] vac dir
       [ fsys name ] wstat file	elem uid gid perm length
       These are configuration and maintenance commands	executed at  the  con-
       sole  of	 a  fossil(4)  file server.  The commands are split into three
       groups above: file server configuration,	file system configuration, and
       file system maintenance.	 This manual page is split in the same way.
   File	server configuration
       The  dot	(.)  command reads file, treating each line as a command to be
       executed.  Blank	lines and lines	beginning with	a  character  are  ig-
       nored.  Errors during execution are printed but do not stop the script.
       Note that file is a file	in the name space in which fossil was started,
       not a file in any file system served by fossil.
       9p executes a 9P	transaction; the arguments are in the same format used
       by 9pcon(8).
       Bind behaves similarly to bind(1).  It is useful	when fossil is started
       without devices it needs	configured into	its namespace.
       Dflag  toggles the debug	flag and prints	the new	setting.  When the de-
       bug flag	is set,	all protocol messages and information about  authenti-
       cation is printed to standard error.
       Echo behaves identically	to echo(1), writing to the console.
       Listen  manages	the  network  addresses	 at which fossil is listening.
       With no arguments, listen prints	the  current  list  of	addresses  and
       their  network directories.  With one argument, listen address starts a
       new listener at address;	the -d flag causes listen to remove  the  lis-
       tener  at the given address.  By	default, the user none is only allowed
       to attach on a connection after at least	one other  user	 has  success-
       fully  attached.	 The -N	flag allows connections	from none at any time.
       The -I flag causes fossil to check the IP address of  incoming  connec-
       tions  against /mnt/ipok, rejecting attaches from disallowed addresses.
       This  mechanism	is  not	 intended  for	general	  use.	  The	server	uses it	to comply with U.S. crytography	export
       Msg prints the maximum internal 9P message queue	size and  the  maximum
       number  of  9P processes	to allocate for	serving	the queue.  The	-m and
       -p options set the two variables.
       Printconfig prints the config line for each configured file system  and
       prints the venti	line, if any, used to configure	this file server.
       Srv  behaves  like  listen but uses /srv/name rather than a network ad-
       dress.  With the	-p flag, srv edits a list of console  services	rather
       than  9P	 services.   With no arguments,	srv prints the current list of
       services.  With	one  argument,	srv  name  starts  a  new  service  at
       /srv/name; the -d flag causes srv to remove the named service.  See the
       [fsys] open command below for a description of the -APW options.
       Uname manipulates entries in the	user table.  There is  no  distinction
       between	users and groups: a user is a group with one member.  For each
       user, the user table records:

       id     the string used to represent this	user in	the on-disk structures

       name   the string used to represent this	user in	the 9P protocol

       leader the group's leader (see stat(5) for a description	of the special
	      privileges held by a group leader)

	      a	comma-separated	list of	members	in this	group

       The  id and name	are usually the	same string, but need not be.  Once an
       id is used in file system structures archived to	Venti, it is  impossi-
       ble  to change those disk structures, and thus impossible to rename the
       id.  The	translation from name to id allows the appearance of  renaming
       the  user even though the on-disk structures still record the old name.
       (In a conventional Unix file system, the	id is stored as	a small	 inte-
       ger rather than a string.)  Leader and members are names, not ids.

       The first argument to uname is the name of a user.  The second argument
       is a verb, one of:

       id     create a user with name `name' and id `id;' also create  a  home
	      directory	/active/usr/uname

       :id    create  a	user with name `name' and id `id,' but do not create a
	      home directory

	      rename user `name' to `newname,' throughout the user table

	      set name's group leader to leader.

       =      remove name's group leader; then all members will	be  considered

	      add member to name's list	of members

	      remove member from name's	list of	members

       If  the	verb  is omitted, the entire entry for name is printed,	in the
       form `id:name:leader:members.'

       The end of this manual page gives examples.

       Users manipulates the user table.  The user table is a list of lines in
       the form	printed	by the uname command.  The -d flag resets the user ta-
       ble with	the default:


       Except glenda, these users are mandatory: they must appear in all  user
       files and cannot	be renamed.

       The -r flag reads a user	table from the named file in file system main.
       The -w flag writes the table to /active/adm/users on  the  file	system
       main.  /active/adm and /active/adm/users	will be	created	if they	do not

       Users -r	/active/adm/users is automatically executed when the file sys-
       tem main	is opened.

       Users  -w is automatically executed after each change to	the user table
       by the uname command.

       Who prints a list of users attached to each active connection.

   File	system configuration
       Fsys sets the current file system to name, which	must be	configured and
       open  (q.v.).   The  current  file system name is displayed as the file
       server prompt.  The special name	all stands for all file	systems;  com-
       mands applied to	all are	applied	to each	file system in turn.  The com-
       mands config, open, venti, and close cannot be applied to all.

       Fsys takes as an	optional argument (after name) a command to execute on
       the  named file system.	Most commands require that the named file sys-
       tem be configured and open; these commands can be invoked  without  the
       fsys name prefix, in which case the current file	system is used.	 A few
       commands	(config, open, and unconfig) operate on	unopened file systems;
       they require the	prefix.

       Config  creates	a  new	file system named name using disk file device.
       This just adds an entry to fossil's internal table.  If device is miss-
       ing, the	file argument to fossil's -f option will be used instead; this
       allows the fossil configuration file to avoid naming the	partition that
       it is embedded in, making it more portable.

       Venti  establishes  a  connection to the	Venti server host (by default,
       the environment variable	$venti or the network variable $venti) for use
       by  the	named file system.  If no venti	command	is issued before open,
       the default Venti server	will be	used.  If the file system is open, and
       was  not	opened with the	-V flag, the command redials the Venti server.
       This can	be used	to reestablish broken connections.  It is not  a  good
       idea  to	 use the command to switch between Venti servers, since	Fossil
       does not	keep track of which blocks are stored on which servers.

       Open opens the file system, reading the root and	super blocks and allo-
       cating an in-memory cache for disk and Venti blocks.  The options are:

       -A     run with no authentication

       -P     run with no permission checking

       -V     do not attempt to	connect	to a Venti server

       -W     allow  wstat  to	make  arbitrary	 changes to the	user and group

       -a     do not update file access	times;	primarily  to  avoid  wear  on
	      flash memories

       -r     open the file system read-only

       -c ncache
	      allocate an in-memory cache of ncache (by	default, 1000) blocks

       The  -APW  settings  can	be overridden on a per-connection basis	by the
       srv command above.

       Close flushes all dirty file system blocks to disk and then closes  the
       device file.

       Unconfig	removes	the named file system (which must be closed) from fos-
       sil's internal table.

   File	system maintenance
       Bfree marks the block at	disk address addr as available for allocation.
       Before  doing so, it prints a label command (q.v.)  that	can be used to
       restore the block to its	previous state.

       Block displays (in hexadecimal) the contents of the block at  disk  ad-
       dress  addr, starting at	offset and continuing for count	bytes or until
       the end of the block.  If data (also hexadecimal) is  given,  the  con-
       tents  in  that range are replaced with data.  When writing to a	block,
       block prints the	old and	new contents, so that the change is easily un-
       done.  Editing blocks is	discouraged.

       Clre  zeros  an	entry from a disk block.  Before doing so, it prints a
       block command that can be used to restore the entry.

       Clri removes the	internal directory entry and abandons storage  associ-
       ated with files.	 It ignores the	usual rules for	sanity,	such as	check-
       ing against removing a non-empty	directory.  A  subsequent  flchk  (see
       fossil(4))  will	 identify the abandoned	storage	so it can be reclaimed
       with bfree commands.

       Clrp zeros a pointer in a disk block.  Before doing  so,	 it  prints  a
       block command that can be used to restore the entry.

       Check  checks the file system for various inconsistencies.  If the file
       system is not already halted, it	is halted  for	the  duration  of  the
       check.	If  the	archiver is currently sending a	snapshot to Venti, the
       check will refuse to run; the only recourse is to wait for the archiver
       to finish.

       A  list	of  keyword  options control the check.	 The pblock, pdir, and
       pfile options cause check to print the name of each  block,  directory,
       or file encountered.

       By  default,  check  reports errors but does not	fix them.  The bclose,
       clri, clre, and clrp options specify correcting	actions	 that  may  be
       taken:  closing	leaked	blocks,	 clearing  bad file directory entries,
       clearing	bad pointers, and clearing bad entries.	 The  fix  option  en-
       ables all of these; it is equivalent to bclose clri clre	clrp.

       By  default,  check scans the portion of	the active file	system held in
       the write buffer, avoiding blocks stored	on Venti or used only in snap-
       shots.	The  venti option causes check to scan the portion of the file
       system stored on	Venti, and the snapshot	option causes  check  to  scan
       old  snapshots.	 Specifying snapshot causes check to take a long time;
       specifying venti	or (worse) venti snapshot causes check to take a  very
       long time.

       Create creates a	file on	the current file system.  Uid and gid are uids
       (not unames; see	the discussion above, in the description of the	 uname
       command).   Perm	 is the	low 9 bits of the permission mode of the file,
       in octal.  The a, d, and	l mode prefixes	set  the  append-only,	direc-
       tory,  and  lock	 bits.	The perm is formatted as described in the stat
       command;	creating files or directories with the snapshot(s) bit set  is
       not allowed.

       Df prints the amount of used disk space in the write buffer.

       Epoch sets the low file system epoch.  Snapshots	in the file system are
       given increasing	epoch numbers.	The file system	maintains a low	and  a
       high  epoch  number, and	only allows access to snapshots	in that	range.
       The low epoch number can	be moved forward to discard old	snapshots  and
       reclaim	the  disk space	they occupy.  (The high	epoch number is	always
       the epoch of the	currently active file system.)

       With no argument	epoch reports the current low and high epoch  numbers.
       The command ``epoch n'' is used to propose changing the low epoch to n.
       In response, fossil scans /archive and  /snapshot  for  snapshots  that
       would  be discarded, printing their epoch numbers and the clri commands
       necessary to remove them.  The epoch is changed only if no  such	 paths
       are  found.   The  usual	sequence of commands is	(1) run	epoch to print
       the snapshots and their epochs, (2) clri	some snapshots,	(3) run	 epoch
       again.	If  the	 file  system  is  completely  full (there are no free
       blocks),	clri may fail because it needs to allocate blocks.   For  this
       situation,  the	-y  flag to epoch forces the epoch change even when it
       means discarding	currently accessible snapshots.	 Note that when	 there
       are still snapshots in /archive,	the archiver should take care of those
       snapshots (moving the blocks from disk to Venti)	if you	give  it  more

       The  -r flag to epoch causes it to remove any now-inaccessible snapshot
       directories once	it has changed the epoch.  This	flag only makes	 sense
       in conjunction with the -y flag.

       Epoch  is  a very low-level way to retire snapshots.  The preferred way
       is by setting an	automatic timer	with snaptime.

       Halt suspends all file system activity; unhalt resumes activity.

       Label displays and edits	the label associated with a block.  When edit-
       ing, a parameter	of - means leave that field unchanged.	Editing	labels
       is discouraged.

       Remove removes files.

       Snap takes a temporary snapshot of the current file  system,  recording
       it in /snapshot/yyyy/mmdd/hhmm, as described in fossil(4).  The -a flag
       causes snap  to	take  an  archival  snapshot,  recording  it  in  /ar-
       chive/yyyy/mmdd,	 also described	in fossil(4).  By default the snapshot
       is taken	of /active, the	root of	the active file	system.	 The  -s  flag
       specifies  a  different source path.  The -d flag specifies a different
       destination path.  These	 two flags  are	 useful	 together  for	moving
       snapshots into the archive tree.

       Snapclean immediately discards all snapshots that are more than timeout
       minutes old.  The default timeout is the	one set	by the	snaptime  com-
       mand.  The discarding is	a one-time event rather	than a recurring event
       as in snaptime.

       Snaptime	displays and edits the times at	which snapshots	are  automati-
       cally  taken.  An archival snapshot is taken once a day,	at hhmm, while
       temporary snapshots are taken at	multiples of interval minutes.	Tempo-
       rary  snapshots	are discarded after they are timeout minutes old.  The
       snapshot	cleanup	runs every timeout minutes or once a day, whichever is
       more  frequent,	so  snapshots  may  grow to an age of almost twice the
       timeout before actually being discarded.	 With no  arguments,  snaptime
       prints  the  current snapshot times.  The -a and	-s options set the ar-
       chive and snapshot times.  An hhmm or interval of can be	used  to  dis-
       able  that kind of automatic snapshot.  The -t option sets the snapshot
       timeout.	 If timeout is temporary snapshots are not automatically  dis-
       carded.	By default, all	three times are	set to

       Stat displays metadata for each of the named files, in the form:

	      stat file	elem uid gid perm length

       (Replacing stat with wstat yields a valid command.)  The	perm is	an oc-
       tal number less than or equal to	777, prefixed with any of the  follow-
       ing letters to indicate additional bits.

	      a	  append only
	      d	  directory
	      l	  exclusive use
	      s	  is the root of a snapshot
	      t	  temporary bit
	      A	  MS-DOS archive bit
	      G	  setgid
	      H	  MS-DOS hidden	bit
	      L	  symbolic link
	      S	  MS-DOS system	bit
	      U	  setuid
	      Y	  sticky

       The  bits denoted by capital letters are	included to support non-Plan 9
       systems.	 They are not made visible by the 9P protocol.

       Sync writes dirty blocks	in memory to the disk.

       Vac prints the Venti score for a	vac(1)	archive	 containing  the  tree
       rooted  at  dir,	which must already be archived to Venti	(typically dir
       is a directory in the /archive tree).

       Wstat changes the metadata of the named file.  Specifying - for any  of
       the  fields means ``don't change.''  Attempts to	change the d or	s bits
       in the perm are silently	ignored.

       Sources,	the Plan 9 distribution	file server, uses the  following  con-
       figuration file:

	      srv -p fscons.sources
	      srv -p fscons.sources.adduserd
	      srv sources
	      fsys main	config /dev/sdC0/fossil.outside
	      fsys main	open -c	25600
	      fsys main
	      users /active/adm/users
	      listen tcp!*!564
	      msg -m 40	-p 10
	      snaptime -a 0000 -s 15

       The second console is used by the daemon	that creates new accounts.

       To add a	new user with name and id rob and create his home directory:

	      uname rob	rob

       To create a new group sys (with no home directory) and add rob to it:

	      uname sys	:sys
	      uname sys	+rob

       To save an old (but not yet discarded) snapshot into the	archive	tree:

	      snap -a -s /snapshot/2003/1220/0700 -d /archive/2003/1220



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