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FORTUNE(6)                   FreeBSD Games Manual                   FORTUNE(6)

     fortune -- print a random, hopefully interesting, adage

     fortune [-aDefilosw] [-m pattern] [[N%] file/directory/all]

     When fortune is run with no arguments it prints out a random epigram.
     Epigrams are divided into several categories, where each category is sub-
     divided into those which are potentially offensive and those which are
     not.  The options are as follows:

     -a      Choose from all lists of maxims, both offensive and not.  (See
             the -o option for more information on offensive fortunes.)

     -D      Enable additional debugging output.  Specify this option multiple
             times for more verbose output.  Only available if compiled with

     -e      Consider all fortune files to be of equal size (see discussion
             below on multiple files).

     -f      Print out the list of files which would be searched, but do not
             print a fortune.

     -l      Long dictums only.

     -m pattern
             Print out all fortunes which match the regular expression
             pattern.  See regex(3) for a description of patterns.

     -o      Choose only from potentially offensive aphorisms.  Please,
             please, please request a potentially offensive fortune if and
             only if you believe, deep down in your heart, that you are will-
             ing to be offended.  (And that if you are not willing, you will
             just quit using -o rather than give us grief about it, okay?)

                   ... let us keep in mind the basic governing philosophy
                   of The Brotherhood, as handsomely summarized in these words:
                   we believe in healthy, hearty laughter -- at the expense of
                   the whole human race, if needs be.
                   Needs be.
                                              --H. Allen Smith, "Rude Jokes"

     -s      Short apothegms only.

     -i      Ignore case for -m patterns.

     -w      Wait before termination for an amount of time calculated from the
             number of characters in the message.  This is useful if it is
             executed as part of the logout procedure to guarantee that the
             message can be read before the screen is cleared.

     The user may specify alternate sayings.  You can specify a specific file,
     a directory which contains one or more files, or the special word all
     which says to use all the standard databases.  Any of these may be pre-
     ceded by a percentage, which is a number N between 0 and 100 inclusive,
     followed by a `%'.  If it is, there will be an N percent probability that
     an adage will be picked from that file or directory.  If the percentages
     do not sum to 100, and there are specifications without percentages, the
     remaining percent will apply to those files and/or directories, in which
     case the probability of selecting from one of them will be based on their
     relative sizes.

     As an example, given two databases funny and not-funny, with funny twice
     as big, saying

           fortune funny not-funny

     will get you fortunes out of funny two-thirds of the time.  The command

           fortune 90% funny 10% not-funny

     will pick out 90% of its fortunes from funny (the ``10% not-funny'' is
     unnecessary, since 10% is all that is left).  The -e option says to con-
     sider all files equal; thus

           fortune -e funny not-funny

     is equivalent to

           fortune 50% funny 50% not-funny

     FORTUNE_PATH  The search path for the data files.  It is a colon-sepa-
                   rated list of directories in which fortune looks for data
                   files.  If not set it will default to /usr/games/fortune.
                   If none of the directories specified exist, it will print a
                   warning and exit.


     /usr/share/games/fortune/*  the fortunes databases (those files ending
                                 ``-o'' contain the offensive fortunes)

     arc4random_uniform(3), regcomp(3), regex(3), strfile(8)

FreeBSD 8.0                    November 7, 2007                    FreeBSD 8.0


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