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FORK(2)                    Linux Programmer's Manual                   FORK(2)

NAME
       fork - create a child process

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <unistd.h>

       pid_t fork(void);

DESCRIPTION
       fork creates a child process that differs from the parent process only
       in its PID and PPID, and in the fact that resource utilizations are set
       to 0.  File locks and pending signals are not inherited.

       Under Linux, fork is implemented using copy-on-write pages, so the only
       penalty incurred by fork is the time and memory required to duplicate
       the parent's page tables, and to create a unique task structure for the
       child.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, the PID of the child process is returned in the parent's
       thread of execution, and a 0 is returned in the child's thread of
       execution.  On failure, a -1 will be returned in the parent's context,
       no child process will be created, and errno will be set appropriately.

ERRORS
       EAGAIN fork cannot allocate sufficient memory to copy the parent's page
              tables and allocate a task structure for the child.

       ENOMEM fork failed to allocate the necessary kernel structures because
              memory is tight.

CONFORMING TO
       The fork call conforms to SVr4, SVID, POSIX, X/OPEN, BSD 4.3.

SEE ALSO
       clone(2), execve(2), vfork(2), wait(2)

Linux 1.2.9                       1995-06-10                           FORK(2)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUE | ERRORS | CONFORMING TO | SEE ALSO

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