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fopen(3UCB)	   SunOS/BSD Compatibility Library Functions	   fopen(3UCB)

NAME
       fopen, freopen -	open a stream

SYNOPSIS
       /usr/ucb/cc[ flag ... ] file ...
       #include	<stdio.h>

       FILE *fopen( file,  mode);
       const char *file, *mode;

       FILE *freopen(file, mode, iop);
       const char *file, *mode;
       register	FILE *iop;

DESCRIPTION
       The  fopen() function opens the file specified by file and associates a
       stream with it. If the open succeeds, fopen() returns a pointer	to  be
       used to identify	the stream in subsequent operations. The file argument
       points to a character string that contains the name of the file	to  be
       opened.	The mode argument is a character string	having one of the fol-
       lowing values:

       r	open for reading

       w	truncate or create for writing

       a	append:	open for writing at end	of file, or create for writing

       r+	open for update	(reading and writing)

       w+	truncate or create for update

       a+	append;	open or	create for update at EOF

       The freopen() function opens the	file specified by file and  associates
       the stream pointed to by	iop with it. The mode argument is used just as
       in fopen(). The original	stream is closed, regardless  of  whether  the
       open  ultimately	 succeeds. If the open succeeds, freopen() returns the
       original	value of iop.

       The freopen() function  is  typically  used  to	attach	the  preopened
       streams associated withstdin, stdout, and stderr	to other files.

       When  a	file  is  opened for update, both input	and output can be per-
       formed on the resulting stream. Output cannot be	directly  followed  by
       input  without  an intervening fseek(3C)	or rewind(3C). Input cannot be
       directly	 followed  by  output  without	an  intervening	 fseek(3C)  or
       rewind(3C). An input operation that encounters  EOF will	fail.

RETURN VALUES
       The fopen() and freopen() functions return a NULL pointer on failure.

USAGE
       The  fopen()  and  freopen() functions have transitional	interfaces for
       64-bit file offsets.  See lf64(5).

SEE ALSO
       open(2),	fclose(3C),  fopen(3C),	 freopen(3C),  fseek(3C),  malloc(3C),
       rewind(3C), lf64(5)

NOTES
       Use  of these functions should be restricted to applications written on
       BSD platforms.  Use of these functions with any of the system libraries
       or in multithreaded applications	is unsupported.

       To  support  the	 same number of	open files as the system, fopen() must
       allocate	additional memory for data structures using  malloc(3C)	 after
       64  files have been opened.  This confuses some programs	that use their
       own memory allocators.

       The fopen() and	freopen() functions differ from	the standard I/O func-
       tions fopen(3C) and freopen(3C).	The standard I/O functions distinguish
       binary from text	files with an additional use of	'b'  as	 part  of  the
       mode,  enabling	portability  of	fopen(3C) and freopen(3C) beyond SunOS
       4.x systems.

SunOS 5.10			  22 Jan 1993			   fopen(3UCB)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUES | USAGE | SEE ALSO | NOTES

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