Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages


home | help
FINGERD(8)		FreeBSD	System Manager's Manual		    FINGERD(8)

     fingerd --	remote user information	server

     fingerd [-s] [-l] [-p filename]

     The fingerd utility uses a	simple protocol	based on RFC1196 that provides
     an	interface to finger(1) at several network sites.  It is	supposed to
     return a friendly,	human-oriented status report on	either the system at
     the moment	or a particular	person in depth.  There	is no required format
     and the protocol consists mostly of specifying a single ``command line'',
     thus, fingerd can also be used to implement other protocols in conjunc-
     tion with the -p flag.

     The fingerd utility is started by inetd(8), which listens for TCP
     requests at port 79.  Once	connected it reads a single command line ter-
     minated by	a <CRLF> which is passed to finger(1).	The fingerd utility
     closes its	connections as soon as the output is finished.

     If	the line is null (i.e.,	just a <CRLF> is sent) then finger(1) returns
     a ``default'' report that lists all people	logged into the	system at that

     If	a user name is specified (e.g. eric<CRLF>) then	the response lists
     more extended information for only	that particular	user, whether logged
     in	or not.	 Allowable ``names'' in	the command line include both ``login
     names'' and ``user	names''.  If a name is ambiguous, all possible deriva-
     tions are returned.

     The following options may be passed to fingerd as server program argu-
     ments in /etc/inetd.conf:

     -s	     Enable secure mode.  Queries without a user name are rejected and
	     forwarding	of queries to other remote hosts is denied.

     -l	     Enable logging.  The name of the host originating the query is
	     reported via syslog(3) at LOG_NOTICE priority.

     -p	     Use an alternate program as the local information provider.  The
	     default local program executed by fingerd is finger(1).  By spec-
	     ifying a customized local server, this option allows a system
	     manager to	have more control over what information	is provided to
	     remote sites.  If -p is specified,	fingerd	will also set the
	     environment variable FINGERD_REMOTE_HOST to the name of the host
	     making the	request.

     finger(1),	inetd(8)

     Connecting	directly to the	server from a TIP or an	equally	narrow-minded
     TELNET-protocol user program can result in	meaningless attempts at	option
     negotiation being sent to the server, which will foul up the command line
     interpretation.  The fingerd utility should be taught to filter out IAC's
     and perhaps even respond negatively (IAC WON'T) to	all option commands

     The fingerd utility appeared in 4.3BSD.

FreeBSD	11.1			 June 4, 1993			  FreeBSD 11.1


Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:

home | help