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FFMPEG-BITSTREAM-FILTERS(1)			   FFMPEG-BITSTREAM-FILTERS(1)

NAME
       ffmpeg-bitstream-filters	- FFmpeg bitstream filters

DESCRIPTION
       This document describes the bitstream filters provided by the
       libavcodec library.

       A bitstream filter operates on the encoded stream data, and performs
       bitstream level modifications without performing	decoding.

BITSTREAM FILTERS
       When you	configure your FFmpeg build, all the supported bitstream
       filters are enabled by default. You can list all	available ones using
       the configure option "--list-bsfs".

       You can disable all the bitstream filters using the configure option
       "--disable-bsfs", and selectively enable	any bitstream filter using the
       option "--enable-bsf=BSF", or you can disable a particular bitstream
       filter using the	option "--disable-bsf=BSF".

       The option "-bsfs" of the ff* tools will	display	the list of all	the
       supported bitstream filters included in your build.

       The ff* tools have a -bsf option	applied	per stream, taking a comma-
       separated list of filters, whose	parameters follow the filter name
       after a '='.

	       ffmpeg -i INPUT -c:v copy -bsf:v	filter1[=opt1=str1:opt2=str2][,filter2]	OUTPUT

       Below is	a description of the currently available bitstream filters,
       with their parameters, if any.

   aac_adtstoasc
       Convert MPEG-2/4	AAC ADTS to an MPEG-4 Audio Specific Configuration
       bitstream.

       This filter creates an MPEG-4 AudioSpecificConfig from an MPEG-2/4 ADTS
       header and removes the ADTS header.

       This filter is required for example when	copying	an AAC stream from a
       raw ADTS	AAC or an MPEG-TS container to MP4A-LATM, to an	FLV file, or
       to MOV/MP4 files	and related formats such as 3GP	or M4A.	Please note
       that it is auto-inserted	for MP4A-LATM and MOV/MP4 and related formats.

   chomp
       Remove zero padding at the end of a packet.

   dca_core
       Extract the core	from a DCA/DTS stream, dropping	extensions such	as
       DTS-HD.

   dump_extra
       Add extradata to	the beginning of the filtered packets.

       The additional argument specifies which packets should be filtered.  It
       accepts the values:

       a   add extradata to all	key packets, but only if local_header is set
	   in the flags2 codec context field

       k   add extradata to all	key packets

       e   add extradata to all	packets

       If not specified	it is assumed k.

       For example the following ffmpeg	command	forces a global	header (thus
       disabling individual packet headers) in the H.264 packets generated by
       the "libx264" encoder, but corrects them	by adding the header stored in
       extradata to the	key packets:

	       ffmpeg -i INPUT -map 0 -flags:v +global_header -c:v libx264 -bsf:v dump_extra out.ts

   extract_extradata
       Extract the in-band extradata.

       Certain codecs allow the	long-term headers (e.g.	MPEG-2 sequence
       headers,	or H.264/HEVC (VPS/)SPS/PPS) to	be transmitted either "in-
       band" (i.e. as a	part of	the bitstream containing the coded frames) or
       "out of band" (e.g. on the container level). This latter	form is	called
       "extradata" in FFmpeg terminology.

       This bitstream filter detects the in-band headers and makes them
       available as extradata.

       remove
	   When	this option is enabled,	the long-term headers are removed from
	   the bitstream after extraction.

   h264_mp4toannexb
       Convert an H.264	bitstream from length prefixed mode to start code
       prefixed	mode (as defined in the	Annex B	of the ITU-T H.264
       specification).

       This is required	by some	streaming formats, typically the MPEG-2
       transport stream	format (muxer "mpegts").

       For example to remux an MP4 file	containing an H.264 stream to mpegts
       format with ffmpeg, you can use the command:

	       ffmpeg -i INPUT.mp4 -codec copy -bsf:v h264_mp4toannexb OUTPUT.ts

       Please note that	this filter is auto-inserted for MPEG-TS (muxer
       "mpegts") and raw H.264 (muxer "h264") output formats.

   hevc_mp4toannexb
       Convert an HEVC/H.265 bitstream from length prefixed mode to start code
       prefixed	mode (as defined in the	Annex B	of the ITU-T H.265
       specification).

       This is required	by some	streaming formats, typically the MPEG-2
       transport stream	format (muxer "mpegts").

       For example to remux an MP4 file	containing an HEVC stream to mpegts
       format with ffmpeg, you can use the command:

	       ffmpeg -i INPUT.mp4 -codec copy -bsf:v hevc_mp4toannexb OUTPUT.ts

       Please note that	this filter is auto-inserted for MPEG-TS (muxer
       "mpegts") and raw HEVC/H.265 (muxer "h265" or "hevc") output formats.

   imxdump
       Modifies	the bitstream to fit in	MOV and	to be usable by	the Final Cut
       Pro decoder. This filter	only applies to	the mpeg2video codec, and is
       likely not needed for Final Cut Pro 7 and newer with the	appropriate
       -tag:v.

       For example, to remux 30	MB/sec NTSC IMX	to MOV:

	       ffmpeg -i input.mxf -c copy -bsf:v imxdump -tag:v mx3n output.mov

   mjpeg2jpeg
       Convert MJPEG/AVI1 packets to full JPEG/JFIF packets.

       MJPEG is	a video	codec wherein each video frame is essentially a	JPEG
       image. The individual frames can	be extracted without loss, e.g.	by

	       ffmpeg -i ../some_mjpeg.avi -c:v	copy frames_%d.jpg

       Unfortunately, these chunks are incomplete JPEG images, because they
       lack the	DHT segment required for decoding. Quoting from
       <http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000063.shtml>:

       Avery Lee, writing in the rec.video.desktop newsgroup in	2001,
       commented that "MJPEG, or at least the MJPEG in AVIs having the MJPG
       fourcc, is restricted JPEG with a fixed -- and *omitted*	-- Huffman
       table. The JPEG must be YCbCr colorspace, it must be 4:2:2, and it must
       use basic Huffman encoding, not arithmetic or progressive. . . .	You
       can indeed extract the MJPEG frames and decode them with	a regular JPEG
       decoder,	but you	have to	prepend	the DHT	segment	to them, or else the
       decoder won't have any idea how to decompress the data. The exact table
       necessary is given in the OpenDML spec."

       This bitstream filter patches the header	of frames extracted from an
       MJPEG stream (carrying the AVI1 header ID and lacking a DHT segment) to
       produce fully qualified JPEG images.

	       ffmpeg -i mjpeg-movie.avi -c:v copy -bsf:v mjpeg2jpeg frame_%d.jpg
	       exiftran	-i -9 frame*.jpg
	       ffmpeg -i frame_%d.jpg -c:v copy	rotated.avi

   mjpegadump
       Add an MJPEG A header to	the bitstream, to enable decoding by
       Quicktime.

   mov2textsub
       Extract a representable text file from MOV subtitles, stripping the
       metadata	header from each subtitle packet.

       See also	the text2movsub	filter.

   mp3decomp
       Decompress non-standard compressed MP3 audio headers.

   mpeg4_unpack_bframes
       Unpack DivX-style packed	B-frames.

       DivX-style packed B-frames are not valid	MPEG-4 and were	only a
       workaround for the broken Video for Windows subsystem.  They use	more
       space, can cause	minor AV sync issues, require more CPU power to	decode
       (unless the player has some decoded picture queue to compensate the
       2,0,2,0 frame per packet	style) and cause trouble if copied into	a
       standard	container like mp4 or mpeg-ps/ts, because MPEG-4 decoders may
       not be able to decode them, since they are not valid MPEG-4.

       For example to fix an AVI file containing an MPEG-4 stream with DivX-
       style packed B-frames using ffmpeg, you can use the command:

	       ffmpeg -i INPUT.avi -codec copy -bsf:v mpeg4_unpack_bframes OUTPUT.avi

   noise
       Damages the contents of packets without damaging	the container. Can be
       used for	fuzzing	or testing error resilience/concealment.

       Parameters: A numeral string, whose value is related to how often
       output bytes will be modified. Therefore, values	below or equal to 0
       are forbidden, and the lower the	more frequent bytes will be modified,
       with 1 meaning every byte is modified.

	       ffmpeg -i INPUT -c copy -bsf noise[=1] output.mkv

       applies the modification	to every byte.

   remove_extra
       Remove extradata	from packets.

       It accepts the following	parameter:

       freq
	   Set which frame types to remove extradata from.

	   k   Remove extradata	from non-keyframes only.

	   keyframe
	       Remove extradata	from keyframes only.

	   e, all
	       Remove extradata	from all frames.

   text2movsub
       Convert text subtitles to MOV subtitles (as used	by the "mov_text"
       codec) with metadata headers.

       See also	the mov2textsub	filter.

   vp9_superframe
       Merge VP9 invisible (alt-ref) frames back into VP9 superframes. This
       fixes merging of	split/segmented	VP9 streams where the alt-ref frame
       was split from its visible counterpart.

SEE ALSO
       ffmpeg(1), ffplay(1), ffprobe(1), ffserver(1), libavcodec(3)

AUTHORS
       The FFmpeg developers.

       For details about the authorship, see the Git history of	the project
       (git://source.ffmpeg.org/ffmpeg), e.g. by typing	the command git	log in
       the FFmpeg source directory, or browsing	the online repository at
       <http://source.ffmpeg.org>.

       Maintainers for the specific components are listed in the file
       MAINTAINERS in the source code tree.

						   FFMPEG-BITSTREAM-FILTERS(1)

NAME | DESCRIPTION | BITSTREAM FILTERS | SEE ALSO | AUTHORS

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