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FAITH(4)               FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual               FAITH(4)

     faith - IPv6-to-IPv4 TCP relay capturing interface

     device faith

     The faith interface captures IPv6 TCP traffic, for implementing userland
     IPv6-to-IPv4 TCP relay like faithd(8).

     Each faith interface is created at runtime using interface cloning.  This
     is most easily done with the ifconfig(8) create command or using the
     cloned_interfaces variable in rc.conf(5).

     Special action will be taken when IPv6 TCP traffic is seen on a router,
     and routing table suggests to route it to faith interface.  In this case,
     the packet will be accepted by the router, regardless of list of IPv6
     interface addresses assigned to the router.  The packet will be captured
     by an IPv6 TCP socket, if it has IN6P_FAITH flag turned on and it has
     matching address/port pairs.  In result, faith will let you capture IPv6
     TCP traffic to some specific destination addresses.  Userland programs,
     such as faithd(8) can use this behavior to relay IPv6 TCP traffic to IPv4
     TCP traffic.  The program can accept some specific IPv6 TCP traffic,
     perform getsockname(2) to get the IPv6 destination address specified by
     the client, and perform application-specific address mapping to relay
     IPv6 TCP to IPv4 TCP.

     The IN6P_FAITH flag on IPv6 TCP socket can be set by using setsockopt(2),
     with level equals to IPPROTO_IPV6 and optname equals to IPv6_FAITH.

     To handle error reports by ICMPv6, some of ICMPv6 packets routed to faith
     interface will be delivered to IPv6 TCP, as well.

     To understand how faith can be used, take a look at source code of

     As faith interface implements potentially dangerous operation, great care
     must be taken when configuring faith interface.  To avoid possible
     misuse, sysctl(8) variable net.inet6.ip6.keepfaith must be set to 1 prior
     to the use of the interface.  When net.inet6.ip6.keepfaith is 0, no
     packet will be captured by faith interface.

     faith interface is intended to be used on routers, not on hosts.

     inet(4), inet6(4), faithd(8)

     Jun-ichiro itojun Hagino and Kazu Yamamoto, An IPv6-to-IPv4 transport
     relay translator, RFC3142.

     The FAITH IPv6-to-IPv4 TCP relay translator was first appeared in WIDE
     hydrangea IPv6 stack.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE         April 10, 1999         FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE


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