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explain_strndup(3)	   Library Functions Manual	    explain_strndup(3)

NAME
       explain_strndup - explain strndup(3) errors

SYNOPSIS
       #include	<libexplain/strndup.h>
       const char *explain_strndup(const char *data, size_t data_size);
       const char *explain_errno_strndup(int errnum, const char	*data, size_t
       data_size);
       void explain_message_strndup(char *message, int message_size, const
       char *data, size_t data_size);
       void explain_message_errno_strndup(char *message, int message_size, int
       errnum, const char *data, size_t	data_size);

DESCRIPTION
       These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors  returned
       by the strndup(3) system	call.

   explain_strndup
       const char *explain_strndup(const char *data, size_t data_size);

       The explain_strndup function is used to obtain an explanation of	an er-
       ror returned by the strndup(3) system call. The least the message  will
       contain	is  the	 value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much
       better, and indicate the	underlying cause in more detail.

       The errno global	variable will be used to obtain	the error value	to  be
       decoded.

       data    The  original  data, exactly as passed to the strndup(3)	system
	       call.

       data_size
	       The original data_size, exactly as  passed  to  the  strndup(3)
	       system call.

       Returns:
	       The message explaining the error. This message buffer is	shared
	       by all libexplain functions which do not	 supply	 a  buffer  in
	       their argument list.  This will be overwritten by the next call
	       to any libexplain function which	shares this buffer,  including
	       other threads.

       Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buf-
       fer across all threads, and many	other functions	in this	library.

       Example:	This function is intended to be	used in	a fashion  similar  to
       the following example:
	      char *result = strndup(data, data_size);
	      if (!result)
	      {
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_strndup(data,	data_size));
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       The   above   code   example  is	 available  pre-packaged  as  the  ex-
       plain_strndup_or_die(3) function.

   explain_errno_strndup
       const char *explain_errno_strndup(int errnum, const char	*data, size_t
       data_size);

       The  explain_errno_strndup function is used to obtain an	explanation of
       an error	returned by the	strndup(3) system call.	The least the  message
       will  contain  is  the value of strerror(errno),	but usually it will do
       much better, and	indicate the underlying	cause in more detail.

       errnum  The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the	 errno
	       global  variable	 just  before this function is called. This is
	       necessary if you	need to	call any code between the system  call
	       to  be explained	and this function, because many	libc functions
	       will alter the value of errno.

       data    The original data, exactly as passed to the  strndup(3)	system
	       call.

       data_size
	       The  original  data_size,  exactly  as passed to	the strndup(3)
	       system call.

       Returns:
	       The message explaining the error. This message buffer is	shared
	       by  all	libexplain  functions  which do	not supply a buffer in
	       their argument list.  This will be overwritten by the next call
	       to  any libexplain function which shares	this buffer, including
	       other threads.

       Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buf-
       fer across all threads, and many	other functions	in this	library.

       Example:	 This  function	is intended to be used in a fashion similar to
       the following example:
	      char *result = strndup(data, data_size);
	      if (!result)
	      {
		  int err = errno;
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_strndup(err, data,
		  data_size));
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       The   above   code   example  is	 available  pre-packaged  as  the  ex-
       plain_strndup_or_die(3) function.

   explain_message_strndup
       void explain_message_strndup(char *message, int message_size, const
       char *data, size_t data_size);

       The  explain_message_strndup  function is used to obtain	an explanation
       of an error returned by the strndup(3) system call. The least the  mes-
       sage  will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will
       do much better, and indicate the	underlying cause in more detail.

       The errno global	variable will be used to obtain	the error value	to  be
       decoded.

       message The location in which to	store the returned message. If a suit-
	       able message return buffer is supplied, this function is	thread
	       safe.

       message_size
	       The  size  in  bytes  of	the location in	which to store the re-
	       turned message.

       data    The original data, exactly as passed to the  strndup(3)	system
	       call.

       data_size
	       The  original  data_size,  exactly  as passed to	the strndup(3)
	       system call.

       Example:	This function is intended to be	used in	a fashion  similar  to
       the following example:
	      char *result = strndup(data, data_size);
	      if (!result)
	      {
		  char message[3000];
		  explain_message_strndup(message, sizeof(message), data,
		  data_size);
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       The  above  code	 example  is  available	 pre-packaged	as   the   ex-
       plain_strndup_or_die(3) function.

   explain_message_errno_strndup
       void explain_message_errno_strndup(char *message, int message_size, int
       errnum, const char *data, size_t	data_size);

       The explain_message_errno_strndup function is used to obtain an	expla-
       nation  of  an  error returned by the strndup(3)	system call. The least
       the message will	contain	is the value of	strerror(errno),  but  usually
       it  will	 do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more de-
       tail.

       message The location in which to	store the returned message. If a suit-
	       able message return buffer is supplied, this function is	thread
	       safe.

       message_size
	       The size	in bytes of the	location in which  to  store  the  re-
	       turned message.

       errnum  The  error value	to be decoded, usually obtained	from the errno
	       global variable just before this	function is  called.  This  is
	       necessary  if you need to call any code between the system call
	       to be explained and this	function, because many libc  functions
	       will alter the value of errno.

       data    The  original  data, exactly as passed to the strndup(3)	system
	       call.

       data_size
	       The original data_size, exactly as  passed  to  the  strndup(3)
	       system call.

       Example:	 This  function	is intended to be used in a fashion similar to
       the following example:
	      char *result = strndup(data, data_size);
	      if (!result)
	      {
		  int err = errno;
		  char message[3000];
		  explain_message_errno_strndup(message, sizeof(message), err,
		  data,	data_size);
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       The   above   code   example  is	 available  pre-packaged  as  the  ex-
       plain_strndup_or_die(3) function.

SEE ALSO
       strndup(3)
	       duplicate a string

       explain_strndup_or_die(3)
	       duplicate a string and report errors

COPYRIGHT
       libexplain version 1.3
       Copyright (C) 2009 Peter	Miller

							    explain_strndup(3)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO | COPYRIGHT

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