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explain_setuid(3)	   Library Functions Manual	     explain_setuid(3)

NAME
       explain_setuid -	explain	setuid(2) errors

SYNOPSIS
       #include	<libexplain/setuid.h>
       const char *explain_setuid(int uid);
       const char *explain_errno_setuid(int errnum, int	uid);
       void explain_message_setuid(char	*message, int message_size, int	uid);
       void explain_message_errno_setuid(char *message,	int message_size, int
       errnum, int uid);

DESCRIPTION
       These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors  returned
       by the setuid(2)	system call.

   explain_setuid
       const char *explain_setuid(int uid);

       The  explain_setuid function is used to obtain an explanation of	an er-
       ror returned by the setuid(2) system call. The least the	 message  will
       contain	is  the	 value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much
       better, and indicate the	underlying cause in more detail.

       The errno global	variable will be used to obtain	the error value	to  be
       decoded.

       uid     The  original  uid,  exactly  as	passed to the setuid(2)	system
	       call.

       Returns:
	       The message explaining the error. This message buffer is	shared
	       by  all	libexplain  functions  which do	not supply a buffer in
	       their argument list.  This will be overwritten by the next call
	       to  any libexplain function which shares	this buffer, including
	       other threads.

       Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buf-
       fer across all threads, and many	other functions	in this	library.

       Example:	 This  function	is intended to be used in a fashion similar to
       the following example:
	      if (setuid(uid) <	0)
	      {
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_setuid(uid));
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       The above code example is available  pre-packaged  as  the  explain_se-
       tuid_or_die(3) function.

   explain_errno_setuid
       const char *explain_errno_setuid(int errnum, int	uid);

       The  explain_errno_setuid  function is used to obtain an	explanation of
       an error	returned by the	setuid(2) system call. The least  the  message
       will  contain  is  the value of strerror(errno),	but usually it will do
       much better, and	indicate the underlying	cause in more detail.

       errnum  The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the	 errno
	       global  variable	 just  before this function is called. This is
	       necessary if you	need to	call any code between the system  call
	       to  be explained	and this function, because many	libc functions
	       will alter the value of errno.

       uid     The original uid, exactly as passed  to	the  setuid(2)	system
	       call.

       Returns:
	       The message explaining the error. This message buffer is	shared
	       by all libexplain functions which do not	 supply	 a  buffer  in
	       their argument list.  This will be overwritten by the next call
	       to any libexplain function which	shares this buffer,  including
	       other threads.

       Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buf-
       fer across all threads, and many	other functions	in this	library.

       Example:	This function is intended to be	used in	a fashion  similar  to
       the following example:
	      if (setuid(uid) <	0)
	      {
		  int err = errno;
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_setuid(err, uid));
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       The  above  code	 example  is available pre-packaged as the explain_se-
       tuid_or_die(3) function.

   explain_message_setuid
       void explain_message_setuid(char	*message, int message_size, int	uid);

       The explain_message_setuid function is used to obtain an	explanation of
       an  error  returned by the setuid(2) system call. The least the message
       will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually  it  will  do
       much better, and	indicate the underlying	cause in more detail.

       The  errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be
       decoded.

       message The location in which to	store the returned message. If a suit-
	       able message return buffer is supplied, this function is	thread
	       safe.

       message_size
	       The size	in bytes of the	location in which  to  store  the  re-
	       turned message.

       uid     The  original  uid,  exactly  as	passed to the setuid(2)	system
	       call.

       Example:	This function is intended to be	used in	a fashion  similar  to
       the following example:
	      if (setuid(uid) <	0)
	      {
		  char message[3000];
		  explain_message_setuid(message, sizeof(message), uid);
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       The  above  code	 example  is available pre-packaged as the explain_se-
       tuid_or_die(3) function.

   explain_message_errno_setuid
       void explain_message_errno_setuid(char *message,	int message_size, int
       errnum, int uid);

       The explain_message_errno_setuid	function is used to obtain an explana-
       tion of an error	returned by the	setuid(2) system call. The  least  the
       message	will  contain  is the value of strerror(errno),	but usually it
       will do much better, and	indicate the underlying	cause in more detail.

       message The location in which to	store the returned message. If a suit-
	       able message return buffer is supplied, this function is	thread
	       safe.

       message_size
	       The size	in bytes of the	location in which  to  store  the  re-
	       turned message.

       errnum  The  error value	to be decoded, usually obtained	from the errno
	       global variable just before this	function is  called.  This  is
	       necessary  if you need to call any code between the system call
	       to be explained and this	function, because many libc  functions
	       will alter the value of errno.

       uid     The  original  uid,  exactly  as	passed to the setuid(2)	system
	       call.

       Example:	This function is intended to be	used in	a fashion  similar  to
       the following example:
	      if (setuid(uid) <	0)
	      {
		  int err = errno;
		  char message[3000];
		  explain_message_errno_setuid(message,	sizeof(message), err,
		  uid);
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       The above code example is available  pre-packaged  as  the  explain_se-
       tuid_or_die(3) function.

SEE ALSO
       setuid(2)
	       set user	identity

       explain_setuid_or_die(3)
	       set user	identity and report errors

COPYRIGHT
       libexplain version 1.3
       Copyright (C) 2012 Peter	Miller

							     explain_setuid(3)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO | COPYRIGHT

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