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explain_fork(3)		   Library Functions Manual	       explain_fork(3)

NAME
       explain_fork - explain fork(2) errors

SYNOPSIS
       #include	<libexplain/fork.h>
       const char *explain_fork(void);
       const char *explain_errno_fork(int errnum);
       void explain_message_fork(char *message,	int message_size);
       void  explain_message_errno_fork(char  *message,	 int message_size, int
       errnum);

DESCRIPTION
       These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors  returned
       by the fork(2) system call.

   explain_fork
       const char *explain_fork(void);

       The  explain_fork function is used to obtain an explanation of an error
       returned	by the fork(2) system call.  The least the message  will  con-
       tain  is	the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much bet-
       ter, and	indicate the underlying	cause in more detail.

       The errno global	variable will be used to obtain	the error value	to  be
       decoded.

       This  function  is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the fol-
       lowing example:
	      if (fork() < 0)
	      {
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_fork());
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       Returns:
	       The message explaining  the  error.   This  message  buffer  is
	       shared by all libexplain	functions which	do not supply a	buffer
	       in their	argument list.	This will be overwritten by  the  next
	       call  to	 any libexplain	function which shares this buffer, in-
	       cluding other threads.

       Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buf-
       fer across all threads, and many	other functions	in this	library.

   explain_errno_fork
       const char *explain_errno_fork(int errnum);

       The  explain_errno_fork function	is used	to obtain an explanation of an
       error returned by the fork(2) system call.  The least the message  will
       contain	is  the	value of strerror(errnum), but usually it will do much
       better, and indicate the	underlying cause in more detail.

       This function is	intended to be used in a fashion similar to  the  fol-
       lowing example:
	      if (fork() < 0)
	      {
		  int err = errno;
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_fork(err, ));
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       errnum  The  error value	to be decoded, usually obtained	from the errno
	       global variable just before this	function is called.   This  is
	       necessary  if you need to call any code between the system call
	       to be explained and this	function, because many libc  functions
	       will alter the value of errno.

       Returns:
	       The  message  explaining	 the  error.   This  message buffer is
	       shared by all libexplain	functions which	do not supply a	buffer
	       in  their  argument list.  This will be overwritten by the next
	       call to any libexplain function which shares this  buffer,  in-
	       cluding other threads.

       Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buf-
       fer across all threads, and many	other functions	in this	library.

   explain_message_fork
       void explain_message_fork(char *message,	int message_size);

       The explain_message_fork	function may be	used to	 obtain	an explanation
       of an error returned by the fork(2) system call.	 The least the message
       will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually  it  will  do
       much better, and	indicate the underlying	cause in more detail.

       The  errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be
       decoded.

       This function is	intended to be used in a fashion similar to  the  fol-
       lowing example:
	      if (fork() < 0)
	      {
		  char message[3000];
		  explain_message_fork(message,	sizeof(message), );
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       message The  location  in  which	 to  store the returned	message.  If a
	       suitable	message	return buffer is supplied,  this  function  is
	       thread safe.

       message_size
	       The  size  in  bytes  of	the location in	which to store the re-
	       turned message.

   explain_message_errno_fork
       void explain_message_errno_fork(char *message,  int  message_size,  int
       errnum);

       The explain_message_errno_fork function may be used to obtain an	expla-
       nation of an error returned by the fork(2) system call.	The least  the
       message	will  contain is the value of strerror(errnum),	but usually it
       will do much better, and	indicate the underlying	cause in more detail.

       This function is	intended to be used in a fashion similar to  the  fol-
       lowing example:
	      if (fork() < 0)
	      {
		  int err = errno;
		  char message[3000];
		  explain_message_errno_fork(message, sizeof(message), err, );
		  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
		  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	      }

       message The  location  in  which	 to  store the returned	message.  If a
	       suitable	message	return buffer is supplied,  this  function  is
	       thread safe.

       message_size
	       The  size  in  bytes  of	the location in	which to store the re-
	       turned message.

       errnum  The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the	 errno
	       global  variable	 just before this function is called.  This is
	       necessary if you	need to	call any code between the system  call
	       to  be explained	and this function, because many	libc functions
	       will alter the value of errno.

SEE ALSO
       fork(2) create a	child process

       explain_fork_or_die(3)
	       create a	child process and report errors

COPYRIGHT
       libexplain version 1.3
       Copyright (C) 2008 Peter	Miller

							       explain_fork(3)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO | COPYRIGHT

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