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VI(1)			    General Commands Manual			 VI(1)

NAME
       ex, vi, view - text editors

SYNOPSIS
       ex [-eFGRrSsv] [-c cmd] [-t tag]	[-w size] [file	...]
       vi [-eFlRrSv] [-c cmd] [-t tag] [-w size] [file ...]
       view [-eFGRrSv] [-c cmd]	[-t tag] [-w size] [file ...]

LICENSE
       The  vi	program	 is  freely redistributable.  You are welcome to copy,
       modify and share	it with	others under the conditions listed in the  LI-
       CENSE  file.   If  any  company (not individual!) finds vi sufficiently
       useful that you would have purchased it,	or if any  company  wishes  to
       redistribute it,	contributions to the authors would be appreciated.

DESCRIPTION
       Vi  is  a screen	oriented text editor.  Ex is a line-oriented text edi-
       tor.  Ex	and vi are different interfaces	to the same program, and it is
       possible	 to switch back	and forth during an edit session.  View	is the
       equivalent of using the -R (read-only) option of	vi.

       This manual page	is the one provided with the nex/nvi versions  of  the
       ex/vi text editors.  Nex/nvi are	intended as bug-for-bug	compatible re-
       placements for  the  original  Fourth  Berkeley	Software  Distribution
       (4BSD)  ex  and vi programs.  For the rest of this manual page, nex/nvi
       is used only when it's necessary	to distinguish it  from	 the  historic
       implementations of ex/vi.

       This  manual  page  is  intended	for users already familiar with	ex/vi.
       Anyone else should almost certainly read	a good tutorial	on the	editor
       before  this  manual page.  If you're in	an unfamiliar environment, and
       you absolutely have to get work done immediately, read the section  af-
       ter  the	options	description, entitled ``Fast Startup''.	 It's probably
       enough to get you going.

       The following options are available:

       -c     Execute cmd immediately after starting the edit  session.	  Par-
	      ticularly	 useful	 for  initial positioning in the file, however
	      cmd is not limited to positioning	commands.  This	is  the	 POSIX
	      1003.2 interface for the historic	``+cmd'' syntax.  Nex/nvi sup-
	      ports both the old and new syntax.

       -e     Start editing in ex mode,	as if the command name were ex.

       -F     Don't copy the entire file when first starting  to  edit.	  (The
	      default is to make a copy	in case	someone	else modifies the file
	      during your edit session.)

       -G     Start editing in gtags mode, as if the gtagsmode option was set.

       -l     Start editing with the lisp and showmatch	options	set.

       -R     Start editing in read-only mode, as  if  the  command  name  was
	      view, or the readonly option was set.

       -r     Recover the specified files, or, if no files are specified, list
	      the files	that could be recovered.  If no	recoverable  files  by
	      the specified name exist,	the file is edited as if the -r	option
	      had not been specified.

       -S     Run with the secure edit option set, disallowing all  access  to
	      external programs.

       -s     Enter  batch  mode;  applicable only to ex edit sessions.	 Batch
	      mode is useful when running ex  scripts.	 Prompts,  informative
	      messages	and other user oriented	message	are turned off,	and no
	      startup files or environmental variables are read.  This is  the
	      POSIX 1003.2 interface for the historic ``-'' argument.  Nex/nvi
	      supports both the	old and	new syntax.

       -t     Start editing at the specified tag.  (See	ctags(1)).

       -w     Set the initial window size to the specified number of lines.

       -v     Start editing in vi mode,	as if the command name was vi or view.

       Command input for ex/vi is read from the	standard input.	 In the	vi in-
       terface,	it is an error if standard input is not	a terminal.  In	the ex
       interface, if standard input is not a terminal, ex will	read  commands
       from  it	regardless, however, the session will be a batch mode session,
       exactly as if the -s option had been specified.

       Ex/vi exits 0 on	success, and greater than 0 if an error	occurs.

FAST STARTUP
       This section will tell you the minimum amount that you need to do  sim-
       ple editing tasks using vi.  If you've never used any screen editor be-
       fore, you're likely to have problems even with  this  simple  introduc-
       tion.   In  that	case you should	find someone that already knows	vi and
       have them walk you through this section.

       Vi is a screen editor.  This means that it takes	up almost  the	entire
       screen, displaying part of the file on each screen line,	except for the
       last line of the	screen.	 The last line of the screen is	used  for  you
       to give commands	to vi, and for vi to give information to you.

       The other fact that you need to understand is that vi is	a modeful edi-
       tor, i.e. you are either	entering text or you are  executing  commands,
       and  you	have to	be in the right	mode to	do one or the other.  You will
       be in command mode when you first start editing a file.	There are com-
       mands  that  switch  you	 into  input mode.  There is only one key that
       takes you out of	input mode, and	that is	the <escape> key.  (Key	 names
       are  written  using  less-than  and  greater-than signs,	e.g.  <escape>
       means the ``escape'' key, usually labeled ``esc''  on  your  terminal's
       keyboard.)   If	you're	ever confused as to which mode you're in, keep
       entering	the <escape> key until vi beeps	at you.	 (Generally,  vi  will
       beep  at	 you  if you try and do	something that's not allowed.  It will
       also display error messages.)

       To start	editing	a file,	enter the command ``vi	file_name<carriage-re-
       turn>''.	  The command you should enter as soon as you start editing is
       ``:set verbose showmode<carriage-return>''.  This will make the	editor
       give  you  verbose  error  messages and display the current mode	at the
       bottom of the screen.

       The commands to move around the file are:

       h      Move the cursor left one character.

       j      Move the cursor down one line.

       k      Move the cursor up one line.

       l      Move the cursor right one	character.

       <cursor-arrows>
	      The cursor arrow keys should work, too.

       /text<carriage-return>
	      Search for the string ``text'' in	the file, and move the	cursor
	      to its first character.

       The commands to enter new text are:

       a      Append new text, after the cursor.

       i      Insert new text, before the cursor.

       o      Open  a  new line	below the line the cursor is on, and start en-
	      tering text.

       O      Open a new line above the	line the cursor	is on, and  start  en-
	      tering text.

       <escape>
	      Once you've entered input	mode using the one of the a, i,	O or o
	      commands,	use <escape> to	quit entering text and return to  com-
	      mand mode.

       The commands to copy text are:

       yy     Copy the line the	cursor is on.

       p      Append the copied	line after the line the	cursor is on.

       The commands to delete text are:

       dd     Delete the line the cursor is on.

       x      Delete the character the cursor is on.

       The commands to write the file are:

       :w<carriage-return>
	      Write  the  file	back to	the file with the name that you	origi-
	      nally used as an argument	on the vi command line.

       :w file_name<carriage-return>
	      Write the	file back to the file with the name ``file_name''.

       The commands to quit editing and	exit the editor	are:

       :q<carriage-return>
	      Quit editing and leave vi	(if you've modified the	file, but  not
	      saved your changes, vi will refuse to quit).

       :q!<carriage-return>
	      Quit, discarding any modifications that you may have made.

       One final caution.  Unusual characters can take up more than one	column
       on the screen, and long lines can take up more  than  a	single	screen
       line.   The  above  commands work on ``physical'' characters and	lines,
       i.e. they affect	the entire line	no matter how  many  screen  lines  it
       takes  up and the entire	character no matter how	many screen columns it
       takes up.

VI COMMANDS
       The following section describes the commands available in  the  command
       mode  of	 the  vi editor.  In each entry	below, the tag line is a usage
       synopsis	for the	command	character.

       [count] <control-A>
	      Search forward count times for the current word.

       [count] <control-B>
	      Page backwards count screens.

       [count] <control-D>
	      Scroll forward count lines.

       [count] <control-E>
	      Scroll forward count lines, leaving the current line and	column
	      as is, if	possible.

       [count] <control-F>
	      Page forward count screens.

       <control-G>
	      Display the file information.

       <control-H>

       [count] h
	      Move the cursor back count characters in the current line.

       [count] <control-J>

       [count] <control-N>

       [count] j
	      Move  the	 cursor	 down count lines without changing the current
	      column.

       <control-L>

       <control-R>
	      Repaint the screen.

       [count] <control-M>

       [count] +
	      Move the cursor down count lines to the first nonblank character
	      of that line.

       [count] <control-P>

       [count] k
	      Move  the	 cursor	 up  count lines, without changing the current
	      column.

       <control-T>
	      Return to	the most recent	tag context.

       <control-U>
	      Scroll backwards count lines.

       <control-W>
	      Switch to	the next lower screen in the window, or, to the	 first
	      screen if	there are no lower screens in the window.

       <control-Y>
	      Scroll  backwards	count lines, leaving the current line and col-
	      umn as is, if possible.

       <control-Z>
	      Suspend the current editor session.

       <escape>
	      Execute ex commands or cancel partial commands.

       <control-]>
	      Push a tag reference onto	the tag	stack.	In  gtagsmode,	if  at
	      the  first  column of line, locate function references otherwise
	      function definitions.

       <control-^>
	      Switch to	the most recently edited file.

       [count] <space>

       [count] l
	      Move the cursor forward count characters	without	 changing  the
	      current line.

       [count] ! motion	shell-argument(s)
	      Replace text with	results	from a shell command.

       [count] # #|+|-
	      Increment	or decrement the cursor	number.

       [count] $
	      Move the cursor to the end of a line.

       %      Move to the matching character.

       &      Repeat the previous substitution command on the current line.

       '<character>

       `<character>
	      Return to	a context marked by the	character _character_.

       [count] (
	      Back up count sentences.

       [count] )
	      Move forward count sentences.

       [count] ,
	      Reverse find character count times.

       [count] -
	      Move to first nonblank of	the previous line, count times.

       [count] .
	      Repeat the last vi command that modified text.

       /RE<carriage-return>

       /RE/ [offset]<carriage-return>

       ?RE<carriage-return>

       ?RE? [offset]<carriage-return>

       N

       n      Search forward or	backward for a regular expression.

       0      Move to the first	character in the current line.

       :      Execute an ex command.

       [count] ;
	      Repeat the last character	find count times.

       [count] < motion

       [count] > motion
	      Shift lines left or right.

       @ buffer
	      Execute a	named buffer.

       [count] A
	      Enter input mode,	appending the text after the end of the	line.

       [count] B
	      Move backwards count bigwords.

       [buffer]	[count]	C
	      Change text from the current position to the end-of-line.

       [buffer]	D
	      Delete text from the current position to the end-of-line.

       [count] E
	      Move forward count end-of-bigwords.

       [count] F <character>
	      Search  count times backward through the current line for	_char-
	      acter_.

       [count] G
	      Move to line count, or the last line of the file	if  count  not
	      specified.

       [count] H
	      Move  to	the  screen  line count	- 1 lines below	the top	of the
	      screen.

       [count] I
	      Enter input mode,	inserting the text at  the  beginning  of  the
	      line.

       [count] J
	      Join lines.

       [count] L
	      Move  to the screen line count - 1 lines above the bottom	of the
	      screen.

	M     Move to the screen line in the middle of the screen.

       [count] O
	      Enter input mode,	appending text in a new	line above the current
	      line.

       [buffer]	P
	      Insert text from a buffer.

       Q      Exit vi (or visual) mode and switch to ex	mode.

       [count] R
	      Enter input mode,	replacing the characters in the	current	line.

       [buffer]	[count]	S
	      Substitute count lines.

       [count] T <character>
	      Search  backwards, count times, through the current line for the
	      character	after the specified _character_.

       U      Restore the current line to its state  before  the  cursor  last
	      moved to it.

       [count] W
	      Move forward count bigwords.

       [buffer]	[count]	X
	      Delete count characters before the cursor.

       [buffer]	[count]	Y
	      Copy (or ``yank'') count lines into the specified	buffer.

       ZZ     Write the	file and exit vi.

       [count] [[
	      Back up count section boundaries.

       [count] ]]
	      Move forward count section boundaries.

       ^      Move to first nonblank character on the current line.

       [count] _
	      Move down	count -	1 lines, to the	first nonblank character.

       [count] a
	      Enter input mode,	appending the text after the cursor.

       [count] b
	      Move backwards count words.

       [buffer]	[count]	c motion
	      Change a region of text.

       [buffer]	[count]	d motion
	      Delete a region of text.

       [count] e
	      Move forward count end-of-words.

       [count] f<character>
	      Search  forward,	count  times,  through the rest	of the current
	      line for _character_.

       [count] i
	      Enter input mode,	inserting the text before the cursor.

       m <character>
	      Save the current context (line and column) as _character_.

       [count] o
	      Enter input mode,	appending text in a new	line under the current
	      line.

       [buffer]	p
	      Append text from a buffer.

       [count] r <character>
	      Replace count characters.

       [buffer]	[count]	s
	      Substitute  count	 characters  in	the current line starting with
	      the current character.

       [count] t <character>
	      Search forward, count times, through the current	line  for  the
	      character	immediately before _character_.

       u      Undo the last change made	to the file.

       [count] w
	      Move forward count words.

       [buffer]	[count]	x
	      Delete count characters.

       [buffer]	[count]	y motion
	      Copy  (or	``yank'') a text region	specified by the count and mo-
	      tion into	a buffer.

       [count1]	z [count2] -|.|+|^|<carriage-return>
	      Redraw, optionally repositioning and resizing the	screen.

       [count] {
	      Move backward count paragraphs.

       [count] |
	      Move to a	specific column	position on the	current	line.

       [count] }
	      Move forward count paragraphs.

       [count] ~
	      Reverse the case of the next count character(s).

       [count] ~ motion
	      Reverse the case of the characters in a text region specified by
	      the count	and motion.

       <interrupt>
	      Interrupt	the current operation.

VI TEXT	INPUT COMMANDS
       The  following section describes	the commands available in the text in-
       put mode	of the vi editor.

       <nul>  Replay the previous input.

       <control-D>
	      Erase to the previous shiftwidth column boundary.

       ^<control-D>
	      Erase all	of the autoindent characters, and reset	the autoindent
	      level.

       0<control-D>
	      Erase all	of the autoindent characters.

       <control-T>
	      Insert  sufficient  _tab_	and _space_ characters to move forward
	      to the next shiftwidth column boundary.  If  expandtab  is  set,
	      only insert _space_ characters.

       <erase>

       <control-H>
	      Erase the	last character.

       <literal	next>
	      Quote the	next character.

       <escape>
	      Resolve  all  text  input	 into  the file, and return to command
	      mode.

       <line erase>
	      Erase the	current	line.

       <control-W>

       <word erase>
	      Erase the	last word.  The	definition of word is dependent	on the
	      altwerase	and ttywerase options.

       <control-X>[0-9A-Fa-f]+
	      Insert a character with the specified hexadecimal	value into the
	      text.

       <interrupt>
	      Interrupt	text input mode, returning to command mode.

EX COMMANDS
       The following section describes the commands available in the  ex  edi-
       tor.   In  each	entry  below, the tag line is a	usage synopsis for the
       command.

       <end-of-file>
	      Scroll the screen.

       ! argument(s)

       [range]!	argument(s)
	      Execute a	shell command, or filter lines through	a  shell  com-
	      mand.

       "      A	comment.

       [range] nu[mber]	[count]	[flags]

       [range] # [count] [flags]
	      Display the selected lines, each preceded	with its line number.

       @ buffer

       * buffer
	      Execute a	buffer.

       [line] a[ppend][!]
	      The input	text is	appended after the specified line.

       [range] c[hange][!] [count]
	      The input	text replaces the specified range.

       cs[cope]	add | find | help | kill | reset
	      Execute a	Cscope command.

       [range] d[elete]	[buffer] [count] [flags]
	      Delete the lines from the	file.

       di[splay] b[uffers] | c[onnections] | s[creens] | t[ags]
	      Display buffers, Cscope connections, screens or tags.

       [Ee][dit][!] [+cmd] [file]

       [Ee]x[!]	[+cmd] [file]
	      Edit a different file.

       exu[sage] [command]
	      Display usage for	an ex command.

       f[ile] [file]
	      Display and optionally change the	file name.

       [Ff]g [name]
	      Vi mode only.  Foreground	the specified screen.

       [range] g[lobal]	/pattern/ [commands]

       [range] v /pattern/ [commands]
	      Apply commands to	lines matching (or not matching) a pattern.

       he[lp] Display a	help message.

       [line] i[nsert][!]
	      The input	text is	inserted before	the specified line.

       [range] j[oin][!] [count] [flags]
	      Join lines of text together.

       [range] l[ist] [count] [flags]
	      Display the lines	unambiguously.

       map[!] [lhs rhs]
	      Define or	display	maps (for vi only).

       [line] ma[rk] <character>

       [line] k	<character>
	      Mark the line with the mark _character_.

       [range] m[ove] line
	      Move the specified lines after the target	line.

       mk[exrc][!] file
	      Write  the  abbreviations, editor	options	and maps to the	speci-
	      fied file.

       [Nn][ext][!] [file ...]
	      Edit the next file from the argument list.

       [line] o[pen] /pattern/ [flags]
	      Enter open mode.

       pre[serve]
	      Save the file in a form that can later be	recovered using	the ex
	      -r option.

       [Pp]rev[ious][!]
	      Edit the previous	file from the argument list.

       [range] p[rint] [count] [flags]
	      Display the specified lines.

       [line] pu[t] [buffer]
	      Append buffer contents to	the current line.

       q[uit][!]
	      End the editing session.

       [line] r[ead][!]	[file]
	      Read a file.

       rec[over] file
	      Recover file if it was previously	saved.

       res[ize]	[+|-]size
	      Vi mode only.  Grow or shrink the	current	screen.

       rew[ind][!]
	      Rewind the argument list.

       rta[g][!] tagstring
	      Edit the file referring the specified tag. (Only in gtagsmode)

       se[t] [option[=[value]] ...] [nooption ...] [option? ...] [all]
	      Display or set editor options.

       sh[ell]
	      Run a shell program.

       so[urce]	file
	      Read and execute ex commands from	a file.

       [range] s[ubstitute] [/pattern/replace/]	[options] [count] [flags]

       [range] & [options] [count] [flags]

       [range] ~ [options] [count] [flags]
	      Make substitutions.

       su[spend][!]

       st[op][!]

       <suspend>
	      Suspend the edit session.

       [Tt]a[g][!] tagstring
	      Edit the file containing the specified tag.

       tagn[ext][!]
	      Edit the file containing the next	context	for the	current	tag.

       tagp[op][!] [file | number]
	      Pop to the specified tag in the tags stack.

       tagp[rev][!]
	      Edit  the	 file  containing the previous context for the current
	      tag.

       unm[ap][!] lhs
	      Unmap a mapped string.

       ve[rsion]
	      Display the version of the ex/vi editor.

       [line] vi[sual] [type] [count] [flags]
	      Ex mode only.  Enter vi.

       [Vi]i[sual][!] [+cmd] [file]
	      Vi mode only.  Edit a new	file.

       viu[sage] [command]
	      Display usage for	a vi command.

       [range] w[rite][!] [>>] [file]

       [range] w[rite] [!] [file]

       [range] wn[!] [>>] [file]

       [range] wq[!] [>>] [file]
	      Write the	file.

       [range] x[it][!]	[file]
	      Write the	file if	it has been modified.

       [range] ya[nk] [buffer] [count]
	      Copy the specified lines to a buffer.

       [line] z	[type] [count] [flags]
	      Adjust the window.

SET OPTIONS
       There are a large number	of options that	 may  be  set  (or  unset)  to
       change  the  editor's  behavior.	  This	section	describes the options,
       their abbreviations and their default values.

       In each entry below, the	first part of the tag line is the full name of
       the  option,  followed  by  any	equivalent abbreviations.  The part in
       square brackets is the default value of the option.  Most  of  the  op-
       tions  are  boolean, i.e. they are either on or off, and	do not have an
       associated value.

       Options apply to	both ex	and vi modes, unless otherwise specified.

       altwerase [off]
	      Vi only.	Select an alternate word erase algorithm.

       autoindent, ai [off]
	      Automatically indent new lines.

       autoprint, ap [off]
	      Ex only.	Display	the current line automatically.

       autowrite, aw [off]
	      Write modified files automatically when changing files.

       backup [""]
	      Backup files before they are overwritten.

       beautify, bf [off]
	      Discard control characters.

       cdpath [environment variable CDPATH, or current directory]
	      The directory paths used as path prefixes	for the	cd command.

       cedit [no default]
	      Set the character	to edit	the colon command-line history.

       columns,	co [80]
	      Set the number of	columns	in the screen.

       comment [off]
	      Vi only.	Skip leading comments in shell,	 C  and	 C++  language
	      files.

       directory, dir [environment variable TMPDIR, or /tmp]
	      The directory where temporary files are created.

       edcompatible, ed	[off]
	      Remember	the values of the ``c''	and ``g'' suffices to the sub-
	      stitute commands,	instead	of initializing	them as	unset for each
	      new command.

       errorbells, eb [off]
	      Ex only.	Announce error messages	with a bell.

       expandtab, et [off]
	      Prevent  the  use	of _tab_ characters in leading whitespace when
	      shifting text, autoindenting,  indenting	with  <control-T>,  or
	      outdenting with <control-D>.

       exrc, ex	[off]
	      Read the startup files in	the local directory.

       extended	[off]
	      Regular  expressions are extended	(i.e.  egrep(1)-style) expres-
	      sions.

       filec [no default]
	      Set the character	to perform file	path completion	on  the	 colon
	      command line.

       flash [on]
	      Flash the	screen instead of beeping the keyboard on error.

       gtagsmode, gt [off]
	      Use GTAGS	and GRTAGS instead of tags.

       hardtabs, ht [8]
	      Set the spacing between hardware tab settings.

       iclower [off]
	      Makes  all  Regular  Expressions case-insensitive, as long as an
	      upper-case letter	does not appear	in the search string.

       ignorecase, ic [off]
	      Ignore case differences in regular expressions.

       keytime [6]
	      The 10th's of a second ex/vi waits for a subsequent key to  com-
	      plete a key mapping.

       leftright [off]
	      Vi only.	Do left-right scrolling.

       lines, li [24]
	      Vi only.	Set the	number of lines	in the screen.

       lisp [off]
	      Vi  only.	  Modify  various  search commands and options to work
	      with Lisp.  This option is not yet implemented.

       list [off]
	      Display lines in an unambiguous fashion.

       lock [on]
	      Attempt to get an	exclusive lock on any file being edited,  read
	      or written.

       magic [on]
	      Treat certain characters specially in regular expressions.

       matchchars [[]{}()<>]
	      Character	pairs looked for by the	% command.

       matchtime [7]
	      Vi  only.	  The  10th's of a second ex/vi	pauses on the matching
	      character	when the showmatch option is set.

       mesg [on]
	      Permit messages from other users.

       modelines, modeline [off]
	      Read the first and last few lines	of each	file for ex  commands.
	      This option will never be	implemented.

       noprint [""]
	      Characters that are never	handled	as printable characters.

       number, nu [off]
	      Precede each line	displayed with its current line	number.

       octal [off]
	      Display  unknown characters as octal numbers, instead of the de-
	      fault hexadecimal.

       open [on]
	      Ex only.	If this	option is not set, the open  and  visual  com-
	      mands are	disallowed.

       optimize, opt [on]
	      Vi  only.	 Optimize text throughput to dumb terminals.  This op-
	      tion is not yet implemented.

       paragraphs, para	[IPLPPPQPP LIpplpipbp]
	      Vi only.	Define additional paragraph boundaries for the { and }
	      commands.

       path []
	      Define additional	directories to search for files	being edited.

       print [""]
	      Characters that are always handled as printable characters.

       prompt [on]
	      Ex only.	Display	a command prompt.

       readonly, ro [off]
	      Mark the file and	session	as read-only.

       recdir [/var/tmp/vi.recover]
	      The directory where recovery files are stored.

       redraw, re [off]
	      Vi  only.	 Simulate an intelligent terminal on a dumb one.  This
	      option is	not yet	implemented.

       remap [on]
	      Remap keys until resolved.

       report [5]
	      Set the number of	lines about which the editor  reports  changes
	      or yanks.

       ruler [off]
	      Vi only.	Display	a row/column ruler on the colon	command	line.

       scroll, scr [window / 2]
	      Set the number of	lines scrolled.

       searchincr [off]
	      Makes the	/ and ?	 commands incremental.

       sections, sect [NHSHH HUnhsh]
	      Vi only.	Define additional section boundaries for the [[	and ]]
	      commands.

       secure [off]
	      Turns off	all access to external programs.

       shell, sh [environment variable SHELL, or /bin/sh]
	      Select the shell used by the editor.

       shellmeta [~{[*?$`'"\]
	      Set the meta characters checked to determine if file name	expan-
	      sion is necessary.

       shiftwidth, sw [8]
	      Set the autoindent and shift command indentation width.

       showmatch, sm [off]
	      Vi  only.	  Note	matching  ``{''	 and ``('' for ``}'' and ``)''
	      characters.

       showmode, smd [off]
	      Vi only.	Display	the current editor  mode  and  a  ``modified''
	      flag.

       sidescroll [16]
	      Vi only.	Set the	amount a left-right scroll will	shift.

       slowopen, slow [off]
	      Delay  display  updating	during text input.  This option	is not
	      yet implemented.

       sourceany [off]
	      Read startup files not owned by the current user.	  This	option
	      will never be implemented.

       tabstop,	ts [8]
	      This option sets tab widths for the editor display.

       taglength, tl [0]
	      Set the number of	significant characters in tag names.

       tags, tag [tags /var/db/libc.tags /sys/kern/tags]
	      Set the list of tags files.

       term, ttytype, tty [environment variable	TERM]
	      Set the terminal type.

       terse [off]
	      This  option has historically made editor	messages less verbose.
	      It has no	effect in this implementation.

       tildeop [off]
	      Modify the ~ command to take an associated motion.

       timeout,	to [on]
	      Time out on keys which may be mapped.

       ttywerase [off]
	      Vi only.	Select an alternate erase algorithm.

       verbose [off]
	      Vi only.	Display	an error message for every error.

       w300 [no	default]
	      Vi only.	Set the	window size if the baud	rate is	less than 1200
	      baud.

       w1200 [no default]
	      Vi  only.	 Set the window	size if	the baud rate is equal to 1200
	      baud.

       w9600 [no default]
	      Vi only.	Set the	window size if the baud	rate is	 greater  than
	      1200 baud.

       warn [on]
	      Ex  only.	  This option causes a warning message to the terminal
	      if the file has been modified, since it was last written,	before
	      a	!  command.

       window, w, wi [environment variable LINES]
	      Set the window size for the screen.

       windowname [off]
	      Change  the icon/window name to the current file name even if it
	      can't be restored	on editor exit.

       wraplen,	wl [0]
	      Vi only.	Break lines automatically,  the	 specified  number  of
	      columns  from  the  left-hand  margin.   If both the wraplen and
	      wrapmargin edit options are set, the wrapmargin value is used.

       wrapmargin, wm [0]
	      Vi only.	Break lines automatically,  the	 specified  number  of
	      columns  from  the  right-hand  margin.  If both the wraplen and
	      wrapmargin edit options are set, the wrapmargin value is used.

       wrapscan, ws [on]
	      Set searches to wrap around the end or beginning of the file.

       writeany, wa [off]
	      Turn off file-overwriting	checks.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       COLUMNS
	      The number of columns on the screen.  This value	overrides  any
	      system  or terminal specific values.  If the COLUMNS environmen-
	      tal variable is not set when ex/vi runs, or the  columns	option
	      is explicitly reset by the user, ex/vi enters the	value into the
	      environment.

       EXINIT A	list of	ex startup commands, read if the variable  NEXINIT  is
	      not set.

       HOME   The  user's  home	 directory, used as the	initial	directory path
	      for the  startup	``$HOME/.nexrc''  and  ``$HOME/.exrc''	files.
	      This  value  is also used	as the default directory for the vi cd
	      command.

       LINES  The number of rows on the	screen.	 This value overrides any sys-
	      tem  or  terminal	 specific  values.  If the LINES environmental
	      variable is not set when ex/vi runs, or the lines	option is  ex-
	      plicitly	reset by the user, ex/vi enters	the value into the en-
	      vironment.

       NEXINIT
	      A	list of	ex startup commands.

       SHELL  The user's shell of choice (see also the shell option).

       TERM   The user's terminal type.	 The default is	the type  ``unknown''.
	      If  the  TERM environmental variable is not set when ex/vi runs,
	      or the term option is explicitly reset by	the user, ex/vi	enters
	      the value	into the environment.

       TMPDIR The location used	to stored temporary files (see also the	direc-
	      tory edit	option).

ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS
       SIGALRM
	      Vi/ex uses this signal for periodic backups  of  file  modifica-
	      tions  and  to  display  ``busy''	 messages  when	operations are
	      likely to	take a long time.

       SIGHUP

       SIGTERM
	      If the current buffer has	changed	since it was last  written  in
	      its  entirety,  the editor attempts to save the modified file so
	      it can be	later recovered.  See the vi/ex	Reference manual  sec-
	      tion entitled ``Recovery'' for more information.

       SIGINT When  an	interrupt occurs, the current operation	is halted, and
	      the editor returns to the	command	level.	If interrupted	during
	      text  input, the text already input is resolved into the file as
	      if the text input	had been normally terminated.

       SIGWINCH
	      The screen is resized.  See the vi/ex Reference  manual  section
	      entitled ``Sizing	the Screen'' for more information.

       SIGCONT

       SIGQUIT

       SIGTSTP
	      Vi/ex ignores these signals.

FILES
       /bin/sh
	      The default user shell.

       /etc/vi.exrc
	      System-wide vi startup file.

       /tmp   Temporary	file directory.

       /var/tmp/vi.recover
	      The default recovery file	directory.

       $HOME/.nexrc
	      1st choice for user's home directory startup file.

       $HOME/.exrc
	      2nd choice for user's home directory startup file.

       .nexrc 1st choice for local directory startup file.

       .exrc  2nd choice for local directory startup file.

SEE ALSO
       ctags(1), more(1), curses(3), dbopen(3)

       The ``Vi	Quick Reference'' card.

       ``An  Introduction  to  Display	Editing	with Vi'', found in the	``UNIX
       User's Manual Supplementary Documents'' section of both the 4.3BSD  and
       4.4BSD manual sets.  This document is the closest thing available to an
       introduction to the vi screen editor.

       ``Ex Reference Manual (Version 3.7)'', found in the ``UNIX User's  Man-
       ual  Supplementary  Documents''	section	 of both the 4.3BSD and	4.4BSD
       manual sets.  This document is the final	reference for the  ex  editor,
       as distributed in most historic 4BSD and	System V systems.

       ``Edit:	A  tutorial'', found in	the ``UNIX User's Manual Supplementary
       Documents'' section of the 4.3BSD manual	set.  This document is an  in-
       troduction to a simple version of the ex	screen editor.

       ``Ex/Vi	Reference  Manual'', found in the ``UNIX User's	Manual Supple-
       mentary Documents'' section of the 4.4BSD manual	set.  This document is
       the  final  reference  for  the nex/nvi text editors, as	distributed in
       4.4BSD and 4.4BSD-Lite.

       Roff source for all of these documents is distributed with  nex/nvi  in
       the nvi/USD.doc directory of the	nex/nvi	source code.

       The  files  ``autowrite'',  ``input'',  ``quoting''  and	``structures''
       found in	the nvi/docs/internals directory of the	nex/nvi	source code.

HISTORY
       The nex/nvi replacements	for the	ex/vi editor first appeared in 4.4BSD.

STANDARDS
       Nex/nvi is close	to IEEE	Std1003.2 (``POSIX'').	That document  differs
       from  historical	ex/vi practice in several places; there	are changes to
       be made on both sides.

3rd Berkeley Distribution	      1Q1				 VI(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | LICENSE | DESCRIPTION | FAST STARTUP | VI COMMANDS | VI TEXT INPUT COMMANDS | EX COMMANDS | SET OPTIONS | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS | FILES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | STANDARDS

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