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ERRNO(3)		       Library functions		      ERRNO(3)

NAME
       errno - number of last error

SYNOPSIS
       #include	<errno.h>

       extern int errno;

DESCRIPTION
       The  integer  errno is set by system calls (and some library functions)
       to indicate what	went wrong.  Its value is significant  only  when  the
       call  returned  an error	(usually -1), and a library function that does
       succeed is allowed to change errno.

       Sometimes, when -1 is also a legal return value one has to  zero	 errno
       before the call in order	to detect possible errors.

       errno  is  defined  by  the ISO C standard to be	a modifiable lvalue of
       type int, and must not be explicitly declared; errno may	 be  a	macro.
       errno  is  thread-local;	 setting  it in	one thread does	not affect its
       value in	any other thread.

       Valid error numbers are all non-zero; errno is never set	to zero	by any
       library	function.   All	the error names	specified by POSIX.1 must have
       distinct	values.

       POSIX.1 (1996 edition) lists the	following symbolic  error  names.   Of
       these,  EDOM  and  ERANGE are in	the ISO	C standard.  ISO C Amendment 1
       defines the additional error number EILSEQ for coding errors in	multi-
       byte or wide characters.

       E2BIG  Arg list too long

       EACCES Permission denied

       EAGAIN Resource temporarily unavailable

       EBADF  Bad file descriptor

       EBADMSG
	      Bad message

       EBUSY  Resource busy

       ECANCELED
	      Operation	canceled

       ECHILD No child processes

       EDEADLK
	      Resource deadlock	avoided

       EDOM   Domain error

       EEXIST File exists

       EFAULT Bad address

       EFBIG  File too large

       EINPROGRESS
	      Operation	in progress

       EINTR  Interrupted function call

       EINVAL Invalid argument

       EIO    Input/output error

       EISDIR Is a directory

       EMFILE Too many open files

       EMLINK Too many links

       EMSGSIZE
	      Inappropriate message buffer length

       ENAMETOOLONG
	      Filename too long

       ENFILE Too many open files in system

       ENODEV No such device

       ENOENT No such file or directory

       ENOEXEC
	      Exec format error

       ENOLCK No locks available

       ENOMEM Not enough space

       ENOSPC No space left on device

       ENOSYS Function not implemented

       ENOTDIR
	      Not a directory

       ENOTEMPTY
	      Directory	not empty

       ENOTSUP
	      Not supported

       ENOTTY Inappropriate I/O	control	operation

       ENXIO  No such device or	address

       EPERM  Operation	not permitted

       EPIPE  Broken pipe

       ERANGE Result too large

       EROFS  Read-only	file system

       ESPIPE Invalid seek

       ESRCH  No such process

       ETIMEDOUT
	      Operation	timed out

       EXDEV  Improper link

       Many  other error numbers are returned by various Unix implementations.
       System V	returns	ETXTBSY	(Text file busy) if one	tries to exec()	a file
       that  is	 currently open	for writing.  Linux also returns this error if
       one tries to have a file	both memory mapped with	VM_DENYWRITE and  open
       for writing.

SEE ALSO
       perror(3), strerror(3)

				  1998-03-30			      ERRNO(3)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO

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