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ERRNO(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		      ERRNO(3)

       errno - number of last error

       #include	<errno.h>

       The  _errno.h_ header file defines the integer variable errno, which is
       set by system calls and some library functions in the event of an error
       to  indicate  what  went	wrong.	Its value is significant only when the
       return value of the call	indicated an error (i.e., -1 from most	system
       calls;  -1  or  NULL from most library functions); a function that suc-
       ceeds is	allowed	to change errno.

       Valid error numbers are all nonzero; errno is never set to zero by  any
       system call or library function.

       For  some system	calls and library functions (e.g., getpriority(2)), -1
       is a valid return on success.  In such cases, a successful  return  can
       be  distinguished  from an error	return by setting errno	to zero	before
       the call, and then, if the call returns a status	that indicates that an
       error may have occurred,	checking to see	if errno has a nonzero value.

       errno  is  defined  by  the ISO C standard to be	a modifiable lvalue of
       type int, and must not be explicitly declared; errno may	 be  a	macro.
       errno  is  thread-local;	 setting  it in	one thread does	not affect its
       value in	any other thread.

       All the error names specified by	POSIX.1	 must  have  distinct  values,
       with the	exception of EAGAIN and	EWOULDBLOCK, which may be the same.

       Below  is a list	of the symbolic	error names that are defined on	Linux.
       Some of these are marked	POSIX.1, indicating that the name  is  defined
       by POSIX.1-2001,	or C99,	indicating that	the name is defined by C99.

       E2BIG	       Argument	list too long (POSIX.1)

       EACCES	       Permission denied (POSIX.1)

       EADDRINUSE      Address already in use (POSIX.1)

       EADDRNOTAVAIL   Address not available (POSIX.1)

       EAFNOSUPPORT    Address family not supported (POSIX.1)

       EAGAIN	       Resource	temporarily unavailable	(may be	the same value
		       as EWOULDBLOCK) (POSIX.1)

       EALREADY	       Connection already in progress (POSIX.1)

       EBADE	       Invalid exchange

       EBADF	       Bad file	descriptor (POSIX.1)

       EBADFD	       File descriptor in bad state

       EBADMSG	       Bad message (POSIX.1)

       EBADR	       Invalid request descriptor

       EBADRQC	       Invalid request code

       EBADSLT	       Invalid slot

       EBUSY	       Device or resource busy (POSIX.1)

       ECANCELED       Operation canceled (POSIX.1)

       ECHILD	       No child	processes (POSIX.1)

       ECHRNG	       Channel number out of range

       ECOMM	       Communication error on send

       ECONNABORTED    Connection aborted (POSIX.1)

       ECONNREFUSED    Connection refused (POSIX.1)

       ECONNRESET      Connection reset	(POSIX.1)

       EDEADLK	       Resource	deadlock avoided (POSIX.1)

       EDEADLOCK       Synonym for EDEADLK

       EDESTADDRREQ    Destination address required (POSIX.1)

       EDOM	       Mathematics  argument  out  of	domain	 of   function
		       (POSIX.1, C99)

       EDQUOT	       Disk quota exceeded (POSIX.1)

       EEXIST	       File exists (POSIX.1)

       EFAULT	       Bad address (POSIX.1)

       EFBIG	       File too	large (POSIX.1)

       EHOSTDOWN       Host is down

       EHOSTUNREACH    Host is unreachable (POSIX.1)

       EIDRM	       Identifier removed (POSIX.1)

       EILSEQ	       Illegal byte sequence (POSIX.1, C99)

       EINPROGRESS     Operation in progress (POSIX.1)

       EINTR	       Interrupted function call (POSIX.1); see	signal(7).

       EINVAL	       Invalid argument	(POSIX.1)

       EIO	       Input/output error (POSIX.1)

       EISCONN	       Socket is connected (POSIX.1)

       EISDIR	       Is a directory (POSIX.1)

       EISNAM	       Is a named type file

       EKEYEXPIRED     Key has expired

       EKEYREJECTED    Key was rejected	by service

       EKEYREVOKED     Key has been revoked

       EL2HLT	       Level 2 halted

       EL2NSYNC	       Level 2 not synchronized

       EL3HLT	       Level 3 halted

       EL3RST	       Level 3 halted

       ELIBACC	       Cannot access a needed shared library

       ELIBBAD	       Accessing a corrupted shared library

       ELIBMAX	       Attempting to link in too many shared libraries

       ELIBSCN	       lib section in a.out corrupted

       ELIBEXEC	       Cannot exec a shared library directly

       ELOOP	       Too many	levels of symbolic links (POSIX.1)

       EMEDIUMTYPE     Wrong medium type

       EMFILE	       Too many	open files (POSIX.1)

       EMLINK	       Too many	links (POSIX.1)

       EMSGSIZE	       Message too long	(POSIX.1)

       EMULTIHOP       Multihop	attempted (POSIX.1)

       ENAMETOOLONG    Filename	too long (POSIX.1)

       ENETDOWN	       Network is down (POSIX.1)

       ENETRESET       Connection aborted by network (POSIX.1)

       ENETUNREACH     Network unreachable (POSIX.1)

       ENFILE	       Too many	open files in system (POSIX.1)

       ENOBUFS	       No   buffer   space  available  (POSIX.1	 (XSI  STREAMS

       ENODATA	       No message is available on the STREAM head  read	 queue

       ENODEV	       No such device (POSIX.1)

       ENOENT	       No such file or directory (POSIX.1)

       ENOEXEC	       Exec format error (POSIX.1)

       ENOKEY	       Required	key not	available

       ENOLCK	       No locks	available (POSIX.1)

       ENOLINK	       Link has	been severed (POSIX.1)

       ENOMEDIUM       No medium found

       ENOMEM	       Not enough space	(POSIX.1)

       ENOMSG	       No message of the desired type (POSIX.1)

       ENONET	       Machine is not on the network

       ENOPKG	       Package not installed

       ENOPROTOOPT     Protocol	not available (POSIX.1)

       ENOSPC	       No space	left on	device (POSIX.1)

       ENOSR	       No STREAM resources (POSIX.1 (XSI STREAMS option))

       ENOSTR	       Not a STREAM (POSIX.1 (XSI STREAMS option))

       ENOSYS	       Function	not implemented	(POSIX.1)

       ENOTBLK	       Block device required

       ENOTCONN	       The socket is not connected (POSIX.1)

       ENOTDIR	       Not a directory (POSIX.1)

       ENOTEMPTY       Directory not empty (POSIX.1)

       ENOTSOCK	       Not a socket (POSIX.1)

       ENOTSUP	       Operation not supported (POSIX.1)

       ENOTTY	       Inappropriate I/O control operation (POSIX.1)

       ENOTUNIQ	       Name not	unique on network

       ENXIO	       No such device or address (POSIX.1)

       EOPNOTSUPP      Operation not supported on socket (POSIX.1)

		       (ENOTSUP	 and  EOPNOTSUPP have the same value on	Linux,
		       but according to	POSIX.1	these error values  should  be

       EOVERFLOW       Value too large to be stored in data type (POSIX.1)

       EPERM	       Operation not permitted (POSIX.1)

       EPFNOSUPPORT    Protocol	family not supported

       EPIPE	       Broken pipe (POSIX.1)

       EPROTO	       Protocol	error (POSIX.1)

       EPROTONOSUPPORT Protocol	not supported (POSIX.1)

       EPROTOTYPE      Protocol	wrong type for socket (POSIX.1)

       ERANGE	       Result too large	(POSIX.1, C99)

       EREMCHG	       Remote address changed

       EREMOTE	       Object is remote

       EREMOTEIO       Remote I/O error

       ERESTART	       Interrupted system call should be restarted

       EROFS	       Read-only file system (POSIX.1)

       ESHUTDOWN       Cannot send after transport endpoint shutdown

       ESPIPE	       Invalid seek (POSIX.1)

       ESOCKTNOSUPPORT Socket type not supported

       ESRCH	       No such process (POSIX.1)

       ESTALE	       Stale file handle (POSIX.1)

		       This error can occur for	NFS and	for other file systems

       ESTRPIPE	       Streams pipe error

       ETIME	       Timer expired (POSIX.1 (XSI STREAMS option))

		       (POSIX.1	says "STREAM ioctl(2) timeout")

       ETIMEDOUT       Connection timed	out (POSIX.1)

       ETXTBSY	       Text file busy (POSIX.1)

       EUCLEAN	       Structure needs cleaning

       EUNATCH	       Protocol	driver not attached

       EUSERS	       Too many	users

       EWOULDBLOCK     Operation  would	 block	(may  be same value as EAGAIN)

       EXDEV	       Improper	link (POSIX.1)

       EXFULL	       Exchange	full

       A common	mistake	is to do

	   if (somecall() == -1) {
	       printf("somecall() failed\n");
	       if (errno == ...) { ... }

       where errno no longer needs to have the value it	had upon  return  from
       somecall()  (i.e.,  it may have been changed by the printf(3)).	If the
       value of	errno should be	preserved across a library call,  it  must  be

	   if (somecall() == -1) {
	       int errsv = errno;
	       printf("somecall() failed\n");
	       if (errsv == ...) { ... }

       It  was common in traditional C to declare errno	manually (i.e.,	extern
       int errno) instead of including _errno.h_.  Do not do  this.   It  will
       not work	with modern versions of	the C library.	However, on (very) old
       Unix systems, there may be no _errno.h_ and the declaration is needed.

       err(3), error(3), perror(3), strerror(3)

       This page is part of release 3.25 of the	Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found	at

				  2008-07-09			      ERRNO(3)


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