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ENVIRON(7)	     BSD Miscellaneous Information Manual	    ENVIRON(7)

NAME
     environ --	user environment

SYNOPSIS
     extern char **environ;

DESCRIPTION
     An	array of strings called	the "environment" is made available by
     execve(2) when a process begins.  By convention these strings have	the
     form name=value.  The following variables are recognized by various com-
     mands:

     BLOCKSIZE	The size of the	block units used by several commands, most no-
		tably df(1), du(1), and	ls(1).	May be specified in units of a
		byte by	specifying a number, in	units of a kilobyte by speci-
		fying a	number followed	by `K' or `k', in units	of a megabyte
		by specifying a	number followed	by `M' or `m', or in units of
		a gigabyte by specifying a number followed by `G' or `g'.
		Sizes less than	512 bytes or greater than a gigabyte are ig-
		nored.

     EXINIT	A list of startup commands read	by ex(1) and vi(1).

     HOME	The user's login directory, set	by login(1) from the password
		file passwd(5).

     LOGNAME	The login name of the user.

     PATH	The sequence of	directories, separated by colons, searched by
		csh(1),	sh(1), ksh(1), system(3), execvp(3), etc. when looking
		for an executable file.	 Initially set to the value of
		_PATH_DEFPATH by login(1), traditionally /usr/bin:/bin,	but
		expanded to include /usr/sbin, /sbin, /usr/X11R6/bin, and
		/usr/local/bin in OpenBSD.

     PRINTER	The name of the	default	printer	to be used by lpq(1), lpr(1),
		and lprm(1).

     PWD	The current working directory.

     SHELL	The full pathname of the user's	login shell.

     TERM	The kind of terminal for which output is to be prepared.  This
		information is used by commands	such as	mandoc(1) which	may
		exploit	special	terminal capabilities.	See
		/usr/share/misc/termcap	(termcap(5)) for a list	of terminal
		types.

     TERMCAP	The string describing the terminal in TERM, or,	if it begins
		with a `/', the	name of	the termcap file.  See TERMPATH	below,
		termcap(5), and	termcap(3).

     TERMPATH	A sequence of pathnames	of termcap files, separated by colons
		or spaces, which are searched for terminal descriptions	in the
		order listed.  Having no TERMPATH is equivalent	to a TERMPATH
		of $HOME/.termcap:/etc/termcap.	 TERMPATH is ignored if
		TERMCAP	contains a full	pathname.

     TMPDIR	The directory in which to store	temporary files.  Most appli-
		cations	use either /tmp	or /var/tmp.  Setting this variable
		will make them use another directory.

     TZ		The time zone to use when displaying dates.  The normal	format
		is a pathname relative to /usr/share/zoneinfo.	For example,
		the command env	TZ=America/Los_Angeles date displays the cur-
		rent time in California.  See tzset(3) for more	information.

     USER	Deprecated synonym of LOGNAME (for backwards compatibility).

     Further names may be placed in the	environment by the export command and
     name=value	arguments in sh(1), or by the setenv command if	you use
     csh(1).  It is unwise to change certain sh(1) variables that are fre-
     quently exported by .profile files, such as MAIL, PS1, PS2, and IFS, un-
     less you know what	you are	doing.

     The current environment variables can be printed with env(1) or
     printenv(1).

SEE ALSO
     csh(1), env(1), ex(1), login(1), printenv(1), sh(1), execve(2),
     execle(3),	getenv(3), system(3), termcap(3), tzset(3), termcap(5)

HISTORY
     The environ manual	page appeared in 4.2BSD.

BSD			       October 17, 2018				   BSD

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO | HISTORY

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