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ENVIRON(7)         FreeBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual         ENVIRON(7)

     environ -- user environment

     extern char **environ;

     An array of strings called the environment is made available by execve(2)
     when a process begins.  By convention these strings have the form
     ``name=value''.  The following names are used by various commands:

     BLOCKSIZE  The size of the block units used by several commands, most
                notably df(1), du(1) and ls(1).  BLOCKSIZE may be specified in
                units of a byte by specifying a number, in units of a kilobyte
                by specifying a number followed by ``K'' or ``k'', in units of
                a megabyte by specifying a number followed by ``M'' or ``m''
                and in units of a gigabyte by specifying a number followed by
                ``G'' or ``g''.  Sizes less than 512 bytes or greater than a
                gigabyte are ignored.

     EDITOR     Default editor name.

     EXINIT     A startup list of commands read by ex(1) and vi(1).

     HOME       A user's login directory, set by login(1) from the password
                file passwd(5).

     LANG       This variable configures all programs which use setlocale(3)
                to use the specified locale.

     MAIL       The location of the user's mailbox instead of the default in
                /var/mail, used by mail(1), sh(1), and many other mailclients.

     PAGER      Default paginator program.  The program specified by this
                variable is used by mail(1), man(1), ftp(1), etc, to display
                information which is longer than the current display.

     PATH       The sequence of directories, separated by colons, searched by
                csh(1), sh(1), system(3), execvp(3), etc, when looking for an
                executable file.  PATH is set to ``/usr/bin:/bin'' initially
                by login(1).

     PRINTER    The name of the default printer to be used by lpr(1), lpq(1),
                and lprm(1).

     PWD        The current directory pathname.

     SHELL      The full pathname of the user's login shell.

     TERM       The kind of terminal for which output is to be prepared.  This
                information is used by commands, such as nroff(1) or plot(1)
                which may exploit special terminal capabilities.  See
                /usr/share/misc/termcap (termcap(5)) for a list of terminal

     TERMCAP    The string describing the terminal in TERM, or, if it begins
                with a '/', the name of the termcap file.  See TERMPATH below,
                and termcap(5).

     TERMPATH   A sequence of pathnames of termcap files, separated by colons
                or spaces, which are searched for terminal descriptions in the
                order listed.  Having no TERMPATH is equivalent to a TERMPATH
                of ``$HOME/.termcap:/etc/termcap''.  TERMPATH is ignored if
                TERMCAP contains a full pathname.

     TMPDIR     The directory in which to store temporary files.  Most appli-
                cations use either ``/tmp'' or ``/var/tmp''.  Setting this
                variable will make them use another directory.

     TZ         The timezone to use when displaying dates.  The normal format
                is a pathname relative to ``/usr/share/zoneinfo''.  For exam-
                ple, the command ``env TZ=America/Los_Angeles date'' displays
                the current time in California.  See tzset(3) for more infor-

     USER       The login name of the user.

     Further names may be placed in the environment by the export command and
     name=value arguments in sh(1), or by the setenv command if you use
     csh(1).  It is unwise to change certain sh(1) variables that are fre-
     quently exported by .profile files, such as MAIL, PS1, PS2, and IFS,
     unless you know what you are doing.

     cd(1), csh(1), ex(1), login(1), sh(1), execve(2), execle(3), getenv(3),
     setenv(3), setlocale(3), system(3), termcap(3), termcap(5)

     The environ manual page appeared in 4.2BSD.

FreeBSD 4.10                    April 19, 1994                    FreeBSD 4.10


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