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EMACSCLIENT(1)		    General Commands Manual		EMACSCLIENT(1)

       emacsclient - tells a running Emacs to visit a file

       emacsclient [options] files ...

       This manual page	documents briefly the emacsclient command.  Full docu-
       mentation is available in the GNU Info format; see below.  This	manual
       page  was originally written for	the Debian GNU/Linux distribution, but
       is not specific to that system.

       emacsclient works in conjunction	with the built-in Emacs	server.

       You can either call emacsclient directly	or let other programs  run  it
       for  you	when necessary.	 On GNU	and Unix systems many programs consult
       the environment variable	EDITOR (sometimes also VISUAL) to  obtain  the
       command	used  for editing.  Thus, setting this environment variable to
       'emacsclient' will allow	these programs to use an already running Emacs
       for  editing.  Other operating systems might have their own methods for
       defining	the default editor.

       For emacsclient to work,	you need  an  already  running	Emacs  with  a
       server.	 Within	 Emacs,	 call the functions "server-start" or "server-
       mode".  (Your ".emacs" file can do this automatically if	you add	either
       "(server-start)"	or "(server-mode 1)" to	it.)

       When  you've finished editing the buffer, type "C-x #" ("server-edit").
       This saves the file and sends a message back to the emacsclient program
       telling it to exit.  The	programs that use EDITOR wait for the "editor"
       (actually, emacsclient) to exit.	 "C-x #" also checks for other pending
       external	 requests  to  edit  various  files, and selects the next such

       If you set the variable "server-window" to a window or a	frame, "C-x #"
       displays	the server buffer in that window or in that frame.

       Most  options  follow  the usual	GNU command line syntax, with long op-
       tions starting with two dashes ("-").

	      Go to the	specified  line	 and  column.	A  missing  column  is
	      treated  as column 1.  This option applies only to the next file

       -a, --alternate-editor=EDITOR
	      if the Emacs server is not running, run the specified editor in-
	      stead.   This can	also be	specified via the ALTERNATE_EDITOR en-
	      vironment	variable.  If the value	of EDITOR is the empty string,
	      run  "emacs  --daemon" to	start Emacs in daemon mode, and	try to
	      connect to it.

       -c, --create-frame
	      create a new frame instead of trying to use  the	current	 Emacs

       -F, --frame-parameters=ALIST
	      set the parameters of a newly-created frame.

       -d, --display=DISPLAY
	      tell the server to display the files on the given	display.

       -e, --eval
	      do  not  visit files but instead evaluate	the arguments as Emacs
	      Lisp expressions.

       -f, --server-file=FILENAME
	      use TCP configuration file FILENAME for communication.  This can
	      also  be	specified  via the EMACS_SERVER_FILE environment vari-

       -n, --no-wait
	      returns immediately without waiting for you to "finish" the buf-
	      fer in Emacs.

       -nw, -t,	--tty
	      open a new Emacs frame on	the current terminal

       -s, --socket-name=FILENAME
	      use socket named FILENAME	for communication.

       -V, --version
	      print version information	and exit

       -H, --help
	      print this usage information message and exit

       Normally, the exit status is 0.	If emacsclient shuts down due to Emacs
       signaling an error, the exit status is 1.

       The program is documented fully in Using	Emacs as  a  Server  available
       via the Info system.

       This  manual  page  was	written	by Stephane Bortzmeyer <bortzmeyer@de->, for the Debian GNU/Linux system (but may be used by others).

       This manual page	is in the public domain.



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