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DVIPDFMX(1)		    General Commands Manual		   DVIPDFMX(1)

       dvipdfmx,  xdvipdfmx,  dvipdfm  -  produce  PDF files directly from DVI

       dvipdfmx	or dvipdfm [options] file[.dvi]

       The program dvipdfmx generates a	PDF file from a	DVI file.   DVI	 files
       are  the	output produced	by TeX.	 groff can also	generate DVI files us-
       ing grodvi(-Tdvi).

       In TeX Live, dvipdfm is another incarnation of dvipdfmx rather  than  a
       separate	program.  Compatibility	is attempted as	best as	possible.

       In  addition,  xdvipdfmx	is yet another incarnation.  It	is used	as the
       back end	for xetex(1) and is not	intended to be invoked directly.

       dvipdfmx	recognizes several commonly used \special commands, which  are
       extensions  to the DVI format.  Specifically, it	understands color spe-
       cials, papersize	specials, tpic specials	(which allow  it  to  be  used
       with  pic), hypertex specials, and some PostScript specials.  These ex-
       tensions	allow documents	to contain  color,  figures,  and  hyperlinks.
       The  program  tries  to	mimic the behavior of dvips where possible, so
       that many macro packages	produced for use with  dvips  will  also  work
       with dvipdfmx.  In addition, understands	its own	specific \special com-
       mands to	allow access to	PDF features such  as  annotations  and	 book-

       Unrecognized specials will generate warning messages. Packages that may
       need a dvipdfm or dvipdfmx driver option	 include  geometry,  hyperref,
       bookmark, graphicx, and xcolor.

       For  issues  related to bounding	boxes (and hence image sizes), see ex-

       Unlike with many	other programs,	argument values	must be	separated from
       option names by a space,	not an = sign; option names cannot be abbrevi-
       ated; and - and -- cannot be used interchangeably.

       -c   Ignore (or accept) color \specials.	 By default,  color  \specials
	    are	 interpreted  normally (changeable in the configuration	file).
	    The	-c option may be used to produce a black  and  white  document
	    from a document containing color TeX \special commands.

	    Enable  dvipdfm  emulation	mode.  This is the default if the exe-
	    cutable name is `dvipdfm'.

       -d number
	    Specify the	number of decimal digits in the	PDF  output;  must  be
	    between 0 and 5, default is	2.

       -e   Ignored, for (semi-)compatibility with dvipdfm.

       -f map_file
	    Read the font map file given by map_file.  The default map file in
	    TeX	Live is, as	defined	 in  the  configuration	 file.
	    --help Show	a help message and exit	successfully.

       -l   Select  landscape  mode.  In other words, exchange the x and y di-
	    mensions of	the paper.

       -m  mag
	    Magnify the	input document by mag.

       -o  filename
	    Set	the PDF	output file name; use `-' for stdout.  By default, the
	    name  of  the  output  file	 is  derived  from the input, that is,

       -p  paper
	    Select  the	 papersize  by	name  (e.g.,  letter,  legal,  ledger,
	    tabloid, a3, a4, or	a5 )

       -q   Quiet mode.

       -r  size
	    Set	  resolution  of  bitmapped  fonts  to	size  dots  per	 inch.
	    Bitmapped fonts are	generated by the Kpathsea library, which  uses
	    Metafont.  Bitmapped fonts are included as Type 3 fonts in the PDF
	    output file.  Default is 600.

       -s  page_specifications
	    Select the pages of	the DVI	file to	be processed; default is  `-',
	    meaning  all  pages.   The page_specifications consists of a comma
	    separated list of page_ranges:
	    page_specifications	:= page_specification[,page_specifications]
	    page_specification := single_page|page_range
	    page_range := [first_page]-[last_page]
	    An empty first_page	is treated as the first	page of	the DVI	 file,
	    and	 an  empty  last_page  is  treated as the last page of the DVI


	    -s 1,3,5
		 includes pages	1, 3, and 5;

	    -s - includes all pages;

	    -s -,-
		 includes two copies of	all pages in the DVI file; and

	    -s 1-10
		 includes the first ten	pages of the DVI file.

       -t   Search for thumbnail images	of each	page in	the directory named by
	    the	 TMPDIR	 environment  variable.	  The thumbnail	images must be
	    named in a specific	format:	the same base name as the DVI file and
	    the	 page number as	the extension to the file name.	 dvipdfmx does
	    not	generate such thumbnails itself, but it	is distributed with  a
	    wrapper program named dvipdft that does so.

	    Show a help	message	and exit successfully.

       -v   Increase  verbosity.   Results  of	the  -v	 option	are cumulative
	    (e.g., -vv increases the verbosity by  two	increments).   Maximum
	    verbosity is four.

       --kpathsea-debug	number
	    Have  Kpathsea  output  debugging information; `-1'	for everything

       -x x_offset
	    Set	the left margin	to  x_offset.	The  default  left  margin  is
	    1.0in.   The dimension may be specified in any units understood by
	    TeX	(e.g., bp, pt, in, cm).

       -y y_offset
	    Set	the top	margin to y_offset.  The default top margin is	1.0in.
	    The	 dimension  may	 be  specified	in any units understood	by TeX
	    (e.g., bpt,	pt, in,	cm).

       -z number
	    Set	the compression	level to compression_level.  Compression  lev-
	    els	 range	from 0 (no compression)	to 9 (maximum compression) and
	    correspond to the values understood	by zlib; default is 9.

       -C number
	    Miscellaneous option flags;	see the	--help output for details.

       -D template
	    PostScript to PDF conversion command line template;	the default is
	    taken  from	 the  configuration file, which	also gives all the de-
	    tails and mentions several possibilities.

       -E   Always try to embed	fonts, ignoring	licensing flags, etc.

       -I number
	    Image cache	life in	hours; default is -2, meaning to not cache im-
	    ages at all.  A value of -1	means to erase all old images and also
	    new	images;	0 means	to erase all old images	but leave new images.

       -K number
	    Encryption key length; default 40.

       -M   Process MetaPost PostScript	output.

       -O number
	    Set	maximum	depth of open bookmark items; default 0.

       -P number
	    Set	permission flags for PDF encryption; default 0x003C.

       -S   Enable PDF encryption.

       -V number
	    Set	PDF minor version; default 5 (from the configuration file).

       When including images with dvipdfmx, their  bounding  boxes  should  be
       generated  by  running  extractbb.  The result will be in an .xbb file;
       the xbb information is the same as for the PDF format.

       dvipdfmx	uses the kpathsea library  for	locating  the  files  that  it
       opens.  Hence, the environment variables	documented in the Kpathsea li-
       brary documentation influence dvipdfmx.	It also	uses the value of  the
       environment  variable  TMPDIR  as the directory to search for thumbnail
       images of each page.

       The precise location of the following files is determined by the	Kpath-
       sea  library  configuration.   The  location may	be determined by using
       kpsewhich, e.g.,
       kpsewhich -progname=dvipdfmx -format='other text	files' dvipdfmx.cfg

	    Default configuration file
	    The	default	font map file (this  may  be  changed  in  the	config

	    TeX	font metrics

       *.vf TeX	virtual	font files

	    PostScript Type 1 font files

	    The	 Kpathsea  library  configuration  file.  The location of this
	    file may be	found by typing
	    kpsewhich texmf.cnf

       dvipdft(1),  extractbb(1),  tex(1),  dvips(1),	groff(1),   grodvi(1),
       pic(1),	   and	   the	  Kpathsea    library	 Info	 documentation

       Primarily Mark A. Wicks;	dvipdfmx extensions primarily by Jin-Hwan Cho,
       Shunsaku	 Hirata, and Matthias Franz.  For the version in TeX Live, all
       bugs and	other reports should go	to the dvipdfmx	maintainers  at	 tex-k
       (at)	This  man  page	edited for TeX Live by Bob Tennent and

				 15 July 2014			   DVIPDFMX(1)


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