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DU(1)			  BSD General Commands Manual			 DU(1)

     du	-- display disk	usage statistics

     du	[-achkrsx] [-H | -L | -P] [-d depth] [file ...]

     The du utility displays the file system block usage for each file argu-
     ment and for each directory in the	file hierarchy rooted in each direc-
     tory argument.  Note that the system block	usage is usually greater than
     the actual	size of	the file.  If no file is specified, the	block usage of
     the hierarchy rooted in the current directory is displayed.

     The options are as	follows:

     -a	     Display entries for files in addition to entries for directories.

     -c	     Display the grand total after all the arguments have been pro-

     -d	depth
	     Do	not display entries for	files and directories more than	depth
	     levels deep; -d 0 has the same effect as -s.  Overrides earlier
	     -d	and -s options.

     -H	     Symbolic links on the command line	are followed.  Symbolic	links
	     encountered in the	tree traversal are not followed.

     -h	     "Human-readable" output.  Use unit	suffixes: Byte,	Kilobyte,
	     Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte, Petabyte, Exabyte in	order to re-
	     duce the number of	digits to four or less.

     -k	     By	default, all sizes are reported	in 512-byte block counts.  The
	     -k	option causes the numbers to be	reported in kilobyte counts.

     -L	     All symbolic links	are followed.

     -P	     No	symbolic links are followed.

     -r	     Generate messages about directories that cannot be	read, files
	     that cannot be opened, and	so on.	This is	the default.

     -s	     Display only the total for	each of	the specified files and	direc-
	     tories.  Overrides	earlier	-d options.

     -x	     File system mount points are not traversed.

     It	is not an error	to specify more	than one of the	mutually exclusive op-
     tions -h and -k.  Where more than one of these options is specified, the
     last option given overrides the others.

     du	counts the storage used	by symbolic links and not the files they ref-
     erence unless the -H or -L	option is specified.  If either	the -H or -L
     options are specified, storage used by any	symbolic links which are fol-
     lowed is not counted or displayed.	 The -H, -L, and -P options override
     each other	and the	command's actions are determined by the	last one spec-

     Files having multiple hard	links are counted (and displayed) a single
     time per du execution.

     BLOCKSIZE	Block counts will be displayed in units	of this	size block,
		unless the -k or -h option is specified.

     The du utility exits 0 on success,	and >0 if an error occurs.

     df(1), fts(3), symlink(7),	quot(8)

     The du utility is compliant with the IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 ("POSIX.1")

     The flags [-cdhP],	as well	as the BLOCKSIZE environment variable, are ex-
     tensions to that specification.

     The flag [-r] is accepted but ignored, for	compatibility with systems im-
     plementing	the obsolete X/Open Commands and Utilities Issue 5 ("XCU5")

     The du utility and	its -a and -s options first appeared in	Version	1 AT&T

     The -r option first appeared in AT&T System III UNIX and is available
     since OpenBSD 2.3.	 The -k	and -x options first appeared in 4.3BSD-Reno
     and -H in 4.4BSD.	The -c and -L options first appeared in	the GNU	fileu-
     tils; -L and -P are available since 4.4BSD	Lite1, -c since	OpenBSD	2.1.
     The -d option first appeared in FreeBSD 2.2 and is	available since
     OpenBSD 5.7, -h first appeared in FreeBSD 4.0 and is available since
     OpenBSD 2.9.

     This version of du	was written by Chris Newcomb for 4.3BSD-Reno in	1989
     and incorporates later contributions from Elan Amir, Keith	Bostic,	Luke
     Mewburn, Matt Bing, and Can Erkin Acar <>.

BSD			       October 19, 2014				   BSD


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