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DU(1)                   FreeBSD General Commands Manual                  DU(1)

NAME
     du - display disk usage statistics

SYNOPSIS
     du [-Aclnx] [-H | -L | -P] [-g | -h | -k | -m] [-a | -s | -d depth]
        [-B blocksize] [-I mask] [-t threshold] [file ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The du utility displays the file system block usage for each file
     argument and for each directory in the file hierarchy rooted in each
     directory argument.  If no file is specified, the block usage of the
     hierarchy rooted in the current directory is displayed.

     The options are as follows:

     -A      Display the apparent size instead of the disk usage.  This can be
             helpful when operating on compressed volumes or sparse files.

     -B blocksize
             Calculate block counts in blocksize byte blocks.  This is
             different from the -h, -k, -m and -g options or setting BLOCKSIZE
             and gives an estimate of how much space the examined file
             hierarchy would require on a filesystem with the given blocksize.
             Unless in -A mode, blocksize is rounded up to the next multiple
             of 512.

     -H      Symbolic links on the command line are followed, symbolic links
             in file hierarchies are not followed.

     -I mask
             Ignore files and directories matching the specified mask.

     -L      Symbolic links on the command line and in file hierarchies are
             followed.

     -P      No symbolic links are followed.  This is the default.

     -a      Display an entry for each file in a file hierarchy.

     -c      Display a grand total.

     -d depth
             Display an entry for all files and directories depth directories
             deep.

     -g      Display block counts in 1073741824-byte (1 GiB) blocks.

     -h      ``Human-readable'' output.  Use unit suffixes: Byte, Kilobyte,
             Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte and Petabyte.

     -k      Display block counts in 1024-byte (1 kiB) blocks.

     -l      If a file has multiple hard links, count its size multiple times.
             The default behavior of du is to count files with multiple hard
             links only once.  When the -l option is specified, the hard link
             checks are disabled, and these files are counted (and displayed)
             as many times as they are found.

     -m      Display block counts in 1048576-byte (1 MiB) blocks.

     -n      Ignore files and directories with user ``nodump'' flag
             (UF_NODUMP) set.

     -r      Generate messages about directories that cannot be read, files
             that cannot be opened, and so on.  This is the default case.
             This option exists solely for conformance with X/Open Portability
             Guide Issue 4 (``XPG4'').

     -s      Display an entry for each specified file.  (Equivalent to -d 0)

     -t threshold
             Display only entries for which size exceeds threshold.  If
             threshold is negative, display only entries for which size is
             less than the absolute value of threshold.

     -x      File system mount points are not traversed.

     The du utility counts the storage used by symbolic links and not the
     files they reference unless the -H or -L option is specified.  If either
     the -H or -L option is specified, storage used by any symbolic links
     which are followed is not counted (or displayed).  The -H, -L and -P
     options override each other and the command's actions are determined by
     the last one specified.

     The -h, -k and -m options all override each other; the last one specified
     determines the block counts used.

ENVIRONMENT
     BLOCKSIZE  If the environment variable BLOCKSIZE is set, and the -h, -k
                or -m options are not specified, the block counts will be
                displayed in units of that block size.  If BLOCKSIZE is not
                set, and the -h, -k or -m options are not specified, the block
                counts will be displayed in 512-byte blocks.

EXAMPLES
     Show disk usage for all files in the current directory.  Output is in
     human-readable form:

           # du -ah

     Summarize disk usage in the current directory:

           # du -hs

     Summarize disk usage for a specific directory:

           # du -hs /home

     Show name and size of all C files in a specific directory.  Also display
     a grand total at the end:

           # du -ch /usr/src/sys/kern/*.c

SEE ALSO
     df(1), chflags(2), fts(3), symlink(7), quot(8)

HISTORY
     A du command appeared in Version 1 AT&T UNIX.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE        November 4, 2012        FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | ENVIRONMENT | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY

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