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DNSTRACER(8)		    General Commands Manual		  DNSTRACER(8)

NAME
       dnstracer - trace a chain of DNS	servers	to the source

SYNOPSIS
       dnstracer [options] name

DESCRIPTION
       dnstracer determines where a given Domain Name Server (DNS) gets	its
       information from, and follows the chain of DNS servers back to the
       servers which know the data.

       Options are:

       -c      Disable local caching.

       -C      Enable negative caching.

       -o      Enable overview of received answers at the end.

       -q queryclass
	       Change the query-class, default is A. You can either specify a
	       number of the type (if you're brave) or one of the following
	       strings:	a, aaaa, a6, soa, cname, hinfo,	mx, ns,	txt and	ptr.

       -r retries
	       Number of retries for DNS requests, default 3.

       -s server
	       DNS server to use for the initial request, default is aquired
	       from the	system.	If a dot is specified (.), A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
	       will be used.

       -v      Be verbose on what sent or received.

       -4      Use only	IPv4 servers, don't query IPv6 servers (only available
	       when IPv6 support hasn't	been disabled)

       -S sourceaddress
	       Use this	as source-address for the outgoing packets.

HOW IT WORKS
       It sends	the specified name-server a non-recursive request for the
       name.

       Non-recursive means: if the name-server knows it, it will return	the
       data requested. If the name-server doesn't know it, it will return
       pointers	to name-servers	that are authoritive for the domain part in
       the name	or it will return the addresses	of the root name-servers.

       If the name server does returns an authoritative	answer for the name,
       the next	server is queried. If it returns an non-authoritative answer
       for the name, the name servers in the authority records will be
       queried.

       The program stops if all	name-servers are queried.

       Make sure the server you're querying doesn't do forwarding towards
       other servers, as dnstracer is not able to detect this for you.

       It detects so called lame servers, which	are name-servers which has
       been told to have information about a certain domain, but don't have
       this information.

EXAMPLES
       Search for the A	record of www.mavetju.org on your local	nameserver:

       dnstracer www.mavetju.org

       Search for the MX record	of mavetju.org on the root-nameservers:

       dnstracer "-s" .	"-q" mx	mavetju.org

       Search for the PTR record (hostname) of 212.204.230.141:

       dnstracer "-q" ptr 141.230.204.212.in-addr.arpa

       And for IPv6 addresses:

       dnstracer "-q" ptr "-s" . "-o"
       2.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.6.4.0.2.0.0.0.0.8.b.0.e.f.f.3.ip6.int

SEE ALSO
       ntptrace(8), traceroute(8), dig(1)

AUTHOR
       Edwin Groothuis,	edwin@mavetju.org (http://www.mavetju.org)

       See http://www.mavetju.org/contacts.php for mailing-lists.

February 10, 2008	       February	10, 2008		  DNSTRACER(8)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | HOW IT WORKS | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | AUTHOR

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