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dcml2pnm(1)			  OFFIS	DCMTK			   dcml2pnm(1)

NAME
       dcml2pnm	- Convert DICOM	images to PGM/PPM, PNG,	TIFF or	BMP

SYNOPSIS
       dcml2pnm	[options] dcmfile-in [bitmap-out]

DESCRIPTION
       The  dcml2pnm  utility  reads  a	 DICOM	image, converts	the pixel data
       according to the	selected image processing options and writes  back  an
       image in	the well-known PGM/PPM (portable gray map / portable pix map),
       PNG, TIFF or Windows BMP	format.	This utility supports uncompressed  as
       well as JPEG-LS and RLE compressed DICOM	images.

PARAMETERS
       dcmfile-in  DICOM input filename	to be converted

       bitmap-out  output filename to be written (default: stdout)

OPTIONS
   general options
	 -h    --help
		 print this help text and exit

	       --version
		 print version information and exit

	       --arguments
		 print expanded	command	line arguments

	 -q    --quiet
		 quiet mode, print no warnings and errors

	 -v    --verbose
		 verbose mode, print processing	details

	 -d    --debug
		 debug mode, print debug information

	 -ll   --log-level  [l]evel: string constant
		 (fatal, error,	warn, info, debug, trace)
		 use level l for the logger

	 -lc   --log-config  [f]ilename: string
		 use config file f for the logger

   input options
       input file format:

	 +f    --read-file
		 read file format or data set (default)

	 +fo   --read-file-only
		 read file format only

	 -f    --read-dataset
		 read data set without file meta information

       input transfer syntax:

	 -t=   --read-xfer-auto
		 use TS	recognition (default)

	 -td   --read-xfer-detect
		 ignore	TS specified in	the file meta header

	 -te   --read-xfer-little
		 read with explicit VR little endian TS

	 -tb   --read-xfer-big
		 read with explicit VR big endian TS

	 -ti   --read-xfer-implicit
		 read with implicit VR little endian TS

   image processing options
       frame selection:

	 +F    --frame	[n]umber: integer
		 select	specified frame	(default: 1)

	 +Fr   --frame-range  [n]umber [c]ount:	integer
		 select	c frames beginning with	frame n

	 +Fa   --all-frames
		 select	all frames

       rotation:

	 +Rl   --rotate-left
		 rotate	image left (-90	degrees)

	 +Rr   --rotate-right
		 rotate	image right (+90 degrees)

	 +Rtd  --rotate-top-down
		 rotate	image top-down (180 degrees)

       flipping:

	 +Lh   --flip-horizontally
		 flip image horizontally

	 +Lv   --flip-vertically
		 flip image vertically

	 +Lhv  --flip-both-axes
		 flip image horizontally and vertically

       scaling:

	 +a    --recognize-aspect
		 recognize pixel aspect	ratio (default)

	 -a    --ignore-aspect
		 ignore	pixel aspect ratio when	scaling

	 +i    --interpolate  [n]umber of algorithm: integer
		 use interpolation when	scaling	(1..4, default:	1)

	 -i    --no-interpolation
		 no interpolation when scaling

	 -S    --no-scaling
		 no scaling, ignore pixel aspect ratio (default)

	 +Sxf  --scale-x-factor	 [f]actor: float
		 scale x axis by factor, auto-compute y	axis

	 +Syf  --scale-y-factor	 [f]actor: float
		 scale y axis by factor, auto-compute x	axis

	 +Sxv  --scale-x-size  [n]umber: integer
		 scale x axis to n pixels, auto-compute	y axis

	 +Syv  --scale-y-size  [n]umber: integer
		 scale y axis to n pixels, auto-compute	x axis

       modality	LUT transformation:

	 -M    --no-modality
		 ignore	stored modality	LUT transformation

	 +M    --use-modality
		 use modality LUT transformation (default)

       VOI LUT transformation:

	 -W    --no-windowing
		 no VOI	windowing (default)

	 +Wi   --use-window  [n]umber: integer
		 use the n-th VOI window from image file

	 +Wl   --use-voi-lut  [n]umber:	integer
		 use the n-th VOI look up table	from image file

	 +Wm   --min-max-window
		 compute VOI window using min-max algorithm

	 +Wn   --min-max-window-n
		 compute VOI window using min-max algorithm,
		 ignoring extreme values

	 +Wr   --roi-min-max-window  [l]eft [t]op [w]idth [h]eight: integer
		 compute ROI window using min-max algorithm,
		 region	of interest is specified by l,t,w,h

	 +Wh   --histogram-window  [n]umber: integer
		 compute VOI window using Histogram algorithm,
		 ignoring n percent

	 +Ww   --set-window  [c]enter [w]idth: float
		 compute VOI window using center c and width w

	 +Wfl  --linear-function
		 set VOI LUT function to LINEAR

	 +Wfs  --sigmoid-function
		 set VOI LUT function to SIGMOID

       presentation LUT	transformation:

	 +Pid  --identity-shape
		 set presentation LUT shape to IDENTITY

	 +Piv  --inverse-shape
		 set presentation LUT shape to INVERSE

	 +Pod  --lin-od-shape
		 set presentation LUT shape to LIN OD

       overlay:

	 -O    --no-overlays
		 do not	display	overlays

	 +O    --display-overlay  [n]umber: integer
		 display overlay n (0..16, 0=all, default: +O 0)

	 +Omr  --ovl-replace
		 use overlay mode "Replace"
		 (default for Graphic overlays)

	 +Omt  --ovl-threshold
		 use overlay mode "Threshold Replace"

	 +Omc  --ovl-complement
		 use overlay mode "Complement"

	 +Omv  --ovl-invert
		 use overlay mode "Invert Bitmap"

	 +Omi  --ovl-roi
		 use overlay mode "Region of Interest"
		 (default for ROI overlays)

	 +Osf  --set-foreground	 [d]ensity: float
		 set overlay foreground	density	(0..1, default:	1)

	 +Ost  --set-threshold	[d]ensity: float
		 set overlay threshold density (0..1, default: 0.5)

       display LUT transformation:

	 +Dm   --monitor-file  [f]ilename: string
		 calibrate output according to monitor characteristics
		 defined in f

	 +Dp   --printer-file  [f]ilename: string
		 calibrate output according to printer characteristics
		 defined in f

	 +Da   --ambient-light	[a]mbient light: float
		 ambient light value (cd/m^2, default: file f)

	 +Di   --illumination  [i]llumination: float
		 illumination value (cd/m^2, default: file f)

	 +Dn   --min-density  [m]inimum	optical	density: float
		 Dmin value (default: off, only	with +Dp)

	 +Dx   --max-density  [m]aximum	optical	density: float
		 Dmax value (default: off, only	with +Dp)

	 +Dg   --gsd-function
		 use GSDF for calibration (default for +Dm/+Dp)

	 +Dc   --cielab-function
		 use CIELAB function for calibration

       compatibility:

	 +Ma   --accept-acr-nema
		 accept	ACR-NEMA images	without	photometric
		 interpretation

	 +Mp   --accept-palettes
		 accept	incorrect palette attribute tags
		 (0028,111x) and (0028,121x)

	 +Mc   --check-lut-depth
		 check 3rd value of the	LUT descriptor,	compare
		 with expected bit depth based on LUT data

	 +Mm   --ignore-mlut-depth
		 ignore	3rd value of the modality LUT descriptor,
		 determine bits	per table entry	automatically

	 +Mv   --ignore-vlut-depth
		 ignore	3rd value of the VOI LUT descriptor,
		 determine bits	per table entry	automatically

       TIFF format:

	 +Tl   --compr-lzw
		 LZW compression (default)

	 +Tr   --compr-rle
		 RLE compression

	 +Tn   --compr-none
		 uncompressed

	 +Pd   --predictor-default
		 no LZW	predictor (default)

	 +Pn   --predictor-none
		 LZW predictor 1 (no prediction)

	 +Ph   --predictor-horz
		 LZW predictor 2 (horizontal differencing)

	 +Rs   --rows-per-strip	 [r]ows: integer (default: 0)
		 rows per strip, default 8K per	strip

       PNG format:

	 +il   --interlace
		 create	interlaced file	(default)

	 -il   --nointerlace
		 create	non-interlaced file

	 +mf   --meta-file
		 create	PNG file meta information (default)

	 -mf   --meta-none
		 no PNG	file meta information

       other transformations:

	 +G    --grayscale
		 convert to grayscale if necessary

	 +P    --change-polarity
		 change	polarity (invert pixel output)

	 +C    --clip-region  [l]eft [t]op [w]idth [h]eight: integer
		 clip image region (l, t, w, h)

   output options
       general:

	 -im   --image-info
		 print image details (requires verbose mode)

	 -o    --no-output
		 do not	create any output (useful with -im)

       image format:

	 +op   --write-raw-pnm
		 write 8-bit binary PGM/PPM (default for files)

	 +opb  --write-8-bit-pnm
		 write 8-bit ASCII PGM/PPM (default for	stdout)

	 +opw  --write-16-bit-pnm
		 write 16-bit ASCII PGM/PPM

	 +opn  --write-n-bit-pnm  [n]umber: integer
		 write n-bit ASCII PGM/PPM (1..32)

	 +ob   --write-bmp
		 write 8-bit (monochrome) or 24-bit (color) BMP

	 +obp  --write-8-bit-bmp
		 write 8-bit palette BMP (monochrome only)

	 +obt  --write-24-bit-bmp
		 write 24-bit truecolor	BMP

	 +obr  --write-32-bit-bmp
		 write 32-bit truecolor	BMP

	 +ot   --write-tiff
		 write 8-bit (monochrome) or 24-bit (color) TIFF

	 +on   --write-png
		 write 8-bit (monochrome) or 24-bit (color) PNG

NOTES
       The  following preferred	interpolation algorithms can be	selected using
       the --interpolate option:

       o 1 = free scaling algorithm with interpolation from pbmplus toolkit
       o 2 = free scaling algorithm with interpolation from c't	magazine
       o 3 = magnification algorithm with bilinear interpolation  from	Eduard
	 Stanescu
       o 4  =  magnification  algorithm	with bicubic interpolation from	Eduard
	 Stanescu
       The  --write-tiff  option  is  only  available  when  DCMTK  has	  been
       configured  and	compiled  with	support	 for the external libtiff TIFF
       library.	The availability of the	TIFF compression  options  depends  on
       the  libtiff  configuration.  In	particular, the	patented LZW algorithm
       may not be available.
       The --write-png option is only available	when DCMTK has been configured
       and  compiled  with support for the external libpng PNG library.	Option
       --interlace enables progressive image view while	loading	the PNG	 file.
       Only  a	few  applications  take	 care of the meta info (TEXT) in a PNG
       file.
TRANSFER SYNTAXES
       dcml2pnm	supports the following transfer	syntaxes for  input  (dcmfile-
       in):
       LittleEndianImplicitTransferSyntax	      1.2.840.10008.1.2
       LittleEndianExplicitTransferSyntax	      1.2.840.10008.1.2.1
       DeflatedExplicitVRLittleEndianTransferSyntax   1.2.840.10008.1.2.1.99 (*)
       BigEndianExplicitTransferSyntax		      1.2.840.10008.1.2.2
       JPEGLSLosslessTransferSyntax		      1.2.840.10008.1.2.4.80
       JPEGLSLossyTransferSyntax		      1.2.840.10008.1.2.4.81
       RLELosslessTransferSyntax		      1.2.840.10008.1.2.5
       (*) if compiled with zlib support enabled
LOGGING
       The  level  of  logging	output	of  the	various	command	line tools and
       underlying libraries can	be specified by	the  user.  By	default,  only
       errors  and  warnings  are  written to the standard error stream. Using
       option --verbose	also informational messages  like  processing  details
       are  reported.  Option  --debug	can be used to get more	details	on the
       internal	activity, e.g. for debugging purposes.	Other  logging	levels
       can  be	selected  using	option --log-level. In --quiet mode only fatal
       errors are reported. In such very severe	error events, the  application
       will  usually  terminate.  For  more  details  on the different logging
       levels, see documentation of module 'oflog'.
       In case the logging output should be written to file  (optionally  with
       logfile	rotation),  to syslog (Unix) or	the event log (Windows)	option
       --log-config can	be used.  This	configuration  file  also  allows  for
       directing  only	certain	messages to a particular output	stream and for
       filtering certain messages based	on the	module	or  application	 where
       they  are  generated.  An  example  configuration  file	is provided in
       _etcdir_/logger.cfg).
COMMAND	LINE
       All command line	tools  use  the	 following  notation  for  parameters:
       square  brackets	 enclose  optional  values  (0-1), three trailing dots
       indicate	that multiple values are allowed (1-n),	a combination of  both
       means 0 to n values.
       Command line options are	distinguished from parameters by a leading '+'
       or '-' sign, respectively. Usually, order and position of command  line
       options	are  arbitrary	(i.e.  they  can appear	anywhere). However, if
       options are mutually exclusive the rightmost appearance is  used.  This
       behaviour  conforms  to	the  standard  evaluation rules	of common Unix
       shells.
       In addition, one	or more	command	files can be specified	using  an  '@'
       sign  as	 a  prefix to the filename (e.g. @command.txt).	Such a command
       argument	is replaced by the content  of	the  corresponding  text  file
       (multiple  whitespaces  are  treated  as	a single separator unless they
       appear between two quotation marks) prior to  any  further  evaluation.
       Please  note  that  a command file cannot contain another command file.
       This  simple  but  effective  approach  allows  to   summarize	common
       combinations  of	 options/parameters  and  avoids longish and confusing
       command lines (an example is provided in	file _datadir_/dumppat.txt).
ENVIRONMENT
       The dcml2pnm utility will  attempt  to  load  DICOM  data  dictionaries
       specified  in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable. By default, i.e. if
       the  DCMDICTPATH	 environment   variable	  is   not   set,   the	  file
       _datadir_/dicom.dic  will be loaded unless the dictionary is built into
       the application (default	for Windows).
       The  default  behaviour	should	be  preferred  and   the   DCMDICTPATH
       environment  variable  only used	when alternative data dictionaries are
       required. The DCMDICTPATH environment variable has the same  format  as
       the  Unix  shell	PATH variable in that a	colon (':') separates entries.
       On Windows systems, a semicolon (';') is	used as	a separator. The  data
       dictionary  code	 will  attempt	to  load  each	file  specified	in the
       DCMDICTPATH environment variable. It is an error	if no data  dictionary
       can be loaded.
FILES
       _datadir_/camera.lut - sample characteristics file of a camera
       _datadir_/monitor.lut - sample characteristics file of a	monitor
       _datadir_/printer.lut - sample characteristics file of a	printer
       _datadir_/scanner.lut - sample characteristics file of a	scanner
SEE ALSO
       dcm2pnm(1), img2dcm(1)
COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C)  2001-2010  by OFFIS e.V., Escherweg 2, 26121 Oldenburg,
       Germany.

Version	3.6.0			  6 Jan	2011			   dcml2pnm(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | PARAMETERS | OPTIONS | NOTES | TRANSFER SYNTAXES | LOGGING | COMMAND LINE | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | SEE ALSO | COPYRIGHT

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