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cu(1)			    General Commands Manual			 cu(1)

NAME
       cu - Call up another system

SYNOPSIS
       cu [ options ] [	system | phone | "dir" ]

DESCRIPTION
       The  cu	command	is used	to call	up another system and act as a dial in
       terminal.  It can also do simple	file transfers with no error checking.

       cu takes	a single argument, besides the options.	 If  the  argument  is
       the  string  "dir"  cu will make	a direct connection to the port.  This
       may only	be used	by users with write access to the port,	as it  permits
       reprogramming the modem.

       Otherwise,  if  the  argument  begins with a digit, it is taken to be a
       phone number to call.  Otherwise, it is taken to	be the name of a  sys-
       tem  to	call.	The -z or --system option may be used to name a	system
       beginning with a	digit, and the -c or --phone option  may  be  used  to
       name a phone number that	does not begin with a digit.

       cu  locates a port to use in the	UUCP configuration files.  If a	simple
       system name is given, it	will select a port appropriate for  that  sys-
       tem.  The -p, --port, -l, --line, -s and	--speed	options	may be used to
       control the port	selection.

       When a connection is made to the	remote system, cu forks	into two  pro-
       cesses.	 One reads from	the port and writes to the terminal, while the
       other reads from	the terminal and writes	to the port.

       cu provides several commands that may be	used during the	 conversation.
       The  commands  all begin	with an	escape character, initially ~ (tilde).
       The escape character is only recognized at the beginning	of a line.  To
       send  an	 escape	character to the remote	system at the start of a line,
       it must be entered twice.  All commands are either a  single  character
       or a word beginning with	% (percent sign).

       cu recognizes the following commands:

       ~.   Terminate the conversation.

       ~! command
	    Run	command	in a shell.  If	command	is empty, starts up a shell.

       ~$ command
	    Run	command, sending the standard output to	the remote system.

       ~| command
	    Run	command, taking	the standard input from	the remote system.

       ~+ command
	    Run	 command, taking the standard input from the remote system and
	    sending the	standard output	to the remote system.

       ~#, ~%break
	    Send a break signal, if possible.

       ~c directory, ~%cd directory
	    Change the local directory.

       ~> file
	    Send a file	to the remote system.  This just dumps the  file  over
	    the	 communication	line.  It is assumed that the remote system is
	    expecting it.

       ~<   Receive a file from	the remote system.  This prompts for the local
	    file  name and for the remote command to execute to	begin the file
	    transfer.  It continues accepting data until the contents  of  the
	    eofread variable are seen.

       ~p from to, ~%put from to
	    Send  a  file  to a	remote Unix system.  This runs the appropriate
	    commands on	the remote system.

       ~t from to, ~%take from to
	    Retrieve a file from a remote Unix system.	This runs  the	appro-
	    priate commands on the remote system.

       ~s variable value
	    Set	 a cu variable to the given value.  If value is	not given, the
	    variable is	set to true.

       ~! variable
	    Set	a cu variable to false.

       ~z   Suspend the	cu session.  This is only supported on	some  systems.
	    On	systems	 for  which  ^Z	may be used to suspend a job, ~^Z will
	    also suspend the session.

       ~%nostop
	    Turn off XON/XOFF handling.

       ~%stop
	    Turn on XON/XOFF handling.

       ~v   List all the variables and their values.

       ~?   List all commands.

	    cu also supports several variables.	 They may be listed  with  the
	    ~v command,	and set	with the ~s or ~!  commands.

       escape
	    The	escape character.  Initially ~ (tilde).

       delay
	    If	this variable is true, cu will delay for a second after	recog-
	    nizing the escape character	before printing	the name of the	 local
	    system.  The default is true.

       eol  The	list of	characters which are considered	to finish a line.  The
	    escape character is	only recognized	after one of  these  is	 seen.
	    The	default	is carriage return, ^U,	^C, ^O,	^D, ^S,	^Q, ^R.

       binary
	    Whether  to	 transfer binary data when sending a file.  If this is
	    false, then	newlines in the	file being sent	are converted to  car-
	    riage returns.  The	default	is false.

       binary-prefix
	    A  string  used before sending a binary character in a file	trans-
	    fer, if the	binary variable	is true.  The default is ^V.

       echo-check
	    Whether to check file transfers by examining what the remote  sys-
	    tem	 echoes	 back.	This probably doesn't work very	well.  The de-
	    fault is false.

       echonl
	    The	character to look for after sending each line in a file.   The
	    default is carriage	return.

       timeout
	    The	 timeout to use, in seconds, when looking for a	character, ei-
	    ther when doing echo checking or when looking for the echonl char-
	    acter.  The	default	is 30.

       kill The	 character  to use delete a line if the	echo check fails.  The
	    default is ^U.

       resend
	    The	number of times	to resend a line if the	echo  check  continues
	    to fail.  The default is 10.

       eofwrite
	    The	string to write	after sending a	file with the ~> command.  The
	    default is ^D.

       eofread
	    The	string to look for when	receiving a file with the ~<  command.
	    The	default	is $, which is intended	to be a	typical	shell prompt.

       verbose
	    Whether  to	 print accumulated information during a	file transfer.
	    The	default	is true.

OPTIONS
       The following options may be given to cu.

       -e, --parity=even
	    Use	even parity.

       -o, --parity=odd
	    Use	odd parity.

       --parity=none
	    Use	no parity.  No parity is also used  if	both  -e  and  -o  are
	    given.

       -h, --halfduplex
	    Echo characters locally (half-duplex mode).

       --nostop
	    Turn off XON/XOFF handling (it is on by default).

       -E char,	--escape char
	    Set	 the escape character.	Initially ~ (tilde).  To eliminate the
	    escape character, use -E ''.

       -z system, --system system
	    The	system to call.

       -c phone-number,	--phone	phone-number
	    The	phone number to	call.

       -p port,	--port port
	    Name the port to use.

       -a port
	    Equivalent to --port port.

       -l line,	--line line
	    Name the line to use by giving a device name.  This	may be used to
	    dial  out  on  ports that are not listed in	the UUCP configuration
	    files.  Write access to the	device is required.

       -s speed, --speed speed
	    The	speed (baud rate) to use.

       -#   Where # is a number, equivalent to --speed #.

       -n, --prompt
	    Prompt for the phone number	to use.

       -d   Enter debugging mode.  Equivalent to --debug all.

       -x type,	--debug	type
	    Turn on particular debugging types.	 The following types are  rec-
	    ognized:  abnormal,	chat, handshake, uucp-proto, proto, port, con-
	    fig, spooldir, execute, incoming, outgoing.	 Only abnormal,	 chat,
	    handshake,	port, config, incoming and outgoing are	meaningful for
	    cu.

	    Multiple types may be given, separated by commas, and the  --debug
	    option  may	 appear	 multiple  times.  A number may	also be	given,
	    which will turn on that many types from the	 foregoing  list;  for
	    example,  --debug 2	is equivalent to --debug abnormal,chat.	 --de-
	    bug	all may	be used	to turn	on all debugging options.

       -I file,	--config file
	    Set	configuration file to use.  This option	may not	be  available,
	    depending upon how cu was compiled.

       -v, --version
	    Report version information and exit.

       --help
	    Print a help message and exit.

BUGS
       This program does not work very well.

FILES
       The  file  name	may be changed at compilation time, so this is only an
       approximation.

       /etc/uucp/config	- Configuration	file.
       /etc/uucp/oldconfig/ - Alternative configuration	(HDB or	V2 format)

AUTHOR
       Ian Lance Taylor	<ian@airs.com>

			       Taylor UUCP 1.06				 cu(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | BUGS | FILES | AUTHOR

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