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CLANG(1)			     Clang			      CLANG(1)

NAME
       clang - the Clang C, C++, and Objective-C compiler

SYNOPSIS
       clang [options] filename	...

DESCRIPTION
       clang  is  a C, C++, and	Objective-C compiler which encompasses prepro-
       cessing,	parsing, optimization, code generation,	assembly, and linking.
       Depending  on  which high-level mode setting is passed, Clang will stop
       before doing a full link.  While	Clang is highly	integrated, it is  im-
       portant	to  understand the stages of compilation, to understand	how to
       invoke it.  These stages	are:

       Driver The clang	executable is actually a small driver  which  controls
	      the  overall  execution of other tools such as the compiler, as-
	      sembler and linker.  Typically you do not	need to	interact  with
	      the driver, but you transparently	use it to run the other	tools.

       Preprocessing
	      This  stage handles tokenization of the input source file, macro
	      expansion, #include expansion and	handling of other preprocessor
	      directives.  The output of this stage is typically called	a ".i"
	      (for C), ".ii" (for C++),	".mi"  (for  Objective-C),  or	".mii"
	      (for Objective-C++) file.

       Parsing and Semantic Analysis
	      This  stage  parses the input file, translating preprocessor to-
	      kens into	a parse	tree.  Once in the form	of a  parse  tree,  it
	      applies  semantic	 analysis  to compute types for	expressions as
	      well and determine whether the code is well formed.  This	 stage
	      is  responsible  for generating most of the compiler warnings as
	      well as parse errors. The	output of this stage is	 an  "Abstract
	      Syntax Tree" (AST).

       Code Generation and Optimization
	      This  stage  translates  an AST into low-level intermediate code
	      (known as	"LLVM IR") and ultimately to machine code.  This phase
	      is  responsible  for  optimizing the generated code and handling
	      target-specific code generation.	The output of  this  stage  is
	      typically	called a ".s" file or "assembly" file.

	      Clang also supports the use of an	integrated assembler, in which
	      the code generator produces object files directly.  This	avoids
	      the overhead of generating the ".s" file and of calling the tar-
	      get assembler.

       Assembler
	      This stage runs the target assembler to translate	the output  of
	      the compiler into	a target object	file. The output of this stage
	      is typically called a ".o" file or "object" file.

       Linker This stage runs the target linker	to merge multiple object files
	      into  an executable or dynamic library. The output of this stage
	      is typically called an "a.out", ".dylib" or ".so"	file.

       Clang Static Analyzer

       The Clang Static	Analyzer is a tool that	scans source code  to  try  to
       find  bugs  through  code analysis.  This tool uses many	parts of Clang
       and   is	  built	  into	 the   same    driver.	   Please    see    <-
       http://clang-analyzer.llvm.org>	for  more  details  on	how to use the
       static analyzer.

OPTIONS
   Stage Selection Options
       -E     Run the preprocessor stage.

       -fsyntax-only
	      Run the preprocessor, parser and type checking stages.

       -S     Run the previous stages as well as LLVM generation and optimiza-
	      tion  stages  and	 target-specific code generation, producing an
	      assembly file.

       -c     Run all of the above, plus the assembler,	 generating  a	target
	      ".o" object file.

       no stage	selection option
	      If  no stage selection option is specified, all stages above are
	      run, and the linker is run to combine the	results	into  an  exe-
	      cutable or shared	library.

   Language Selection and Mode Options
       -x <language>
	      Treat subsequent input files as having type language.

       -std=<standard>
	      Specify the language standard to compile for.

	      Supported	values for the C language are:
		 c89
		 c90
		 iso9899:1990

		     ISO C 1990
		 iso9899:199409

		     ISO C 1990	with amendment 1
		 gnu89
		 gnu90

		     ISO C 1990	with GNU extensions
		 c99
		 iso9899:1999

		     ISO C 1999
		 gnu99

		     ISO C 1999	with GNU extensions
		 c11
		 iso9899:2011

		     ISO C 2011
		 gnu11

		     ISO C 2011	with GNU extensions
		 c17
		 iso9899:2017

		     ISO C 2017
		 gnu17

		     ISO C 2017	with GNU extensions

	      The  default  C language standard	is gnu11, except on PS4, where
	      it is gnu99.

	      Supported	values for the C++ language are:
		 c++98
		 c++03

		     ISO C++ 1998 with amendments
		 gnu++98
		 gnu++03

		     ISO C++ 1998 with amendments and GNU extensions
		 c++11

		     ISO C++ 2011 with amendments
		 gnu++11

		     ISO C++ 2011 with amendments and GNU extensions
		 c++14

		     ISO C++ 2014 with amendments
		 gnu++14

		     ISO C++ 2014 with amendments and GNU extensions
		 c++17

		     ISO C++ 2017 with amendments
		 gnu++17

		     ISO C++ 2017 with amendments and GNU extensions
		 c++2a

		     Working draft for ISO C++ 2020
		 gnu++2a

		     Working draft for ISO C++ 2020 with GNU extensions

	      The default C++ language standard	is gnu++14.

	      Supported	values for the OpenCL language are:
		 cl1.0

		     OpenCL 1.0
		 cl1.1

		     OpenCL 1.1
		 cl1.2

		     OpenCL 1.2
		 cl2.0

		     OpenCL 2.0

	      The default OpenCL language standard is cl1.0.

	      Supported	values for the CUDA language are:
		 cuda

		     NVIDIA CUDA(tm)

       -stdlib=<library>
	      Specify the C++ standard library to use; supported  options  are
	      libstdc++	and libc++. If not specified, platform default will be
	      used.

       -rtlib=<library>
	      Specify the compiler runtime library to use;  supported  options
	      are  libgcc  and compiler-rt. If not specified, platform default
	      will be used.

       -ansi  Same as -std=c89.

       -ObjC, -ObjC++
	      Treat source input files as Objective-C  and  Object-C++	inputs
	      respectively.

       -trigraphs
	      Enable trigraphs.

       -ffreestanding
	      Indicate	that  the  file	should be compiled for a freestanding,
	      not a hosted, environment.

       -fno-builtin
	      Disable special handling and optimizations of builtin  functions
	      like strlen() and	malloc().

       -fmath-errno
	      Indicate	that  math functions should be treated as updating er-
	      rno.

       -fpascal-strings
	      Enable support for Pascal-style strings with "\pfoo".

       -fms-extensions
	      Enable support for Microsoft extensions.

       -fmsc-version=
	      Set _MSC_VER. Defaults to	1300 on	Windows. Not set otherwise.

       -fborland-extensions
	      Enable support for Borland extensions.

       -fwritable-strings
	      Make all string literals default	to  writable.	This  disables
	      uniquing of strings and other optimizations.

       -flax-vector-conversions
	      Allow loose type checking	rules for implicit vector conversions.

       -fblocks
	      Enable the "Blocks" language feature.

       -fobjc-abi-version=version
	      Select  the  Objective-C	ABI version to use. Available versions
	      are 1 (legacy "fragile" ABI),  2	(non-fragile  ABI  1),	and  3
	      (non-fragile ABI 2).

       -fobjc-nonfragile-abi-version=<version>
	      Select  the  Objective-C	non-fragile  ABI version to use	by de-
	      fault. This will only be used as the Objective-C	ABI  when  the
	      non-fragile ABI is enabled (either via -fobjc-nonfragile-abi, or
	      because it is the	platform default).

       -fobjc-nonfragile-abi, -fno-objc-nonfragile-abi
	      Enable use of the	Objective-C non-fragile	ABI. On	platforms  for
	      which  this  is  the  default  ABI,  it  can  be	disabled  with
	      -fno-objc-nonfragile-abi.

   Target Selection Options
       Clang fully supports cross compilation as an inherent part of  its  de-
       sign.   Depending  on  how  your	version	of Clang is configured,	it may
       have support for	a number of cross compilers, or	may only support a na-
       tive target.

       -arch <architecture>
	      Specify the architecture to build	for.

       -mmacosx-version-min=<version>
	      When  building  for  Mac	OS X, specify the minimum version sup-
	      ported by	your application.

       -miphoneos-version-min
	      When building for	iPhone OS, specify the	minimum	 version  sup-
	      ported by	your application.

       -march=<cpu>
	      Specify that Clang should	generate code for a specific processor
	      family  member  and  later.   For	 example,   if	 you   specify
	      -march=i486,  the	 compiler  is allowed to generate instructions
	      that are valid on	i486 and later processors, but which  may  not
	      exist on earlier ones.

   Code	Generation Options
       -O0, -O1, -O2, -O3, -Ofast, -Os,	-Oz, -Og, -O, -O4
	      Specify which optimization level to use:
		 -O0  Means "no	optimization": this level compiles the fastest
		 and generates the most	debuggable code.

		 -O1 Somewhere between -O0 and -O2.

		 -O2 Moderate level of optimization which enables  most	 opti-
		 mizations.

		 -O3  Like -O2,	except that it enables optimizations that take
		 longer	to perform or that may generate	larger code (in	an at-
		 tempt to make the program run faster).

		 -Ofast	 Enables  all  the  optimizations  from	-O3 along with
		 other aggressive optimizations	that may violate  strict  com-
		 pliance with language standards.

		 -Os Like -O2 with extra optimizations to reduce code size.

		 -Oz Like -Os (and thus	-O2), but reduces code size further.

		 -Og  Like  -O1. In future versions, this option might disable
		 different optimizations in order to improve debuggability.

		 -O Equivalent to -O2.

		 -O4 and higher
		     Currently equivalent to -O3

       -g, -gline-tables-only, -gmodules
	      Control debug information	output.	 Note that Clang debug	infor-
	      mation  works  best  at -O0.  When more than one option starting
	      with -g is specified, the	last one wins:
		 -g Generate debug information.

		 -gline-tables-only Generate only line	table  debug  informa-
		 tion.	This  allows for symbolicated backtraces with inlining
		 information, but does not include any information about vari-
		 ables,	their locations	or types.

		 -gmodules  Generate  debug information	that contains external
		 references to types defined in	Clang modules  or  precompiled
		 headers  instead of emitting redundant	debug type information
		 into every object file.  This option  transparently  switches
		 the  Clang  module format to object file containers that hold
		 the Clang module together with	the debug  information.	  When
		 compiling  a  program	that uses Clang	modules	or precompiled
		 headers, this option produces complete	debug information with
		 faster	compile	times and much smaller object files.

		 This option should not	be used	when building static libraries
		 for distribution to other machines  because  the  debug  info
		 will  contain	references  to the module cache	on the machine
		 the object files in the library were built on.

       -fstandalone-debug -fno-standalone-debug
	      Clang supports a number of optimizations to reduce the  size  of
	      debug  information in the	binary.	They work based	on the assump-
	      tion that	the debug type information can be spread out over mul-
	      tiple compilation	units.	For instance, Clang will not emit type
	      definitions for types that are not needed	by a module and	 could
	      be  replaced  with  a  forward declaration.  Further, Clang will
	      only emit	type info for a	dynamic	C++ class in the  module  that
	      contains the vtable for the class.

	      The  -fstandalone-debug  option  turns  off these	optimizations.
	      This is useful when working with 3rd-party libraries that	 don't
	      come  with  debug	 information.	This is	the default on Darwin.
	      Note that	Clang will never emit type information for types  that
	      are not referenced at all	by the program.

       -fexceptions
	      Enable  generation of unwind information.	This allows exceptions
	      to be thrown through Clang compiled stack	frames.	 This is on by
	      default in x86-64.

       -ftrapv
	      Generate	code to	catch integer overflow errors.	Signed integer
	      overflow is undefined in C. With this flag, extra	code is	gener-
	      ated to detect this and abort when it happens.

       -fvisibility
	      This flag	sets the default visibility level.

       -fcommon, -fno-common
	      This flag	specifies that variables without initializers get com-
	      mon linkage.  It can be disabled with -fno-common.

       -ftls-model=<model>
	      Set the default thread-local storage  (TLS)  model  to  use  for
	      thread-local variables. Valid values are:	"global-dynamic", "lo-
	      cal-dynamic", "initial-exec" and "local-exec".  The  default  is
	      "global-dynamic".	 The  default model can	be overridden with the
	      tls_model	attribute. The compiler	will try to choose a more  ef-
	      ficient model if possible.

       -flto, -flto=full, -flto=thin, -emit-llvm
	      Generate	output	files  in LLVM formats,	suitable for link time
	      optimization.  When used with -S this generates LLVM  intermedi-
	      ate  language assembly files, otherwise this generates LLVM bit-
	      code format object files (which may be passed to the linker  de-
	      pending on the stage selection options).

	      The  default  for	 -flto is "full", in which the LLVM bitcode is
	      suitable for monolithic Link Time	Optimization (LTO), where  the
	      linker merges all	such modules into a single combined module for
	      optimization. With "thin", ThinLTO compilation  is  invoked  in-
	      stead.

   Driver Options
       -###   Print (but do not	run) the commands to run for this compilation.

       --help Display available	options.

       -Qunused-arguments
	      Do not emit any warnings for unused driver arguments.

       -Wa,<args>
	      Pass the comma separated arguments in args to the	assembler.

       -Wl,<args>
	      Pass the comma separated arguments in args to the	linker.

       -Wp,<args>
	      Pass the comma separated arguments in args to the	preprocessor.

       -Xanalyzer <arg>
	      Pass arg to the static analyzer.

       -Xassembler <arg>
	      Pass arg to the assembler.

       -Xlinker	<arg>
	      Pass arg to the linker.

       -Xpreprocessor <arg>
	      Pass arg to the preprocessor.

       -o <file>
	      Write output to file.

       -print-file-name=<file>
	      Print the	full library path of file.

       -print-libgcc-file-name
	      Print  the  library path for the currently used compiler runtime
	      library ("libgcc.a" or "libclang_rt.builtins.*.a").

       -print-prog-name=<name>
	      Print the	full program path of name.

       -print-search-dirs
	      Print the	paths used for finding libraries and programs.

       -save-temps
	      Save intermediate	compilation results.

       -save-stats, -save-stats=cwd, -save-stats=obj
	      Save internal code generation (LLVM) statistics to a file	in the
	      current  directory (-save-stats/"-save-stats=cwd") or the	direc-
	      tory of the output file ("-save-state=obj").

       -integrated-as, -no-integrated-as
	      Used to enable and disable, respectively,	the use	of  the	 inte-
	      grated  assembler. Whether the integrated	assembler is on	by de-
	      fault is target dependent.

       -time  Time individual commands.

       -ftime-report
	      Print timing summary of each stage of compilation.

       -v     Show commands to run and use verbose output.

   Diagnostics Options
       -fshow-column, -fshow-source-location, -fcaret-diagnostics,  -fdiagnos-
       tics-fixit-info,	      -fdiagnostics-parseable-fixits,	    -fdiagnos-
       tics-print-source-range-info,   -fprint-source-range-info,   -fdiagnos-
       tics-show-option, -fmessage-length
	      These options control how	Clang prints out information about di-
	      agnostics	(errors	and warnings). Please  see  the	 Clang	User's
	      Manual for more information.

   Preprocessor	Options
       -D<macroname>=<value>
	      Adds  an	implicit  #define  into	the predefines buffer which is
	      read before the source file is preprocessed.

       -U<macroname>
	      Adds an implicit #undef into the predefines buffer which is read
	      before the source	file is	preprocessed.

       -include	<filename>
	      Adds  an	implicit  #include into	the predefines buffer which is
	      read before the source file is preprocessed.

       -I<directory>
	      Add the specified	directory  to  the  search  path  for  include
	      files.

       -F<directory>
	      Add the specified	directory to the search	path for framework in-
	      clude files.

       -nostdinc
	      Do not  search  the  standard  system  directories  or  compiler
	      builtin directories for include files.

       -nostdlibinc
	      Do not search the	standard system	directories for	include	files,
	      but do search compiler builtin include directories.

       -nobuiltininc
	      Do not search clang's builtin directory for include files.

ENVIRONMENT
       TMPDIR, TEMP, TMP
	      These environment	variables are checked, in order, for the loca-
	      tion  to	write  temporary  files	 used  during  the compilation
	      process.

       CPATH  If this environment variable is present, it is treated as	a  de-
	      limited  list of paths to	be added to the	default	system include
	      path list. The delimiter is the platform dependent delimiter, as
	      used in the PATH environment variable.

	      Empty components in the environment variable are ignored.

       C_INCLUDE_PATH,	 OBJC_INCLUDE_PATH,  CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH,  OBJCPLUS_IN-
       CLUDE_PATH
	      These environment	variables specify  additional  paths,  as  for
	      CPATH,  which are	only used when processing the appropriate lan-
	      guage.

       MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET
	      If -mmacosx-version-min is unspecified, the  default  deployment
	      target  is read from this	environment variable. This option only
	      affects Darwin targets.

BUGS
       To report bugs, please visit <http://llvm.org/bugs/>.  Most bug reports
       should  include	preprocessed  source files (use	the -E option) and the
       full output of the compiler, along with information to reproduce.

SEE ALSO
       as(1), ld(1)

AUTHOR
       Maintained by the Clang / LLVM Team (<http://clang.llvm.org>)

COPYRIGHT
       2007-2018, The Clang Team

6				 Apr 11, 2018			      CLANG(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | ENVIRONMENT | BUGS | SEE ALSO | AUTHOR | COPYRIGHT

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