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CP(1)				 User Commands				 CP(1)

       cp - copy files and directories

       cp [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
       cp [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...

       Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple	SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

       Mandatory  arguments  to	 long  options are mandatory for short options

       -a, --archive
	      same as -dR --preserve=all

	      don't copy the file data,	just the attributes

	      make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but	does not accept	an argument

	      copy contents of special files when recursive

       -d     same as --no-dereference --preserve=links

       -f, --force
	      if an existing destination file cannot be	opened,	remove it  and
	      try  again  (this	 option	 is ignored when the -n	option is also

       -i, --interactive
	      prompt before overwrite (overrides a previous -n option)

       -H     follow command-line symbolic links in SOURCE

       -l, --link
	      hard link	files instead of copying

       -L, --dereference
	      always follow symbolic links in SOURCE

       -n, --no-clobber
	      do not overwrite an existing file	(overrides a previous  -i  op-

       -P, --no-dereference
	      never follow symbolic links in SOURCE

       -p     same as --preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps

	      preserve the specified attributes	(default: mode,ownership,time-
	      stamps), if  possible  additional	 attributes:  context,	links,
	      xattr, all

	      don't preserve the specified attributes

	      use full source file name	under DIRECTORY

       -R, -r, --recursive
	      copy directories recursively

	      control clone/CoW	copies.	See below

	      remove  each existing destination	file before attempting to open
	      it (contrast with	--force)

	      control creation of sparse files.	See below

	      remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE argument

       -s, --symbolic-link
	      make symbolic links instead of copying

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
	      override the usual backup	suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
	      copy all SOURCE arguments	into DIRECTORY

       -T, --no-target-directory
	      treat DEST as a normal file

       -u, --update
	      copy only	when the SOURCE	file is	 newer	than  the  destination
	      file or when the destination file	is missing

       -v, --verbose
	      explain what is being done

       -x, --one-file-system
	      stay on this file	system

       -Z     set SELinux security context of destination file to default type

	      like  -Z,	 or  if	CTX is specified then set the SELinux or SMACK
	      security context to CTX

       --help display this help	and exit

	      output version information and exit

       By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude	heuristic  and
       the corresponding DEST file is made sparse as well.  That is the	behav-
       ior selected by --sparse=auto.  Specify	--sparse=always	 to  create  a
       sparse  DEST  file  whenever the	SOURCE file contains a long enough se-
       quence of zero bytes.  Use --sparse=never to inhibit creation of	sparse

       When --reflink[=always] is specified, perform a lightweight copy, where
       the data	blocks are copied only when modified.  If this is not possible
       the copy	fails, or if --reflink=auto is specified, fall back to a stan-
       dard copy.

       The  backup  suffix  is	'~',  unless  set  with	  --suffix   or	  SIM-
       PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.   The	version	control	method may be selected via the
       --backup	option or through the  VERSION_CONTROL	environment  variable.
       Here are	the values:

       none, off
	      never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
	      make numbered backups

       existing, nil
	      numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
	      always make simple backups

       As  a  special  case,  cp  makes	 a backup of SOURCE when the force and
       backup options are given	and SOURCE and DEST are	the same name  for  an
       existing, regular file.

       Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.

       GNU coreutils online help: <>
       Report cp translation bugs to <>

       Copyright  (C) 2014 Free	Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
       GPL version 3 or	later <>.
       This is free software: you are free  to	change	and  redistribute  it.
       There is	NO WARRANTY, to	the extent permitted by	law.

       Full documentation at: <>
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) cp invocation'

GNU coreutils 8.23		  March	2015				 CP(1)


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