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CP(1)                            User Commands                           CP(1)

       cp - copy files and directories

       cp [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
       cp [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...

       Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options

       -a, --archive
              same as -dR --preserve=all

              make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

              copy contents of special files when recursive

       -d     same as --no-dereference --preserve=links

       -f, --force
              if an existing destination file cannot be opened, remove it and
              try again (redundant if the -n option is used)

       -i, --interactive
              prompt before overwrite (overrides a previous -n option)

       -H     follow command-line symbolic links in SOURCE

       -l, --link
              link files instead of copying

       -L, --dereference
              always follow symbolic links in SOURCE

       -n, --no-clobber
              do not overwrite an existing file (overrides a previous -i

       -P, --no-dereference
              never follow symbolic links in SOURCE

       -p     same as --preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps

              preserve the specified attributes (default:
              mode,ownership,timestamps), if possible additional attributes:
              context, links, xattr, all

              don't preserve the specified attributes

              use full source file name under DIRECTORY

       -R, -r, --recursive
              copy directories recursively

              remove each existing destination file before attempting to open
              it (contrast with --force)

              control creation of sparse files

              remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE argument

       -s, --symbolic-link
              make symbolic links instead of copying

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
              override the usual backup suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
              copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY

       -T, --no-target-directory
              treat DEST as a normal file

       -u, --update
              copy only when the SOURCE file is newer than the destination
              file or when the destination file is missing

       -v, --verbose
              explain what is being done

       -x, --one-file-system
              stay on this file system

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude heuristic and
       the corresponding DEST file is made sparse as well.  That is the
       behavior selected by --sparse=auto.  Specify --sparse=always to create
       a sparse DEST file whenever the SOURCE file contains a long enough
       sequence of zero bytes.  Use --sparse=never to inhibit creation of
       sparse files.

       The backup suffix is `~', unless set with --suffix or
       SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.  The version control method may be selected via
       the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment
       variable.  Here are the values:

       none, off
              never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
              make numbered backups

       existing, nil
              numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
              always make simple backups

       As a special case, cp makes a backup of SOURCE when the force and
       backup options are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name for an
       existing, regular file.

       Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.

       Report cp bugs to
       GNU coreutils home page: <>
       General help using GNU software: <>

       Copyright (C) 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
       GPL version 3 or later <>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
       There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

       The full documentation for cp is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If
       the info and cp programs are properly installed at your site, the

              info coreutils 'cp invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 7.1                  July 2010                             CP(1)


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