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CP(1)				 User Commands				 CP(1)

       cp - copy files and directories

       cp [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
       cp [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...

       Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple	SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

       Mandatory  arguments  to	 long  options are mandatory for short options

       -a, --archive
	      same as -dR --preserve=all

	      make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but	does not accept	an argument

	      copy contents of special files when recursive

       -d     same as --no-dereference --preserve=links

       -f, --force
	      if an existing destination file cannot be	opened,	remove it  and
	      try again	(redundant if the -n option is used)

       -i, --interactive
	      prompt before overwrite (overrides a previous -n option)

       -H     follow command-line symbolic links in SOURCE

       -l, --link
	      link files instead of copying

       -L, --dereference
	      always follow symbolic links in SOURCE

       -n, --no-clobber
	      do  not  overwrite  an  existing	file  (overrides a previous -i

       -P, --no-dereference
	      never follow symbolic links in SOURCE

       -p     same as --preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps

	      preserve the specified attributes	(default: mode,ownership,time-
	      stamps),	if  possible  additional  attributes:  context,	links,
	      xattr, all

	      don't preserve the specified attributes

	      use full source file name	under DIRECTORY

       -R, -r, --recursive
	      copy directories recursively

	      remove each existing destination file before attempting to  open
	      it (contrast with	--force)

	      control creation of sparse files

	      remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE argument

       -s, --symbolic-link
	      make symbolic links instead of copying

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
	      override the usual backup	suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
	      copy all SOURCE arguments	into DIRECTORY

       -T, --no-target-directory
	      treat DEST as a normal file

       -u, --update
	      copy  only  when	the  SOURCE file is newer than the destination
	      file or when the destination file	is missing

       -v, --verbose
	      explain what is being done

       -x, --one-file-system
	      stay on this file	system

       --help display this help	and exit

	      output version information and exit

       By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude	heuristic  and
       the corresponding DEST file is made sparse as well.  That is the	behav-
       ior selected by --sparse=auto.  Specify	--sparse=always	 to  create  a
       sparse  DEST  file  whenever  the  SOURCE  file	contains a long	enough
       sequence	of zero	bytes.	Use  --sparse=never  to	 inhibit  creation  of
       sparse files.

       The   backup   suffix   is  `~',	 unless	 set  with  --suffix  or  SIM-
       PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.  The version control method may be selected via  the
       --backup	 option	 or  through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.
       Here are	the values:

       none, off
	      never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
	      make numbered backups

       existing, nil
	      numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
	      always make simple backups

       As a special case, cp makes a backup  of	 SOURCE	 when  the  force  and
       backup  options	are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name	for an
       existing, regular file.

       Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.

       Report cp bugs to
       GNU coreutils home page:	<>
       General help using GNU software:	<>

       Copyright (C) 2009 Free Software	Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+:  GNU
       GPL version 3 or	later <>.
       This  is	 free  software:  you  are free	to change and redistribute it.
       There is	NO WARRANTY, to	the extent permitted by	law.

       The full	documentation for cp is	maintained as a	 Texinfo  manual.   If
       the  info and cp	programs are properly installed	at your	site, the com-

	      info coreutils 'cp invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 7.1		   July	2010				 CP(1)


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