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CHFLAGS(1)		FreeBSD	General	Commands Manual		    CHFLAGS(1)

NAME
     chflags --	change file flags

SYNOPSIS
     chflags [-h] [-R [-H | -L | -P]] flags file ...

DESCRIPTION
     The chflags utility modifies the file flags of the	listed files as	speci-
     fied by the flags operand.	 The flags of a	file dictate special restric-
     tions beyond those	enforced by its	mode/permissions.  Only	the superuser
     can change	the user flags on block	and character devices.

     You can use ls -lo	to see the flags of existing files.

     The options are as	follows:

     -H	     If	the -R option is also specified, symbolic links	on the command
	     line are followed.	 Symbolic links	encountered in the tree	tra-
	     versal are	not followed.

     -h	     Treat symbolic links like other files: modify links instead of
	     following them.  The -h and -R options are	mutually exclusive.

     -L	     If	the -R option is also specified, all symbolic links are	fol-
	     lowed.

     -P	     If	the -R option is also specified, no symbolic links are fol-
	     lowed.

     -R	     Recurse.  Where file is a directory, change the flags of the di-
	     rectory and all the files and directories in the file hierarchy
	     below it.

     Flags are a comma separated list of keywords.  The	following keywords are
     currently defined:

	   arch	   set the archived flag (superuser only)
	   nodump  set the nodump flag (owner or superuser only)
	   sappnd  set the system append-only flag (superuser only)
	   schg	   set the system immutable flag (superuser only)
	   uappnd  set the user	append-only flag (owner	or superuser only)
	   uchg	   set the user	immutable flag (owner or superuser only)

     The arch flag is for compatibility	only, and currently has	no effect.

     A file with the nodump flag set will by default only be backed up by
     dump(8) during full backups.  The -h option of dump(8) can	be used	to al-
     ter this.

     An	immutable file may not be changed, moved, or deleted.  An append-only
     file is immutable except that data	may be appended	to it.

     The superuser-settable sappnd and schg flags can be set at	any time, but
     may only be cleared when the system is running at security	level 0	or -1
     (insecure or permanently insecure mode, respectively).  For more informa-
     tion on setting the system	security level,	see securelevel(7).

     Putting the letters no before a flag name causes the flag to be turned
     off.  For example:

	   nouchg  the immutable bit should be cleared

     The -H, -L, and -P	options	are ignored unless the -R option is specified.
     In	addition, these	options	override each other and	the command's actions
     are determined by the last	one specified.

EXIT STATUS
     The chflags utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error	occurs.

SEE ALSO
     ls(1), chflags(2),	stat(2), fts_open(3), securelevel(7), symlink(7),
     dump(8)

HISTORY
     The chflags command first appeared	in 4.4BSD.

FreeBSD	13.0		       September 2, 2019		  FreeBSD 13.0

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EXIT STATUS | SEE ALSO | HISTORY

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