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CDRDAO(1)		    General Commands Manual		     CDRDAO(1)

NAME
       cdrdao -	reads and writes CDs in	disc-at-once mode

SYNOPSIS
       cdrdao	{show-toc|read-toc|read-cd|read-cddb|show-data|read-test|disk-
       info|msinfo|unlock|simulate|write|copy|blank}	 [--device     device]
       [--source-device	 device] [--driver driver-id] [--source-driver driver-
       id]   [--simulate]   [--speed   writing-speed]	[--blank-mode	 mode]
       [--datafile file] [--read-raw] [--read-subchan [--no-mode2-mixed] mode]
       [--tao-source] [--tao-source-adjust link-blocks]	 [--fast-toc]  [--buf-
       fers  buffer-count]  [--multi]  [--overburn] [--eject] [--swap] [--ses-
       sion] [--force] [--reload]  [--keepimage]  [--on-the-fly]  [--paranoia-
       mode  mode]  [--with-cddb] [--cddb-servers server-list] [--cddb-timeout
       timeout]	[--cddb-directory  directory]  [--tmpdir  directory]  [--keep]
       [--save]	[-n] [-v verbose-level]	toc-file

DESCRIPTION
       cdrdao  creates	audio and data CD-Rs in	disk-at-once (DAO) mode	driven
       by a description	file called toc-file.  In DAO mode it is  possible  to
       create  non standard track pre-gaps that	have other lengths than	2 sec-
       onds and	contain	nonzero	audio data. This is for	example	useful to  di-
       vide  live  recordings into tracks where	2 second gaps would be kind of
       irritating.

       Instead of a toc-file a cue file	(used by a famous DOS/Windows  master-
       ing tool) may be	used. See the CUE FILES	section	for more details.

COMMANDS
       The first argument must be one of the following commands:

       show-toc
	      Print out	a summary about	what will be written to	the CD-R.

       read-toc
	      Analyze each track of the	inserted CD and	create a toc-file that
	      can be used to make a more or less exact copy of the  CD.	  This
	      command  does not	read out the audio or data tracks, use read-cd
	      for this purpose.

	      You can specify a	filename for the data file via the  --datafile
	      option.

       read-cd
	      Copies  all  tracks of the inserted CD to	an image file and cre-
	      ates a corresponding toc-file.  The name of the image  file  de-
	      faults to	"data.bin" if no --datafile option is given.

       read-cddb
	      Tries  to	 retrieve title	and artist data	from a CDDB server for
	      the CD represented by the	given toc-file.	The retrieved data  is
	      added  as	 CD-TEXT data for language 0 to	the toc-file. Existing
	      CD-TEXT data for language	0 will be overwritten.

       show-data
	      Print out	all samples that would be written to  the  CD-R.  Each
	      line  contains the sample	number (starting at 0) and the decimal
	      sample value for the left	and right channel. Useful to check  if
	      the byte order of	audio files is correct.

       read-test
	      Check  if	all data can be	read from the audio files that are de-
	      fined in the toc-file.  This will	also check  the	 communication
	      with the slave process that is responsible for writing the audio
	      data to the CD-recorder. Mainly used for testing.

       disk-info
	      Shows information	about the inserted CD-R. If the	 CD-R  has  an
	      open  session  it	will also print	the start of the last and cur-
	      rent session which is used by mkisofs to create an image	for  a
	      second or	higher session.

       msinfo Shows information	required for creating multi session disks with
	      mkisofs. The output is meant for processing by scripts.

       unlock Tries to unlock the recorder device after	a failed write or sim-
	      ulation  run.  If	you cannot eject the CD	after a	cdrdao run try
	      this command.

       blank  Blanks a CD-RW. The CD-RW	is minimally blanked by	 default.  Use
	      option  --blank-mode to select another blanking mode.  Sometimes
	      the blanking speed must be manually  reduced  for	 a  successful
	      blanking	operation. Use option --speed to select	another	blank-
	      ing speed.

       simulate
	      Like write but laser stays cold. It  is  a  shortcut  for	 write
	      --simulate.

       write  Write the	CD-R according to the specifications in	the toc-file.

       copy   Performs	all  steps  to	copy  a	 CD. The device	containing the
	      source CD	must be	specified with option --source-device and  the
	      recorder	device	with option --device.  If only a single	device
	      is available the option --source-device must be omitted and cdr-
	      dao  will	prompt to insert the CD-R after	an image of the	source
	      CD was created.

	      The image	file with name "cddata<pid>.bin" will  be  created  in
	      the  current working directory if	no --datafile option is	given.
	      The created image	will be	removed	after it has been written.

	      If option	--on-the-fly is	given no image file is created and the
	      data  will  be  directly piped from the reading device to	the CD
	      recorder.

OPTIONS
       --device	[prot:]bus,id,lun
	      Sets the SCSI address of the CD-recorder in form of a bus/id/lun
	      triple,  e.g. '0,2,0' for	the logical unit 0 of SCSI device with
	      ID 2 on bus 0. ATAPI devices can be specified by using the  pre-
	      fix  'ATAPI:', e.g. 'ATAPI:0,0,0'. On some systems a device node
	      may be specified directly, e.g.  '/dev/sg0'  on  Linux  systems.
	      Linux  2.6 users may also	try the	newer ATAPI interface with the
	      'ATA:' prefix.

       --source-device [prot:]bus,id,lun
	      Like above but used for the copy command to specify  the	source
	      device.

       --driver	driver-id:option-flags
	      Force usage of specified driver instead of the automatically de-
	      termined driver. Available driver	IDs:
	      cdd2600, plextor,	 plextor-scan,	generic-mmc,  generic-mmc-raw,
	      ricoh-mp6200,   yamaha-cdr10x,  teac-cdr55,  sony-cdu920,	 sony-
	      cdu948, taiyo-yuden, toshiba.
	      Specifying an illegal driver ID will give	a  list	 of  available
	      drivers.	 Option	 flags	may  be	used to	modify the behavior of
	      some drivers. See	README for details.

       --source-driver driver-id:option-flags
	      Like above  but  used  for  the  device  specified  with	option
	      --source-device.

       --speed value
	      Set the writing speed to value.  Default is the highest possible
	      speed.

       --blank-mode mode
	      Sets the blanking	mode. Available	modes are  full	 and  minimal.
	      Please  consider that the	data of	minimally blanked disks	may be
	      easily recovered.	Use the	 full  blanking	 mode  for  completely
	      erasing all data.	The default blanking mode is minimal.

       --datafile file
	      Used  for	read-toc, read-cd and copy.  Set the default data file
	      placed in	the toc-file by	read-toc.  Use "-" to indicate	STDIN.
	      For  commands read-cd and	copy it	specifies the name of the cre-
	      ated image file.

       --read-raw
	      Only used	for commands read-cd and read-toc.  All	 data  sectors
	      will  be written as 2352 byte blocks including the sector	header
	      and L-EC data to the image file. The track mode will be  set  to
	      MODE1_RAW	or MODE2_RAW in	the created toc-file.

       --read-subchan mode
	      Used by commands read-cd,	read-toc and copy.  Specifies the type
	      of sub-channel data that is extracted from  the  source  CD  and
	      written  to  the	track  image  or copied	to the destination CD.
	      Mode may be rw for reading packed	R-W sub-channel	 data  (de-in-
	      terleaved	 and  error  corrected)	and rw_raw for reading raw R-W
	      sub-channel data (not de-interleaved, not	error corrected,  L-EC
	      data included in the track image).  If this option is not	speci-
	      fied no sub-channel data will be extracted.

       --no-mode2-mixed
	      Only used	 for  commands	read-cd	 and  read-toc.	  If  we  have
	      MODE2_FORM1  or MODE2_FORM2, don't extract it as MODE2_FORM_MIX.
	      toc-file.

       --tao-source
	      This option indicates to the commands read-toc and read-cd  that
	      the  source  CD was written in TAO mode. It will be assumed that
	      the pre-gap length between all tracks (except between two	 audio
	      tracks)  is  the	standard  150  blocks  plus the	number of link
	      blocks (usually 2). The number of	link blocks can	be  controlled
	      with option --tao-source-adjust.

	      Use  this	option only if read-toc	or read-cd give	error messages
	      in the transition	areas between two tracks. If you use this  op-
	      tion  with  pressed  CDs or CDs written in DAO mode you will get
	      wrong results.

       --tao-source-adjust link-blocks
	      Specifies	the number of link blocks for tracks  written  in  TAO
	      mode.  This  option has only an effect if	option --tao-source is
	      given.

       --fast-toc
	      Only used	for command read-toc.  This option suppresses the pre-
	      gap  length  and index mark extraction which speeds up the read-
	      toc process. Standard 2 second pre-gaps (but no  silence!)  will
	      be  placed  into	the toc-file. The resulting CD will sound like
	      the source CD. Only the CD player's display will behave slightly
	      different	in the transition area between two tracks.

	      This  option  might help,	too, if	read-toc fails with your drive
	      otherwise.

       --buffers buffer-count
	      Specifies	the number of buffers that are allocated to avoid buf-
	      fer  under  runs.	  The minimal buffer count is fixed to 10, de-
	      fault is 32 except on FreeBSD systems, on	which default  is  20.
	      Each  buffer  holds 1 second of audio data so that dividing buf-
	      fer-count	by the writing speed gives the maximum time for	 which
	      reading of audio data may	be stalled.

       --multi
	      If this option is	given the session will not be closed after the
	      audio data is successfully written. It is	possible to append an-
	      other session on such disks, e.g.	to create a CD-EXTRA.

       --overburn
	      By  default cdrdao will not allow	to write more data on a	medium
	      than specified by	the current medium. This option	allows to  ig-
	      nore this	condition.

       --eject
	      Eject the	CD-R after writing or write simulation.

       --swap Swap  the	 byte  order  of  all samples that are send to the CD-
	      recorder.

       --session session-nr
	      Used for read-toc	and  read-cd  to  specify  the	session	 which
	      should be	processed on multi session CDs.

       --reload
	      Indicates	 that  the  tray  may be opened	before writing without
	      prompting	the user to reset the disk status after	 a  simulation
	      run.

       --force
	      Forces the execution of an operation that	otherwise would	not be
	      performed.

       --paranoia-mode mode
	      Sets the correction mode for digital  audio  extraction.	0:  No
	      checking,	 data  is  copied  directly from the drive. 1: Perform
	      overlapped reading to avoid jitter. 2: Like  1  but  with	 addi-
	      tional  checks  of the read audio	data. 3: Like 2	but with addi-
	      tional scratch detection and repair.

	      The extraction speed reduces from	0 to 3.

	      Default is the full paranoia mode	(3).

       --keepimage
	      If a CD is copied	with command copy this option will cause  that
	      the created image	is not removed after the copy process has fin-
	      ished.

       --on-the-fly
	      Perform CD copy on the fly without creating an image file.

       --with-cddb
	      Enables the automatic fetching of	CDDB data for use  as  CD-TEXT
	      data for commands	copy, read-toc and read-cd.

       --cddb-servers server-list
	      Sets  space  or ',' separated list of CDDB servers used for com-
	      mand read-cddb or	for commands where the --with-cddb  option  is
	      active.  A server	entry may have the following forms:

       <server>
	      Connect  to <server>, default cddbp port (888), use cddbp	proto-
	      col.

       <server>:<port>
	      Connect to <server>, port	<port>,	use cddbp protocol.

       <server>:<cgi-bin-path>
	      Connect to <server>, default http	port (80), use http  protocol,
	      url: <cgi-bin-path>.

       <server>:<port>:<cgi-bin-path>
	      Connect  to <server>, port <port>, use http protocol, url: <cgi-
	      bin-path>.

       <server>:<port>:<cgi-bin-path>:<proxy-server>
	      Connect to <proxy-server>, default http port (80), use http pro-
	      tocol, url: http://<server>:<port>/<cgi-bin-path>.

       <server>:<port>:<cgi-bin-path>:<proxy-server>:<proxy-port>
	      Connect to <proxy-server>, port <proxy-port>, use	http protocol,
	      url: http://<server>:<port>/<cgi-bin-path>.

	      The <cgi-bin-path> is usually "/~cddb/cddb.cgi".

	      All servers of the server	list will be tried in the given	 order
	      until a successful connection can	be established.	For http proxy
	      servers the first	successful connected http proxy	server will be
	      used  independent	 of  the ability to connect to the target http
	      server.

	      Example: freedb.freedb.org:/~cddb/cddb.cgi

       --cddb-timeout timeout
	      Sets the	timeout	 in  seconds  used  for	 connections  to  CDDB
	      servers.

       --cddb-directory	directory
	      Specifies	 the  local CDDB database directory where fetched CDDB
	      records will be stored. If this option is	not  given  a  fetched
	      CDDB record will not be stored locally.

       --tmpdir	directory
	      Specifies	 the  directory	in which to store temporary data files
	      created from decoding MP3	and  Ogg  Vorbis  files.  By  default,
	      "/tmp" is	used.

       --keep Upon exit	from cdrdao, do	not delete temporary WAV files created
	      from MP3 and Ogg Vorbis files.

       --save Saves  some  of  the  current  options  to  the  settings	  file
	      "$HOME/.cdrdao"  and  exit.  See section 'SETTINGS' for more de-
	      tails.

       -n     Suppresses the 10	second pause before writing or simulating.

       -v verbose-level
	      Sets verbose level. Levels > 2 are debug levels which produce  a
	      lot of output.

TOC FILES
       The toc-file describes what data	is written to the CD-R and allows con-
       trol over track/index positions,	pre-gaps and sub-channel  information.
       It is a simple text file, use your favorite text	editor to create it.

       A toc-file contains an optional header and a sequence of	track specifi-
       cations.	Comments starting with '//' reaching until end of line can  be
       placed anywhere.

   Header
       CATALOG "ddddddddddddd"
	      Specifies	the optional catalog number of the CD. The string must
	      contain exactly 13 digits.

       The following flags specify the type of session that will  be  created.
       It is used to create the	correct	CD-TOC format and to check the consis-
       tency of	the track modes	for the	 desired  session  type.  If  multiple
       flags are given the last	one will take effect.

       CD_DA  The disc contains	only audio tracks.

       CD_ROM The  disc	contains just mode 1 tracks or mode 1 and audio	tracks
	      (mixed mode CD).

       CD_ROM_XA
	      The disc contains	mode 2 form 1 or mode 2	form 2	tracks.	 Audio
	      tracks are allowed, too. This type must be used if multi session
	      disks are	created	(option	--multi).

       CD_TEXT { ... }
	      Defines global CD-TEXT data like the album title	and  the  used
	      languages.   See the CD-TEXT section below for the syntax	of the
	      CD-TEXT block contents.

   Track Specification
       TRACK <track-mode> [<sub-channel-mode>]
	      Starts a new track, the track number is incremented  by  1.  The
	      length  of  a track must be at least 4 seconds. The block	length
	      of the input data	depends	on the <track-mode>: AUDIO: 2352 bytes
	      (588  samples), MODE1: 2048 bytes, MODE1_RAW: 2352 bytes,	MODE2:
	      2336 bytes, MODE2_FORM1: 2048 bytes,  MODE2_FORM2:  2324	bytes,
	      MODE2_FORM_MIX:  2336 bytes including the	sub-header, MODE2_RAW:
	      2352 bytes.  The <sub-channel-mode> is  optional.	 If  given  it
	      specifies	 the  type  of	sub-channel  data for each sector. RW:
	      packed R-W sub-channel data (96 bytes, L-EC data will be	gener-
	      ated if required), RW_RAW: raw R-W sub-channel data (interleaved
	      and L-EC data already calculated,	96 bytes). The block length is
	      increased	by the sub-channel data	length if a <sub-channel-mode>
	      is specified.  If	the input data length is not a multiple	of the
	      block length  it will be padded with zeros.

       The following flags may follow the track	start statement. They are used
       to set sub-channel information for the current track. Each flag is  op-
       tional.	If not given the following defaults are	used: copy not permit-
       ted, no pre emphasis, two channel audio,	no ISRC	code.

       [ NO ] COPY
	      Sets or clears the copy permitted	flag.

       [ NO ] PRE_EMPHASIS
	      Sets or clears the pre emphasis flag (only for audio tracks).

       TWO_CHANNEL_AUDIO
	      Indicates	that track contains two	channel	audio data  (only  for
	      audio tracks).

       FOUR_CHANNEL_AUDIO
	      Indicates	 that track contains four channel audio	data (only for
	      audio tracks).

       ISRC "CCOOOYYSSSSS"
	      Sets ISRC	code of	track (only for	audio tracks).
	      C: country code (upper case letters or digits)
	      O: owner code (upper case	letters	or digits)
	      Y: year (digits)
	      S: serial	number (digits)

       An optional CD-TEXT block that defines the CD-TEXT data for this	 track
       may follow. See the CD-TEXT section below for the syntax	of the CD-TEXT
       block contents.

       CD_TEXT { ... }

       At least	one of the following statements	must  appear  to  specify  the
       data  for  the  current	track.	Lengths	and start positions may	be ex-
       pressed in samples (1/44100 seconds) for	audio tracks or	in  bytes  for
       data  tracks. It	is also	possible to give the length in blocks with the
       MSF format 'MM:SS:FF' specifying	minutes, seconds and frames (0 <= 'FF'
       < 75) . A frame equals one block.

       If  more	 than one statement is used the	track will be composed by con-
       catenating the data in the specified order.

       SILENCE <length>
	      Adds zero	audio data of specified	length to  the	current	 audio
	      track.  Useful to	create silent pre-gaps.

       ZERO <length>
	      Adds  zero  data	to data	tracks.	Must be	used to	define pre- or
	      post-gaps	between	tracks of different mode.

       [ FILE |	AUDIOFILE ] "<filename>" <start> [ <length> ]
	      Adds the audio data of  specified	 file  to  the	current	 audio
	      track.  It is possible to	select a portion of an audio file with
	      <start> and <length> which allows	non destructive	 cutting.  The
	      first  sample of an audio	file is	addressed with <start> = 0. If
	      <length> is omitted or set to 0 all audio	data from <start>  un-
	      til the end of file is used.

	      Audio files may have raw or WAVE format with 16 bits per sample,
	      44.1 kHz sampling	rate, stereo. Raw files	must have  the	layout
	      'MSBLeft LSBLeft MSBRight	LSBRight ...' (big endian byte order).
	      WAVE files are expected to have little endian  byte  order.  The
	      option  --swap  reverses the expected byte order for all raw and
	      WAVE files. Only filenames with a	".wav" ending are  treated  as
	      WAVE  files,  all	other names are	assumed	to be raw audio	files.
	      Use tools	like sox(1) to convert other file formats to supported
	      formats.

	      Specifying  a "-"	as filename causes data	to be read from	STDIN.
	      Currently	only raw files are supported from STDIN.

	      If you are unsure	about the byte order of	your audio  files  try
	      the  command  'show-data'. If the	byte order is correct you will
	      see a sequence of	increasing  or	decreasing  numbers  for  both
	      channels.	 Otherwise  numbers  are jumping between very high and
	      low values - high	volume static.

       DATAFILE	"<filename>" [ <length>	]
	      Adds data	from given file	to the current data track. If <length>
	      is omitted the actual file length	will be	used.

       FIFO "<fifo path>" <length>
	      Adds  data from specified	FIFO path to the current audio or data
	      track.  <length> must specify the	amount of data	that  will  be
	      read  from  the  FIFO.  The  value  is  always in	terms of bytes
	      (scalar value) or	in terms of the	block length (MSF value).

       START [ MM:SS:FF	]
	      Defines the length of the	pre-gap	(position where	index switches
	      from  0  to  1).	If  the	MSF value is omitted the current track
	      length is	used. If the current track length is not a multiple of
	      the  block  length the pre-gap length will be rounded up to next
	      block boundary.

	      If no START statement is given the track will not	 have  a  pre-
	      gap.

       PREGAP MM:SS:FF
	      This  is	an  alternate way to specify a pre-gap with zero audio
	      data. It may appear before  the  first  SILENCE,	ZERO  or  FILE
	      statement.  Either  PREGAP  or  START can	be used	within a track
	      specification. It	is equivalent to the sequence
		SILENCE	MM:SS:FF
		START
	      for audio	tracks or
		ZERO MM:SS:FF
		START
	      for data tracks.

       Nothing prevents	 mixing	 'DATAFILE'/'ZERO'  and	 'AUDIOFILE'/'SILENCE'
       statements within the same track. The results, however, are undefined.

       The  end	of a track specification may contain zero or more index	incre-
       ment statements:

       INDEX MM:SS:FF
	      Increments the index number at given position within the	track.
	      The  first statement will	increment from 1 to 2. The position is
	      relative to the real track start,	not counting an	existing  pre-
	      gap.

   CD-TEXT Blocks
       A  CD-TEXT  block  may  be  placed in the global	section	to define data
       valid for the whole CD and in each track	specification of  a  toc-file.
       The  global  section  must  define a language map that is used to map a
       language-number to country codes. Up to 8 different  languages  can  be
       defined:

       LANGUAGE_MAP { 0	: c1  1	: c2  ...  7 : c7 }
	      The  country code	may be an integer value	in the range 0..255 or
	      one of the following countries (the corresponding	integer	 value
	      is placed	in braces behind the token): EN(9, English)
	      It is just necessary to define a mapping for the used languages.

       If  no  mapping exists for a language-number the	data for this language
       will be ignored.

       For each	language a language block must exist that defines  the	actual
       data for	a certain language.

       LANGUAGE	 language-number  { cd-text-item cd-text-data cd-text-item cd-
       text-data ... }
	      Defines the CD-TEXT items	for given language-number  which  must
	      be defined in the	language map.

       The  cd-text-data  may  be either a string enclosed by "	or binary data
       like
	    { 0, 10, 255, ... }
       where each integer number must be in the	range 0..255.
       The cd-text-item	may be one of the following:

       TITLE  String data: Title of CD or track.

       PERFORMER
	      String data.

       SONGWRITER
	      String data.

       COMPOSER
	      String data.

       ARRANGER
	      String data.

       MESSAGE
	      String data. Message to the user.

       DISC_ID
	      String data: Should only appear in the global CD-TEXT block. The
	      format is	usually: XY12345

       GENRE  Mixture of binary	data (genre code) and string data. Should only
	      appear in	the global CD-TEXT block. Useful entries will be  cre-
	      ated by gcdmaster.

       TOC_INFO1
	      Binary data: Optional table of contents 1. Should	only appear in
	      the global CD-TEXT block.

       TOC_INFO2
	      Binary data: Optional table of contents 2. Should	only appear in
	      the global CD-TEXT block.

       UPC_EAN
	      String  data: This item should only appear in the	global CD-TEXT
	      block. Was always	an empty string	on the CD-TEXT CDs I  had  ac-
	      cess to.

       ISRC   String  data: ISRC code of track.	The format is usually: CC-OOO-
	      YY-SSSSS

       SIZE_INFO
	      Binary data: Contains summary about all CD-TEXT data and	should
	      only  appear in the global CD-TEXT block.	The data will be auto-
	      matically	(re)created when the CD-TEXT data is written.

	      If one of	the CD-TEXT items TITLE, PERFORMER,  SONGWRITER,  COM-
	      POSER, ARRANGER, ISRC is defined for at least on track or	in the
	      global section it	must be	defined	for  all  tracks  and  in  the
	      global  section. If a DISC_ID item is defined in the global sec-
	      tion, an ISRC entry must be defined for each track.

   Examples
       Simple track without  pre-gap  with  all	 audio	data  from  WAVE  file
       "data.wav":
	    CD_DA
	    TRACK AUDIO
	    FILE "data.wav" 0

       Standard	track with two second pre-gap, ISRC code and CD-TEXT:
	    CD_DA
	    CD_TEXT {
	      LANGUAGE_MAP {
		0 : EN
	      }

	      LANGUAGE 0 {
		TITLE "CD Title"
		PERFORMER "Performer"
		DISC_ID	"XY12345"
		UPC_EAN	""
	      }
	    }

	    TRACK AUDIO
	    ISRC "DEXXX9800001"
	    CD_TEXT {
	      LANGUAGE 0 {
		TITLE "Track Title"
		PERFORMER "Performer"
		ISRC "DE-XXX-98-00001"
	      }
	    }
	    PREGAP 0:2:0
	    FILE "data.wav" 0

       Track  with  10	second	pre-gap	 containing  audio  data from raw file
       "data.cdr":
	    CD_DA
	    TRACK AUDIO
	    FILE "data.cdr" 0
	    START 0:10:0

       Composed	track with data	from different files. Pre-gap data and	length
       is  taken  from	"pregapdata.wav".  The	first minute of	"track.cdr" is
       omitted and two seconds silence are inserted at '2:0:0'.	Index will  be
       incremented after 2 and 4 minutes past track start:
	    CD_DA
	    TRACK AUDIO
	    FILE "pregapdata.wav" 0
	    START
	    FILE "track.cdr" 1:0:0 1:0:0
	    SILENCE 0:2:0
	    FILE "track.cdr" 2:0:0
	    INDEX 2:0:0
	    INDEX 4:0:0

       Mixed  mode  CD	with a data track as first track followed by two audio
       tracks.
	    CD_ROM
	    TRACK MODE1
	    DATAFILE "data_1"
	    ZERO 00:02:00 // post-gap

	    TRACK AUDIO
	    SILENCE 00:02:00 //	pre-gap
	    START
	    FILE "data_2.wav" 0

	    TRACK AUDIO
	    FILE "data_3.wav" 0

CUE FILES
       Cue files may be	used wherever a	toc-file is expected. The  correspond-
       ing  bin	 file  is  not taken from the FILE statement of	a cue file but
       constructed from	the cue	file name by replacing ".cue" by  ".bin".  The
       cue file	must have exactly one FILE statement.

       Currently, following track modes	are supported: MODE1/2048, MODE1/2352,
       MODE2/2336, MODE2/2352. The CATALOG, ISRC and  POSTGAP  statements  are
       parsed but not evaluated, yet.

SETTINGS
       Some of the command line	options	can be stored as settings at following
       locations. The files will be read on startup of cdrdao in that order:

       1. /usr/local/etc/cdrdao.conf

       2. $HOME/.cdrdao

       Command line options will overwrite the loaded settings.	 The  settings
       file  contains  name  - value pairs separated by	a colon. String	values
       must be enclosed	by ". The file is automatically	written	if the command
       line  option  --save is used but	it is also possible to modify it manu-
       ally. Following values are defined:

       write_device
	      Device used for operations simulate, write, copy,	 blank,	 disk-
	      info and unlock.	Corresponding option: --device

       write_driver
	      Driver  (including  driver  options) that	is used	for operations
	      simulate,	write, copy, blank, disk-info and unlock.  Correspond-
	      ing option: --driver

       write_speed
	      Specifies	writing	speed. Corresponding option: --speed

       write_buffers
	      Specifies	fifo buffers used for recording. Corresponding option:
	      --buffers

       read_device
	      Device used for operations read-toc, read-cd and	copy.	Corre-
	      sponding option: --device	or --source-device

       read_driver
	      Driver  (including driver	options) used for operations read-toc,
	      read-cd and copy.	 Corresponding option: --driver	 or  --source-
	      driver

       read_paranoia_mode
	      Paranoia mode used for operations	read-cd	and copy.  Correspond-
	      ing option: --paranoia-mode

       cddb_server_list
	      CDDB server list for read-cddb.  Corresponding  option:  --cddb-
	      servers

       cddb_timeout
	      CDDB  connection	timeout	 in seconds used by read-cddb.	Corre-
	      sponding option: --cddb-timeout

       cddb_directory
	      Local directory where fetched CDDB records will be stored,  used
	      by read-cddb.  Corresponding option: --cddb-directory

       tmp_file_dir
	      Directory	 where temporary WAV files will	be created from	decod-
	      ing MP3 and Ogg Vorbis files. Corresponding option: --tmpdir

BUGS
       If the program is terminated during the write/simulation	 process  used
       IPC  resources  may not be released. Use	ipcs(8)	and ipcrm(8) to	delete
       them.

AUTHOR
       Andreas Mueller mueller@daneb.ping.de [DEFUNCT]
       Denis Leroy <denis@poolshark.org>
       Manuel Clos <llanero@users.sourceforge.net>

SEE ALSO
       gcdmaster(1), cdrecord(1), cdda2wav(1), cdparanoia(1), sox(1), ipcs(1),
       ipcrm(1)

				 Jan 18, 2006			     CDRDAO(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | COMMANDS | OPTIONS | TOC FILES | CUE FILES | SETTINGS | BUGS | AUTHOR | SEE ALSO

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