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CAP_DNS(3)	       FreeBSD Library Functions Manual		    CAP_DNS(3)

NAME
     cap_getaddrinfo, cap_getnameinfo, cap_gethostbyname, cap_gethostbyname2,
     cap_gethostbyaddr,	cap_dns_type_limit, cap_dns_family_limit -- library
     for getting network host entry in capability mode

LIBRARY
     library "libcap_dns"

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/nv.h>
     #include <libcasper.h>
     #include <casper/cap_dns.h>

     int
     cap_getaddrinfo(cap_channel_t *chan, const	char *hostname,
	 const char *servname, const struct addrinfo *hints,
	 struct	addrinfo **res);

     int
     cap_getnameinfo(cap_channel_t *chan, const	struct sockaddr	*sa,
	 socklen_t salen, char *host, size_t hostlen, char *serv,
	 size_t	servlen, int flags);

     struct hostent *
     cap_gethostbyname(const cap_channel_t *chan, const	char *name);

     struct hostent *
     cap_gethostbyname2(const cap_channel_t *chan, const char *name, int af);

     struct hostent *
     cap_gethostbyaddr(const cap_channel_t *chan, const	void *addr,
	 socklen_t len,	int af);

     int
     cap_dns_type_limit(cap_channel_t *chan, const char	* const	*types,
	 size_t	ntypes);

     int
     cap_dns_family_limit(const	cap_channel_t *chan, const int *families,
	 size_t	nfamilies);

DESCRIPTION
     This service is obsolete and cap_net(3) should be used instead.  The
     cap_getaddrinfo(),	and cap_getnameinfo(), functions are preferred over
     the cap_gethostbyname(), cap_gethostbyname2(), and	cap_gethostbyaddr()
     functions.

     The functions cap_gethostbyname(),	cap_gethostbyname2(),
     cep_gethostbyaddr() and cap_getnameinfo() are respectively	equivalent to
     gethostbyname(3), gethostbyname2(3), gethostbyaddr(3) and getnameinfo(3)
     except that the connection	to the system.dns service needs	to be pro-
     vided.

     The cap_dns_type_limit() function limits the functions allowed in the
     service.  The types variable can be set to	ADDR2NAME or NAME2ADDR.	 See
     the LIMITS	section	for more details.  The ntpyes variable contains	the
     number of types provided.

     The cap_dns_family_limit()	functions allows to limit address families.
     For details see LIMITS.  The nfamilies variable contains the number of
     families provided.

LIMITS
     The preferred way of setting limits is to use the cap_dns_type_limit()
     and cap_dns_family_limit()	functions, but the limits of service can be
     set also using cap_limit_set(3).  The nvlist(9) for that function can
     contain the following values and types:

	   type	(NV_TYPE_STRING)
	   The type can	have two values: ADDR2NAME or NAME2ADDR.  The
	   ADDR2NAME means that	reverse	DNS lookups are	allowed	with
	   cap_getnameinfo() and cap_gethostbyaddr() functions.	 In case when
	   type	is set to NAME2ADDR the	name resolution	is allowed with
	   cap_getaddrinfo(), cap_gethostbyname(), and cap_gethostbyname2()
	   functions.

	   family (NV_TYPE_NUMBER)
	   The family limits service to	one of the address families (e.g.
	   AF_INET, AF_INET6, etc.).

EXAMPLES
     The following example first opens a capability to casper and then uses
     this capability to	create the system.dns casper service and uses it to
     resolve an	IP address.

     cap_channel_t *capcas, *capdns;
     int familylimit, error;
     const char	*ipstr = "127.0.0.1";
     const char	*typelimit = "ADDR2NAME";
     char hname[NI_MAXHOST];
     struct addrinfo hints, *res;

     /*	Open capability	to Casper. */
     capcas = cap_init();
     if	(capcas	== NULL)
	     err(1, "Unable to contact Casper");

     /*	Cache NLA for gai_strerror. */
     caph_cache_catpages();

     /*	Enter capability mode sandbox. */
     if	(caph_enter() <	0)
	     err(1, "Unable to enter capability	mode");

     /*	Use Casper capability to create	capability to the system.dns service. */
     capdns = cap_service_open(capcas, "system.dns");
     if	(capdns	== NULL)
	     err(1, "Unable to open system.dns service");

     /*	Close Casper capability, we don't need it anymore. */
     cap_close(capcas);

     /*	Limit system.dns to reserve IPv4 addresses */
     familylimit = AF_INET;
     if	(cap_dns_family_limit(capdns, &familylimit, 1) < 0)
	     err(1, "Unable to limit access to the system.dns service");

     /*	Convert	IP address in C-string to struct sockaddr. */
     memset(&hints, 0, sizeof(hints));
     hints.ai_family = familylimit;
     hints.ai_flags = AI_NUMERICHOST;
     error = cap_getaddrinfo(capdns, ipstr, NULL, &hints, &res);
     if	(error != 0)
	    errx(1, "cap_getaddrinfo():	%s: %s", ipstr,	gai_strerror(error));

     /*	Limit system.dns to reverse DNS	lookups. */
     if	(cap_dns_type_limit(capdns, &typelimit,	1) < 0)
	     err(1, "Unable to limit access to the system.dns service");

     /*	Find hostname for the given IP address.	*/
     error = cap_getnameinfo(capdns, res->ai_addr, res->ai_addrlen, hname, sizeof(hname),
	 NULL, 0, 0);
     if	(error != 0)
	     errx(1, "cap_getnameinfo(): %s: %s", ipstr, gai_strerror(error));

     printf("Name associated with %s is	%s.\n",	ipstr, hname);

SEE ALSO
     cap_enter(2), caph_enter(3), err(3), gethostbyaddr(3), gethostbyname(3),
     gethostbyname2(3),	getnameinfo(3),	capsicum(4), nv(9)

HISTORY
     The cap_dns service first appeared	in FreeBSD 10.3.

AUTHORS
     The cap_dns service was implemented by Pawel Jakub	Dawidek
     <pawel@dawidek.net> under sponsorship from	the FreeBSD Foundation.

     This manual page was written by
     Mariusz Zaborski <oshogbo@FreeBSD.org>.

FreeBSD	13.0			August 15, 2020			  FreeBSD 13.0

NAME | LIBRARY | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | LIMITS | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | AUTHORS

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