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CAM_CDBPARSE(3)        FreeBSD Library Functions Manual        CAM_CDBPARSE(3)

     csio_build, csio_build_visit, csio_decode, csio_decode_visit,
     buff_decode, buff_decode_visit, csio_encode, csio_encode_visit,
     buff_encode_visit - CAM user library SCSI buffer parsing routines

     Common Access Method User Library (libcam, -lcam)

     #include <stdio.h>
     #include <camlib.h>

     csio_build(struct ccb_scsiio *csio, u_int8_t *data_ptr,
         u_int32_t dxfer_len, u_int32_t flags, int retry_count, int timeout,
         const char *cmd_spec, ...);

     csio_build_visit(struct ccb_scsiio *csio, u_int8_t *data_ptr,
         u_int32_t dxfer_len, u_int32_t flags, int retry_count, int timeout,
         const char *cmd_spec, int (*arg_get)(void *hook, char *field_name),
         void *gethook);

     csio_decode(struct ccb_scsiio *csio, const char *fmt, ...);

     csio_decode_visit(struct ccb_scsiio *csio, const char *fmt,
         void (*arg_put)(void *hook, int letter, void *val, int count,
         char *name), void *puthook);

     buff_decode(u_int8_t *buff, size_t len, const char *fmt, ...);

     buff_decode_visit(u_int8_t *buff, size_t len, const char *fmt,
         void (*arg_put)(void *, int, void *, int, char *), void *puthook);

     csio_encode(struct ccb_scsiio *csio, const char *fmt, ...);

     csio_encode_visit(struct ccb_scsiio *csio, const char *fmt,
         int (*arg_get)(void *hook, char *field_name), void *gethook);

     buff_encode_visit(u_int8_t *buff, size_t len, const char *fmt,
         int (*arg_get)(void *hook, char *field_name), void *gethook);

     The CAM buffer/CDB encoding and decoding routines provide a relatively
     easy migration path for userland SCSI applications written with the
     similarly-named scsireq_* functions from the old FreeBSD SCSI layer.

     These functions may be used in new applications, but users may find it
     easier to use the various SCSI CCB building functions included with the
     cam(3) library.  (e.g. cam_fill_csio(), scsi_start_stop(), and

     csio_build() builds up a ccb_scsiio structure based on the information
     provided in the variable argument list.  It gracefully handles a NULL
     data_ptr argument passed to it.

     dxfer_len is the length of the data phase; the data transfer direction is
     determined by the flags argument.

     data_ptr is the data buffer used during the SCSI data phase.  If no data
     is to be transferred for the SCSI command in question, this should be set
     to NULL.  If there is data to transfer for the command, this buffer must
     be at least dxfer_len long.

     flags are the flags defined in <cam/cam_ccb.h>:

     /* Common CCB header */
     /* CAM CCB flags */
     typedef enum {
          CAM_CDB_POINTER       = 0x00000001,/* The CDB field is a pointer    */
          CAM_QUEUE_ENABLE      = 0x00000002,/* SIM queue actions are enabled */
          CAM_CDB_LINKED        = 0x00000004,/* CCB contains a linked CDB     */
          CAM_SCATTER_VALID     = 0x00000010,/* Scatter/gather list is valid  */
          CAM_DIS_AUTOSENSE     = 0x00000020,/* Disable autosense feature     */
          CAM_DIR_RESV          = 0x00000000,/* Data direction (00:reserved)  */
          CAM_DIR_IN            = 0x00000040,/* Data direction (01:DATA IN)   */
          CAM_DIR_OUT           = 0x00000080,/* Data direction (10:DATA OUT)  */
          CAM_DIR_NONE          = 0x000000C0,/* Data direction (11:no data)   */
          CAM_DIR_MASK          = 0x000000C0,/* Data direction Mask           */
          CAM_SOFT_RST_OP       = 0x00000100,/* Use Soft reset alternative    */
          CAM_ENG_SYNC          = 0x00000200,/* Flush resid bytes on complete */
          CAM_DEV_QFRZDIS       = 0x00000400,/* Disable DEV Q freezing        */
          CAM_DEV_QFREEZE       = 0x00000800,/* Freeze DEV Q on execution     */
          CAM_HIGH_POWER        = 0x00001000,/* Command takes a lot of power  */
          CAM_SENSE_PTR         = 0x00002000,/* Sense data is a pointer       */
          CAM_SENSE_PHYS        = 0x00004000,/* Sense pointer is physical addr*/
          CAM_TAG_ACTION_VALID  = 0x00008000,/* Use the tag action in this ccb*/
          CAM_PASS_ERR_RECOVER  = 0x00010000,/* Pass driver does err. recovery*/
          CAM_DIS_DISCONNECT    = 0x00020000,/* Disable disconnect            */
          CAM_SG_LIST_PHYS      = 0x00040000,/* SG list has physical addrs.   */
          CAM_MSG_BUF_PHYS      = 0x00080000,/* Message buffer ptr is physical*/
          CAM_SNS_BUF_PHYS      = 0x00100000,/* Autosense data ptr is physical*/
          CAM_DATA_PHYS         = 0x00200000,/* SG/Buffer data ptrs are phys. */
          CAM_CDB_PHYS          = 0x00400000,/* CDB pointer is physical       */
          CAM_ENG_SGLIST        = 0x00800000,/* SG list is for the HBA engine */

     /* Phase cognizant mode flags */
          CAM_DIS_AUTOSRP       = 0x01000000,/* Disable autosave/restore ptrs */
          CAM_DIS_AUTODISC      = 0x02000000,/* Disable auto disconnect       */
          CAM_TGT_CCB_AVAIL     = 0x04000000,/* Target CCB available          */
          CAM_TGT_PHASE_MODE    = 0x08000000,/* The SIM runs in phase mode    */
          CAM_MSGB_VALID        = 0x20000000,/* Message buffer valid          */
          CAM_STATUS_VALID      = 0x40000000,/* Status buffer valid           */
          CAM_DATAB_VALID       = 0x80000000,/* Data buffer valid             */

     /* Host target Mode flags */
          CAM_TERM_IO           = 0x20000000,/* Terminate I/O Message sup.    */
          CAM_DISCONNECT        = 0x40000000,/* Disconnects are mandatory     */
          CAM_SEND_STATUS       = 0x80000000,/* Send status after data phase  */
     } ccb_flags;

     Multiple flags should be ORed together.  Any of the CCB flags may be
     used, although it is worth noting several important ones here:

     CAM_DIR_IN            This indicates that the operation in question is a
                           read operation.  i.e., data is being read from the
                           SCSI device to the user-supplied buffer.

     CAM_DIR_OUT           This indicates that the operation is a write
                           operation.  i.e., data is being written from the
                           user-supplied buffer to the device.

     CAM_DIR_NONE          This indicates that there is no data to be
                           transferred for this command.

     CAM_DEV_QFRZDIS       This flag disables device queue freezing as an
                           error recovery mechanism.

     CAM_PASS_ERR_RECOVER  This flag tells the pass(4) driver to enable error
                           recovery.  The default is to not perform error
                           recovery, which means that the retry count will not
                           be honored without this flag, among other things.

     CAM_DATA_PHYS         This indicates that the address contained in
                           data_ptr is a physical address, not a virtual

     The retry_count tells the kernel how many times to retry the command in
     question.  The retry count is ignored unless the pass(4) driver is told
     to enable error recovery via the CAM_PASS_ERR_RECOVER flag.

     The timeout tells the kernel how long to wait for the given command to
     complete.  If the timeout expires and the command has not completed, the
     CCB will be returned from the kernel with an appropriate error status.

     cmd_spec is a CDB format specifier used to build up the SCSI CDB.  This
     text string is made up of a list of field specifiers.  Field specifiers
     specify the value for each CDB field (including indicating that the value
     be taken from the next argument in the variable argument list), the width
     of the field in bits or bytes, and an optional name.  White space is
     ignored, and the pound sign ('#') introduces a comment that ends at the
     end of the current line.

     The optional name is the first part of a field specifier and is in curly
     braces.  The text in curly braces in this example are the names:
           {PS} v:b1 {Reserved} 0:b1 {Page Code} v:b6 # Mode select page

     This field specifier has two one bit fields and one six bit field.  The
     second one bit field is the constant value 0 and the first one bit field
     and the six bit field are taken from the variable argument list.  Multi
     byte fields are swapped into the SCSI byte order in the CDB and white
     space is ignored.

     When the field is a hex value or the letter v, (e.g., 1A or v) then a
     single byte value is copied to the next unused byte of the CDB.  When the
     letter v is used the next integer argument is taken from the variable
     argument list and that value used.

     A constant hex value followed by a field width specifier or the letter v
     followed by a field width specifier (e.g., 3:4, 3:b4, 3:i3, v:i3)
     specifies a field of a given bit or byte width.  Either the constant
     value or (for the V specifier) the next integer value from the variable
     argument list is copied to the next unused bits or bytes of the CDB.

     A decimal number or the letter b followed by a decimal number field width
     indicates a bit field of that width.  The bit fields are packed as
     tightly as possible beginning with the high bit (so that it reads the
     same as the SCSI spec), and a new byte of the CDB is started whenever a
     byte fills completely or when an i field is encountered.

     A field width specifier consisting of the letter i followed by either 1,
     2, 3 or 4 indicates a 1, 2, 3 or 4 byte integral value that must be
     swapped into SCSI byte order (MSB first).

     For the v field specifier the next integer argument is taken from the
     variable argument list and that value is used swapped into SCSI byte

     csio_build_visit() operates similarly to csio_build(), except that the
     values to substitute for variable arguments in cmd_spec are retrieved via
     the arg_get() function passed in to csio_build_visit() instead of via
     stdarg(3).  The arg_get() function takes two arguments:

     gethook     is passed into the arg_get() function at each invocation.
                 This enables the arg_get() function to keep some state in
                 between calls without using global or static variables.

     field_name  is the field name supplied in fmt, if any.

     csio_decode() is used to decode information from the data in phase of the
     SCSI transfer.

     The decoding is similar to the command specifier processing of
     csio_build() except that the data is extracted from the data pointed to
     by csio-_data_ptr.  The stdarg list should be pointers to integers
     instead of integer values.  A seek field type and a suppression modifier
     are added.  The * suppression modifier (e.g., *i3 or *b4) suppresses
     assignment from the field and can be used to skip over bytes or bits in
     the data, without having to copy them to a dummy variable in the arg

     The seek field type s permits you to skip over data.  This seeks to an
     absolute position (s3) or a relative position (s+3) in the data, based on
     whether or not the presence of the '+' sign.  The seek value can be
     specified as v and the next integer value from the argument list will be
     used as the seek value.

     csio_decode_visit() operates like csio_decode() except that instead of
     placing the decoded contents of the buffer in variadic arguments, the
     decoded buffer contents are returned to the user via the arg_put()
     function that is passed in.  The arg_put() function takes several

     hook    The "hook" is a mechanism to allow the arg_put() function to save
             state in between calls.

     letter  is the letter describing the format of the argument being passed
             into the function.

     val     is a void pointer to the value being passed into the function.

     count   is the size of the value being passed into the arg_put()
             function.  The argument format determines the unit of measure.

     name    This is a text description of the field, if one was provided in
             the fmt.

     buff_decode() decodes an arbitrary data buffer using the method described
     above for csio_decode().

     buff_decode_visit() decodes an arbitrary data buffer using the method
     described above for csio_decode_visit().

     csio_encode() encodes the data_ptr portion (not the CDB!) of a ccb_scsiio
     structure, using the method described above for csio_build().

     csio_encode_visit() encodes the data_ptr portion (not the CDB!) of a
     ccb_scsiio structure, using the method described above for

     buff_encode_visit() encodes an arbitrary data pointer, using the method
     described above for csio_build_visit().

     csio_build(), csio_build_visit(), csio_encode(), csio_encode_visit(), and
     buff_encode_visit() return the number of fields processed.

     csio_decode(), csio_decode_visit(), buff_decode(), and
     buff_decode_visit() return the number of assignments performed.

     cam(3), pass(4), camcontrol(8)

     The CAM versions of these functions are based upon similar functions
     implemented for the old FreeBSD SCSI layer.  The encoding/decoding
     functions in the old SCSI code were written by Peter Dufault.

     Many systems have comparable interfaces to permit a user to construct a
     SCSI command in user space.

     The old scsireq data structure was almost identical to the SGI /dev/scsi
     data structure.  If anyone knows the name of the authors it should go
     here; Peter Dufault first read about it in a 1989 Sun Expert magazine.

     The new CCB data structures are derived from the CAM-2 and CAM-3

     Peter Dufault implemented a clone of SGI's interface in 386BSD that led
     to the original FreeBSD SCSI library and the related kernel ioctl.  If
     anyone needs that for compatibility contact

     Kenneth Merry implemented the CAM versions of these encoding and decoding
     functions.  This current work is based upon earlier work by Peter

     There should probably be a function that encodes both the CDB and the
     data buffer portions of a SCSI CCB.  I discovered this while implementing
     the arbitrary command execution code in camcontrol(8), but I have not yet
     had time to implement such a function.

     Some of the CCB flag descriptions really do not belong here.  Rather they
     belong in a generic CCB man page.  Since that man page has not yet been
     written, the shorter descriptions here will have to suffice.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE        October 13, 1998        FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE


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