Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages


home | help
C2PS(1)			    General Commands Manual		       C2PS(1)

       c2ps - converts a file with C/C++ code to Postscript

       c2ps  [	-?h124abceikmnruvwx  ] [ -F defaultfont	] [ -C commentfont ] [
       -K keywordfont ]	[ -N lnumberfont ] [ -P	preprocfont ] [	 -S stringfont
       ]  [ -T typefont	] [ -U functionfont ] [	-X nonlatinfont	] [ -d dim ] [
       -f fontsize ] [ -l lines	] [ -p paper ] [ -o outputfile ] [ -s space  ]
       [  -t tabsize  ]	 [ -_  fun_highlight ] [ -DPREPROC_VAR ...  ] [	-UPRE-
       PROC_VAR	...  ] [ file ...  ]

       Converts	the specified file(s) containing C/C++ code to Postscript out-
       put conforming to the Adobe Structuring Conventions.

       If no input file	is specified then input	is accepted from stdin.	 Post-
       script output is	directed to stdout unless you specify an output	 file.
       The actual output page may be out with one, two or four columns.

       Supported paper types are A4 and	Letter.

       Tabs  in	the input stream are expanded (by default) by blank characters
       to the closest modulo 8 position. You can  specify  your	 own  constant
       number of blanks	different from 8 for a tab to expand.

       A formfeed (^L) character makes the converter move to the next column.

       By  default,  C/C++  constructs are highlighted with following standard
       fonts presented on every	Postscript printer:

	    Preprocessor directives  Courier-BoldOblique

	    Comments		     Helvetica-Oblique

	    Strings		     Courier-Oblique

	    Keywords		     Courier-Bold

	    Line numbers	     Times-Roman

	    Types		     Courier-Bold

	    Function identificators  Bookman-LightItalic

       The rest	is printed with	Courier	(default  font).  If  highlighting  is
       disabled	 only the default font is used to print	the read code (but not
       line numbers).

       Comments	may be printed dimmed to a configurable	degree in a  way  that
       allows  reader  to concentrate mainly on	the source itself referring to
       comments	only when needed.

       c2ps has	basic preprocessor capabilities. You may define/undefine  pre-
       processor  variables  in	 the  command  line.   c2ps will neglect those
       pieces of code that are cut out by the preprocessor given a set of men-
       tioned variables.

       By  default, on each column c2ps	draws an alphabetic index of all func-
       tion id definitions with	locations, scanned from	the beginning  of  the
       file being printed.  As the number of these id's	grows the font used to
       print the index may get smaller in order	to  accommodate	 all  the  en-

       Occasionally, function index is drawn upon already printed source code.
       To cope with this you can either	cancel the index option	or use smaller

       All  the	 read symbols with codes 128..255 (0x80..0xff) are printed es-
       caped so	that c2ps output is all	clean 7-bit ascii and can be sent over
       the Internet without uuencoding.

       You  can	 easily	 print source including	fragments in Cyrillic, Hebrew,
       Arabic etc.  which may be found in string  and/or  comments  if	you're
       printing	 C/C++ code and	anywhere otherwise. You	just need a postscript
       font with encoding corresponding	to the one that	is used	in  the	 above
       fragments.  If there's no suitable built-in font	in your	PS printer you
       will have to prepend one	to c2ps	output.

       If the symbols from the both halves of the code table  are  implemented
       in your PS font,	you may	simply use it to print any constructs that in-
       clude 8-bit text	(don't forget to disable ISO Latin 1 font reencoding).
       Otherwise, with only upper half symbols (with codes > 127(0x7f))	imple-
       mented, there is	an option to set a font	to  print  specifically	 these
       symbols	leaving	 the rest to be	printed	by either default or newly set

       Also, as	much as	we know	there exists a version	of  c2ps  modified  to
       support	Chinese	 (Hanja) and Korean (Hangul). An address of the	imple-
       mentor is on the	c2ps web page.

       This is a manual	page for c2ps ver4.0

       -? -h  Print usage message.

       -1     Specify single column per	page output - default (portrait).

       -2     Specify two columns per page output (1/2 size, landscape).

       -4     Specifiy four columns per	page output (1/4 size, portrait).

       -a     Disable adjusted multiple	lines comments printing.

       -b     Disable drawing a	box containing alphabetic index	 of  functions
	      scanned from the beginning of the	file.

       -c     Disable C/C++ construct highlighting.

       -e     Disable  printing	 entry/exit  function  name  in	 the  column's

       -i     Disable ISO 8859-1 (ISO Latin 1) character encoding.

       -k     Use standard set of keywords rather than extended	one.

       -m     When printing a file use the date	of printing instead of	file's
	      last modification	date.

       -n     Disable line numbering.

       -r     Draw a frame round each column.

       -u     Disable drawing header at	the top	of each	column.

       -v     Print current version.

       -w     Disable  wrapping	 too  wide  lines onto following lines.	 Note,
	      that when	wrapping is enabled the	maximum	number	of  characters
	      in  line	printed	 with any font is the number of	the same point
	      size Courier characters that may appear in single	 line  without
	      crossing column's	border.

       -x     Automatically  toggle C/C++ highlight flag for each file accord-
	      ing to its extension.  ( Applicable extensions  include	.c  .h
	      .cc .hh .cpp .hpp	)

       -F defaultfont
	      Use defaultfont as default font.

       -C commentfont
	       Use commentfont to print	comments.

       -K keywordfont
	      Use keywordfont to print keywords.

       -N lnumberfont
	      Use lnumberfont to print line numbers.

       -P preprocfont
	      Use preprocfont to print preprocessor directives.

       -S stringfont
	      Use stringfont to	print strings.

       -T typefont
	      Use typefont to print types.

       -U functionfont
	      Use functionfont to print	function identificators	being defined.

       -X nonlatinfont
	      Use  nonlatinfont	 to  print all symbols with codes > 127(0x7f).
	      ISO Latin	1 encoding is automatically cancelled.

       -d dim Print comments dimmed with the coefficient dim.
	       ( black:	0.0 <= dim <= 1.0 :white ). Default is 0.75.   So  you
	      can actually get rid of the comments in your printout by setting
	      dim coef.	to 1.0

       -f pointsize
	      Use pointsize -scaled fonts ( 10 - default ).

       -l lines
	      Make converter start a  new  column  after  each	set  of	 lines
	      printed lines. You may want to use the resulted at the bottom of
	      the column white space for notes if the space on	the  right  is
	      not sufficient.

       -p paper
	      Paper type specification ( A4 - default, Letter ).

       -s points
	      Leave points * 1/72 inch space between lines ( 0.0 - default ).

       -t tabsize
	      Expand  each read	tab with blanks	to a next modulo tabsize posi-
	      tion ( 8 - default ).

       -_  fun_highlight
	      Specify function id highlighting type ( none, box,  underline  -
	      default ).


	      You  may define or undefine preprocessor variables in a standard
	      compiler option fashion.

	       +/-: printed/not	printed	by c2ps
	       column 1: for variable X	not mentioned in command line
	       column 2: for variable X	defined
	       column 3: for variable X	undefined

		 1  2  3
		 +  -  -    #ifdef X
		 +  +  -      C/C++ code (+ preprocessor directives)
		 +  -  -    #else
		 +  -  +      C/C++ code (+ preprocessor directives)
		 +  -  -    #endif

	      Similarly	for #ifndef, just switch columns 2 and 3.

       Multiple	files
	  c2ps *.c *.h | lpr

       Ordinary	text
	  c2ps note.txt	-c -n -u >

       ISO Latin 1 font	reencoding by default
	  c2ps -2 -c -n	-F Times-Roman german.txt >

       A different look
	  c2ps -F Times-Roman -C Palatino-BoldItalic -K	Times-Bold
	       -N Helvetica -P Helvetica-Bold -S Times-Italic
	       -T Times-BoldItalic -_ box -w sample.c >

       An option set looking better on low resolution printers
	  c2ps -d 0 -C Palatino-Italic >

       Partial preprocessing, selective	printing
	  c2ps -DDEBUG -DSUN_SPECIFIC -UPRINT *.cc | lpr

       Temporarily commented out code (still looks like	a part of the code but
       a little	bit dimmed)
	  c2ps -C Courier -d 0.5 temp.c	-o

       Getting rid of comments
	  c2ps -_ box -d 1 | lpr

       Printing	8-bit text (e.g. Cyrillic, koi-8 encoding)
	  c2ps -i -C Antique-Italic -S Antique > tmp
	  cat Antique-Italic.pfa Antique.pfa tmp | lpr

	  c2ps -i -c -n	-F Antique > tmp
	  cat Antique.pfa tmp |	lpr

	  c2ps -X Cyrillic-Italic-koi8 > tmp
	  cat tmp | lpr

       c2ps  is	generally quite	stable.	Howerver, if you encounter any problem
       using it, please, send a	report to:

       Last version of c2ps is located at

       enscript, vgrind, troff,	pprint,	a2ps

       We would	like to	thank Prof. Daniel Berry of the	Technion who  has  su-
       pervised	 this project at its beginning for numerous most useful	recom-
       mendations.  Also, we are very thankful for many	suggestions, proposals
       and of course bug reports that have been	received.

       Dmitri Shtilman
       Dmitri Makarov

				  15 May 1997			       C2PS(1)


Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:

home | help