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alpine(1)		    General Commands Manual		     alpine(1)

NAME
       alpine -	an Alternatively Licensed Program for Internet News and	Email

SYNTAX
       alpine [	options	] [ address , address ]

       alpinef [ options ] [ address , address ]

DESCRIPTION
       Alpine is a screen-oriented message-handling tool.  In its default con-
       figuration, Alpine offers an intentionally  limited  set	 of  functions
       geared toward the novice	user, but it also has a	large list of optional
       "power-user" and	personal-preference features.  alpinef is a variant of
       Alpine  that uses function keys rather than mnemonic single-letter com-
       mands.  Alpine's	basic feature set includes:

	      View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.

	      Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap	and  a
	      spelling	checker.   Messages may	be postponed for later comple-
	      tion.

	      Full-screen selection and	management of message folders.

	      Address book to keep a  list  of	long  or  frequently-used  ad-
	      dresses.	Personal distribution lists may	be defined.  Addresses
	      may be taken into	the address book from  incoming	 mail  without
	      retyping them.

	      New  mail	 checking  and notification occurs automatically every
	      2.5 minutes and  after  certain  commands,  e.g.	refresh-screen
	      (Ctrl-L).

	      On-line, context-sensitive help screens.

       Alpine supports MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail	Extensions), an	Inter-
       net Standard for	representing multipart and multimedia data  in	email.
       Alpine allows you to save MIME objects to files,	and in some cases, can
       also initiate the correct program for viewing the object.  It uses  the
       system's	 mailcap  configuration	 file  to  determine  what program can
       process a particular MIME object	type.  Alpine's	message	composer  does
       not  have  integral  multimedia	capability,  but any type of data file
       --including multimedia--	can be attached	to a text message and sent us-
       ing  MIME's  encoding rules.  This allows any group of individuals with
       MIME-capable mail software (e.g.	Alpine,	PC-Alpine, or many other  pro-
       grams)  to  exchange  formatted	documents, spread-sheets, image	files,
       etc, via	Internet email.

       Alpine uses the c-client	messaging API to access	local and remote  mail
       folders.	 This library provides a variety of low-level message-handling
       functions, including drivers for	a variety of different mail file  for-
       mats, as	well as	routines to access remote mail and news	servers, using
       IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and NNTP	(Network  News	Trans-
       port  Protocol).	  Outgoing  mail  is  usually posted directly via SMTP
       (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).

OPTIONS
       The command line	options/arguments are:

       address		   Send	mail to	address.  This will cause Alpine to go
			   directly into the message composer.

       -attach file	   Send	mail with the listed file as an	attachment.

       -attachlist file-list
			   Send	 mail  with the	listed file-list as an attach-
			   ments.

       -attach_and_delete file
			   Send	mail with the listed file  as  an  attachment,
			   and remove the file after the message is sent.

       -aux local_directory
			   PC-Alpine  only.  When using	a remote configuration
			   (-p <remote_config>)	this tells PC-Alpine the local
			   directory  to use for storing auxiliary files, like
			   debug files,	address	books, and signature files.

       -bail		   Exit	if the pinerc file does	not exist. This	 might
			   be useful if	the config file	is accessed using some
			   remote filesystem protocol. If the remote mount  is
			   missing  this  will cause Alpine to quit instead of
			   creating a new pinerc.

       -c context-number   context-number is the number	corresponding  to  the
			   folder-collection  to which the -f command line ar-
			   gument should be applied.  By default the -f	 argu-
			   ment	is applied to the first	defined	folder-collec-
			   tion.

       -conf		   Produce a sample/fresh copy of the system-wide con-
			   figuration  file, alpine.conf, on the standard out-
			   put.	This is	distinct  from	the  per-user  .pinerc
			   file.

       -convert_sigs -p	pinerc
			   Convert signature files into	literal	signatures.

       -copy_abook <local_abook> <remote_abook>
			   Copy	 the  local  address book file to a remote ad-
			   dress book folder.

       -copy_pinerc <local_pinerc> <remote_pinerc>
			   Copy	the local  pinerc  file	 to  a	remote	pinerc
			   folder.

       -d debug-level	   Output  diagnostic info at debug-level (0-9)	to the
			   current .pine-debug[1-4] file.  A value of 0	 turns
			   debugging off and suppresses	the .pine-debug	file.

       -d key[=val]	   Fine	 tuned	output	of  diagnostic	messages where
			   "flush" causes debug	file writing  without  buffer-
			   ing,	 "timestamp" appends each message with a time-
			   stamp, "imap=n" where n is between 0	and  4	repre-
			   senting  none  to verbose IMAP telemetry reporting,
			   "numfiles=n"	where n	is between  0  and  31	corre-
			   sponding  to	the number of debug files to maintain,
			   and "verbose=n" where n is between 0	and 9 indicat-
			   ing an inverse threshold for	message	output.

       -f folder	   Open	 folder	 (in  first defined folder collection,
			   use -c n to specify another collection) instead  of
			   INBOX.

       -F file		   Open	  named	 text  file  and  view	with  Alpine's
			   browser.

       -h		   Help: list valid command-line options.

       -i		   Start up in the FOLDER INDEX	screen.

       -I keystrokes	   Initial (comma separated list of) keystrokes	 which
			   Alpine should execute on startup.

       -install		   For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to
			   prompt for some basic setup information,  then  ex-
			   its.

       -k		   Use function	keys for commands. This	is the same as
			   running the command alpinef.

       -n number	   Start up with current message-number	set to number.

       -nowrite_password_cache
			   Read	from a password	cache if  there	 is  one,  but
			   never offer to write	a password to the cache

       -o		   Open	first folder read-only.

       -p config-file	   Use	config-file as the personal configuration file
			   instead of the default .pinerc.

       -P config-file	   Use config-file as the configuration	 file  instead
			   of	 default    system-wide	  configuration	  file
			   alpine.conf.

       -passfile _fully-qualified-path_
			   When	password file support is compiled in, use  the
			   file	specified in _fully-qualified-path_ instead of
			   the default.

       -pinerc file	   Output fresh	pinerc configuration to	file, preserv-
			   ing	the  settings  of  variables that the user has
			   made.  Use file set to ``-''	to make	output	go  to
			   standard out.

       -pwdcertdir _fully-qualified-path_
			   When	 SMIME	and password file support are compiled
			   in, this variable sets the directory	to store  your
			   personal key	and certificate	to encrypt and decrypt
			   your	password file.

       -r		   Use restricted/demo mode.  Alpine  will  only  send
			   mail	 to  itself and	functions like save and	export
			   are restricted.

       -registry cmd	   For PC-Alpine only, this option affects the	values
			   of  Alpine's	registry entries.  Possible values for
			   cmd are set,	clear, and dump.  Set will always  re-
			   set Alpine's	registry entries according to its cur-
			   rent	settings.  Clear will clear the	registry  val-
			   ues.	  Clearsilent will silently clear the registry
			   values.  Dump will display the  values  of  current
			   registry  settings.	 Note that the dump command is
			   currently disabled.	Without	the -registry  option,
			   PC-Alpine  will write values	into the registry only
			   if there currently aren't any values	set.

       -smimedir _fully-qualified-path_
			   If SMIME is compiled	in, this argument sets the di-
			   rectory  where the public, private, and certificate
			   authorities certificates and	keys  are  stored.  If
			   not	 set  by  the  command	line  the  default  is
			   ~/.alpine-smime

       -sort order	   Sort	the FOLDER INDEX display in one	of the follow-
			   ing	orders:	 arrival,  date, subject, orderedsubj,
			   thread, from, size, score, to, cc, or reverse.  Ar-
			   rival order is the default.	The OrderedSubj	choice
			   simulates a threaded	sort.  Any  sort  may  be  re-
			   versed by adding /reverse to	it.  Reverse by	itself
			   is the same as arrival/reverse.

       -supported	   Some	options	may or may not be supported  depending
			   on  how  Alpine was compiled.  This is a way	to de-
			   termine which options are supported in the particu-
			   lar copy of Alpine you are using.

       -uninstall	   For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to
			   remove references to	Alpine in Windows settings.

       -url url		   Open	the given url.	Cannot be used with -f	or  -F
			   options.

       -v		   Version: Print version information.

       -version		   Version: Print version information.

       -x config	   Use configuration exceptions	in config.  Exceptions
			   are used to override	your default  pinerc  settings
			   for a particular platform, can be a local file or a
			   remote folder.

       -z		   Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so alpine may be suspended.

       -option=value	   Assign value	to the config option option e.g. -sig-
			   nature-file=sig1 or -feature-list=signature-at-bot-
			   tom (Note: feature-list values are additive)

CONFIGURATION
       There are several levels	of Alpine configuration.  Configuration	values
       at  a  given  level over-ride corresponding values at lower levels.  In
       order of	increasing precedence:

	o built-in defaults.
	o system-wide alpine.conf file.
	o personal .pinerc file	(may be	set via	built-in Setup/Config menu.)
	o command-line options.
	o system-wide alpine.conf.fixed	file.

       There is	one exception to the rule that configuration  values  are  re-
       placed by the value of the same option in a higher-precedence file: the
       feature-list variable has values	that are additive, but can be  negated
       by prepending "no-" in front of an individual feature name. Unix	Alpine
       also uses the following environment variables:

	 TERM
	 DISPLAY     (determines if Alpine can display IMAGE attachments.)
	 SHELL	     (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
	 MAILCAPS    (semicolon	delimited list of path names to	mailcap	files)

FILES
       /usr/spool/mail/xxxx	   Default folder for incoming mail.
       ~/mail			   Default directory for mail folders.
       ~/.addressbook		   Default address book	file.
       ~/.signature		   File	used for signature, appended to	 every
       message.
       ~/.pine-debug[1-4]	   Diagnostic log for debugging.
       ~/.pinerc		   Personal alpine config file.
       ~/.pine-crash		   Debug information useful to debug a crash.
       ~/.newsrc		   News	subscription/state file.
       ~/.mailcap		   Personal mail capabilities file.
       ~/.mime.types		   Personal  file  extension to	MIME type map-
       ping
       /etc/mailcap		   System-wide mail capabilities file.
       /etc/mime.types		   System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
       /usr/local/etc/pine.info	   Local pointer to system administrator.
       /usr/local/etc/alpine.conf  System-wide configuration file.
       /usr/local/etc/alpine.conf.fixed	Non-overridable	configuration file.
       ~/.alpine-smime/ca	   Directory that contains Certificate Author-
       ity files.
       ~/.alpine-smime/private	   Directory that contains private key(s).
       ~/.alpine-smime/public	   Directory that contains public key(s).
       /tmp/.\usr\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
       ~/.pine-interrupted-mail	   Message which was interrupted.
       ~/mail/postponed-msgs	   For postponed messages (drafts)
       ~/mail/sent-mail		   Outgoing message archive (FCC).
       ~/mail/saved-messages	   Default destination for Saving messages.

SEE ALSO
       pico(1),	 binmail(1),  aliases(5),  mailaddr(7),	sendmail(8), spell(1),
       imapd(8)

       Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine

       Mailing List:
       Alpine-info, at https://www.washington.edu/alpine/alpine-info/

       Main Alpine distribution	site:
       http://patches.freeiz.com/alpine/release/

       Alpine Technical	Notes, included	in the source distribution.

       C-Client	messaging API library, included	in the source distribution.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       This software is	the result of the contribution of many individuals
       who have	dedicated their	time to	support, improve and suggest ways
       to improve Alpine through the years. This software would	not be
       possible	without	the support of the University of Washington in
       Seattle,	Washington. The	Alpine community extends its most sincere
       thanks to all contributors and invites everyone to join in and
       contribute to this project.

				 Version 2.21			     alpine(1)

NAME | SYNTAX | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | CONFIGURATION | FILES | SEE ALSO | ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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