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alpine(1)		    General Commands Manual		     alpine(1)

NAME
       alpine -	an Alternatively Licensed Program for Internet News and	Email

SYNTAX
       alpine [	options	] [ address , address ]

       alpinef [ options ] [ address , address ]

DESCRIPTION
       Alpine is a screen-oriented message-handling tool.  In its default con-
       figuration, Alpine offers an intentionally  limited  set	 of  functions
       geared toward the novice	user, but it also has a	large list of optional
       "power-user" and	personal-preference features.  alpinef is a variant of
       Alpine  that uses function keys rather than mnemonic single-letter com-
       mands.  Alpine's	basic feature set includes:

	      View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.

	      Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap	and  a
	      spelling	checker.   Messages may	be postponed for later comple-
	      tion.

	      Full-screen selection and	management of message folders.

	      Address  book  to	 keep  a  list	of  long  or   frequently-used
	      addresses.    Personal   distribution   lists  may  be  defined.
	      Addresses	may be taken into the address book from	incoming  mail
	      without retyping them.

	      New  mail	 checking  and notification occurs automatically every
	      2.5 minutes and  after  certain  commands,  e.g.	refresh-screen
	      (Ctrl-L).

	      On-line, context-sensitive help screens.

       Alpine supports MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail	Extensions), an	Inter-
       net Standard for	representing multipart and multimedia data  in	email.
       Alpine allows you to save MIME objects to files,	and in some cases, can
       also initiate the correct program for viewing the object.  It uses  the
       system's	 mailcap  configuration	 file  to  determine  what program can
       process a particular MIME object	type.  Alpine's	message	composer  does
       not  have  integral  multimedia	capability,  but any type of data file
       --including multimedia--	can be attached	to a  text  message  and  sent
       using MIME's encoding rules.  This allows any group of individuals with
       MIME-capable mail software (e.g.	Alpine,	PC-Alpine, or many other  pro-
       grams)  to  exchange  formatted	documents, spread-sheets, image	files,
       etc, via	Internet email.

       Alpine uses the c-client	messaging API to access	local and remote  mail
       folders.	 This library provides a variety of low-level message-handling
       functions, including drivers for	a variety of different mail file  for-
       mats, as	well as	routines to access remote mail and news	servers, using
       IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and NNTP	(Network  News	Trans-
       port  Protocol).	  Outgoing  mail  is  usually posted directly via SMTP
       (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).

OPTIONS
       The command line	options/arguments are:

       address		   Send	mail to	address.  This will cause Alpine to go
			   directly into the message composer.

       -attach file	   Send	mail with the listed file as an	attachment.

       -attachlist file-list
			   Send	 mail  with the	listed file-list as an attach-
			   ments.

       -attach_and_delete file
			   Send	mail with the listed file  as  an  attachment,
			   and remove the file after the message is sent.

       -aux local_directory
			   PC-Alpine  only.  When using	a remote configuration
			   (-p <remote_config>)	this tells PC-Alpine the local
			   directory  to use for storing auxiliary files, like
			   debug files,	address	books, and signature files.

       -bail		   Exit	if the pinerc file does	not exist. This	 might
			   be useful if	the config file	is accessed using some
			   remote filesystem protocol. If the remote mount  is
			   missing  this  will cause Alpine to quit instead of
			   creating a new pinerc.

       -c context-number   context-number is the number	corresponding  to  the
			   folder-collection  to  which	 the  -f  command line
			   argument should be  applied.	  By  default  the  -f
			   argument  is	 applied  to the first defined folder-
			   collection.

       -conf		   Produce a sample/fresh copy of the system-wide con-
			   figuration  file, alpine.conf, on the standard out-
			   put.	This is	distinct  from	the  per-user  .pinerc
			   file.

       -convert_sigs -p	pinerc
			   Convert signature files into	literal	signatures.

       -copy_abook <local_abook> <remote_abook>
			   Copy	 the  local  address  book  file  to  a	remote
			   address book	folder.

       -copy_pinerc <local_pinerc> <remote_pinerc>
			   Copy	the local  pinerc  file	 to  a	remote	pinerc
			   folder.

       -d debug-level	   Output  diagnostic info at debug-level (0-9)	to the
			   current .pine-debug[1-4] file.  A value of 0	 turns
			   debugging off and suppresses	the .pine-debug	file.

       -d key[=val]	   Fine	 tuned	output	of  diagnostic	messages where
			   "flush" causes debug	file writing  without  buffer-
			   ing,	 "timestamp" appends each message with a time-
			   stamp, "imap=n" where n is between 0	and  4	repre-
			   senting  none  to verbose IMAP telemetry reporting,
			   "numfiles=n"	where n	is between  0  and  31	corre-
			   sponding  to	the number of debug files to maintain,
			   and "verbose=n" where n is between 0	and 9 indicat-
			   ing an inverse threshold for	message	output.

       -f folder	   Open	 folder	 (in  first defined folder collection,
			   use -c n to specify another collection) instead  of
			   INBOX.

       -F file		   Open	  named	 text  file  and  view	with  Alpine's
			   browser.

       -h		   Help: list valid command-line options.

       -i		   Start up in the FOLDER INDEX	screen.

       -I keystrokes	   Initial (comma separated list of) keystrokes	 which
			   Alpine should execute on startup.

       -install		   For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to
			   prompt  for	some  basic  setup  information,  then
			   exits.

       -k		   Use function	keys for commands. This	is the same as
			   running the command alpinef.

       -n number	   Start up with current message-number	set to number.

       -nowrite_password_cache
			   Read	from a password	cache if  there	 is  one,  but
			   never offer to write	a password to the cache

       -o		   Open	first folder read-only.

       -p config-file	   Use	config-file as the personal configuration file
			   instead of the default .pinerc.

       -P config-file	   Use config-file as the configuration	 file  instead
			   of	 default    system-wide	  configuration	  file
			   alpine.conf.

       -passfile _fully-qualified-path_
			   When	password file support is compiled in, use  the
			   file	specified in _fully-qualified-path_ instead of
			   the default.

       -pinerc file	   Output fresh	pinerc configuration to	file, preserv-
			   ing	the  settings  of  variables that the user has
			   made.  Use file set to ``-''	to make	output	go  to
			   standard out.

       -pwdcertdir _fully-qualified-path_
			   When	 SMIME	and password file support are compiled
			   in, this variable sets the directory	to store  your
			   personal key	and certificate	to encrypt and decrypt
			   your	password file.

       -r		   Use restricted/demo mode.  Alpine  will  only  send
			   mail	 to  itself and	functions like save and	export
			   are restricted.

       -registry cmd	   For PC-Alpine only, this option affects the	values
			   of  Alpine's	registry entries.  Possible values for
			   cmd are set,	clear,	and  dump.   Set  will	always
			   reset  Alpine's  registry  entries according	to its
			   current settings.  Clear will  clear	 the  registry
			   values.   Clearsilent  will silently	clear the reg-
			   istry values.  Dump will display the	values of cur-
			   rent	registry settings.  Note that the dump command
			   is  currently  disabled.   Without  the   -registry
			   option,  PC-Alpine  will write values into the reg-
			   istry only if there	currently  aren't  any	values
			   set.

       -smimedir _fully-qualified-path_
			   If  SMIME  is  compiled  in,	this argument sets the
			   directory where the public, private,	 and  certifi-
			   cate	 authorities certificates and keys are stored.
			   If not set by  the  command	line  the  default  is
			   ~/.alpine-smime

       -sort order	   Sort	the FOLDER INDEX display in one	of the follow-
			   ing orders: arrival,	 date,	subject,  orderedsubj,
			   thread,  from,  size,  score,  to,  cc, or reverse.
			   Arrival order  is  the  default.   The  OrderedSubj
			   choice  simulates a threaded	sort.  Any sort	may be
			   reversed by adding  /reverse	 to  it.   Reverse  by
			   itself is the same as arrival/reverse.

       -supported	   Some	 options may or	may not	be supported depending
			   on how Alpine was  compiled.	  This	is  a  way  to
			   determine  which  options are supported in the par-
			   ticular copy	of Alpine you are using.

       -uninstall	   For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to
			   remove references to	Alpine in Windows settings.

       -url url		   Open	 the  given url.  Cannot be used with -f or -F
			   options.

       -v		   Version: Print version information.

       -version		   Version: Print version information.

       -x config	   Use configuration exceptions	in config.  Exceptions
			   are	used  to override your default pinerc settings
			   for a particular platform, can be a local file or a
			   remote folder.

       -z		   Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so alpine may be suspended.

       -option=value	   Assign value	to the config option option e.g. -sig-
			   nature-file=sig1 or -feature-list=signature-at-bot-
			   tom (Note: feature-list values are additive)

CONFIGURATION
       There are several levels	of Alpine configuration.  Configuration	values
       at a given level	over-ride corresponding	values at  lower  levels.   In
       order of	increasing precedence:

	o built-in defaults.
	o system-wide alpine.conf file.
	o personal .pinerc file	(may be	set via	built-in Setup/Config menu.)
	o command-line options.
	o system-wide alpine.conf.fixed	file.

       There  is  one  exception  to  the  rule	 that configuration values are
       replaced	by the value of	the same option	in a  higher-precedence	 file:
       the  feature-list  variable  has	 values	 that are additive, but	can be
       negated by prepending "no-" in front of	an  individual	feature	 name.
       Unix Alpine also	uses the following environment variables:

	 TERM
	 DISPLAY     (determines if Alpine can display IMAGE attachments.)
	 SHELL	     (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
	 MAILCAPS    (semicolon	delimited list of path names to	mailcap	files)

FILES
       /usr/spool/mail/xxxx	   Default folder for incoming mail.
       ~/mail			   Default directory for mail folders.
       ~/.addressbook		   Default address book	file.
       ~/.signature		   File	 used for signature, appended to every
       message.
       ~/.pine-debug[1-4]	   Diagnostic log for debugging.
       ~/.pinerc		   Personal alpine config file.
       ~/.pine-crash		   Debug information useful to debug a crash.
       ~/.newsrc		   News	subscription/state file.
       ~/.mailcap		   Personal mail capabilities file.
       ~/.mime.types		   Personal file extension to MIME  type  map-
       ping
       /etc/mailcap		   System-wide mail capabilities file.
       /etc/mime.types		   System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
       /usr/local/etc/pine.info	   Local pointer to system administrator.
       /usr/local/etc/alpine.conf  System-wide configuration file.
       /usr/local/etc/alpine.conf.fixed	Non-overridable	configuration file.
       ~/.alpine-smime/ca	   Directory that contains Certificate Author-
       ity files.
       ~/.alpine-smime/private	   Directory that contains private key(s).
       ~/.alpine-smime/public	   Directory that contains public key(s).
       /tmp/.\usr\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
       ~/.pine-interrupted-mail	   Message which was interrupted.
       ~/mail/postponed-msgs	   For postponed messages (drafts)
       ~/mail/sent-mail		   Outgoing message archive (FCC).
       ~/mail/saved-messages	   Default destination for Saving messages.

SEE ALSO
       pico(1),	binmail(1), aliases(5),	 mailaddr(7),  sendmail(8),  spell(1),
       imapd(8)

       Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine

       Mailing List:
       Alpine-info, at https://www.washington.edu/alpine/alpine-info/

       Main Alpine distribution	site:
       http://patches.freeiz.com/alpine/release/

       Alpine Technical	Notes, included	in the source distribution.

       C-Client	messaging API library, included	in the source distribution.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       This software is	the result of the contribution of many individuals
       who have	dedicated their	time to	support, improve and suggest ways
       to improve Alpine through the years. This software would	not be
       possible	without	the support of the University of Washington in
       Seattle,	Washington. The	Alpine community extends its most sincere
       thanks to all contributors and invites everyone to join in and
       contribute to this project.

				 Version 2.21			     alpine(1)

NAME | SYNTAX | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | CONFIGURATION | FILES | SEE ALSO | ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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