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aee(1)									aee(1)

NAME
       aee - another (easy) editor

SYNOPSIS
       aee [ options ... ] [file[s]]
       rae [ options ... ] file[s]
       xae [ options ... ] [file[s]]
       rxae [ options ... ] file[s]

DESCRIPTION
       aee  and	 xae are non-modal editors, that is, the user does not need to
       switch from one mode to another to insert and delete text.  The	editor
       is  always  in text mode.  Control sequences and	function keys are used
       to perform the editing functions.  In the case of xae,  the  mouse  can
       also  be	 used  to  position the	cursor,	and perform text selection and
       pasting.

       rae and rxae are	the same as aee	and xae	respectively, except that they
       are  restricted	to  editing  the file(s) named on the invoking command
       line.  No other files may be opened or written, nor  may	 shell	opera-
       tions be	performed.

       The  arrow keys (up, down, left,	right) may be used to move the cursor.
       If the keyboard is so equipped, the prev	and next keys  will  move  the
       cursor to the previous and next pages, respectively.

       The  gold key is	a key that is used to provide alternate	behavior for a
       key, much like a	gold function key on a calculator keyboard.   So,  for
       example,	 function  key	number	7  (f7)	 may  be used for initiating a
       search, while pressing the gold key and then f7 will produce  a	prompt
       for  the	 string	to be searched for.  The gold function can be assigned
       to any assignable key.  By default, the keys f1 and control-g (^g)  are
       assigned	the gold function.

       The rest	of the keys by default will behave as described	below.

OPTIONS
       The following are accepted as options when starting aee or xae:

	      -binary		    When  reading  in  the  file,  treat  as a
				    binary file	(only special character	 is  a
				    new-line character).

	      -e		    Turn off echo from initialization file.

	      -i		    Turn off info window.

	      -j		    Turn off journaling.

	      -n		    Turn  off  highlighting  of	 menu and info
				    window borders.

	      -r		    Recover from failed	 edit  session	(using
				    journal file from that session).

	      -tab		    Expand tabs	to spaces.

	      -text		    When reading in a file, treat as text only
				    (both  carriage-return  and	 new-line  are
				    special characters).

	      +number		    Move cursor	to start of line number.

       The following additional	options	are available for xae only:

	      -fn font		    Specify a font for use with	xae.  Resource
				    name BaseFont.

	      -fg color		    Specify  a	foreground  color  (color   of
				    text).  Resource name ForegroundColor.

	      -bg color		    Specify a background color.	 Resource name
				    BackgroundColor.

	      -geometry	=columnsxlines
				    Specify a geometry for xae.	 Resource name
				    Geometry.

       The  xae	 specific options may be specified in the X-Windows Version 11
       defaults	file for the user.  See	your X-Windows documentation for  more
       details.

   Function Keys
       aee  uses  the  terminal's  function keys to perform editing tasks.  By
       default,	only keys f1 through f8	are defined.  (Although	a terminal may
       have  function keys, the	keys may not send unique sequences that	can be
       recognized by software, or may require particular settings in order  to
       be useful.  If in doubt,	ask your system	administrator.)

		     KEY NAME	NORMAL FUNCTION	  GOLD FUNCTION

		     F1		GOLD		  GOLD
		     F2		undel character	  undel	line
		     F3		delete word	  undel	word
		     F4		advance	word	  begin	of line
		     F5		search		  search prompt
		     F6		mark		  copy
		     F7		cut		  paste
		     F8		advance	line	  command

   Control Keys
       Control	keys  are  the	regular	alphabetic keys	pressed	in conjunction
       with the	control	key (sometimes	spelled	 CTRL).	  To  press  control-a
       (also  noted  as	^a), first press control, then press 'a', so that both
       keys are	pressed	at the same time.

		 KEY NAME	      NORMAL FUNCTION	 GOLD FUNCTION

		 Control A	      ascii code	 match
		 Control B	      bottom of	text	 append
		 Control C	      copy		 clear to eol
		 Control D	      begin of line	 prefix
		 Control E	      command
		 Control F	      search		 search	prompt
		 Control G	      GOLD		 GOLD
		 Control H	      backspace
		 Control J	      carriage-return
		 Control K	      delete character	 undelete char
		 Control L	      delete line	 undelete line
		 Control M	      carriage-return
		 Control N	      next page		 next buffer
		 Control O	      end of line
		 Control P	      prev page		 prev buffer
		 Control R	      redraw screen	 reverse
		 Control T	      top of text

		 Control U	      mark
		 Control V	      paste		 forward search
		 Control W	      delete word	 undelete word
		 Control X	      cut		 format
		 Control Y	      advance word	 prev word
		 Control Z	      replace		 replace prompt
		 Control [ (Escape)   menu

   Menu	Operations
       Pop-up menus can	be obtained by pressing	the escape key (or  ^[	if  no
       escape  key  is present).  When in the menu, the	escape key can be used
       to leave	the menu without performing any	operations.  Use  the  up  and
       down  arrow  keys,  ^u and ^d or	the space or backspace keys to move to
       the desired items in the	menu, then press return	to perform  the	 indi-
       cated task.

       The main	menu in	aee is as follows:

	   leave editor
		  If  changes have been	made, the user will get	a menu prompt-
		  ing whether or not the changes should	be saved.

	   help	  Displays a help screen, with all of the keyboard  operations
		  and commands.

	   edit	  Pops	up a menu to allow the user to mark, copy marked text,
		  cut marked text, or paste previously marked text.

	   file	operations
		  Pops up a menu for selecting whether to read a  file,	 write
		  to  a	file, or save the current contents of the editor, send
		  the contents of the editor to	a print	command	(see the  sec-
		  tion	Initializing  aee  from	a file), as well as recovering
		  from a previous edit session (see Recovery below).

	   redraw screen
		  Provides a means to repaint the screen  if  the  screen  has
		  been corrupted.

	   settings
		  Shows	 the  current  values of the operating modes, and mar-
		  gins.	 By pressing return when the cursor is on a particular
		  item,	the value can be changed.  Also	within this menu is an
		  entry	to allow the user to save the current configuration of
		  the  editor to a file.  To leave this	menu, press the	escape
		  key.	(See Modes below.)

	   search/replace
		  Pops up a menu in which the  user  may  choose  to  enter  a
		  string  to  search  for,  or	search	for  a	string already
		  entered, or perform a	replace	string operation.

	   miscellaneous
		  Pops up a menu that allows the user to  format  the  current
		  paragraph, execute a shell command, or check the spelling of
		  the text in the current buffer.

   Commands
       Some operations require more input than one key can provide, or do  not
       need  to	 be  so	easily accessed.  These	commands are entered using the
       prompt provided by pressing the command (^E or ^C or gold f8) key.  The
       line commands are:

	   autoformat *		 Turn automatic	paragraph formatting on.

	   noautoformat	*	 Turn	automatic   paragraph  formatting  off
				 (default).

	   binary*		 Turn on binary	mode.	Files  read  into  the
				 current  session  will	 be  treated as	binary
				 files,	that is, the only special character is
				 the new-line character.  See also text.

	   buffer [name]*	 This  command	will  move  from  the  current
				 buffer	to the buffer with the name  given  by
				 the  user.   If the buffer did	not previously
				 exist,	it is created.	 If  no	 parameter  is
				 given,	then the name of the current buffer is
				 displayed.  Note: a buffer created with  this
				 command is not	associated with	a file,	nor is
				 it journalled.

	   case*=		 Specifies that	the case of each letter	is  to
				 be  taken  into  account in the search	opera-
				 tion.

	   nocase*=		 Specifies  that  there	 is   no   distinction
				 between  upper	 and  lower case during	search
				 and replace operations	(default).

	   cd directory		 Change	directory

	   character		 Displays the ascii code of the	character  the
				 cursor	is on.

	   define [gold] key string*
				 Assigns  all  of the string following the key
				 definition to the key specified by the	 user.
				 The   commands	 allowed  in  the  string  are
				 described in the SYMBOLS section.

	   delete		 Deletes  the  current	buffer	(the   initial
				 buffer	may not	be deleted).

	   diff			 Execute  the  diff command comparing the con-
				 tents of the edit buffer with the  associated
				 file  and  place  the	results	 in a separate
				 buffer.

	   echo	string -	 Echoes	the  string  to	 the  terminal	during
				 startup of aee.

	   edit	filename	 Edit another file.  A new buffer will be cre-
				 ated in which the named file can  be  edited.
				 If  no	 file is specified, a temporary	buffer
				 name is created for use within	aee.  If jour-
				 nalling  is  on  for  the  initial file being
				 edited, journalling will occur	 for  the  new
				 edit buffer as	well.

	   ee_mode*		 Have aee's main menu look more	like ee's main
				 menu.

	   eight*		 If your terminal has an eight	bit  character
				 set,  then  use  this command to cause	aee to
				 send the eight	bit value  to  your  terminal.
				 The default condition is to display the eight
				 bit character as the  decimal	value  of  the
				 character between angle brackets.

	   noeight*		 If  your  terminal does not have an eight bit
				 character set,	use this command to cause  aee
				 to  display eight bit characters as the deci-
				 mal value  of	the  character	between	 angle
				 brackets  (251	 is displayed as <251>).  This
				 is the	default	condition.

	   exit[!]=		 Exit the current edit session writing out the
				 main buffer to	the file name used in entering
				 the editor.  The  optional  exclamation  mark
				 allows	 you to	leave without editing the rest
				 of the	files in the list of  files  specified
				 when the edit session was invoked.

	   expand*=		 Causes	spaces to be inserted when the tab key
				 is pressed.  Spaces  fill  to	the  next  tab
				 stop.

	   noexpand*=		 Tabs  are not replaced	with spaces (default).

	   file			 Display the name of the file being edited.

	   help=		 Provides  the	user  with  information	 about
				 using the editor while	in the editor.

	   height [number] *	 Set the height	(number	of lines) displayed in
				 the info window.  If no number	is  specified,
				 the current value is displayed.

	   helpfile-		 The  location and name	of the file containing
				 help information.

	   indent*=		 When creating a new line by pressing the car-
				 riage return, the new line will have the same
				 indentation (number of	spaces	and  tabs)  as
				 the previous line.

	   noindent*=		 Turns off the indent mode (default).

	   info	*		 Turn info window on (default).

	   noinfo *		 Turn info window off.

	   journal		 Displays the journal file associated with the
				 current edit session buffer.

	   journaldir		 Specifies the path  to	 the  directory	 where
				 journal files are to be created.

	   justify		 Justify the right side	of the text when using
				 the format function to	format a paragraph.

	   nojustify		 Turn off right	justification of  a  paragraph
				 (default).

	   line			 Displays the current line number.

	   literal*=		 Causes	 characters  in	 search	 string	 to be
				 matched one-to-one  with  characters  in  the
				 text.

	   noliteral*=		 Allows	 metacharacters	 in  the search	string
				 (default).

	   margins *=		 Causes	left and right margins to be  observed
				 (set using leftmargin and rightmargin).

	   nomargins *=		 Allows	lines to be any	length (disregards the
				 margin	settings).

	   leftmargin [number] * Set the left margin to	number.	 If no	number
				 is  specified,	then the current value is dis-
				 played.

	   rightmargin [number]	*
				 Set the right margin to number	 (nowrap  must
				 be  set  for  margin setting to be observed).
				 If no number is specified, then  the  current
				 value is displayed.

	   overstrike*=		 Causes	 characters  to	 overstrike or replace
				 existing characters instead of	inserting.

	   nooverstrike*=	 Causes	characters to be inserted into line at
				 current  cursor  position  without  replacing
				 existing characters (default).

	   print		 Sends the contents of the current  buffer  to
				 the printer.  The command that	is used	can be
				 specified in the init.ae  file,  see  section
				 Initializing aee From A File.

	   printcommand	-	 Allows	 the  setting  of  the	print  command
				 (default: "lp").

	   pwd			 Display the current directory.

	   quit[!]=		 Quit the current edit session without writing
				 a  file.   The	 optional exclamation mark has
				 the same meaning as for the exit command.

	   read	file		 Read a	file into the current buffer after the
				 cursor.

	   resequence		 Renumber the lines.

	   save			 Save  the  contents of	the main buffer	to the
				 file being edited.

	   show	[gold] key	 Displays  the	function(s)  assigned  to  the
				 specified key.

	   status*=		 A status line is displayed on the bottom line
				 of the	screen.

	   nostatus*="		 Turns off the status line (default).

	   spacing number *	 Tabs will  be	spaced	every  number  spaces,
				 unless	other tabs are set using the tabs com-
				 mand.

	   tabs	[stops ...] *	 Sets tabs to  stops.	After  the  last  user
				 defined   tab	 stop,	tabs  are  the	normal
				 sequence of every eight columns,  or  as  set
				 using the stops command.  The first column is
				 0.

	   untabs stops	... *	 Removes the specified tab stops.

	   text*		 Turns text mode (default) .   Files  read  in
				 while	in  text mode are checked whether they
				 are UNIX files	or Windows files.  If carriage
				 return	  characters   are  found  immediately
				 prededing a new-line  character,  the	editor
				 treats	 the  file  as a DOS file and discards
				 the carriage-returns on read,	and  carriage-
				 returns are inserted on file write.  The menu
				 may be	used to	toggle between DOS  file  mode
				 and UNIX file mode.  See also binary.

	   windows*=		 This command specifies	whether	or not buffers
				 are displayed on the  screen  simultaneously.
				 If   windows  (default)  is  specified,  then
				 buffers exist on the screen together.

	   nowindows*=		 This command specifies	that there is only one
				 buffer	on the screen at a time.

	   write file		 Write the current buffer out to the specified
				 file.

	   0123456789		 Enter a number	to go to the line  correspond-
				 ing to	that number.

	   + or	- number =	 Moves	forward	 or  back  the number of lines
				 specified.

	   [<inbuff] [>outbuff ] !command
				 Execute the command following the exclamation
				 mark  in  the	UNIX shell.  The shell used is
				 the one specified in the shell	variable SHELL
				 in  the  user's  environment,	or  /bin/sh if
				 SHELL is not defined.	You may	send data from
				 the  buffer outbuff (or the current buffer if
				 outbuff is not	specified) out to the shell by
				 using	the  right angle bracket (>).  You may
				 read into inbuff (or the  current  buffer  if
				 inbuff	 is  not  specified) by	using the left
				 angle bracket (<) as shown.  The data read in
				 from  the  command  will  be placed after the
				 current cursor	location in the	buffer

				 * may be used in init file, see section  Ini-
				 tializing aee From A File
				 - only	used in	initialization file
				 =  may	 also  be  assigned to a key using the
				 define	command

   Search and Replace
       aee's search facility provides several abilities.  The user may	choose
       for  the	 search	 to  be	 case  sensitive, or ignore the	case (upper or
       lower) of a character (nocase is	 the  default).	  The  user  may  also
       choose  literal,	or noliteral (the default) modes for the search	facil-
       ity.  The literal mode interprets the search string  literally,	nolit-
       eral  means  that  some characters (called metacharacters) have special
       meaning,	as described below:

			 symbol	  meaning

			 ^	  beginning of line
			 $	  end of line
			 \\x	  interpret 'x'	literally
			 [abc]	  match	a  single  character
				  in  the  text	 to  one  in
				  brackets
			 [a-z]	  match	a  single  character
				  in  the  text	 to  one  in
				  range	a-z

			 [^abc]	  match	a  single  character
				  in  the  text	 that is not
				  within the brackets  after
				  '^' ('^' means 'not')
			 *	  match	  any	sequence  of
				  characters, useful in	mid-
				  dle  of  string with known
				  beginning  and  end,	 but
				  variable middle
			 .	  match	any single character

       The  carat  (^)	within	the square brackets ([]) means that the	search
       will match any characters not within the	brackets.  The carat  must  be
       the first character after the opening bracket.

       The asterisk (*)	may be useful when searching for a string to which you
       know the	beginning and end, but not what	characters  (if	 any)  or  how
       many  may  be  in  the  middle.	The first character after the asterisk
       should not be a metacharacter (a	character with special meaning).

       The replace facility uses the same modes	as the search  facility.   The
       prompt for the replace operation	shows the syntax for the input:

	   /string1/string2/

       where  the  slash ('/') may be replaced by any character	that is	not in
       the search or replacement string, and "string1" is to  be  replaced  by
       "string2".   When in noliteral mode, the	search string may be placed in
       the replacement string by using the ampersand ('&'), like so:

	   /old/abc&123/

       Where "old" will	be inserted between "abc" and "123".

   Recovery
       If for some reason an edit session is interrupted, it  is  possible  to
       recover	the  work  done	 in the	session.  This is accomplished via the
       information stored in the journal  file,	 which	is  a  record  of  the
       changes made to the text	in the buffer while in the editor.  To recover
       a session in which a file named foo was being edited, use the command:

	      aee -r foo

       This is only possible if	the -j option  was  not	 used,	since  the  -j
       option turns journaling off.

       It  is also possible to start aee with no arguments, and	then to	browse
       the journal files.  This	is accomplished	through	the menus.  To perform
       this task, bring	up the menu by pressing	the Esc	key, select file oper-
       ations, then select recover from	journal.  You should then be presented
       with a list of files to recover.

   Key Definitions
       The  function  keys and control sequences (alphabetic keys pressed with
       the control key)	may be defined by the user to perform any of the func-
       tions described below.

       The user	may assign more	than one function to each key, as long as each
       one is separated	by one or more spaces.	The  following	describes  the
       functions of the	keys and how the user may redefine the keyboard	during
       the edit	session	on the command line.  The same syntax is used  in  the
       initialization file.

       Note  that  the '^' is typed by the user	in the following examples, and
       is not generated	by pressing the	control	key and	letter,	and that f2 is
       entered by typing an 'f'	and then a '2'.

       Examples:

		    define ^b dl

       will define the key control b to	have the function delete line.

		    define gold	^b udl

       assigns the function undelete line to GOLD control b.

		    define f2 /this is an inserted string/ cr

       will  cause  the	 string	between	the delimiters (/) to be inserted fol-
       lowed by	a carriage-return whenever the function	key f2 is pressed.

       If you wish to have a key that deletes  to  the	end  of	 line  without
       appending the next line to the end, you may make	the following key def-
       inition:

		    define f3 dl cr left

       This set	of functions will delete to the	end of	line  and  append  the
       next to the end of the line, then insert	a line at the cursor, and then
       move the	cursor back to the end of  the	previous  line,	 the  position
       where you started.  This	may of course be assigned to any valid key.

   Symbols
       The following symbols, as well as the commands noted by (=) in the list
       of commands may be assigned to keys using the define command.

	   Symbol   Description
	   ---------------------------------------------
	   menu	    pop	up menu
	   dl	    delete line
	   dc	    delete character
	   dw	    delete word
	   und	    undelete last thing	deleted,  keeps
		    last 128 things deleted
	   udl	    undelete line
	   udc	    undelete character
	   udw	    undelete word
	   eol	    end	of line
	   bol	    begin of line
	   bot	    begin of text
	   eot	    end	of text
	   np	    next page
	   pp	    previous page
	   nb	    next buffer
	   pb	    previous buffer
	   gold	    gold
	   il	    insert line
	   psrch    search prompt
	   srch	    search
	   prp	    replace prompt
	   rp	    replace
	   fwd	    forward (search forward of cursor)
	   rev	    reverse (search before cursor)
	   al	    advance line
	   aw	    advance word

	   pw	    previous word
	   format   format paragraph
	   mark	    mark text
	   prefix   mark text and place	before existing
		    text in paste buffer
	   append   mark text and place	after  existing
		    text in paste buffer
	   cut	    cut	marked text
	   copy	    copy marked	text
	   pst	    paste previously cut or copied text
	   unmark   unmark  text, doesn't affect previ-
		    ous	paste buffer contents
	   ac	    ascii character
	   mc	    match (), {}, [], or <>
	   cmd	    command
	   up	    up arrow
	   down	    down arrow
	   left	    left arrow
	   right    right arrow
	   rd	    redraw screen
	   bck	    backspace
	   cr	    carriage return
	   /,.	    the	first non-alpha	character  will
		    act	 as  a	separator  to allow for
		    single  line  text	insertion,  the
		    second occurrence of the same char-
		    acter will end the insertion

   Initializing	aee From A File
       aee checks for a	file named init.ae in  /usr/local/share/aee,  .init.ae
       in  the	user's home directory, then for	.init.ae in the	current	direc-
       tory.  (This file may be	created	manually or by using  the  menu	 entry
       'save  editor  config' in the 'settings'	menu.)	If the file exists, it
       is read and initializes aee to the parameters as	defined	in  the	 file.
       By having initialization	files in multiple places, the user may specify
       settings	for global use,	and then supplement these  with	 customization
       for  the	 local	directory.  The	parameters allowed in the init.ae file
       are key definitions, turning off	windowing, case	 sensitivity,  literal
       searching, eight	bit characters,	as well	as the ability to echo strings
       to the terminal (see the	Commands section for the commands  allowed  in
       the initialization file).  An example follows:

		    define ^z rp
		    define gold	^z prp
		    define f3 und
		    define f4 unmark
		    define k0 srch
		    define gold	k0 psrch
		    case
		    printcommand lp -dlaser
		    echo \033&jB

       The above example assigns the command replace to	control-z, and replace
       prompt to gold control-z, as well as setting aee	to be sensitive	to the
       case  of	 characters during search and replacement operations.  It also
       defines the function keys f3 and	f4 to be undelete and  unmark  respec-
       tively.	 The  print command will send its output to the	device 'laser'
       through the UNIX	command	lp.  A string is echoed	to the terminal	 which
       will "turn on" the user function	keys on	an HP terminal.

       The  user may wish to echo strings to the terminal when starting	aee to
       set up the terminal or other devices, so	the echo facility is provided.
       Echo  is	 applicable  only  in  the initialization file.	 No quotes are
       required	around the string to be	echoed.	 Characters may	be literal  or
       escaped	(using the backslash convention).  The -e option on the	invok-
       ing command line	turns off the echo operation.  This may	be  useful  if
       you  normally  use one type of terminal (and echo strings for its use),
       but occasionally	use another terminal and do not	wish the strings to be
       echoed.

       Operations  allowed in the initialization file are noted	in the list of
       commands	with an	asterisk (*).

   Shell Escapes
       Sometimes it is desirable to execute shell commands outside of the edi-
       tor.   This  may	be accomplished	by pressing a key assigned to the com-
       mand function (^E, or gold F8), and then	entering an  exclamation  mark
       (!) followed by the shell command(s) to be executed.  It	is possible to
       send data from the editor to be processed by  a	shell  command	and/or
       read data from a	shell command into a buffer in the editor.  The	format
       for this	is as follows:

		    <inbuff >outbuff !command

       where inbuff is the name	of the buffer to receive the data and  outbuff
       is  the name of the buffer to output to the shell command.  By omitting
       the name	of the buffer, the current buffer will be used.	 For  example,
       if  you	have  a	 list of names and wish	them sorted, you could use the
       UNIX command sort.  If you wished to view them  while  in  the  current
       edit session, you could use the following sequence:

		    <sorted >list !sort

       where  list  is	the  name  of the buffer containing the	unsorted list,
       sorted is the name of the buffer	to contain the sorted list,  and  sort
       is  the name of the UNIX	command	to be executed.	 The data read in from
       the command will	be placed after	the current  cursor  location  in  the
       receiving buffer.  If the specified buffer does not exist when the com-
       mand is entered,	it will	 be  created.	You  should  be	 sure  of  the
       spelling	 of  the  name of the buffer to	be the input of	the command if
       you are specifying one.

   PRINT Command
       The print command allows	you to send the	contents of the	current	buffer
       to  a command specified by using	the printcommand operation in the ini-
       tialization file.  The default is 'lp', using the default device.

       If you choose to	specify	something other	than the default command,  the
       command should be able to take its input	from stdin, since aee will set
       up a pipe to feed the information to the	command.

   Paragraph Formatting
       Paragraphs are defined for aee by a block of text bounded by:

	       o      Begin or end of file.

	       o      Line with	no characters, or only spaces and/or tabs.

	       o      Line starting with a period ('.')	or right angle bracket
		      ('>').

       A paragraph may be formatted two	ways:  explicitly by choosing the for-
       mat paragraph menu item,	or by  setting	aee  to	 automatically	format
       paragraphs.   The automatic mode	may be set via a menu, or via the ini-
       tialization file.

       There are three states for text operation in aee: free-form, wrap,  and
       automatic formatting.

       "Free-form"  is	best  used  for	things like programming.  There	are no
       restrictions on the length of lines, and	 no  formatting	 takes	place.
       Margins are not enabled for this	state.

       "Wrap"  allows  the  user to type in text without having	to worry about
       going beyond the	right margin (the right	and left margins may be	set in
       the  settings menu, the default is for the right	margin to be the right
       edge of the terminal).  This is the mode	that allows the	 format	 para-
       graph menu item to work.	 The "observe margins" entry in	the "settings"
       menu allows the user to toggle this state, as well as  the  margin  and
       nomargin	commands (see Commands above).

       "Automatic formatting" provides word-processor-like behavior.  The user
       may type	in text, while aee will	make sure the  entire  paragraph  fits
       within  the margins every time the user inserts a space after typing or
       deleting	text.  Margins must also be enabled  in	 order	for  automatic
       formatting  to  occur.	The  "auto paragraph format" item in the "set-
       tings" menu allows the user to toggle this state, as well as  the  com-
       mands autoformat	and noautoformat.

   Modes
       Although	 aee  is a 'modeless' editor (it is in text insertion mode all
       the time), there	are modes in  some  of	the  things  it	 does.	 These
       include:

	   tabs	to spaces
		  Tabs	may be inserted	as a single tab	character, or replaced
		  with spaces.

	   case	sensitive search
		  The search operation can be sensitive	to whether  characters
		  are upper- or	lower-case, or ignore case completely.

	   literal search
		  Allows  the  user to specify whether regular expressions are
		  to be	used for searching or not.

	   observe margins
		  The left and right margins can be observed, or not.

	   info	window
		  A window showing the keyboard	operations that	 can  be  per-
		  formed can be	displayed or not.

	   status line
		  Display  the	file  name, position in	the file, and selected
		  status indicators.

	   auto	indent
		  The editor can be set	 to  automatically  indent  the	 newly
		  inserted line	the same as the	previous line, or not (primar-
		  ily useful for programming).

	   overstrike
		  Toggle text insertion	or overstrike modes.

	   auto	paragraph formatting
		  While	typing in text,	the editor can try to keep it  looking
		  reasonably well within the width of the screen.

	   multi windows
		  Allow	 multiple buffers to be	displayed at the same time, or
		  only a single	buffer at a time.

	   info	window height
		  Displays and allows the user to change  the  height  of  the
		  information  window  displayed  at  the  top of the terminal
		  (window) with	key mappings and commands.

	   save	editor config
		  Used to save the current editor configuration	to a file (see
		  the  section	Initializing aee from a	file).	In addition to
		  the settings within the settings menu, tabs and key mappings
		  are saved.

       You may set these modes via the initialization file (see	above),	with a
       menu (see Menu above), or via commands (see Commands above).

   Mark, Cut, Copy, and	Paste
       To move large chunks of text around, use	the control key	commands  mark
       (^U or f6), cut (^X or f7), and paste (gold ^V or gold f7).  These com-
       mands allow you to mark the text	you wish to use	so that	it may be  put
       in  the	paste  buffer.	The paste buffer differs from the buffers men-
       tioned below in that you	may not	move to	it, and	that it	is  only  used
       for  these  operations.	 Once  the  text  has been placed in the paste
       buffer, you may move your cursor	wherever you wish and insert the  text
       there, as many times you	wish, anywhere you want.

       Simply  move  the  cursor to the	start of a section of text you wish to
       mark, and press the key assigned	the control key	function mark  (^U  or
       f6).   Move  the	 cursor	 over  the text	you wish to place in the paste
       buffer.	The text between the cursor position at	which you pressed  the
       mark  key  and the current position will	be highlighted.	 Once you have
       marked all of the text you wish to place	in the paste buffer, press the
       key  for	 cut  (^X  or  f7) or copy (^C or gold f6).  The cut operation
       deletes the text	from the buffer	in which the text  is  contained,  and
       the  copy  operation simply places the text in the paste	buffer without
       deleting	it.  Now you may move to another section  and  use  the	 paste
       function	to insert it as	many times as you wish.

       If  you	wish to	copy several sections of text that are not adjacent to
       each other, you may use the append function (gold ^B) to	put  the  text
       you  will  mark at the end of the current paste buffer contents,	or the
       prefix function (gold ^D) to place the newly  marked  text  before  the
       current	paste  buffer  contents	 when you copy or cut.	The prefix and
       append functions	are used in place of the mark function.

       Sometimes you may start marking text, then decide to cancel the	opera-
       tion.   It  is  possible	to do that by using the	unmark operation.  The
       unmark operation	is not assigned	to any key by default.

   Buffer Operations
       aee allows you to examine more than one file in the editor  during  one
       edit session.  This mechanism is	known as buffers, and the first	buffer
       is called main.	Buffers	may or may not be viewed simultaneously	on the
       screen  depending  upon	the wishes of the user.	 The default condition
       allows for the buffers to co-exist on  the  screen,  but	 this  may  be
       changed	by using the command nowindows.	 To return to the default con-
       dition, enter the command windows, and buffers  will  co-exist  on  the
       screen.	 You  may switch between having	windows	and not	having windows
       at any time without losing information in the buffers.  aee will	remind
       you  that  you  have buffers if you attempt to leave the	editor without
       deleting	them.

       Buffers are created when	you enter the command  buffer  with  a	single
       argument,  which	 is  used as the buffer's name.	 This command not only
       creates the new buffer, but it moves the	 cursor	 to  the  new  buffer.
       This  is	also the way to	move to	a buffer which already exists.	Buffer
       movement	is also	facilitated by the control key commands	nb  (gold  ^N)
       and  pb	(gold ^P), short for next buffer and previous buffer.  This is
       especially useful if you	mistype	or forget  the	name  of  any  of  the
       buffers you have	created	and have windowing turned off.

       The  command buffer without any arguments displays the name of the cur-
       rent buffer.

       Buffers can be deleted by using the command delete.  Simply move	to the
       buffer to be deleted and	use the	command	delete.	 You cannot delete the
       first buffer, called main.  Note	 that  all  commands  operate  in  the
       buffer  in which	your cursor is operating, so you may use the write and
       read commands to	save or	read a file into the current buffer.

On-Line	Help
       On-line help is provided	through	the 'help' command or menu item.  This
       command uses a file with	help information.  By default the help file is
       located in /usr/local/share/aee/help.ae,	but this file may  be  located
       in  the user's home directory with the name .help.ae, or	in the current
       directory with the name help.ae.

WARNINGS
       A journal file will not be created if the user does not have write per-
       mission to the directory	in which the file is to	reside.

       If the file to edit does	not exist, and is to be	created	in a directory
       to which	the user does not have write permission, aee will exit with an
       error without editing the file.

       The automatic paragraph formatting operation may	be too slow for	slower
       systems.

       Writing the information to the journal during some  operations  may  be
       rather  disk  I/O  intensive, which may impact performance noticably on
       slower systems.	Journal	files may also	grow  considerably  during  an
       edit  session,  which  may  be  a concern if there is little disk space
       available.  Turning off journaling may  be  useful  if  performance  is
       slow,  but  turning  off	journaling will	mean the loss of data should a
       system or network failure occur while using the editor.

CAVEATS
       THIS MATERIAL IS	PROVIDED "AS IS".  THERE ARE NO	WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND
       WITH  REGARD  TO	 THIS  MATERIAL,  INCLUDING,  BUT  NOT LIMITED TO, THE
       IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PUR-
       POSE.   Neither	Hewlett-Packard	 nor  Hugh  Mahon  shall be liable for
       errors contained	herein,	nor for	incidental or consequential damages in
       connection  with	 the  furnishing, performance or use of	this material.
       Neither Hewlett-Packard nor Hugh	Mahon assumes any  responsibility  for
       the  use	 or reliability	of this	software or documentation.  This soft-
       ware and	documentation is totally UNSUPPORTED.	There  is  no  support
       contract	 available.   Hewlett-Packard has done NO Quality Assurance on
       ANY of the program or documentation.  You may find the quality  of  the
       materials inferior to supported materials.

       Always  make  a	copy  of files that cannot be easily reproduced	before
       editing.	 Save files early, and save often.

FILES
       /usr/local/share/aee/init.ae
       $HOME/.aeeinfo
       $HOME/.init.ae
       .init.ae

AUTHOR
       The software aee	and xae	was developed by Hugh Mahon.

       This software and documentation contains	proprietary information	 which
       is protected by copyright.  All rights are reserved.

       Copyright  (c)  1986,  1987,  1988, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996,
       1997, 1998, 1999, 2002 portions Hugh Mahon and portions Hewlett-Packard
       Company.

									aee(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | On-Line Help | WARNINGS | CAVEATS | FILES | AUTHOR

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