Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages


home | help
ADDING_USER(8)		FreeBSD	System Manager's Manual		ADDING_USER(8)

     adding_user -- procedure for adding new users

     A new user	must choose a login name, which	must not already appear	in
     /etc/passwd or /etc/mail/aliases.	It must	also not begin with the	hyphen
     `-' character.  It	is strongly recommended	that it	be all lower-case, and
     not contain the dot `.' character,	as that	tends to confuse mailers.  An
     account can be added by editing a line into the passwd file; this must be
     done with the password file locked	e.g. by	using chpass(1)	or vipw(8).

     A new user	is given a group and user id.  Login and user id's should be
     unique across the system, and often across	a group	of systems, since they
     are used to control file access.  Typically, users	working	on similar
     projects will be put in the same groups.  At the University of Califor-
     nia, Berkeley, we have groups for system staff, faculty, graduate stu-
     dents, and	special	groups for large projects.

     A skeletal	account	for a new user ``ernie'' might look like:

     ernie::25:30::0:0:Ernie Kovacs,508	Evans Hall,x7925,

     For a description of each of these	fields,	see passwd(5).

     It	is useful to give new users some help in getting started, supplying
     them with a few skeletal files such as .profile if	they use /bin/sh, or
     .cshrc and	.login if they use /bin/csh.  The directory /usr/share/skel
     contains skeletal definitions of such files.  New users should be given
     copies of these files which, for instance,	use tset(1) automatically at
     each login.

     /etc/master.passwd	   user	database
     /usr/share/skel	   skeletal login directory

     chpass(1),	finger(1), passwd(1), aliases(5), passwd(5), adduser(8),
     pwd_mkdb(8), vipw(8)

     The adding_user utility appeared in 3.0BSD.

     User information should (and eventually will) be stored elsewhere.

FreeBSD	11.1			 June 5, 1993			  FreeBSD 11.1


Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:

home | help