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XML::NamespaceSupport(User Contributed Perl DocumentatXML::NamespaceSupport(3)

       XML::NamespaceSupport - A simple	generic	namespace processor

       version 1.12

	 use XML::NamespaceSupport;
	 my $nsup = XML::NamespaceSupport->new;

	 # add a new empty context
	 # declare a few prefixes
	 $nsup->declare_prefix($prefix1, $uri1);
	 $nsup->declare_prefix($prefix2, $uri2);
	 # the same shorter
	 $nsup->declare_prefixes($prefix1 => $uri1, $prefix2 =>	$uri2);

	 # get a single	prefix for a URI (randomly)
	 $prefix = $nsup->get_prefix($uri);
	 # get all prefixes for	a URI (probably	better)
	 @prefixes = $nsup->get_prefixes($uri);
	 # get all prefixes in scope
	 @prefixes = $nsup->get_prefixes();
	 # get all prefixes that were declared for the current scope
	 @prefixes = $nsup->get_declared_prefixes;
	 # get a URI for a given prefix
	 $uri =	$nsup->get_uri($prefix);

	 # get info on a qname (java-ish way, it's a bit weird)
	 ($ns_uri, $local_name,	$qname)	= $nsup->process_name($qname, $is_attr);
	 # the same, more perlish
	 ($ns_uri, $prefix, $local_name) = $nsup->process_element_name($qname);
	 ($ns_uri, $prefix, $local_name) = $nsup->process_attribute_name($qname);

	 # remove the current context

	 # reset the object for	reuse in another document

	 # a simple helper to process Clarkian Notation
	 my ($ns, $lname) = $nsup->parse_jclark_notation('{http://foo}bar');
	 # or (given that it doesn't care about	the object
	 my ($ns, $lname) = XML::NamespaceSupport->parse_jclark_notation('{http://foo}bar');

       This module offers a simple to process namespaced XML names (unames)
       from within any application that	may need them. It also helps maintain
       a prefix	to namespace URI map, and provides a number of basic checks.

       The model for this module is SAX2's NamespaceSupport class, readable at It adds a few perlisations
       where we	thought	it appropriate.

       XML::NamespaceSupport - a simple	generic	namespace support class

       o   XML::NamespaceSupport->new(\%options)

	   A simple constructor.

	   The options are "xmlns", "fatal_errors", and	"auto_prefix"

	   If "xmlns" is turned	on (it is off by default) the mapping from the
	   xmlns prefix	to the URI defined for it in DOM level 2 is added to
	   the list of predefined mappings (which normally only	contains the
	   xml prefix mapping).

	   If "fatal_errors" is	turned off (it is on by	default) a number of
	   validity errors will	simply be flagged as failures, instead of

	   If "auto_prefix" is turned on (it is	off by default)	when one
	   provides a prefix of	"undef"	to "declare_prefix" it will generate a
	   random prefix mapped	to that	namespace. Otherwise an	undef prefix
	   will	trigger	a warning (you should probably know what you're	doing
	   if you turn this option on).

	   If "xmlns_11" us turned off,	it becomes illegal to undeclare
	   namespace prefixes. It is on	by default. This behaviour is
	   compliant with Namespaces in	XML 1.1, turning it off	reverts	you to
	   version 1.0.

       o   $nsup->push_context

	   Adds	a new empty context to the stack. You can then populate	it
	   with	new prefixes defined at	this level.

       o   $nsup->pop_context

	   Removes the topmost context in the stack and	reverts	to the
	   previous one. It will die() if you try to pop more than you have

       o   $nsup->declare_prefix($prefix, $uri)

	   Declares a mapping of $prefix to $uri, at the current level.

	   Note	that with "auto_prefix"	turned on, if you declare a prefix
	   mapping in which $prefix is undef(),	you will get an	automatic
	   prefix selected for you. If it is off you will get a	warning.

	   This	is useful when you deal	with code that hasn't kept prefixes
	   around and need to reserialize the nodes. It	also means that	if you
	   want	to set the default namespace (i.e. with	an empty prefix) you
	   must	use the	empty string instead of	undef. This behaviour is
	   consistent with the SAX 2.0 specification.

       o   $nsup->declare_prefixes(%prefixes2uris)

	   Declares a mapping of several prefixes to URIs, at the current

       o   $nsup->get_prefix($uri)

	   Returns a prefix given a URI. Note that as several prefixes may be
	   mapped to the same URI, it returns an arbitrary one.	It'll return
	   undef on failure.

       o   $nsup->get_prefixes($uri)

	   Returns an array of prefixes	given a	URI. It'll return all the
	   prefixes if the uri is undef.

       o   $nsup->get_declared_prefixes

	   Returns an array of all the prefixes	that have been declared	within
	   this	context, ie those that were declared on	the last element, not
	   those that were declared above and are simply in scope.

	   Note	that at	least one context must be added	to the stack via
	   "push_context" before this method can be called.

       o   $nsup->get_uri($prefix)

	   Returns a URI for a given prefix. Returns undef on failure.

       o   $nsup->process_name($qname, $is_attr)

	   Given a qualified name and a	boolean	indicating whether this	is an
	   attribute or	another	type of	name (those are	differently affected
	   by default namespaces), it returns a	namespace URI, local name,
	   qualified name tuple. I know	that that is a rather abnormal list to
	   return, but it is so	for compatibility with the Java	spec. See
	   below for more Perlish alternatives.

	   If the prefix is not	declared, or if	the name is not	valid, it'll
	   either die or return	undef depending	on the current setting of

       o   $nsup->undeclare_prefix($prefix);

	   Removes a namespace prefix from the current context.	This function
	   may be used in SAX's	end_prefix_mapping when	there is fear that a
	   namespace declaration might be available outside their scope	(which
	   shouldn't normally happen, but you never know ;) ). This may	be
	   needed in order to properly support Namespace 1.1.

       o   $nsup->process_element_name($qname)

	   Given a qualified name, it returns a	namespace URI, prefix, and
	   local name tuple. This method applies to element names.

	   If the prefix is not	declared, or if	the name is not	valid, it'll
	   either die or return	undef depending	on the current setting of

       o   $nsup->process_attribute_name($qname)

	   Given a qualified name, it returns a	namespace URI, prefix, and
	   local name tuple. This method applies to attribute names.

	   If the prefix is not	declared, or if	the name is not	valid, it'll
	   either die or return	undef depending	on the current setting of

       o   $nsup->reset

	   Resets the object so	that it	can be reused on another document.

       All methods of the interface have an alias that is the name used	in the
       original	Java specification. You	can use	either name interchangeably.
       Here is the mapping:

	 Java name		   Perl	name
	 pushContext		   push_context
	 popContext		   pop_context
	 declarePrefix		   declare_prefix
	 declarePrefixes	   declare_prefixes
	 getPrefix		   get_prefix
	 getPrefixes		   get_prefixes
	 getDeclaredPrefixes	   get_declared_prefixes
	 getURI			   get_uri
	 processName		   process_name
	 processElementName	   process_element_name
	 processAttributeName	   process_attribute_name
	 parseJClarkNotation	   parse_jclark_notation
	 undeclarePrefix	   undeclare_prefix

       Two global variables are	made available to you. They used to be
       constants but simple scalars are	easier to use in a number of contexts.
       They are	not exported but can easily be accessed	from any package, or
       copied into it.

       o   $NS_XMLNS

	   The namespace for xmlns prefixes,

       o   $NS_XML

	   The namespace for xml prefixes,

	- add more tests
	- optimise here	and there


       o   Robin Berjon	<>

       o   Chris Prather <>

       This software is	copyright (c) 2015 by Robin Berjon.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
       the same	terms as the Perl 5 programming	language system	itself.

       o   Chris Prather <>

       o   David Steinbrunner <>

       o   Paul	Cochrane <>

       o   Paulo Custodio <>

perl v5.32.0			  2017-03-30	      XML::NamespaceSupport(3)


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