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SSL_CTX_SET_GENERATE_SESSION_ID(3)  OpenSSL SSL_CTX_SET_GENERATE_SESSION_ID(3)

NAME
       SSL_CTX_set_generate_session_id,	SSL_set_generate_session_id,
       SSL_has_matching_session_id, GEN_SESSION_CB - manipulate	generation of
       SSL session IDs (server only)

SYNOPSIS
	#include <openssl/ssl.h>

	typedef	int (*GEN_SESSION_CB)(SSL *ssl,	unsigned char *id,
				      unsigned int *id_len);

	int SSL_CTX_set_generate_session_id(SSL_CTX *ctx, GEN_SESSION_CB cb);
	int SSL_set_generate_session_id(SSL *ssl, GEN_SESSION_CB, cb);
	int SSL_has_matching_session_id(const SSL *ssl,	const unsigned char *id,
					unsigned int id_len);

DESCRIPTION
       SSL_CTX_set_generate_session_id() sets the callback function for
       generating new session ids for SSL/TLS sessions for ctx to be cb.

       SSL_set_generate_session_id() sets the callback function	for generating
       new session ids for SSL/TLS sessions for	ssl to be cb.

       SSL_has_matching_session_id() checks, whether a session with id id (of
       length id_len) is already contained in the internal session cache of
       the parent context of ssl.

NOTES
       When a new session is established between client	and server, the	server
       generates a session id. The session id is an arbitrary sequence of
       bytes.  The length of the session id is between 1 and 32	bytes.	The
       session id is not security critical but must be unique for the server.
       Additionally, the session id is transmitted in the clear	when reusing
       the session so it must not contain sensitive information.

       Without a callback being	set, an	OpenSSL	server will generate a unique
       session id from pseudo random numbers of	the maximum possible length.
       Using the callback function, the	session	id can be changed to contain
       additional information like e.g.	a host id in order to improve load
       balancing or external caching techniques.

       The callback function receives a	pointer	to the memory location to put
       id into and a pointer to	the maximum allowed length id_len. The buffer
       at location id is only guaranteed to have the size id_len.  The
       callback	is only	allowed	to generate a shorter id and reduce id_len;
       the callback must never increase	id_len or write	to the location	id
       exceeding the given limit.

       The location id is filled with 0x00 before the callback is called, so
       the callback may	only fill part of the possible length and leave	id_len
       untouched while maintaining reproducibility.

       Since the sessions must be distinguished, session ids must be unique.
       Without the callback a random number is used, so	that the probability
       of generating the same session id is extremely small (2^256 for
       SSLv3/TLSv1).  In order to assure the uniqueness	of the generated
       session id, the callback	must call SSL_has_matching_session_id()	and
       generate	another	id if a	conflict occurs.  If an	id conflict is not
       resolved, the handshake will fail.  If the application codes e.g. a
       unique host id, a unique	process	number,	and a unique sequence number
       into the	session	id, uniqueness could easily be achieved	without
       randomness added	(it should however be taken care that no confidential
       information is leaked this way).	If the application can not guarantee
       uniqueness, it is recommended to	use the	maximum	id_len and fill	in the
       bytes not used to code special information with random data to avoid
       collisions.

       SSL_has_matching_session_id() will only query the internal session
       cache, not the external one. Since the session id is generated before
       the handshake is	completed, it is not immediately added to the cache.
       If another thread is using the same internal session cache, a race
       condition can occur in that another thread generates the	same session
       id.  Collisions can also	occur when using an external session cache,
       since the external cache	is not tested with
       SSL_has_matching_session_id() and the same race condition applies.

       The callback must return	0 if it	cannot generate	a session id for
       whatever	reason and return 1 on success.

RETURN VALUES
       SSL_CTX_set_generate_session_id() and SSL_set_generate_session_id()
       always return 1.

       SSL_has_matching_session_id() returns 1 if another session with the
       same id is already in the cache.

EXAMPLES
       The callback function listed will generate a session id with the	server
       id given, and will fill the rest	with pseudo random bytes:

	const char session_id_prefix = "www-18";

	#define	MAX_SESSION_ID_ATTEMPTS	10
	static int generate_session_id(SSL *ssl, unsigned char *id,
				       unsigned	int *id_len)
	{
	    unsigned int count = 0;

	    do {
		RAND_pseudo_bytes(id, *id_len);
		/*
		 * Prefix the session_id with the required prefix. NB: If our
		 * prefix is too long, clip it - but there will	be worse effects
		 * anyway, eg. the server could	only possibly create 1 session
		 * ID (ie. the prefix!)	so all future session negotiations will
		 * fail	due to conflicts.
		 */
		memcpy(id, session_id_prefix, strlen(session_id_prefix)	< *id_len ?
					      strlen(session_id_prefix)	: *id_len);
	    } while (SSL_has_matching_session_id(ssl, id, *id_len)
		      && ++count < MAX_SESSION_ID_ATTEMPTS);
	    if (count >= MAX_SESSION_ID_ATTEMPTS)
		return 0;
	    return 1;
	}

SEE ALSO
       ssl(7), SSL_get_version(3)

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright 2001-2019 The OpenSSL Project Authors.	All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed	under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You	may not	use
       this file except	in compliance with the License.	 You can obtain	a copy
       in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at
       <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.

1.1.1d				  2019-09-10SSL_CTX_SET_GENERATE_SESSION_ID(3)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | NOTES | RETURN VALUES | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | COPYRIGHT

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