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Imager::regmach(3)    User Contributed Perl Documentation   Imager::regmach(3)

NAME
       Imager::regmach - documents the register	virtual	machine	used by
       Imager::transform2().

SYNOPSIS
       The register machine is a complete rewrite of the stack machine
       originally used by Imager::transform(), written for use by
       Imager::transform2().

DESCRIPTION
       (This document might be a little	incoherent.)

       The register machine is a fast implementation of	a small	instruction
       set designed for	evaluating an arithmetic expression to produce a color
       for an image.

       The machine takes as input:

       instructions
	   An array of instructions

       numeric registers
	   An array of numeric registers.  Some	registers are initialized as
	   literals.

       color registers
	   An array of color registers.	 Currently these registers aren't
	   initialized.

       input images
	   An array of Imager i_img pointers.  The "getpn" operators read
	   pixels from these images.

       The instructions	supplied each take up to 4 input numeric or color
       registers with a	single output numeric or color register.  The machine
       attempts	to execute instructions	as safely as possible, assuming	that
       correct instructions have been provided,	eg. the	machine	protects
       against divide by zero, but doesn't check register numbers for
       validity.

       The final instruction must be a "ret" instruction, which	returns	the
       result ;)

   Adding new instructions
       To add a	new instruction:

       1.  Add a new opcode to the enumeration in regmach.h - make sure	to add
	   comment after the enum name giving the input	registers ("rX"	for
	   numeric, "pX" for color) that the instruction takes.	 These must be
	   in the order	that the instruction expects to	take the.  Put a
	   letter (r or	p) after -> to indicate	the result type.

       2.  Add a case to regmach.c that	executes the instruction.

       3.  make

       The Makefile should rebuild the Regops.pm file, and your	new
       instruction will	be added as a function.

       If you want to add a single alternative instruction that	might take
       different argument types	(it must take the same number of parameters),
       create another instruction with that name followed by a p.  The current
       expression parsers explicitly look for such instruction names.

   Future directions
       Conditional and non-conditional jumps to	implement iteration.  This
       will break the current optimizer	in Imager::Expr	(and the compilers for
       both expression compilers, for that matter.)

       Complex arithmetic (Addi	suggested this one).  This would most likely
       be a separate machine.  Otherwise we'll have a very significant
       performance loss.

WARNINGS
       If you feed bad 'machine	code' to the register machine, you have	a good
       chance of a "SIGSEGV".

AUTHOR
       Tony Cook <tonyc@cpan.org>, Arnar M. Hrafnkelsson

perl v5.32.1			  2014-01-10		    Imager::regmach(3)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | WARNINGS | AUTHOR

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