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Image::MetaData::JPEG:UsereContributed PerImage::MetaData::JPEG::MakerNotes(3)

NAME
       Image::MetaData::JPEG::MakerNotes - This	document contains random
       information and details on MakerNotes; it is an appendix	to the main
       manual page of the Image::MetaData::JPEG	module,	which the reader
       should refer to for further details and the general scope. The note on
       MakerNote parsing in the	main manual page is of particular interest.

Pieces of information available	after parsing the MakerNote
       The result of the process of parsing the	maker note is stored in	a
       directory in the	internal data structure	for the	APP1 Segment, whose
       path is "IFD@SubIFD@MakerNoteData_$format", where $format is the
       specific	note format; the 'MakerNote' entry in IFD0@SubIFD is then
       removed.	This translation happens always, because there is a catch-all
       'unknown' rule for a binary makernote with very broad acceptance	rules.
       The maker note directory	contains, in addition, a special subdir	with
       some fields reporting about the parsing process.

	   key	       content
	   --------    -------
	   ORIGINAL    the raw content of the maker note (unparsed)
	   SIGNATURE   the first few bytes which allowed the format to be chosen
	   ENDIANNESS  the byte	order chosen during parsing
	   FORMAT      the maker note format chosen during parsing
	   ERROR       [optional] error	details, in case of failure while parsing

Supported MakerNote formats
       Maker note formats are specified	in a special internal hash, with a key
       for each	format (including the 'unknown'	format). Each format entry
       corresponds to an anonymous hash	containing information for parsing the
       MakerNote; the "normal" format is considered to be an IFD-like
       MakerNote with a	next_link pointer, offsets counted from	the global
       TIFF header and no MakerNote internal TIFF header.

	       key	   meaning or effect
	       ---------   -----------------
	       signature   the MakerNote signature (a regular expression)
	       maker	   the Maker signature (i.e., its name,	no regex)
	       tags	   a reference to a hash for tag translations
	   (A) mkntstart   if set, offsets are counted from the	maker note start
	   (B) mkntTIFF	   if set, offsets are counted from the	internal TIFF header
	   (C) ignore	   if set, the format is to be ignored
	   (D) nonext	   if set, the maker note IFD does not have a next_link
	   (E) endianness  if set, the byte order is fixed to this value
	   (F) nonIFD	   if set, the maker note is not IFD-like

       Currently, "supported" formats are described in the following table;
       authoritative data is indeed kept in Tables_makernotes.pl, to which the
       reader should refer for tag definitions and translations. Remember that
       both the	'signature' and	the 'maker' fields are regular expressions
       matching	at the beginning (the real signature corresponds to $1).

		       A B C D E F Maker     Signature
		       ----------- --------- -----------------
	   Agfa			   AGFA	     (AGFA \000\001)
	   Canon		   Canon     ()
	   Casio_1		   CASIO     ()[^Q]
	   Casio_2		   CASIO     (QVC\000{3})
	   Epson		   EPSON     (EPSON\000\001\000)
	   Foveon		   FOVEON    (FOVEON\000{2}\001\000)
	   Fujifilm    x	   FUJIFILM  (FUJIFILM\014\000{3})
	   HPackard	   x	   Hewlett-Packard    (HP)
	   Kyocera     x     x	   KYOCERA   (KYOCERA {12}\000{3})
	   Kodak	       B x KODAK     (KDK INFO[a-zA-Z0-9]*  )
	   Minolta_1		   MINOLTA   ().{10}MLT0
	   Minolta_2		   Minolta   ().{10}MLT0
	   Konica	   x	   Minolta|KONICA ((MLY|KC|(\+M){4})|\001\000{5}\004)
	   Nikon_1		   NIKON     (Nikon\000\001\000)
	   Nikon_2		   NIKON     ()[^N]
	   Nikon_3	 x	   NIKON     (Nikon\000\002[\020\000]\000{2})
	   Olympus		   OLYMPUS   (OLYMP\000[\001\002]\000)
	   Panasonic_1	     x	   Panasonic (Panasonic\000{3})
	   Panasonic_2	   x x	   Panasonic (MKED)
	   Pentax_1    x	   Asahi     ()[^A]
	   Pentax_2    x     x	   Asahi     (AOC\000..)
	   Ricoh_1	   x	   RICOH     (Rv|Rev)
	   Ricoh_2	   x	   RICOH     (\000)
	   Ricoh_3		   RICOH     ((Ricoh|RICOH)\000{3})
	   Sanyo		   SANYO     (SANYO\000\001\000)
	   Sigma		   SIGMA     (SIGMA\000{3}\001\000)
	   Sony		     x	   SONY	     (SONY (CAM|DSC) \000{3})
	   Toshiba	   x	   TOSHIBA   ()
	   unknown	       x   .	     ()

References
       MakerNote format	details	are not	usually	released by vendors (well,
       this is an euphemism: no	vendor ever, to	my knowledge, released any
       detail on its format, exception made for	Sigma/Foveon). All information
       used for	this package was collected on the Internet (and	its
       reliability is therefore	limited) or through personal tests. Some
       interesting sites are (not an exhaustive	list at	all):

	 General:   home.arcor.de/ahuggel/exiv2/makernote.html
	   .....:   www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/makernotes.html

	 Agfa:	    www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/agfa_mn.html
	 Canon:	    www.burren.cx/david/canon.html
	 Casio:	    park2.wakwak.com/~tsuruzoh/Computer/Digicams/exif-e.html
	   ...:	    www.dicasoft.de/casiomn.htm
	 Epson:	    www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/epson_mn.html
	 Foveon:    Foveon is the same as Sigma, see Sigma
	 Fujifilm:  park2.wakwak.com/~tsuruzoh/Computer/Digicams/exif-e.html
	   ......:  www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/fujifilm_mn.html
	 Kyocera:   www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/kyocera_mn.html
	 Kodak:	    my personal	tests with my Kodak DX3900 (not	IFD-like)
	 Minolta:   www.dalibor.cz/minolta/makernote.htm
	   .....:   www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/minolta_mn.html
	 Nikon:	    park2.wakwak.com/~tsuruzoh/Computer/Digicams/exif-e.html
	   ...:	    www.tawbaware.com/990exif.htm
	   ...:	    www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/nikon_mn.html
	 Olympus:   park2.wakwak.com/~tsuruzoh/Computer/Digicams/exif-e.html
	   .....:   www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/olympus_mn.html
	 Panasonic: www.compton.nu/panasonic.html
	 Pentax:    www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/pentax_mn.html
	 Ricoh:	    www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/ricoh_mn.html
	 Sanyo:	    www.exif.org/makernotes/SanyoMakerNote.html
	 Sigma:	    www.x3f.info/technotes/FileDocs/MakerNoteDoc.html
	 Sony:	    www.ozhiker.com/electronics/pjmt/jpeg_info/sony_mn.html

DX3900 MakerNote format
       Kodak MakerNotes	are written in a proprietary binary format, which is
       not IFD-like. So, there is no way to detect the beginning, end and type
       of a field; everything here was inferred	through	a careful comparison
       of the content of a set of Kodak	JPEG files and their shot parameters.
       Fields seems to be aligned on four bytes	boundaries. For	the DX3900
       model the endianness is always fixed to big endian. The signature
       regular expression is "^(KDK INFO[a-zA-Z0-9]* )", the maker is 'KODAK'.
       The meaning of the tags is as follows:

	 BYTE	???		   firmware version? This is always 3
	 BYTE	Compression	   1 = normal, 2 = 2160x1440 high compression
	 BYTE	BurstMode	   0 = off,    1 = on
	 BYTE	MacroMode	   0 = normal, 1 = close-up
	 SHORT	PixelXDimension	   \ allowed	 2160x1440, 1800x1200,
	 SHORT	PixelYDimension	   /	 values: 1536x1024, 1080x720
	 SHORT	Year		   the year value, with	four digits
	 BYTE	Month		   the month value  (in	[1,12])
	 BYTE	Day		   the day value    (in	[1,31])
	 BYTE	Hour		   the hour value   (in	[0,23])
	 BYTE	Minute		   the minute value (in	[0,59])
	 BYTE	Second		   the second value (in	[0,59])
	 BYTE	SubSecond	   (in 130th of	seconds?)
	 SHORT	???		   ???
	 BYTE	???		   ???
	 BYTE	ShutterMode	   0 = auto, 32	= manual
	 BYTE	MeteringMode	   0 = multi-pattern, 1=centre weight.,	2=centre spot
	 BYTE	BurstSequenceIndex index in [1,8], 0 if	burst mode off
	 SHORT	FNumber		   100 times the Exif F-number
	 LONG	ExposureTime	   in 10^-5 seconds
	 SSHORT	ExposureBiasValue  1000	times the exposure bias	in [-2,+2 step .5]
	 SHORT	???		   ???
	 LONG	???		   \
	 LONG	???		    \ is this an estimate of the subject
	 LONG	???		    / distance?	If so, it is very rough.
	 LONG	???		   /
	 BYTE	FocusMode	   0 = auto, 2 = close,	3 = infinity
	 BYTE	???		   always 2
	 SHORT	???		   ???
	 SSHORT	PanoramaMode	   0 = normal, -1 = focus at infinity
	 SHORT	SubjectDistance	   (x-28)*2.54+7 looks like the	distance in cm
	 BYTE	WhiteBalance	   0 = normal, 1 = fluor., 2 = tungsten, 3 = daylight
	 (27 bytes with	unknown	meaning	here)
	 BYTE	FlashMode	   0 = auto, 1 = on, 2 = off, 3	= red-eyes
	 BYTE	FlashFired	   0 = yes,  1 = no
	 SHORT	ISOSpeedMode	   the requested speed in {100,200,400}	or zero
	 SHORT	???		   ???
	 SHORT	TotalZoomFactor	   100 times the zoom factor in	[+1,+6 step 0.1]
	 SHORT	DateTimeStampMode  0 = none, [1,6] = the six modes
	 SHORT	ColourMode	   1 = black & white, 2	= sepia, 32 = colour
	 SHORT	DigitalZoomFactor  100 times the zoom factor in	[+1,+3 step 0.1]
	 BYTE	???		   always zero
	 SBYTE	Sharpness	   0 = standard, 1 = sharp, -1 = soft
	 (808 bytes with unknown meaning here, maybe a thumbnail?)

AUTHOR
       Stefano Bettelli, bettelli@cpan.org

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       Copyright (C) 2004,2005,2006 by Stefano Bettelli

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the terms of the GNU General Public License. See the COPYING and
       LICENSE file for	the license terms.

SEE ALSO
       The main	documentation page for the Image::MetaData::JPEG module.

perl v5.32.0			  2006-01-Image::MetaData::JPEG::MakerNotes(3)

NAME | Pieces of information available after parsing the MakerNote | Supported MakerNote formats | References | DX3900 MakerNote format | AUTHOR | COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE | SEE ALSO

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