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I18N::LangTags::List(3)Perl Programmers	Reference GuideI18N::LangTags::List(3)

       I18N::LangTags::List -- tags and	names for human	languages

	 use I18N::LangTags::List;
	 print "Parlez-vous... ", join(', ',
	     I18N::LangTags::List::name('elx') || 'unknown_language',
	     I18N::LangTags::List::name('ar-Kw') || 'unknown_language',
	     I18N::LangTags::List::name('en') || 'unknown_language',
	     I18N::LangTags::List::name('en-CA') || 'unknown_language',
	   ), "?\n";


	 Parlez-vous...	Elamite, Kuwait	Arabic,	English, Canadian English?

       This module provides a function "I18N::LangTags::List::name( langtag )
       " that takes a language tag (see	I18N::LangTags)	and returns the	best
       attempt at an English name for it, or undef if it can't make sense of
       the tag.

       The function I18N::LangTags::List::name(...) is not exported.

       This module also	provides a function "I18N::LangTags::List::is_decent(
       langtag )" that returns true iff	the language tag is syntactically
       valid and is for	general	use (like "fr" or "fr-ca", below).  That is,
       it returns false	for tags that are syntactically	invalid	and for	tags,
       like "aus", that	are listed in brackets below.  This function is	not

       The map of tags-to-names	that it	uses is	accessible as
       %I18N::LangTags::List::Name, and	it's the same as the list that follows
       in this documentation, which should be useful to	you even if you	don't
       use this	module.

       Internet	language tags, as defined in RFC 3066, are a formalism for
       denoting	human languages.  The two-letter ISO 639-1 language codes are
       well known (as "en" for English), as are	their forms when qualified by
       a country code ("en-US").  Less well-known are the arbitrary-length
       non-ISO codes (like "i-mingo"), and the recently	(in 2001) introduced
       three-letter ISO-639-2 codes.

       Remember	these important	facts:

       o   Language tags are not locale	IDs.  A	locale ID is written with a
	   "_" instead of a "-", (almost?) always matches "m/^\w\w_\w\w\b/",
	   and means something different than a	language tag.  A language tag
	   denotes a language.	A locale ID denotes a language as used in a
	   particular place, in	combination with non-linguistic	location-
	   specific information	such as	what currency is used there.  Locales
	   also	often denote character set information,	as in

       o   Language tags are not for computer languages.

       o   "Dialect" is	not a useful term, since there is no objective
	   criterion for establishing when two language-forms are dialects of
	   eachother, or are separate languages.

       o   Language tags are not case-sensitive.  en-US, en-us,	En-Us, etc.,
	   are all the same tag, and denote the	same language.

       o   Not every language tag really refers	to a single language.  Some
	   language tags refer to conditions: i-default	(system-message	text
	   in English plus maybe other languages), und (undetermined
	   language).  Others (notably lots of the three-letter	codes) are
	   bibliographic tags that classify whole groups of languages, as with
	   cus "Cushitic (Other)" (i.e., a language that has been classed as
	   Cushtic, but	which has no more specific code) or the	even less
	   linguistically coherent sai for "South American Indian (Other)".
	   Though useful in bibliography, SUCH TAGS ARE	NOT FOR	GENERAL	USE.
	   For further guidance, email me.

       o   Language tags are not country codes.	 In fact, they are often
	   distinct codes, as with language tag	ja for Japanese, and ISO 3166
	   country code	".jp" for Japan.

       The first part of each item is the language tag,	between	{...}.	It is
       followed	by an English name for the language or language-group.
       Language	tags that I judge to be	not for	general	use, are bracketed.

       This list is in alphabetical order by English name of the language.

       {ab} : Abkhazian
	   eq Abkhaz

       {ace} : Achinese
       {ach} : Acoli
       {ada} : Adangme
       {ady} : Adyghe
	   eq Adygei

       {aa} : Afar
       {afh} : Afrihili

       {af} : Afrikaans
       [{afa} :	Afro-Asiatic (Other)]
       {ak} : Akan
	   (Formerly "aka".)

       {akk} : Akkadian

       {sq} : Albanian
       {ale} : Aleut
       [{alg} :	Algonquian languages]
	   NOT Algonquin!

       [{tut} :	Altaic (Other)]
       {am} : Amharic
	   NOT Aramaic!

       {i-ami} : Ami
	   eq Amis.  eq	'Amis.	eq Pangca.

       [{apa} :	Apache languages]
       {ar} : Arabic
	   Many	forms are mutually un-intelligible in spoken media.  Notable
	   forms: {ar-ae} UAE Arabic; {ar-bh} Bahrain Arabic; {ar-dz} Algerian
	   Arabic; {ar-eg} Egyptian Arabic; {ar-iq} Iraqi Arabic; {ar-jo}
	   Jordanian Arabic; {ar-kw} Kuwait Arabic; {ar-lb} Lebanese Arabic;
	   {ar-ly} Libyan Arabic; {ar-ma} Moroccan Arabic; {ar-om} Omani
	   Arabic; {ar-qa} Qatari Arabic; {ar-sa} Sauda	Arabic;	{ar-sy}	Syrian
	   Arabic; {ar-tn} Tunisian Arabic; {ar-ye} Yemen Arabic.

       {arc} : Aramaic
	   NOT Amharic!	 NOT Samaritan Aramaic!

       {arp} : Arapaho
       {arn} : Araucanian
       {arw} : Arawak
       {hy} : Armenian
       {an} : Aragonese
       [{art} :	Artificial (Other)]
       {ast} : Asturian
	   eq Bable.

       {as} : Assamese
       [{ath} :	Athapascan languages]
	   eq Athabaskan.  eq Athapaskan.  eq Athabascan.

       [{aus} :	Australian languages]
       [{map} :	Austronesian (Other)]
       {av} : Avaric
	   (Formerly "ava".)

       {ae} : Avestan
	   eq Zend

       {awa} : Awadhi
       {ay} : Aymara
       {az} : Azerbaijani
	   eq Azeri

	   Notable forms: {az-Arab} Azerbaijani	in Arabic script; {az-Cyrl}
	   Azerbaijani in Cyrillic script; {az-Latn} Azerbaijani in Latin

       {ban} : Balinese
       [{bat} :	Baltic (Other)]
       {bal} : Baluchi
       {bm} : Bambara
	   (Formerly "bam".)

       [{bai} :	Bamileke languages]
       {bad} : Banda
       [{bnt} :	Bantu (Other)]
       {bas} : Basa
       {ba} : Bashkir
       {eu} : Basque
       {btk} : Batak (Indonesia)
       {bej} : Beja
       {be} : Belarusian
	   eq Belarussian.  eq Byelarussian.  eq Belorussian.  eq
	   Byelorussian.  eq White Russian.  eq	White Ruthenian.  NOT

       {bem} : Bemba
       {bn} : Bengali
	   eq Bangla.

       [{ber} :	Berber (Other)]
       {bho} : Bhojpuri
       {bh} : Bihari
       {bik} : Bikol
       {bin} : Bini
       {bi} : Bislama
	   eq Bichelamar.

       {bs} : Bosnian
       {bra} : Braj
       {br} : Breton
       {bug} : Buginese
       {bg} : Bulgarian
       {i-bnn} : Bunun
       {bua} : Buriat
       {my} : Burmese
       {cad} : Caddo
       {car} : Carib
       {ca} : Catalan
	   eq Catalan.	eq Catalonian.

       [{cau} :	Caucasian (Other)]
       {ceb} : Cebuano
       [{cel} :	Celtic (Other)]
	   Notable forms: {cel-gaulish}	Gaulish	(Historical)

       [{cai} :	Central	American Indian	(Other)]
       {chg} : Chagatai

       [{cmc} :	Chamic languages]
       {ch} : Chamorro
       {ce} : Chechen
       {chr} : Cherokee
	   eq Tsalagi

       {chy} : Cheyenne
       {chb} : Chibcha
	   (Historical)	 NOT Chibchan (which is	a language family).

       {ny} : Chichewa
	   eq Nyanja.  eq Chinyanja.

       {zh} : Chinese
	   Many	forms are mutually un-intelligible in spoken media.  Notable
	   forms: {zh-Hans} Chinese, in	simplified script; {zh-Hant} Chinese,
	   in traditional script; {zh-tw} Taiwan Chinese; {zh-cn} PRC Chinese;
	   {zh-sg} Singapore Chinese; {zh-mo} Macau Chinese; {zh-hk} Hong Kong
	   Chinese; {zh-guoyu} Mandarin	[Putonghua/Guoyu]; {zh-hakka} Hakka
	   [formerly "i-hakka"]; {zh-min} Hokkien; {zh-min-nan}	Southern
	   Hokkien; {zh-wuu} Shanghaiese; {zh-xiang} Hunanese; {zh-gan}	Gan;
	   {zh-yue} Cantonese.

       {chn} : Chinook Jargon
	   eq Chinook Wawa.

       {chp} : Chipewyan
       {cho} : Choctaw
       {cu} : Church Slavic
	   eq Old Church Slavonic.

       {chk} : Chuukese
	   eq Trukese.	eq Chuuk.  eq Truk.  eq	Ruk.

       {cv} : Chuvash
       {cop} : Coptic
       {kw} : Cornish
       {co} : Corsican
	   eq Corse.

       {cr} : Cree
	   NOT Creek!  (Formerly "cre".)

       {mus} : Creek
	   NOT Cree!

       [{cpe} :	English-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)]
       [{cpf} :	French-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)]
       [{cpp} :	Portuguese-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)]
       [{crp} :	Creoles	and pidgins (Other)]
       {hr} : Croatian
	   eq Croat.

       [{cus} :	Cushitic (Other)]
       {cs} : Czech
       {dak} : Dakota
	   eq Nakota.  eq Latoka.

       {da} : Danish
       {dar} : Dargwa
       {day} : Dayak
       {i-default} : Default (Fallthru)	Language
	   Defined in RFC 2277,	this is	for tagging text (which	must include
	   English text, and might/should include text in other	appropriate
	   languages) that is emitted in a context where language-negotiation
	   wasn't possible -- in SMTP mail failure messages, for example.

       {del} : Delaware
       {din} : Dinka
       {dv} : Divehi
	   eq Maldivian.  (Formerly "div".)

       {doi} : Dogri
	   NOT Dogrib!

       {dgr} : Dogrib
	   NOT Dogri!

       [{dra} :	Dravidian (Other)]
       {dua} : Duala
       {nl} : Dutch
	   eq Netherlander.  Notable forms: {nl-nl} Netherlands	Dutch; {nl-be}
	   Belgian Dutch.

       {dum} : Middle Dutch (ca.1050-1350)

       {dyu} : Dyula
       {dz} : Dzongkha
       {efi} : Efik
       {egy} : Ancient Egyptian

       {eka} : Ekajuk
       {elx} : Elamite

       {en} : English
	   Notable forms: {en-au} Australian English; {en-bz} Belize English;
	   {en-ca} Canadian English; {en-gb} UK	English; {en-ie} Irish
	   English; {en-jm} Jamaican English; {en-nz} New Zealand English;
	   {en-ph} Philippine English; {en-tt} Trinidad	English; {en-us} US
	   English; {en-za} South African English; {en-zw} Zimbabwe English.

       {enm} : Old English (1100-1500)

       {ang} : Old English (ca.450-1100)
	   eq Anglo-Saxon.  (Historical)

       {i-enochian} : Enochian (Artificial)
       {myv} : Erzya
       {eo} : Esperanto

       {et} : Estonian
       {ee} : Ewe
	   (Formerly "ewe".)

       {ewo} : Ewondo
       {fan} : Fang
       {fat} : Fanti
       {fo} : Faroese
       {fj} : Fijian
       {fi} : Finnish
       [{fiu} :	Finno-Ugrian (Other)]
	   eq Finno-Ugric.  NOT	Ugaritic!

       {fon} : Fon
       {fr} : French
	   Notable forms: {fr-fr} France French; {fr-be} Belgian French;
	   {fr-ca} Canadian French; {fr-ch} Swiss French; {fr-lu} Luxembourg
	   French; {fr-mc} Monaco French.

       {frm} : Middle French (ca.1400-1600)

       {fro} : Old French (842-ca.1400)

       {fy} : Frisian
       {fur} : Friulian
       {ff} : Fulah
	   (Formerly "ful".)

       {gaa} : Ga
       {gd} : Scots Gaelic
	   NOT Scots!

       {gl} : Gallegan
	   eq Galician

       {lg} : Ganda
	   (Formerly "lug".)

       {gay} : Gayo
       {gba} : Gbaya
       {gez} : Geez
	   eq Ge'ez

       {ka} : Georgian
       {de} : German
	   Notable forms: {de-at} Austrian German; {de-be} Belgian German;
	   {de-ch} Swiss German; {de-de} Germany German; {de-li} Liechtenstein
	   German; {de-lu} Luxembourg German.

       {gmh} : Middle High German (ca.1050-1500)

       {goh} : Old High	German (ca.750-1050)

       [{gem} :	Germanic (Other)]
       {gil} : Gilbertese
       {gon} : Gondi
       {gor} : Gorontalo
       {got} : Gothic

       {grb} : Grebo
       {grc} : Ancient Greek
	   (Historical)	 (Until	15th century or	so.)

       {el} : Modern Greek
	   (Since 15th century or so.)

       {gn} : Guarani

       {gu} : Gujarati
       {gwi} : Gwich'in
	   eq Gwichin

       {hai} : Haida
       {ht} : Haitian
	   eq Haitian Creole

       {ha} : Hausa
       {haw} : Hawaiian

       {he} : Hebrew
	   (Formerly "iw".)

       {hz} : Herero
       {hil} : Hiligaynon
       {him} : Himachali
       {hi} : Hindi
       {ho} : Hiri Motu
       {hit} : Hittite

       {hmn} : Hmong
       {hu} : Hungarian
       {hup} : Hupa
       {iba} : Iban
       {is} : Icelandic
       {io} : Ido

       {ig} : Igbo
	   (Formerly "ibo".)

       {ijo} : Ijo
       {ilo} : Iloko
       [{inc} :	Indic (Other)]
       [{ine} :	Indo-European (Other)]
       {id} : Indonesian
	   (Formerly "in".)

       {inh} : Ingush
       {ia} : Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association)
	   (Artificial)	 NOT Interlingue!

       {ie} : Interlingue
	   (Artificial)	 NOT Interlingua!

       {iu} : Inuktitut
	   A subform of	"Eskimo".

       {ik} : Inupiaq
	   A subform of	"Eskimo".

       [{ira} :	Iranian	(Other)]
       {ga} : Irish
       {mga} : Middle Irish (900-1200)

       {sga} : Old Irish (to 900)

       [{iro} :	Iroquoian languages]
       {it} : Italian
	   Notable forms: {it-it} Italy	Italian; {it-ch} Swiss Italian.

       {ja} : Japanese
	   (NOT	"jp"!)

       {jv} : Javanese
	   (Formerly "jw" because of a typo.)

       {jrb} : Judeo-Arabic
       {jpr} : Judeo-Persian
       {kbd} : Kabardian
       {kab} : Kabyle
       {kac} : Kachin
       {kl} : Kalaallisut
	   eq Greenlandic "Eskimo"

       {xal} : Kalmyk
       {kam} : Kamba
       {kn} : Kannada
	   eq Kanarese.	 NOT Canadian!

       {kr} : Kanuri
	   (Formerly "kau".)

       {krc} : Karachay-Balkar
       {kaa} : Kara-Kalpak
       {kar} : Karen
       {ks} : Kashmiri
       {csb} : Kashubian
	   eq Kashub

       {kaw} : Kawi
       {kk} : Kazakh
       {kha} : Khasi
       {km} : Khmer
	   eq Cambodian.  eq Kampuchean.

       [{khi} :	Khoisan	(Other)]
       {kho} : Khotanese
       {ki} : Kikuyu
	   eq Gikuyu.

       {kmb} : Kimbundu
       {rw} : Kinyarwanda
       {ky} : Kirghiz
       {i-klingon} : Klingon
       {kv} : Komi
       {kg} : Kongo
	   (Formerly "kon".)

       {kok} : Konkani
       {ko} : Korean
       {kos} : Kosraean
       {kpe} : Kpelle
       {kro} : Kru
       {kj} : Kuanyama
       {kum} : Kumyk
       {ku} : Kurdish
       {kru} : Kurukh
       {kut} : Kutenai
       {lad} : Ladino
	   eq Judeo-Spanish.  NOT Ladin	(a minority language in	Italy).

       {lah} : Lahnda
	   NOT Lamba!

       {lam} : Lamba
	   NOT Lahnda!

       {lo} : Lao
	   eq Laotian.

       {la} : Latin
	   (Historical)	 NOT Ladin!  NOT Ladino!

       {lv} : Latvian
	   eq Lettish.

       {lb} : Letzeburgesch
	   eq Luxemburgian, eq Luxemburger.  (Formerly "i-lux".)

       {lez} : Lezghian
       {li} : Limburgish
	   eq Limburger, eq Limburgan.	NOT Letzeburgesch!

       {ln} : Lingala
       {lt} : Lithuanian
       {nds} : Low German
	   eq Low Saxon.  eq Low German.  eq Low Saxon.

       {art-lojban} : Lojban (Artificial)
       {loz} : Lozi
       {lu} : Luba-Katanga
	   (Formerly "lub".)

       {lua} : Luba-Lulua
       {lui} : Luiseno
	   eq Luisen~o.

       {lun} : Lunda
       {luo} : Luo (Kenya and Tanzania)
       {lus} : Lushai
       {mk} : Macedonian
	   eq the modern Slavic	language spoken	in what	was Yugoslavia.	 NOT
	   the form of Greek spoken in Greek Macedonia!

       {mad} : Madurese
       {mag} : Magahi
       {mai} : Maithili
       {mak} : Makasar
       {mg} : Malagasy
       {ms} : Malay
	   NOT Malayalam!

       {ml} : Malayalam
	   NOT Malay!

       {mt} : Maltese
       {mnc} : Manchu
       {mdr} : Mandar
	   NOT Mandarin!

       {man} : Mandingo
       {mni} : Manipuri
	   eq Meithei.

       [{mno} :	Manobo languages]
       {gv} : Manx
       {mi} : Maori
	   NOT Mari!

       {mr} : Marathi
       {chm} : Mari
	   NOT Maori!

       {mh} : Marshall
	   eq Marshallese.

       {mwr} : Marwari
       {mas} : Masai
       [{myn} :	Mayan languages]
       {men} : Mende
       {mic} : Micmac
       {min} : Minangkabau
       {i-mingo} : Mingo
	   eq the Irquoian language West Virginia Seneca.  NOT New York

       [{mis} :	Miscellaneous languages]
	   Don't use this.

       {moh} : Mohawk
       {mdf} : Moksha
       {mo} : Moldavian
	   eq Moldovan.

       [{mkh} :	Mon-Khmer (Other)]
       {lol} : Mongo
       {mn} : Mongolian
	   eq Mongol.

       {mos} : Mossi
       [{mul} :	Multiple languages]
	   Not for normal use.

       [{mun} :	Munda languages]
       {nah} : Nahuatl
       {nap} : Neapolitan
       {na} : Nauru
       {nv} : Navajo
	   eq Navaho.  (Formerly "i-navajo".)

       {nd} : North Ndebele
       {nr} : South Ndebele
       {ng} : Ndonga
       {ne} : Nepali
	   eq Nepalese.	 Notable forms:	{ne-np}	Nepal Nepali; {ne-in} India

       {new} : Newari
       {nia} : Nias
       [{nic} :	Niger-Kordofanian (Other)]
       [{ssa} :	Nilo-Saharan (Other)]
       {niu} : Niuean
       {nog} : Nogai
       {non} : Old Norse

       [{nai} :	North American Indian]
	   Do not use this.

       {no} : Norwegian
	   Note	the two	following forms:

       {nb} : Norwegian	Bokmal
	   eq Bokmaal, (A form of Norwegian.)  (Formerly "no-bok".)

       {nn} : Norwegian	Nynorsk
	   (A form of Norwegian.)  (Formerly "no-nyn".)

       [{nub} :	Nubian languages]
       {nym} : Nyamwezi
       {nyn} : Nyankole
       {nyo} : Nyoro
       {nzi} : Nzima
       {oc} : Occitan (post 1500)
	   eq Provencal, eq Provencal

       {oj} : Ojibwa
	   eq Ojibwe.  (Formerly "oji".)

       {or} : Oriya
       {om} : Oromo
       {osa} : Osage
       {os} : Ossetian;	Ossetic
       [{oto} :	Otomian	languages]
	   Group of languages collectively called "Otomi".

       {pal} : Pahlavi
	   eq Pahlevi

       {i-pwn} : Paiwan
	   eq Pariwan

       {pau} : Palauan
       {pi} : Pali

       {pam} : Pampanga
       {pag} : Pangasinan
       {pa} : Panjabi
	   eq Punjabi

       {pap} : Papiamento
	   eq Papiamentu.

       [{paa} :	Papuan (Other)]
       {fa} : Persian
	   eq Farsi.  eq Iranian.

       {peo} : Old Persian (ca.600-400 B.C.)
       [{phi} :	Philippine (Other)]
       {phn} : Phoenician

       {pon} : Pohnpeian
	   NOT Pompeiian!

       {pl} : Polish
       {pt} : Portuguese
	   eq Portugese.  Notable forms: {pt-pt} Portugal Portuguese; {pt-br}
	   Brazilian Portuguese.

       [{pra} :	Prakrit	languages]
       {pro} : Old Provencal (to 1500)
	   eq Old Provencal.  (Historical.)

       {ps} : Pushto
	   eq Pashto.  eq Pushtu.

       {qu} : Quechua
	   eq Quecha.

       {rm} : Raeto-Romance
	   eq Romansh.

       {raj} : Rajasthani
       {rap} : Rapanui
       {rar} : Rarotongan
       [{qaa - qtz} : Reserved for local use.]
       [{roa} :	Romance	(Other)]
	   NOT Romanian!  NOT Romany!  NOT Romansh!

       {ro} : Romanian
	   eq Rumanian.	 NOT Romany!

       {rom} : Romany
	   eq Rom.  NOT	Romanian!

       {rn} : Rundi
       {ru} : Russian
	   NOT White Russian!  NOT Rusyn!

       [{sal} :	Salishan languages]
	   Large language group.

       {sam} : Samaritan Aramaic
	   NOT Aramaic!

       {se} : Northern Sami
	   eq Lappish.	eq Lapp.  eq (Northern)	Saami.

       {sma} : Southern	Sami
       {smn} : Inari Sami
       {smj} : Lule Sami
       {sms} : Skolt Sami
       [{smi} :	Sami languages (Other)]
       {sm} : Samoan
       {sad} : Sandawe
       {sg} : Sango
       {sa} : Sanskrit

       {sat} : Santali
       {sc} : Sardinian
	   eq Sard.

       {sas} : Sasak
       {sco} : Scots
	   NOT Scots Gaelic!

       {sel} : Selkup
       [{sem} :	Semitic	(Other)]
       {sr} : Serbian
	   eq Serb.  NOT Sorbian.

	   Notable forms: {sr-Cyrl} : Serbian in Cyrillic script; {sr-Latn} :
	   Serbian in Latin script.

       {srr} : Serer
       {shn} : Shan
       {sn} : Shona
       {sid} : Sidamo
       {sgn-...} : Sign	Languages
	   Always use with a subtag.  Notable forms: {sgn-gb} British Sign
	   Language (BSL); {sgn-ie} Irish Sign Language	(ESL); {sgn-ni}
	   Nicaraguan Sign Language (ISN); {sgn-us} American Sign Language

	   (And	so on with other country codes as the subtag.)

       {bla} : Siksika
	   eq Blackfoot.  eq Pikanii.

       {sd} : Sindhi
       {si} : Sinhalese
	   eq Sinhala.

       [{sit} :	Sino-Tibetan (Other)]
       [{sio} :	Siouan languages]
       {den} : Slave (Athapascan)
	   ("Slavey" is	a subform.)

       [{sla} :	Slavic (Other)]
       {sk} : Slovak
	   eq Slovakian.

       {sl} : Slovenian
	   eq Slovene.

       {sog} : Sogdian
       {so} : Somali
       {son} : Songhai
       {snk} : Soninke
       {wen} : Sorbian languages
	   eq Wendish.	eq Sorb.  eq Lusatian.	eq Wend.  NOT Venda!  NOT

       {nso} : Northern	Sotho
       {st} : Southern Sotho
	   eq Sutu.  eq	Sesotho.

       [{sai} :	South American Indian (Other)]
       {es} : Spanish
	   Notable forms: {es-ar} Argentine Spanish; {es-bo} Bolivian Spanish;
	   {es-cl} Chilean Spanish; {es-co} Colombian Spanish; {es-do}
	   Dominican Spanish; {es-ec} Ecuadorian Spanish; {es-es} Spain
	   Spanish; {es-gt} Guatemalan Spanish;	{es-hn}	Honduran Spanish;
	   {es-mx} Mexican Spanish; {es-pa} Panamanian Spanish;	{es-pe}
	   Peruvian Spanish; {es-pr} Puerto Rican Spanish; {es-py} Paraguay
	   Spanish; {es-sv} Salvadoran Spanish;	{es-us}	US Spanish; {es-uy}
	   Uruguayan Spanish; {es-ve} Venezuelan Spanish.

       {suk} : Sukuma
       {sux} : Sumerian

       {su} : Sundanese
       {sus} : Susu
       {sw} : Swahili
	   eq Kiswahili

       {ss} : Swati
       {sv} : Swedish
	   Notable forms: {sv-se} Sweden Swedish; {sv-fi} Finland Swedish.

       {syr} : Syriac
       {tl} : Tagalog
       {ty} : Tahitian
       [{tai} :	Tai (Other)]
	   NOT Thai!

       {tg} : Tajik
       {tmh} : Tamashek
       {ta} : Tamil
       {i-tao} : Tao
	   eq Yami.

       {tt} : Tatar
       {i-tay} : Tayal
	   eq Atayal.  eq Atayan.

       {te} : Telugu
       {ter} : Tereno
       {tet} : Tetum
       {th} : Thai
	   NOT Tai!

       {bo} : Tibetan
       {tig} : Tigre
       {ti} : Tigrinya
       {tem} : Timne
	   eq Themne.  eq Timene.

       {tiv} : Tiv
       {tli} : Tlingit
       {tpi} : Tok Pisin
       {tkl} : Tokelau
       {tog} : Tonga (Nyasa)
	   NOT Tsonga!

       {to} : Tonga (Tonga Islands)
	   (Pronounced "Tong-a", not "Tong-ga")

	   NOT Tsonga!

       {tsi} : Tsimshian
	   eq Sm'algyax

       {ts} : Tsonga
	   NOT Tonga!

       {i-tsu} : Tsou
       {tn} : Tswana
	   Same	as Setswana.

       {tum} : Tumbuka
       [{tup} :	Tupi languages]
       {tr} : Turkish
	   (Typically in Roman script)

       {ota} : Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928)
	   (Typically in Arabic	script)	 (Historical)

       {crh} : Crimean Turkish
	   eq Crimean Tatar

       {tk} : Turkmen
	   eq Turkmeni.

       {tvl} : Tuvalu
       {tyv} : Tuvinian
	   eq Tuvan.  eq Tuvin.

       {tw} : Twi
       {udm} : Udmurt
       {uga} : Ugaritic
	   NOT Ugric!

       {ug} : Uighur
       {uk} : Ukrainian
       {umb} : Umbundu
       {und} : Undetermined
	   Not a tag for normal	use.

       {ur} : Urdu
       {uz} : Uzbek
	   eq Oezbek

	   Notable forms: {uz-Cyrl} Uzbek in Cyrillic script; {uz-Latn}	Uzbek
	   in Latin script.

       {vai} : Vai
       {ve} : Venda
	   NOT Wendish!	 NOT Wend!  NOT	Avestan!  (Formerly "ven".)

       {vi} : Vietnamese
	   eq Viet.

       {vo} : Volapuk
	   eq Volapuek.	 (Artificial)

       {vot} : Votic
	   eq Votian.  eq Vod.

       [{wak} :	Wakashan languages]
       {wa} : Walloon
       {wal} : Walamo
	   eq Wolaytta.

       {war} : Waray
	   Presumably the Philippine language Waray-Waray (Samaren~o), not the
	   smaller Philippine language Waray Sorsogon, nor the extinct
	   Australian language Waray.

       {was} : Washo
	   eq Washoe

       {cy} : Welsh
       {wo} : Wolof
       {x-...} : Unregistered (Semi-Private Use)
	   "x-"	is a prefix for	language tags that are not registered with ISO
	   or IANA.  Example, x-double-dutch

       {xh} : Xhosa
       {sah} : Yakut
       {yao} : Yao
	   (The	Yao in Malawi?)

       {yap} : Yapese
	   eq Yap

       {ii} : Sichuan Yi
       {yi} : Yiddish
	   Formerly "ji".  Usually in Hebrew script.

	   Notable forms: {yi-latn} Yiddish in Latin script

       {yo} : Yoruba
       [{ypk} :	Yupik languages]
	   Several "Eskimo" languages.

       {znd} : Zande
       [{zap} :	Zapotec]
	   (A group of languages.)

       {zen} : Zenaga
	   NOT Zend.

       {za} : Zhuang
       {zu} : Zulu
       {zun} : Zuni
	   eq Zun~i

       I18N::LangTags and its "See Also" section.

       Copyright (c) 2001+ Sean	M. Burke. All rights reserved.

       You can redistribute and/or modify this document	under the same terms
       as Perl itself.

       This document is	provided in the	hope that it will be useful, but
       without any warranty; without even the implied warranty of accuracy,
       authoritativeness, completeness,	merchantability, or fitness for	a
       particular purpose.

       Email any corrections or	questions to me.

       Sean M. Burke,

perl v5.32.0			  2020-06-14	       I18N::LangTags::List(3)


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