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File::MimeInfo::CookboUser)Contributed Perl DocumenFile::MimeInfo::Cookbook(3)

NAME
       File::MimeInfo::Cookbook	- various code snippets

DESCRIPTION
       Some code snippets for non-basic	uses of	the File::MimeInfo module:

       Matching	an extension
	   A file does not have	to actually exist in order to get a mimetype
	   for it. This	means that the following will work:

	     my	$extension = '*.txt';
	     my	$mimetype = mimetype( $extension );

       Mimetyping an scalar
	   If you want to find the mimetype of a scalar	value you need magic
	   mimetyping; after all a scalar doesn't have a filename or inode.
	   What	you need to do is to use IO::Scalar :

	     use File::MimeInfo::Magic;
	     use IO::Scalar;

	     my	$io_scalar = new IO::Scalar \$data;
	     my	$mimetype = mimetype( $io_scalar );

	   In fact most	other "IO::" will work as long as they support the
	   "seek()" and	"read()" methods. Of course if you want	really obscure
	   things to happen you	can always write your own IO object and	feed
	   it in there.

	   Be aware that when using a filehandle like this you need to set the
	   ":utf8" binmode yourself if appropriate.

       Mimetyping a filehandle
	   Regrettably for non-seekable	filehandles like STDIN simply using an
	   "IO::" object will not work.	You will need to buffer	enough of the
	   data	for a proper mimetyping. For example you could mimetype	data
	   from	STDIN like this:

	     use File::MimeInfo::Magic;
	     use IO::Scalar;

	     my	$data;
	     read(STDIN, $data,	$File::MimeInfo::Magic::max_buffer);
	     my	$io_scalar = new IO::Scalar \$data;
	     my	$mimetype = mimetype( $io_scalar );

	   Be aware that when using a filehandle like this you need to set the
	   ":utf8" binmode yourself if appropriate.

       Creating	a new filename
	   Say you have	a temporary file that you want to save with a more
	   proper filename.

	     use File::MimeInfo::Magic qw#mimetype extensions#;
	     use File::Copy;

	     my	$tmpfile = '/tmp/foo';
	     my	$mimetype = mimetype($tmpfile);
	     my	$extension = extensions($mimetype);
	     my	$newfile = 'untitled1';
	     $newfile .= '.'.$extension	if length $extension;
	     move($tmpfile, $newfile);

       Force the use of	a certain database directory
	   Normally you	just need to add the dir where your mime database
	   lives to either the XDG_DATA_HOME or	XDG_DATA_DIRS environment
	   variables for it to be found. But in	some rare cases	you may	want
	   to by-pass this system all together.	Try one	of the following:

	     @File::MimeInfo::DIRS = ('/home/me/share/mime');
	     eval 'use File::MimeInfo';
	     die if $@;

	   or:

	     use File::MimeInfo;
	     @File::MimeInfo::DIRS = ('/home/me/share/mime');
	     File::MimeInfo->rehash();

	   This	can also be used for switching between databases at run	time
	   while leaving other XDG configuration stuff alone.

AUTHOR
       Jaap Karssenberg	<pardus@cpan.org> Maintained by	Michiel	Beijen
       <michiel.beijen@gmail.com>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (c) 2005, 2012	Jaap G Karssenberg. All	rights reserved.  This
       program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or	modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO
       File::MimeInfo

perl v5.32.0			  2018-08-05	   File::MimeInfo::Cookbook(3)

NAME | DESCRIPTION | AUTHOR | COPYRIGHT | SEE ALSO

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