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atf(7), ATF(7)
introduction to the Automated Testing Framework
kern_testfrwk(9)
A kernel testing framework
kyua(1)
Testing framework for infrastructure software
mac_test(4)
MAC framework testing policy
CUnit(3)
A unit testing framework for C
aarch64-none-elf-gcov(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
aarch64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov6(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
aarch64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov9(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
abxtest(1)
double-blind ABX comparison testing script
amtapetype(8)
generate a tapetype definition by testing the device directly
arm-none-eabi-gcov(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
atf(7), ATF(7)
introduction to the Automated Testing Framework
avr-gcov(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
blastesting(3)
Testing
cd-convert(1)
Color Manager Testing Tool
checkmk(1)
Awk script for generating C unit tests for use with the Check unit testing framework
clambc(1)
Bytecode Analysis and Testing Tool
cmdtest(1)
blackbox testing of Unix command line tools
complex16_blas_testing(3)
complex16
complex_blas_testing(3)
complex
cutter(1)
xUnit family unit testing framework for C and C++
dc_test(1)
Distributed session cache testing and benchmarking tool
dieharder(1)
A testing and benchmarking tool for random number generators
double_blas_testing(3)
double
gcov10(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
gcov11(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
gcov12(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
gcov48(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
gcov7(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
gcov8(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
gcov9(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
glStencilFunc(3), "glStencilFunc(3)
set function and reference value for stencil testing delim $$
gsm_explode(3)
gsm_implode GSM 06.10 supplementary functions for testing
gst-device-monitor-1.0(1)
Simple command line testing tool for GStreamer device monitors
gst-play-1.0(1)
Simple command line playback testing tool
gst-sunit(1)
unit testing tool for GNU Smalltalk
i386-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov6(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
i386-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov9(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
jstest-gtk(1)
joystick testing and configuration tool
kyua(1)
Testing framework for infrastructure software
libdieharder(3)
A testing and benchmarking library for random number generators
lou_translate(1)
A Braille translator for large scale testing of liblouis Braille translation tables
ltl2tgta(1)
translate LTL/PSL formulas into Testing Automata
mcjoin(1)
tiny multicast testing tool
mingw32-gcov(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
mips-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov6(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
mips-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov9(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
mips64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov6(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
mips64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov9(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
nbdkit-error-filter(1)
inject errors for testing clients
nbdkit-pattern-plugin(1)
plugin to serve a fixed pattern of data for testing
notcurses-tester(1)
Notcurses unit testing
openocd(1)
A free and open on-chip debugging, in-system programming and boundary-scan testing tool for ARM and MIPS systems
ovs-testcontroller(8)
simple OpenFlow controller for testing
pcre2test(1)
a program for testing Perl-compatible regular expressions
pcretest(1)
a program for testing Perl-compatible regular expressions
phoronix-test-suite(1)
The Phoronix Test Suite is an extensible open-source platform for performing testing and performance evaluation
policy-test(1)
Postfix Policy Daemon Testing Tool
powerpc-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov9(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
powerpc64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov6(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
powerpc64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov9(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
psp-gcov(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
qjail-ipv6-testing(8)
Details explaining how to perform testing of ipv6 addresses used in qjail non-vnet and vnet jails
riscv32-unknown-elf-gcov(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
riscv64-none-elf-gcov(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
riscv64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
riscv64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov9(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
roundtrip(1)
a comparison program for testing roundtrip conversion
sane-test(5)
SANE backend for testing frontends
single_blas_testing(3)
real
sipp(1)
SIP testing tool and traffic generator
sparc64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov6(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
sparc64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov9(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
sympa_test_ldap(1), sympa_test_ldap.pl(1)
Testing LDAP connection for Sympa
tablix2_test(1)
Tablix testing framework front-end
tagtest(8c)
tag line testing program
testing(3)
LAPACK Testing
ticc_unit_test(1), TiCC Unit Tests(1)
A 'poor mans' C++ Unit testing Framework
tpm2_incrementalselftest(1), tpm2_incrementalselftest(1)(1)
Request testing of specified algorithm list
tsung(1)
A distributed multi-protocol load testing tool
tsung-recorder(1)
Proxy recorder for the tsung load testing tool
ucwidth(3)
Low level helper function for testing Unicode text data. Allegro game programming library
uisok(3)
Low level helper function for testing Unicode text data. Allegro game programming library
uwidth(3)
Low level helper function for testing Unicode text data. Allegro game programming library
vfstest(1)
tool for testing samba VFS modules
x86_64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov6(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
x86_64-unknown-freebsd13.0-gcov9(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
yarn(1)
scenario testing of Unix command line tools
Alien::Build::Plugin::Test::Mock(3)
Mock plugin for testing
Apache::Test(3)
Test.pm wrapper with helpers for testing Apache
App::Yath::Tester(3)
Tools for testing yath
Biber::Output::test(3)
Output class for loopback testing Essentially, this outputs to a string so we can look at it internally in tests
Bio::Tree::Compatible(3)
Testing compatibility of phylogenetic trees with nested taxa
CGI::Builder::Test(3)
Adds some testing methods to your build
Cache::CacheTester(3)
-- a class for regression testing caches
Cache::SizeAwareCacheTester(3)
-- a class for regression testing size aware caches
Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::08_Testing(3)
Catalyst Tutorial - Chapter 8: Testing
DBD::Gofer::Transport::null(3)
DBD::Gofer client transport for testing
DBD::Gofer::Transport::pipeone(3)
DBD::Gofer client transport for testing
DBD::Mock(3)
Mock database driver for testing
DBIx::Admin::DSNManager(3)
Manage a file of DSNs, for both testing and production
DBIx::Class::Migration::Tutorial::Testing(3)
Test Your Database
DBIx::SQLEngine::Driver::NullP(3)
Extends SQLEngine for Simple Testing
Dancer2::Manual::Testing(3)
Writing tests for Dancer2
Dancer2::Plugin::Auth::Extensible::Test::App(3)
Dancer2 app for testing providers
Dancer2::Test(3)
Useful routines for testing Dancer2 apps
Devel::Cover::Test(3)
Internal module for testing
Devel::Hide(3)
Forces the unavailability of specified Perl modules (for testing)
Dist::Zilla::App::Tester(3)
testing library for Dist::Zilla::App
Dist::Zilla::Tester(3)
a testing-enabling stand-in for Dist::Zilla
Email::Send::Test(3)
Captures emails sent via Email::Send for testing
Email::Sender::Transport::SQLite(3)
deliver mail to an sqlite db for testing
Email::Sender::Transport::Test(3)
deliver mail in memory for testing
File::HomeDir::Test(3)
Prevent the accidental creation of user-owned files during testing
Genezzo::TestSetup(3)
setup functions for testing
HTML::FormHandler::Manual::Testing(3)
testing forms
HTML::Mason::Tests(3)
Test harness for testing Mason
HTTP::Session::State::Test(3)
state module for testing
HTTP::Session::Store::Test(3)
store session data on memory for testing
HTTP::WebTest(3)
Testing static and dynamic web content
HTTPD::Bench::ApacheBench(3)
Perl API for Apache benchmarking and regression testing
IO::Async::LoopTests(3), "IO::Async::LoopTests"(3)
acceptance testing for IO::Async::Loop subclasses
Imager::Test(3)
common functions used in testing Imager
Log::Log4perl::Appender::TestBuffer(3)
Appender class for testing
Maypole::CLI(3)
Command line interface to Maypole for testing and debugging
Metrics::Any::Adapter::Test(3), "Metrics::Any::Adapter::Test"(3)
a metrics reporting adapter for unit testing
Module::CPANTS::Kwalitee::CpantsErrors(3)
Check for CPANTS testing errors
MogileFS::Store::SQLite(3)
For-testing-only not-for-production SQLite storage for MogileFS
Mojolicious::Guides::Testing(3)
Web Application Testing Made Easy
Monitoring::Plugin::ExitResult(3)
Helper class for returning both output and return codes when testing
Nagios::Plugin::ExitResult(3)
Helper class for returning both output and return codes when testing
Net::DBus::Test::MockConnection(3)
Fake a connection to the bus unit testing
Net::DBus::Test::MockMessage(3)
Fake a message object when unit testing
Net::DBus::Test::MockObject(3)
Fake an object from the bus for unit testing
Net::DNS::Match(3)
Perl extension for testing domains against another list of domains (similar to Net::Patricia but for FQDNs)
Net::DNS::Resolver::Mock(3)
Mock a DNS Resolver object for testing
Net::Daemon::Test(3)
support functions for testing Net::Daemon servers
Net::OpenStack::Attack(3)
Tools for stress testing an OpenStack deployment
Perl::Critic::Policy::TestingAndDebugging::ProhibitNoStrict(3)
Prohibit various flavors of "no strict"
Perl::Critic::Policy::TestingAndDebugging::ProhibitNoWarnings(3)
Prohibit various flavors of "no warnings"
Perl::Critic::Policy::TestingAndDebugging::ProhibitProlongedStrictureOverride(3)
Don't turn off strict for large blocks of code
Perl::Critic::Policy::TestingAndDebugging::RequireTestLabels(3)
Tests should all have labels
Perl::Critic::Policy::TestingAndDebugging::RequireUseStrict(3)
Always "use strict"
Perl::Critic::Policy::TestingAndDebugging::RequireUseWarnings(3)
Always "use warnings"
Perl::Critic::TestUtils(3)
Utility functions for testing new Policies
Plack::Middleware::ForceEnv(3)
Force set environment variables for testing
Plucene::TestCase(3)
Handy functions when testing Plucene
PocketIO::Test(3)
Testing PocketIO
RDF::Trine::Graph(3)
Materialized RDF Graphs for testing isomorphism
SMS::Send::AU::Test(3)
SMS::Send Regional-Class Testing Driver
SMS::Send::Test(3)
SMS::Send International-Class Testing Driver
SPOPS::Loopback(3)
Simple SPOPS class used for testing rules and other goodies
SPOPS::Secure::Loopback(3)
Security object implementation for testing (loopback) objects
SQL::Abstract::Test(3)
Helper function for testing SQL::Abstract
SRU::Utils::XMLTest(3)
XML testing utility functions
SVN::Web::Test(3)
automated web testing for SVN::Web
Shared::Examples::Net::Amazon::S3(3)
used for testing and as example
Shared::Examples::Net::Amazon::S3::API(3)
used for testing and as example
Shared::Examples::Net::Amazon::S3::Client(3)
used for testing and as example
Shared::Examples::Net::Amazon::S3::Fixture(3)
used for testing to provide test fixtures
Shared::Examples::Net::Amazon::S3::Request(3)
used for testing and as example
TAP::Parser::Scheduler(3)
Schedule tests during parallel testing
TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Job(3)
A single testing job
Test2::API(3)
Primary interface for writing Test2 based testing tools
Test2::API::Context(3)
Object to represent a testing context
Test2::API::InterceptResult::Event(3)
Representation of an event for use in testing other test tools
Test2::Manual::Testing(3)
Hub for documentation about writing tests with Test2
Test2::Manual::Testing::Introduction(3)
Introduction to testing with Test2
Test2::Manual::Testing::Migrating(3)
How to migrate existing tests from Test::More to Test2
Test2::Manual::Testing::Planning(3)
The many ways to set a plan
Test2::Manual::Testing::Todo(3)
Tutorial for marking tests as TODO
Test2::Manual::Tooling::Plugin::TestingDone(3)
Run code when the test file is finished, or when done_testing is called
Test2::Manual::Tooling::Testing(3)
Tutorial on how to test your testing tools
Test2::Plugin::BailOnFail(3)
Automatically bail out of testing on the first test failure
Test2::Require::AuthorTesting(3)
Only run a test when the AUTHOR_TESTING environment variable is set
Test2::Tools::Basic(3)
Test2 implementation of the basic testing tools
Test2::Tools::Class(3)
Test2 implementation of the tools for testing classes
Test2::Tools::Target(3)
Alias the testing target package
Test2::Tools::Tester(3)
Tools to help you test other testing tools
Test::Alien(3)
Testing tools for Alien modules
Test::Alien::Build(3)
Tools for testing Alien::Build + alienfile
Test::Alien::Synthetic(3)
A mock alien object for testing
Test::Assertions(3)
a simple set of building blocks for both unit and runtime testing
Test::Base(3)
A Data Driven Testing Framework
Test::Bits(3)
Provides a bits_is() subroutine for testing binary data
Test::ClassAPI(3)
Provides basic first-pass API testing for large class trees
Test::Cmd(3)
Perl module for portable testing of commands and scripts
Test::Corpus::Audio::MPD(3)
automate launching of fake mdp for testing purposes
Test::DBIx::Class::Example::Schema(3)
A basic schema you can use for testing
Test::DBIx::Class::SchemaManager(3)
Manages a DBIx::Class::SchemaManager for Testing
Test::DZil(3)
tools for testing Dist::Zilla plugins
Test::Database(3)
Database handles ready for testing
Test::DatabaseRow::Result(3)
represent the result of some db testing
Test::Declare(3)
declarative testing
Test::Deep::NoTest(3)
Use Test::Deep outside of the testing framework
Test::Exit(3)
Test that some code calls exit() without terminating testing
Test::Expect(3)
Automated driving and testing of terminal-based programs
Test::Fatal(3)
incredibly simple helpers for testing code with exceptions
Test::File::ShareDir(3)
Create a Fake ShareDir for your modules for testing
Test::File::ShareDir::Utils(3)
Simple utilities for File::ShareDir testing
Test::Groonga(3)
Server runner for testing Groonga full-text search engine
Test::HTTP::LocalServer(3)
spawn a local HTTP server for testing
Test::HTTP::Router(3)
Route Testing
Test::LWP::UserAgent(3)
A LWP::UserAgent suitable for simulating and testing network calls
Test::LectroTest::FailureRecorder(3)
Records/plays failures for regression testing
Test::LectroTest::RegressionTesting(3)
How to do regression testing (for free!)
Test::Mini(3)
Lightweight xUnit Testing for Perl
Test::Mock::Redis(3)
use in place of Redis for unit testing
Test::MockModule(3)
Override subroutines in a module for unit testing
Test::Modern(3)
precision testing for modern perl
Test::Mojo(3)
Testing Mojo
Test::Moose::More(3)
More tools for testing Moose packages
Test::Net::LDAP(3)
A Net::LDAP subclass for testing
Test::Net::LDAP::Util(3)
Testing utilities for Test::Net::LDAP
Test::Net::RabbitMQ(3)
A mock RabbitMQ implementation for use when testing
Test::NoWarnings(3)
Make sure you didn't emit any warnings while testing
Test::Object(3)
Thoroughly testing objects via registered handlers
Test::Perl::Critic::Policy(3)
A framework for testing your custom Policies
Test::Perl::Lint(3)
A testing module to analyze your Perl code with Perl::Lint
Test::RedisDB(3)
start redis-server for testing
Test::Selenium::Remote::Role::DoesTesting(3), Selenium::Remote::Role::DoesTesting(3)
Role implementing the common logic used for testing
Test::Signature(3)
Automated SIGNATURE testing
Test::TCP(3)
testing TCP program
Test::Tester(3)
Ease testing test modules built with Test::Builder
Test::Tester::Capture(3)
Help testing test modules built with Test::Builder
Test::Tester::CaptureRunner(3)
Help testing test modules built with Test::Builder
Test::Time(3)
Overrides the time() and sleep() core functions for testing
Test::Tolerant(3)
test routines for testing numbers against tolerances
Test::TypeTiny(3)
useful functions for testing the efficacy of type constraints
Test::UNIXSock(3)
testing UNIX domain socket program
Test::Unit(3)
the PerlUnit testing framework
Test::Unit::Assert(3)
unit testing framework assertion class
Test::Unit::Decorator(3)
unit testing framework helper class
Test::Unit::Error(3)
unit testing framework exception class
Test::Unit::Exception(3)
unit testing framework exception class
Test::Unit::Failure(3)
unit testing framework exception class
Test::Unit::HarnessUnit(3)
unit testing framework helper class
Test::Unit::Listener(3)
unit testing framework abstract base class
Test::Unit::Loader(3)
unit testing framework helper class
Test::Unit::Procedural(3)
Procedural style unit testing interface
Test::Unit::Result(3)
unit testing framework helper class
Test::Unit::Runner::Terminal(3)
unit testing framework helper class
Test::Unit::Setup(3)
unit testing framework helper class
Test::Unit::Test(3)
unit testing framework abstract base class
Test::Unit::TestCase(3)
unit testing framework base class
Test::Unit::TestRunner(3)
unit testing framework helper class
Test::Unit::TestSuite(3)
unit testing framework base class
Test::Unit::TkTestRunner(3)
unit testing framework helper class
Test::Unit::Tutorial(3)
Tutorial on unit testing
Test::Unit::UnitHarness(3)
unit testing framework helper class
Test::WWW::Declare(3)
declarative testing for your web app
Test::WWW::Mechanize(3)
Testing-specific WWW::Mechanize subclass
Test::YAML(3)
Testing Module for YAML Implementations
Tickit::Test(3), "Tickit::Test"(3)
unit testing for "Tickit"-based code
Type::Nano(3)
simple type constraint library for testing
VCP::Source::null(3)
A null source, for testing purposes
VCP::TestUtils(3)
support routines for VCP testing
WWW::Search::Null::Count(3)
class for testing WWW::Search clients
WWW::Search::Null::Empty(3)
class for testing WWW::Search clients
WWW::Search::Null::Error(3)
class for testing WWW::Search clients
WWW::Search::Null::NoVersion(3)
class for testing WWW::Search
WWW::Search::Test(3)
utilities to aid in testing WWW::Search backends
X11::GUITest(3)
Provides GUI testing/interaction routines
XML::Compile::Tester(3)
support XML::Compile related regression testing
arm-none-eabi-gcov(1), gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
bats(1)
Bash Automated Testing System
blogspam(1)
An RPC server for testing blog comments
certbot(1)
certbot script documentation 0.0 3.5 C usage: certbot [SUBCOMMAND] [options] [-d DOMAIN] [-d DOMAIN] ... Certbot can obtain and install HTTPS/TLS/SSL certificates. By default, it will attempt to use a webserver both for obtaining and installing the certificate. The most common SUBCOMMANDS and flags are: obtain, install, and renew certificates: (default) run Obtain & install a certificate in your current webserver certonly Obtain or renew a certificate, but do not install it renew Renew all previously obtained certificates that are near expiry enhance Add security enhancements to your existing configuration -d DOMAINS Comma-separated list of domains to obtain a certificate for --apache Use the Apache plugin for authentication & installation --standalone Run a standalone webserver for authentication --nginx Use the Nginx plugin for authentication & installation --webroot Place files in a server(aqs webroot folder for authentication --manual Obtain certificates interactively, or using shell script hooks -n Run non-interactively --test-cert Obtain a test certificate from a staging server --dry-run Test "renew" or "certonly" without saving any certificates to disk manage certificates: certificates Display information about certificates you have from Certbot revoke Revoke a certificate (supply --cert-name or --cert-path) delete Delete a certificate (supply --cert-name) manage your account: register Create an ACME account unregister Deactivate an ACME account update_account Update an ACME account --agree-tos Agree to the ACME server(aqs Subscriber Agreement -m EMAIL Email address for important account notifications optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit -c CONFIG_FILE, --config CONFIG_FILE path to config file (default: /etc/letsencrypt/cli.ini and ~/.config/letsencrypt/cli.ini) -v, --verbose This flag can be used multiple times to incrementally increase the verbosity of output, e.g. -vvv. (default: -2) --max-log-backups MAX_LOG_BACKUPS Specifies the maximum number of backup logs that should be kept by Certbot(aqs built in log rotation. Setting this flag to 0 disables log rotation entirely, causing Certbot to always append to the same log file. (default: 1000) -n, --non-interactive, --noninteractive Run without ever asking for user input. This may require additional command line flags; the client will try to explain which ones are required if it finds one missing (default: False) --force-interactive Force Certbot to be interactive even if it detects it(aqs not being run in a terminal. This flag cannot be used with the renew subcommand. (default: False) -d DOMAIN, --domains DOMAIN, --domain DOMAIN Domain names to apply. For multiple domains you can use multiple -d flags or enter a comma separated list of domains as a parameter. The first domain provided will be the subject CN of the certificate, and all domains will be Subject Alternative Names on the certificate. The first domain will also be used in some software user interfaces and as the file paths for the certificate and related material unless otherwise specified or you already have a certificate with the same name. In the case of a name collision it will append a number like 0001 to the file path name. (default: Ask) --eab-kid EAB_KID Key Identifier for External Account Binding (default: None) --eab-hmac-key EAB_HMAC_KEY HMAC key for External Account Binding (default: None) --cert-name CERTNAME Certificate name to apply. This name is used by Certbot for housekeeping and in file paths; it doesn(aqt affect the content of the certificate itself. To see certificate names, run (aqcertbot certificates(aq. When creating a new certificate, specifies the new certificate(aqs name. (default: the first provided domain or the name of an existing certificate on your system for the same domains) --dry-run Perform a test run of the client, obtaining test (invalid) certificates but not saving them to disk. This can currently only be used with the (aqcertonly(aq and (aqrenew(aq subcommands. Note: Although --dry-run tries to avoid making any persistent changes on a system, it is not completely side-effect free: if used with webserver authenticator plugins like apache and nginx, it makes and then reverts temporary config changes in order to obtain test certificates, and reloads webservers to deploy and then roll back those changes. It also calls --pre-hook and --post-hook commands if they are defined because they may be necessary to accurately simulate renewal. --deploy- hook commands are not called. (default: False) --debug-challenges After setting up challenges, wait for user input before submitting to CA (default: False) --preferred-chain PREFERRED_CHAIN If the CA offers multiple certificate chains, prefer the chain whose topmost certificate was issued from this Subject Common Name. If no match, the default offered chain will be used. (default: None) --preferred-challenges PREF_CHALLS A sorted, comma delimited list of the preferred challenge to use during authorization with the most preferred challenge listed first (Eg, "dns" or "http,dns"). Not all plugins support all challenges. See https://certbot.eff.org/docs/using.html#plugins for details. ACME Challenges are versioned, but if you pick "http" rather than "http-01", Certbot will select the latest version automatically. (default: []) --user-agent USER_AGENT Set a custom user agent string for the client. User agent strings allow the CA to collect high level statistics about success rates by OS, plugin and use case, and to know when to deprecate support for past Python versions and flags. If you wish to hide this information from the Let(aqs Encrypt server, set this to "". (default: CertbotACMEClient/1.15.0 (certbot; OS_NAME OS_VERSION) Authenticator/XXX Installer/YYY (SUBCOMMAND; flags: FLAGS) Py/major.minor.patchlevel). The flags encoded in the user agent are: --duplicate, --force-renew, --allow-subset-of-names, -n, and whether any hooks are set. --user-agent-comment USER_AGENT_COMMENT Add a comment to the default user agent string. May be used when repackaging Certbot or calling it from another tool to allow additional statistical data to be collected. Ignored if --user-agent is set. (Example: Foo-Wrapper/1.0) (default: None) automation: Flags for automating execution & other tweaks --keep-until-expiring, --keep, --reinstall If the requested certificate matches an existing certificate, always keep the existing one until it is due for renewal (for the (aqrun(aq subcommand this means reinstall the existing certificate). (default: Ask) --expand If an existing certificate is a strict subset of the requested names, always expand and replace it with the additional names. (default: Ask) --version show program(aqs version number and exit --force-renewal, --renew-by-default If a certificate already exists for the requested domains, renew it now, regardless of whether it is near expiry. (Often --keep-until-expiring is more appropriate). Also implies --expand. (default: False) --renew-with-new-domains If a certificate already exists for the requested certificate name but does not match the requested domains, renew it now, regardless of whether it is near expiry. (default: False) --reuse-key When renewing, use the same private key as the existing certificate. (default: False) --allow-subset-of-names When performing domain validation, do not consider it a failure if authorizations can not be obtained for a strict subset of the requested domains. This may be useful for allowing renewals for multiple domains to succeed even if some domains no longer point at this system. This option cannot be used with --csr. (default: False) --agree-tos Agree to the ACME Subscriber Agreement (default: Ask) --duplicate Allow making a certificate lineage that duplicates an existing one (both can be renewed in parallel) (default: False) -q, --quiet Silence all output except errors. Useful for automation via cron. Implies --non-interactive. (default: False) security: Security parameters & server settings --rsa-key-size N Size of the RSA key. (default: 2048) --key-type {rsa,ecdsa} Type of generated private key(Only *ONE* per invocation can be provided at this time) (default: rsa) --elliptic-curve N The SECG elliptic curve name to use. Please see RFC 8446 for supported values. (default: secp256r1) --must-staple Adds the OCSP Must Staple extension to the certificate. Autoconfigures OCSP Stapling for supported setups (Apache version >= 2.3.3 ). (default: False) --redirect Automatically redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS for the newly authenticated vhost. (default: redirect enabled for install and run, disabled for enhance) --no-redirect Do not automatically redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS for the newly authenticated vhost. (default: redirect enabled for install and run, disabled for enhance) --hsts Add the Strict-Transport-Security header to every HTTP response. Forcing browser to always use SSL for the domain. Defends against SSL Stripping. (default: None) --uir Add the "Content-Security-Policy: upgrade-insecure- requests" header to every HTTP response. Forcing the browser to use https:// for every http:// resource. (default: None) --staple-ocsp Enables OCSP Stapling. A valid OCSP response is stapled to the certificate that the server offers during TLS. (default: None) --strict-permissions Require that all configuration files are owned by the current user; only needed if your config is somewhere unsafe like /tmp/ (default: False) --auto-hsts Gradually increasing max-age value for HTTP Strict Transport Security security header (default: False) testing: The following flags are meant for testing and integration purposes only. --test-cert, --staging Use the staging server to obtain or revoke test (invalid) certificates; equivalent to --server https://acme-staging-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory (default: False) --debug Show tracebacks in case of errors (default: False) --no-verify-ssl Disable verification of the ACME server(aqs certificate. (default: False) --http-01-port HTTP01_PORT Port used in the http-01 challenge. This only affects the port Certbot listens on. A conforming ACME server will still attempt to connect on port 80. (default: 80) --http-01-address HTTP01_ADDRESS The address the server listens to during http-01 challenge. (default: ) --https-port HTTPS_PORT Port used to serve HTTPS. This affects which port Nginx will listen on after a LE certificate is installed. (default: 443) --break-my-certs Be willing to replace or renew valid certificates with invalid (testing/staging) certificates (default: False) paths: Flags for changing execution paths & servers --cert-path CERT_PATH Path to where certificate is saved (with certonly --csr), installed from, or revoked (default: None) --key-path KEY_PATH Path to private key for certificate installation or revocation (if account key is missing) (default: None) --fullchain-path FULLCHAIN_PATH Accompanying path to a full certificate chain (certificate plus chain). (default: None) --chain-path CHAIN_PATH Accompanying path to a certificate chain. (default: None) --config-dir CONFIG_DIR Configuration directory. (default: /etc/letsencrypt) --work-dir WORK_DIR Working directory. (default: /var/lib/letsencrypt) --logs-dir LOGS_DIR Logs directory. (default: /var/log/letsencrypt) --server SERVER ACME Directory Resource URI. (default: https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory) manage: Various subcommands and flags are available for managing your certificates: certificates List certificates managed by Certbot delete Clean up all files related to a certificate renew Renew all certificates (or one specified with --cert- name) revoke Revoke a certificate specified with --cert-path or --cert-name update_symlinks Recreate symlinks in your /etc/letsencrypt/live/ directory run: Options for obtaining & installing certificates certonly: Options for modifying how a certificate is obtained --csr CSR Path to a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) in DER or PEM format. Currently --csr only works with the (aqcertonly(aq subcommand. (default: None) renew: The (aqrenew(aq subcommand will attempt to renew all certificates (or more precisely, certificate lineages) you have previously obtained if they are close to expiry, and print a summary of the results. By default, (aqrenew(aq will reuse the options used to create obtain or most recently successfully renew each certificate lineage. You can try it with (ga--dry-run(ga first. For more fine-grained control, you can renew individual lineages with the (gacertonly(ga subcommand. Hooks are available to run commands before and after renewal; see https://certbot.eff.org/docs/using.html#renewal for more information on these. --pre-hook PRE_HOOK Command to be run in a shell before obtaining any certificates. Intended primarily for renewal, where it can be used to temporarily shut down a webserver that might conflict with the standalone plugin. This will only be called if a certificate is actually to be obtained/renewed. When renewing several certificates that have identical pre-hooks, only the first will be executed. (default: None) --post-hook POST_HOOK Command to be run in a shell after attempting to obtain/renew certificates. Can be used to deploy renewed certificates, or to restart any servers that were stopped by --pre-hook. This is only run if an attempt was made to obtain/renew a certificate. If multiple renewed certificates have identical post- hooks, only one will be run. (default: None) --deploy-hook DEPLOY_HOOK Command to be run in a shell once for each successfully issued certificate. For this command, the shell variable $RENEWED_LINEAGE will point to the config live subdirectory (for example, "/etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com") containing the new certificates and keys; the shell variable $RENEWED_DOMAINS will contain a space-delimited list of renewed certificate domains (for example, "example.com www.example.com" (default: None) --disable-hook-validation Ordinarily the commands specified for --pre- hook/--post-hook/--deploy-hook will be checked for validity, to see if the programs being run are in the $PATH, so that mistakes can be caught early, even when the hooks aren(aqt being run just yet. The validation is rather simplistic and fails if you use more advanced shell constructs, so you can use this switch to disable it. (default: False) --no-directory-hooks Disable running executables found in Certbot(aqs hook directories during renewal. (default: False) --disable-renew-updates Disable automatic updates to your server configuration that would otherwise be done by the selected installer plugin, and triggered when the user executes "certbot renew", regardless of if the certificate is renewed. This setting does not apply to important TLS configuration updates. (default: False) --no-autorenew Disable auto renewal of certificates. (default: True) certificates: List certificates managed by Certbot delete: Options for deleting a certificate revoke: Options for revocation of certificates --reason {unspecified,keycompromise,affiliationchanged,superseded,cessationofoperation} Specify reason for revoking certificate. (default: unspecified) --delete-after-revoke Delete certificates after revoking them, along with all previous and later versions of those certificates. (default: None) --no-delete-after-revoke Do not delete certificates after revoking them. This option should be used with caution because the (aqrenew(aq subcommand will attempt to renew undeleted revoked certificates. (default: None) register: Options for account registration --register-unsafely-without-email Specifying this flag enables registering an account with no email address. This is strongly discouraged, because you will be unable to receive notice about impending expiration or revocation of your certificates or problems with your Certbot installation that will lead to failure to renew. (default: False) -m EMAIL, --email EMAIL Email used for registration and recovery contact. Use comma to register multiple emails, ex: u1@example.com,u2@example.com. (default: Ask). --eff-email Share your e-mail address with EFF (default: None) --no-eff-email Don(aqt share your e-mail address with EFF (default: None) update_account: Options for account modification unregister: Options for account deactivation. --account ACCOUNT_ID Account ID to use (default: None) install: Options for modifying how a certificate is deployed rollback: Options for rolling back server configuration changes --checkpoints N Revert configuration N number of checkpoints. (default: 1) plugins: Options for the "plugins" subcommand --init Initialize plugins. (default: False) --prepare Initialize and prepare plugins. (default: False) --authenticators Limit to authenticator plugins only. (default: None) --installers Limit to installer plugins only. (default: None) update_symlinks: Recreates certificate and key symlinks in /etc/letsencrypt/live, if you changed them by hand or edited a renewal configuration file enhance: Helps to harden the TLS configuration by adding security enhancements to already existing configuration. plugins: Plugin Selection: Certbot client supports an extensible plugins architecture. See (aqcertbot plugins(aq for a list of all installed plugins and their names. You can force a particular plugin by setting options provided below. Running --help <plugin_name> will list flags specific to that plugin. --configurator CONFIGURATOR Name of the plugin that is both an authenticator and an installer. Should not be used together with --authenticator or --installer. (default: Ask) -a AUTHENTICATOR, --authenticator AUTHENTICATOR Authenticator plugin name. (default: None) -i INSTALLER, --installer INSTALLER Installer plugin name (also used to find domains). (default: None) --apache Obtain and install certificates using Apache (default: False) --nginx Obtain and install certificates using Nginx (default: False) --standalone Obtain certificates using a "standalone" webserver. (default: False) --manual Provide laborious manual instructions for obtaining a certificate (default: False) --webroot Obtain certificates by placing files in a webroot directory. (default: False) --dns-cloudflare Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Cloudflare for DNS). (default: False) --dns-cloudxns Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using CloudXNS for DNS). (default: False) --dns-digitalocean Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DigitalOcean for DNS). (default: False) --dns-dnsimple Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNSimple for DNS). (default: False) --dns-dnsmadeeasy Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNS Made Easy for DNS). (default: False) --dns-gehirn Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Gehirn Infrastructure Service for DNS). (default: False) --dns-google Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Google Cloud DNS). (default: False) --dns-linode Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Linode for DNS). (default: False) --dns-luadns Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using LuaDNS for DNS). (default: False) --dns-nsone Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using NS1 for DNS). (default: False) --dns-ovh Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using OVH for DNS). (default: False) --dns-rfc2136 Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using BIND for DNS). (default: False) --dns-route53 Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Route53 for DNS). (default: False) --dns-sakuracloud Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Sakura Cloud for DNS). (default: False) apache: Apache Web Server plugin (Please note that the default values of the Apache plugin options change depending on the operating system Certbot is run on.) --apache-enmod APACHE_ENMOD Path to the Apache (aqa2enmod(aq binary (default: None) --apache-dismod APACHE_DISMOD Path to the Apache (aqa2dismod(aq binary (default: None) --apache-le-vhost-ext APACHE_LE_VHOST_EXT SSL vhost configuration extension (default: -le- ssl.conf) --apache-server-root APACHE_SERVER_ROOT Apache server root directory (default: /etc/apache2) --apache-vhost-root APACHE_VHOST_ROOT Apache server VirtualHost configuration root (default: None) --apache-logs-root APACHE_LOGS_ROOT Apache server logs directory (default: /var/log/apache2) --apache-challenge-location APACHE_CHALLENGE_LOCATION Directory path for challenge configuration (default: /etc/apache2) --apache-handle-modules APACHE_HANDLE_MODULES Let installer handle enabling required modules for you (Only Ubuntu/Debian currently) (default: False) --apache-handle-sites APACHE_HANDLE_SITES Let installer handle enabling sites for you (Only Ubuntu/Debian currently) (default: False) --apache-ctl APACHE_CTL Full path to Apache control script (default: apache2ctl) --apache-bin APACHE_BIN Full path to apache2/httpd binary (default: None) dns-cloudflare: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Cloudflare for DNS). --dns-cloudflare-propagation-seconds DNS_CLOUDFLARE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) --dns-cloudflare-credentials DNS_CLOUDFLARE_CREDENTIALS Cloudflare credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-cloudxns: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using CloudXNS for DNS). --dns-cloudxns-propagation-seconds DNS_CLOUDXNS_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-cloudxns-credentials DNS_CLOUDXNS_CREDENTIALS CloudXNS credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-digitalocean: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DigitalOcean for DNS). --dns-digitalocean-propagation-seconds DNS_DIGITALOCEAN_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) --dns-digitalocean-credentials DNS_DIGITALOCEAN_CREDENTIALS DigitalOcean credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-dnsimple: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNSimple for DNS). --dns-dnsimple-propagation-seconds DNS_DNSIMPLE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-dnsimple-credentials DNS_DNSIMPLE_CREDENTIALS DNSimple credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-dnsmadeeasy: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNS Made Easy for DNS). --dns-dnsmadeeasy-propagation-seconds DNS_DNSMADEEASY_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-dnsmadeeasy-credentials DNS_DNSMADEEASY_CREDENTIALS DNS Made Easy credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-gehirn: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Gehirn Infrastructure Service for DNS). --dns-gehirn-propagation-seconds DNS_GEHIRN_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-gehirn-credentials DNS_GEHIRN_CREDENTIALS Gehirn Infrastructure Service credentials file. (default: None) dns-google: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Google Cloud DNS for DNS). --dns-google-propagation-seconds DNS_GOOGLE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-google-credentials DNS_GOOGLE_CREDENTIALS Path to Google Cloud DNS service account JSON file. (See https://developers.google.com/identity/protocols/ OAuth2ServiceAccount#creatinganaccount forinformation about creating a service account and https://cloud.google.com/dns/access- control#permissions_and_roles for information about therequired permissions.) (default: None) dns-linode: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Linode for DNS). --dns-linode-propagation-seconds DNS_LINODE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 120) --dns-linode-credentials DNS_LINODE_CREDENTIALS Linode credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-luadns: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using LuaDNS for DNS). --dns-luadns-propagation-seconds DNS_LUADNS_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-luadns-credentials DNS_LUADNS_CREDENTIALS LuaDNS credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-nsone: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using NS1 for DNS). --dns-nsone-propagation-seconds DNS_NSONE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-nsone-credentials DNS_NSONE_CREDENTIALS NS1 credentials file. (default: None) dns-ovh: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using OVH for DNS). --dns-ovh-propagation-seconds DNS_OVH_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-ovh-credentials DNS_OVH_CREDENTIALS OVH credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-rfc2136: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using BIND for DNS). --dns-rfc2136-propagation-seconds DNS_RFC2136_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-rfc2136-credentials DNS_RFC2136_CREDENTIALS RFC 2136 credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-route53: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using AWS Route53 for DNS). --dns-route53-propagation-seconds DNS_ROUTE53_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) dns-sakuracloud: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Sakura Cloud for DNS). --dns-sakuracloud-propagation-seconds DNS_SAKURACLOUD_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 90) --dns-sakuracloud-credentials DNS_SAKURACLOUD_CREDENTIALS Sakura Cloud credentials file. (default: None) manual: Authenticate through manual configuration or custom shell scripts. When using shell scripts, an authenticator script must be provided. The environment variables available to this script depend on the type of challenge. $CERTBOT_DOMAIN will always contain the domain being authenticated. For HTTP-01 and DNS-01, $CERTBOT_VALIDATION is the validation string, and $CERTBOT_TOKEN is the filename of the resource requested when performing an HTTP-01 challenge. An additional cleanup script can also be provided and can use the additional variable $CERTBOT_AUTH_OUTPUT which contains the stdout output from the auth script. For both authenticator and cleanup script, on HTTP-01 and DNS-01 challenges, $CERTBOT_REMAINING_CHALLENGES will be equal to the number of challenges that remain after the current one, and $CERTBOT_ALL_DOMAINS contains a comma-separated list of all domains that are challenged for the current certificate. --manual-auth-hook MANUAL_AUTH_HOOK Path or command to execute for the authentication script (default: None) --manual-cleanup-hook MANUAL_CLEANUP_HOOK Path or command to execute for the cleanup script (default: None) nginx: Nginx Web Server plugin --nginx-server-root NGINX_SERVER_ROOT Nginx server root directory. (default: /etc/nginx or /usr/local/etc/nginx) --nginx-ctl NGINX_CTL Path to the (aqnginx(aq binary, used for (aqconfigtest(aq and retrieving nginx version number. (default: nginx) --nginx-sleep-seconds NGINX_SLEEP_SECONDS Number of seconds to wait for nginx configuration changes to apply when reloading. (default: 1) null: Null Installer standalone: Spin up a temporary webserver webroot: Place files in webroot directory --webroot-path WEBROOT_PATH, -w WEBROOT_PATH public_html / webroot path. This can be specified multiple times to handle different domains; each domain will have the webroot path that preceded it. For instance: (ga-w /var/www/example -d example.com -d www.example.com -w /var/www/thing -d thing.net -d m.thing.net(ga (default: Ask) --webroot-map WEBROOT_MAP JSON dictionary mapping domains to webroot paths; this implies -d for each entry. You may need to escape this from your shell. E.g.: --webroot-map (aq{"eg1.is,m.eg1.is":"/www/eg1/", "eg2.is":"/www/eg2"}(aq This option is merged with, but takes precedence over, -w / -d entries. At present, if you put webroot-map in a config file, it needs to be on a single line, like: webroot-map = {"example.com":"/var/www"}. (default: {}) P
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