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fuser(1)
list IDs of all processes that have one or more files open
krb5_principal_intro(3)
The principal handing functions. A Kerberos principal is a email address looking string that contains to parts separeted by a @. The later part is the kerbero realm the principal belongs to and the former is a list of 0 or more components. For example lha@SU.SE host/hummel.it.su.se@SU.SE host/admin@H5L.ORG See the library functions here: Heimdal Kerberos 5 principal functions
less(1)
opposite of more
vm_page_dontneed(9)
indicate that a page is not needed anymore
ypmatch(1)
print the values of one or more keys in a NIS database
zmore(1), zless(1)
view compressed files
/cowthink(1)
configurable speaking/thinking cow (and a bit more)
44bsd-more(1), more(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing
DC_PLUG_read(2), DC_PLUG_consume(2), DC_PLUG_write(2), DC_PLUG_write_more(2), DC_PLUG_commit(2), DC_PLUG_rollback(2)
DC_PLUG read/write functions
MPI_Neighbor_alltoall(3)
In this function, each process i receives data items from each process j if an edge (j,i) exists in the topology graph or Cartesian topology. Similarly, each process i sends data items to all processes j where an edge (i,j) exists. This call is more general than MPI_NEIGHBOR_ALLGATHER in that different data items can be sent to each neighbor. The k-th block in send buffer is sent to the k-th neighboring process and the l-th block in the receive buffer is received from the l-th neighbor
MoreLabels(3o)
Extra labeled libraries
MoreLabels.Hashtbl(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Hashtbl.HashedType(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Hashtbl.Make(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Hashtbl.MakeSeeded(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Hashtbl.S(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Hashtbl.SeededHashedType(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Hashtbl.SeededS(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Map(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Map.Make(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Map.OrderedType(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Map.S(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Set(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Set.Make(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Set.OrderedType(3o)
no description
MoreLabels.Set.S(3o)
no description
PEM_X509_INFO_read_ex(3ossl), PEM_X509_INFO_read(3ossl), PEM_X509_INFO_read_bio_ex(3ossl), PEM_X509_INFO_read_bio(3ossl)
read PEM-encoded data structures into one or more X509_INFO objects
PQgetf(3)
Gets one or more values from a PGresult in a scanf fashion
Tspi_TPM_Quote2(3)
retreive a signed set of PCR values with a more complete view than Tspi_TPM_Quote
XkbCopyKeyTypes(3)
Copy more than one XkbKeyTypeRec structure
XkbGetControlsChanges(3)
Updates a local copy of a keyboard description with the changes previously noted by one or more calls to XkbNoteControlsChanges
XkbGetIndicatorChanges(3)
Updates a local copy of the keyboard description with the actual values of one or more calls to XkbNoteIndicatorChanges
XkbGetIndicatorMap(3)
Gets the map for one or more indicators, using a mask to specify the indicators
XkbGetKeyModifierMap(3)
Update the modifier map for one or more of the keys in a keyboard description
XkbGetKeyboard(3)
Retrieves one or more components of a keyboard device description
XkbGetNameChanges(3)
Update the local copy of the keyboard description with the actual values of the results of one or more calls to XkbNoteNameChanges
XkbListComponents(3)
List of components for one or more component types
XkbSelectEvents(3)
Selects and / or deselects for delivery of one or more Xkb events and has them delivered under all conditions
XkbSetIndicatorMap(3)
Downloads the changes to the server based on modifications to a local copy of the keyboard description which will update the maps for one or more indicators
XmAddToPostFromList(3)
a RowColumn function that makes a menu accessible from more than one widget "XmAddToPostFromList" "RowColumn functions" "XmAddToPostFromList"
aemv(1), aegis move file(1)
rename one or more files as part of a change
affstats(1)
print specific statistics about one or more AFF files
alsa-seq-server(8)
daemon that converts one or more raw MIDI device(s) into an ALSA sequencer server
avahi-resolve(1)
Resolve one or more mDNS/DNS host name(s) to IP address(es) (and vice versa) using the Avahi daemon
bmore(1)
browse through a binary file
bzmore(1), bzless(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of bzip2 compressed text
cdbkup(1)
Backup a filesystem to one or more CD-R(W)s
cdcat(1)
Copy data from one or more CD-ROMs to STDOUT
cdrstr(1)
Restore a backed up filesystem from one or more CD-R(W)s
cdsplit(1)
Copy the output of any shell command onto one or more CD-R(W)s
cgi_url_escape_more(3), cgi_url_escape_more (3)
url escape a string
clang-tblgen-morello(1), clang-tblgen(1)
Description to C++ Code for Clang
cless(1)
opposite of more
conky(1)
A system monitor for X originally based on the torsmo code, but more kickass. It just keeps on given'er. Yeah
convert(1)
convert between image formats as well as resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw on, flip, join, re-sample, and much more
copydatabase(1)
Perform a document-by-document copy of one or more Xapian databases
cpg_join(3)
Joins one or more groups in the CPG library
cvsd(8)
chroot wrapper to run (oqcvs pserver(cq more securely
destroy.tk85(n), destroy(n)
Destroy one or more windows
destroy.tk86(n), destroy(n)
Destroy one or more windows
digestion.pl(1)
A perl script to create a digest over one or more fields in a tab delimited list
easytag(1)
tag editor for MP3, Ogg Vorbis files and more
fi_poll(3)
Polling and wait set operations fi_poll_open / fi_close Open/close a polling set fi_poll_add / fi_poll_del Add/remove a completion queue or counter to/from a poll set. fi_poll Poll for progress and events across multiple completion queues and counters. fi_wait_open / fi_close Open/close a wait set fi_wait Waits for one or more wait objects in a set to be signaled. fi_trywait Indicate when it is safe to block on wait objects using native OS calls. fi_control Control wait set operation or attributes
five-or-more(6), Five or More(6)
GNOME port of the once-popular Colour Lines game
fnts2fon(1)
Construct a Windows .FON file from one or more .FNT files
foreach.tcl85(n), foreach(n)
Iterate over all elements in one or more lists
foreach.tcl86(n), foreach(n)
Iterate over all elements in one or more lists
foreach.tcl87(n), foreach(n)
Iterate over all elements in one or more lists
ftimes-dbm-find(1)
Find one or more keys in a Berkeley database
ftimes-dbm-reap(1)
Extract unresolved keys from one or more files
funnel(1)
split one pipe stream to one or more files or programs
getkey(1)
fetch one or more keys from an OpenPGP keyserver
gfx_mode_select_filter(3)
Even more extended version of the graphics mode selection dialog. Allegro game programming library
git-merge(1)
Join two or more development histories together
gps2udp(1)
feed the take from gpsd to one or more aggregation sites
groff_hdtbl(7)
Heidelberger table macros for GNU roff nr groff_hdtbl_C n[.C] Some simple formatting macros. Note that we use '.ig' here and not a comment to make 'mandb' 2.4.1 (and probably more recent versions also) happy; otherwise the '.char' lines and the stuff which follows is included in the 'whatis' database. . [lB] F[n[.fam]][ [rB] F[n[.fam]]] [or] F[n[.fam]]||| [ell] F[n[.fam]].|.|. [oq] F[n[.fam]][oq] [cq] F[n[.fam]][cq] F CR {
hashdig-find(1), hashdig-find.pl(1)
Find one or more hashes in a HashDig database
hashdig-harvest(1), hashdig-harvest.pl(1)
Harvest hashes from a one or more input files
hipdig(1), hipdig.pl(1)
Dig for hosts, IPs, passwords, and more
identify(1)
describes the format and characteristics of one or more image files
jose-jwe-enc(1)
Encrypts plaintext using one or more JWK/password
jose-jws-sig(1)
Signs a payload using one or more JWKs
krb5_principal_intro(3), krb5_principal_introThe principal handing functions.(3)
A Kerberos principal is a email address looking string that contains two parts separated by . The second part is the kerberos realm the principal belongs to and the first is a list of 0 or more components. For example lha@SU.SE host/hummel.it.su.se@SU.SE host/admin@H5L.ORG See the library functions here: Heimdal Kerberos 5 principal functions
leaf(1)
Lightweight Editor of Ascii(and more) Files
less(1)
opposite of more
llvm-install-name-tool-morello(1), llvm-install-name-tool(1)
LLVM tool for manipulating install-names and rpaths
llvm-libtool-darwin-morello(1), llvm-libtool-darwin(1)
LLVM tool for creating libraries for Darwin
llvm-locstats-morello(1), llvm-locstats(1)
calculate statistics on DWARF debug location
llvm-otool-morello(1), llvm-otool(1)
Mach-O dumping tool
llvm-profgen-morello(1), llvm-profgen(1)
LLVM SPGO profile generation tool
llvm-tblgen-morello(1), llvm-tblgen(1)
Target Description to C++ Code for LLVM
lmap.tcl86(n), lmap(n)
Iterate over all elements in one or more lists and collect results
lmap.tcl87(n), lmap(n)
Iterate over all elements in one or more lists and collect results
lrange.tcl85(n), lrange(n)
Return one or more adjacent elements from a list
lrange.tcl86(n), lrange(n)
Return one or more adjacent elements from a list
lrange.tcl87(n), lrange(n)
Return one or more adjacent elements from a list
magick(1)
convert between image formats as well as resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw on, flip, join, re-sample, and much more
magick-script(1)
scripting language that converts between image formats as well as resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw on, flip, join, re-sample, and much more
mate-about(1)
Learn more about MATE
mdraw_text_items(3m17n)
Draw one or more textitems
merge_unicharsets(1)
Simple tool to merge two or more unicharsets
metaflac(1)
program to list, add, remove, or edit metadata in one or more FLAC files
mogrify(1)
resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw on, flip, join, re-sample, and much more. Mogrify overwrites the original image file, whereas, convert(1) writes to a different image file
montage(1)
create a composite image by combining several separate images. The images are tiled on the composite image optionally adorned with a border, frame, image name, and more
mu(1)
add- add one or more messages to the database
oggCat(1)
concatenates two or more ogg files
oggz-codecs(1)
List codecs in one or more Ogg files and their bitstreams
oggz-info(1)
Display information about one or more Ogg files and their bitstreams
oggz-rip(1)
Extract one or more logical bitstreams from an Ogg file
oggz-validate(1)
Validate the Ogg framing of one or more files
pg_amcheck(1)
checks for corruption in one or more PostgreSQL databases
pmempool-convert(1)
this is a wrapper around pmdk-convert tool. More information can be found in pmdk-convert(1) man page
psfs2cpi(1)
Construct a .CPI codepage from one or more PSF files
pto_merge(1)
Merges two or more Hugin project files
rofi(1)
A window switcher, application launcher, ssh dialog, dmenu replacement and more
rwsort(1)
Sort SiLK Flow records on one or more fields
sane-avision(5)
SANE backend for Avision branded and Avision OEM (HP, Minolta, Mitsubishi, UMAX and possibly more) flatbed and film scanners
sc_BatchElectronDensity(3), sc::BatchElectronDensity(3)
This a more highly optimized than ElectronDensity since everything is precomputed
sc_MaxIterExceeded(3), sc::MaxIterExceeded(3)
This is thrown when an iterative algorithm attempts to use more iterations than allowed
scsi_start(8)
start one or more SCSI disks
scsi_stop(8)
stop (spin down) one or more SCSI disks
set_blender_mode_ex(3)
An even more complex version of set_blender_mode(). Allegro game programming library
sg_requests(8)
send one or more SCSI REQUEST SENSE commands
sg_turs(8)
send one or more SCSI TEST UNIT READY commands
signfiles(1)
sign one or more files usign GnuPG
stream(1)
a lightweight tool to stream one or more pixel components of the image or portion of the image to your choice of storage formats
termkey_advisereadable(3)
read more bytes from the underlying terminal
termkey_push_bytes(3)
supply more bytes to the input buffer
tiffcrop(1)
select, copy, crop, convert, extract, and/or process one or more TIFF files
tiffmakemosaic(1)
splits one or more TIFF file into mosaic(s) (set(s) of TIFF or JPEG files smaller than a chosen size that would reproduce the original file if glued together)
tpm2_pcrreset(1), tpm2_pcrreset(1)(1)
Reset one or more PCR banks
tracemerge(1)
Merge one (or more) traces together
urxvt-selection(1), selection(1)
more intelligent selection
vchattr(1)
Changes the attributes on one or more virtual users
webcamd(8)
daemon which provide access to USB webcam, USB DVB, USB radio, USB input, USB tablet and more devices
winicontoppm(1)
convert a Windows .ico image into 1 or more PPM images synopsis
xmore(1)
plain text display program for the X Window System
xprep(1)
prepare one or more files for access
xrdstagetool(1)
stage one or more files
zmore(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
zmq_msg_more(3)
indicate if there are more message parts to receive
Algorithm::CheckDigits::M10_001(3), CheckDigits::M10_001(3)
compute check digits for Bahncard (DE), IMEI, IMEISV, ISIN, Miles&More, Payback (DE), Personnummer (SE), Passport (BR), Credit Cards, SSN (US), Samordningsnummer (SE), VAT RN (ES), VAT RN (IT), VAT RN (SE), International Securities Identifikation Number (ISIN), CUSIP
Algorithm::Evolutionary::Op::Breeder(3)
Even more customizable single generation for an evolutionary algorithm
Algorithm::Evolutionary::Op::Generation_Skeleton(3)
Even more customizable single generation for an evolutionary algorithm
Bio::Graphics::Glyph::hybrid_plot(3)
An xyplot plot drawing dual graph using data from two or more wiggle files per track
Bio::Index::GenBank(3)
Interface for indexing one or more GenBank files (i.e. flat file GenBank format)
Bio::Index::Swissprot(3)
Interface for indexing one or more Swissprot files
Bread::Board::Manual::Concepts::Advanced(3)
An overview of some of the more advanced Bread::Board concepts
CGI::ArgChecker(3)
An extensible CGI parameter validation module (allowing commonly used checks on parameters to be called more concisely and consistently)
Carp::Assert::More(3)
Convenience assertions for common situations
Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::03_MoreCatalystBasics(3)
Catalyst Tutorial - Chapter 3: More Catalyst Application Development Basics
Catalyst::Plugin::Cache::Curried(3)
Curried versions of "cache_set", "cache_get" and "cache_remove" that look more like a backend
Catalyst::TraitFor::Controller::DBIC::DoesPaging(3)
Helps you paginate, search, sort, and more easily using DBIx::Class
Class::Accessor::Complex(3)
Arrays, hashes, booleans, integers, sets and more
Class::DBI::Plugin::RetrieveAll(3)
more complex retrieve_all() for Class::DBI
Class::Load(3)
A working (require "Class::Name") and more
Class::StrongSingleton(3)
A stronger and more secure Singleton base class
Clone::More(3)
Natively copying Perl data structures
Coro::Storable(3)
offer a more fine-grained Storable interface
DBIx::Class::Helper::ResultSet::Me(3)
Define predefined searches more nicely
DBIx::Class::Migration::Tutorial::ThirdMigration(3)
A more advanced database change
DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader::Optional::Dependencies(3), $class(3)
Optional module dependency specifications (for module authors) EOC #@@ #@@ SYNOPSIS HEADING #@@ push @chunks, <<"EOC"; =head1 SYNOPSIS Somewhere in your build-file (e.g. ExtUtils::MakeMaker's Makefile.PL): ... e$EUMM_ARGS{CONFIGURE_REQUIRES} = { e%{ e$EUMM_ARGS{CONFIGURE_REQUIRES} || {} }, DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader => $distver, }; ... my %DBIC_CONFIG_AND_ORACLE_DEPS = %{ eval { require $class; $class->req_list_for([qw( dbicdump_config rdbms_oracle )]); } || {} }; e$EUMM_ARGS{PREREQ_PM} = { e%DBIC_CONFIG_AND_ORACLE_DEPS, e%{ e$EUMM_ARGS{PREREQ_PM} || {} }, }; ... ExtUtils::MakeMaker::WriteMakefile(e%EUMM_ARGS); Note: The eval protection within the example is due to support for requirements during the configure build phase not being available on a sufficient portion of production installations of Perl. Robust support for such dependency requirements is available in the CPAN installer only since version 1.94_56 first made available for production with perl version 5.12. It is the belief of the current maintainer that support for requirements during the configure build phase will not be sufficiently ubiquitous until the year 2020 at the earliest, hence the extra care demonstrated above. It should also be noted that some 3rd party installers (e.g. cpanminus) do the right thing with configure requirements independent from the versions of perl and CPAN available. EOC #@@ #@@ DESCRIPTION HEADING #@@ push @chunks, <<'EOC'; =head1 DESCRIPTION Some of the less-frequently used features of DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader have external module dependencies on their own. In order not to burden the average user with modules they will never use, these optional dependencies are not included in the base Makefile.PL. Instead an exception with a descriptive message is thrown when a specific feature can't find one or several modules required for its operation. This module is the central holding place for the current list of such dependencies, for DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader core authors, and DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader extension authors alike. Dependencies are organized in groups where each group can list one or more required modules, with an optional minimum version (or 0 for any version). In addition groups prefixed with test_ can specify a set of environment variables, some (or all) of which are marked as required for the group to be considered by req_list_for Each group name (or a combination thereof) can be used in the public methods as described below. EOC #@@ #@@ REQUIREMENT GROUPLIST HEADING #@@ push @chunks, '=head1 CURRENT REQUIREMENT GROUPS'; my $standalone_info; for my $group (sort keys %$dbic_reqs) { my $info = $standalone_info->{$group} ||= $class->_groups_to_reqs($group); next unless ( $info->{modreqs_fully_documented} and ( $info->{augments} or $info->{modreqs} ) ); my $p = $dbic_reqs->{$group}{pod}; push @chunks, ( "=head2 $p->{title}", "=head3 $group", $p->{desc}, =over, ); if ( keys %{ $info->{modreqs}||{} } ) { push @chunks, map { "=item * $_" . ($info->{modreqs}{$_} ? " >= $info->{modreqs}{$_}" : ) } ( sort keys %{ $info->{modreqs} } ) ; } else { push @chunks, =item * No standalone requirements, } push @chunks, =back; for my $ag ( sort keys %{ $info->{augments} || {} } ) { my $ag_info = $standalone_info->{$ag} ||= $class->_groups_to_reqs($ag); my $newreqs = $class->modreq_list_for([ $group, $ag ]); for (keys %$newreqs) { delete $newreqs->{$_} if ( ( defined $info->{modreqs}{$_} and $info->{modreqs}{$_} == $newreqs->{$_} ) or ( defined $ag_info->{modreqs}{$_} and $ag_info->{modreqs}{$_} == $newreqs->{$_} ) ); } if (keys %$newreqs) { push @chunks, ( "Combined with L</$ag> additionally requires:", =over, ( map { "=item * $_" . ($newreqs->{$_} ? " >= $newreqs->{$_}" : ) } ( sort keys %$newreqs ) ), =back, ); } } } #@@ #@@ API DOCUMENTATION HEADING #@@ push @chunks, <<'EOC';
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore(3)
An enhanced populate method
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Command(3)
Command Class to Populate a Schema
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Inflator(3)
Base Class for keyword Inflators
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Inflator::Date(3)
Returns A DateTime object
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Inflator::Env(3)
inflated via the %ENV hash
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Inflator::Find(3)
Inflate via ResultSet->find
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Inflator::Index(3)
Coerce DateTime from Strings
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema(3), DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema;(3)
Test Schema
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema::Result(3)
A base result class
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema::Result::Company(3)
A Company Class
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema::Result::CompanyPerson(3)
Bridge between Company and Person
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema::Result::EmploymentHistory(3)
Information about a Persons as an Employee;
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema::Result::FriendList(3)
An example Friends Class;
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema::Result::Gender(3)
A Gender Class
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema::Result::Person(3)
A Person Class
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema::ResultSet(3)
A base ResultSet Class
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Test::Schema::ResultSet::Person(3)
Person Resultset
DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Visitor(3), DBIx::Class::Schema::PopulateMore::Visitor (3)
Visitor for the Populate Data
Dancer2::Logger::Diag(3)
Test::More diag() logging engine for Dancer2
Dancer2::Logger::Note(3)
Test::More note() logging engine for Dancer2
Dancer::Logger::Diag(3)
Test::More diag() logging engine for Dancer
Dancer::Logger::Note(3)
Test::More note() logging engine for Dancer
Data::Model(3)
model interface which had more data sources unified, a.k.a data/object mapper
Data::Unixish::Apply(3)
Apply one or more dux functions
Data::Unixish::pick(3)
Pick one or more random items
DateTime::Format::Natural::Compat(3)
Methods with more than one implementation
Dist::Zilla::PluginBundle::FakeClassic(3)
build something more or less like a "classic" CPAN dist
Dumbbench(3)
More reliable benchmarking with the least amount of thinking
Email::Stuffer(3)
A more casual approach to creating and sending Email:: emails
Exporter::Easiest(3)
Takes even more drudgery out of Exporting symbols
File::chdir(3)
a more sensible way to change directories
FileCache(3)
keep more files open than the system permits
Forest::Tree::Writer::ASCIIWithBranches(3)
A slightly more complex ASCII writer
Geo::IP2Location(3)
Fast lookup of country, region, city, latitude, longitude, ZIP code, time zone, ISP, domain name, connection type, IDD code, area code, weather station code and station, MCC, MNC, mobile carrier brand name, elevation and usage type from IP address by using IP2Location database. It supports both IPv4 and IPv6 addressing. Please visit http://www.ip2location.com for more information
Getopt::Long::Descriptive(3)
Getopt::Long, but simpler and more powerful
Graph::Easy::Edge(3)
An edge (a path connecting one ore more nodes)
Graphics::ColorUtils(3)
Easy-to-use color space conversions and more
HTML::Macro(3)
process HTML templates with loops, conditionals, macros and more!
Hash::Merge::Simple(3)
Recursively merge two or more hashes, simply
Hash::MoreUtils(3)
Provide the stuff missing in Hash::Util
IO::Pager::Perl(3)
Page text a screenful at a time, like more or less
Image::Compare::THRESHOLD_COUNT(3)
Count the number of pixel pairs in two images that differ by more than a given threshold
Jifty::Manual::Style(3)
Jifty coding style guide Default style Subsection "Default style" When in doubt, default to whatever Damian Conway's Perl Best Practices says. Private documentation Subsection "Private documentation" When documenting a private method, or providing documentation which is not useful to the user of the module (and is presumably useful to the developer), wrap it in =begin/end private. This way it does not show up in perldoc where a user would see it and yet is still available and well formatted (that is, not just a lump comment) when looking at the code. =begin private =head2 import_extra Called by L<Test::More>s C<import> code when L<Jifty::Test> is first C<use>d, it calls L</setup>, and asks Test::More to export its symbols to the namespace that C<use>d this one. =end private sub import_extra { ... } Test temp files Subsection "Test temp files" Files created by tests should be declared as such using Jifty::Test->test_file() so they are cleaned up on a successful test run. Use Shell::Command Subsection "Use Shell::Command" Shell::Command has a number of functions which work like common shell file commands such as touch, cp and mv. They are battle tested and cross-platform. Use them instead of coding your own. For example, instead of this: open my $file, ">foo"; close $file; Do this: use Shell::Command; touch $file; Case insensitive matching Subsection "Case insensitive matching" To check if a string equals another string case insensitively, do this lc $foo eq lc $bar; lc $foo eq bar; not this: $foo =~ /^eQ$bareE/i; $foo =~ /^bar$/i;
List::Compare(3)
Compare elements of two or more lists
List::Compare::Functional(3)
Compare elements of two or more lists
List::MoreUtils(3)
Provide the stuff missing in List::Util
List::MoreUtils::Contributing(3)
Gives rough introduction into contributing to List::MoreUtils
List::MoreUtils::PP(3)
Provide List::MoreUtils pure Perl implementation
List::MoreUtils::XS(3)
Provide compiled List::MoreUtils functions
Log::Contextual::TeeLogger(3)
Output to more than one logger
Log::Dispatch(3)
Dispatches messages to one or more outputs
MPI_Testsome(3)
Tests for completion of one or more previously initiated communications in a list
Math::BigInt::FastCalc(3)
Math::BigInt::Calc with some XS for more speed
Module::Build::Using::PkgConfig(3), "Module::Build::Using::PkgConfig"(3)
extend "Module::Build" to more easily use platform libraries provided by pkg-config
MogileFS::ReplicationPolicy::Union(3)
-- satisfy 2 or more replication policies
MooX::Options::Manual::Man(3)
More documentation for the man option
Moose::Cookbook::Basics::BinaryTree_AttributeFeatures(3)
Demonstrates various attribute features including lazy, predicates, weak refs, and more
Moose::Meta::Role::Application::RoleSummation(3)
Combine two or more roles
Moose::Policy::SingleInheritence(3)
Why would you ever need more than one?
MooseX::Storage::Base::WithChecksum(3)
A more secure serialization role
MooseX::Types::DateTime::MoreCoercions(3)
Extensions to MooseX::Types::DateTime
Net::ACL::Match::List(3)
Class matching data against one or more access-lists
Net::ACL::Match::Member(3)
Class matching one or more members of an array
Net::Packet::Dump(3)
a tcpdump-like object providing frame capturing and more
Number::Tolerant::Type::more_than(3)
a tolerance "m > n"
Number::Tolerant::Type::or_more(3)
a tolerance "m >= n"
Opcodes(3)
More Opcodes information from opnames.h and opcode.h
PDFLib(3)
More OO interface to pdflib_pl.pm
Package::MoreUtil(3)
Package-related utilities
Package::Stash::XS(3)
Faster and more correct implementation of the Package::Stash API
Perl::Critic::More(3)
Supplemental policies for Perl::Critic
Perl::Critic::Policy::BuiltinFunctions::ProhibitBooleanGrep(3)
Use "List::MoreUtils::any" instead of "grep" in boolean context
Perl::PrereqScanner::Scanner::TestMore(3)
scanner to find recent Test::More usage
Regexp::Assemble::Compressed(3)
Assemble more compressed Regular Expression
Reply::Plugin::FancyPrompt(3)
provides a more informative prompt
Rose::DBx::Object::MoreHelpers(3)
more mixin helpers for RDBO
SDLx::FPS(3)
a more convenient way to set a framerate
SOAP::Transport(3)
an abstract class extended by more specialized transport modules
SPOPS::Manual::ImportExport(3)
Moving data (and more) with SPOPS
SPOPS::Secure(3)
Implement security across one or more classes of SPOPS objects
SQL::Abstract::More(3)
extension of SQL::Abstract with more constructs and more flexible API
SQL::Translator(3)
manipulate structured data definitions (SQL and more)
Set::CrossProduct(3)
work with the cross product of two or more sets
Smart::Comments(3)
Comments that do more than just sit there
String::Checker(3)
An extensible string validation module (allowing commonly used checks on strings to be called more concisely and consistently)
Test2::Bundle::More(3)
ALMOST a drop-in replacement for Test::More
Test2::Manual::Testing::Migrating(3)
How to migrate existing tests from Test::More to Test2
Test2::Plugin::SRand(3)
Control the random seed for more controlled test environments
Test2::Tools::ClassicCompare(3)
Classic (Test::More style) comparison tools
Test::DBIx::Class::FixtureCommand::PopulateMore(3)
Install fixtures using PopulateMore
Test::HTML::Lint(3)
Test::More-style wrapper around HTML::Lint
Test::HTML::Tidy(3)
Test::More-style wrapper around HTML::Tidy
Test::HTML::Tidy5(3)
Test::More-style wrapper around HTML::Tidy5
Test::HTTP::Server::Simple(3)
Test::More functions for HTTP::Server::Simple
Test::Inter(3)
framework for more readable interactive test scripts
Test::LongString(3)
tests strings for equality, with more helpful failures
Test::Moose::More(3)
More tools for testing Moose packages
Test::Moose::More::Utils(3)
Various utility functions for TMM (and maybe others!)
Test::More(3)
yet another framework for writing test scripts
Test::More::UTF8(3)
Enhancing Test::More for UTF8-based projects
Test::SQL::Translator(3)
Test::More test functions for the Schema objects
Test::use::ok(3)
Alternative to Test::More::use_ok
Text::Ngrams(3)
Flexible Ngram analysis (for characters, words, and more)
Text::Table::More(3)
Generate text table with simple interface and many options
Thrift::XS::CompactProtocol(3)
More efficient binary protocol
Tk::More(3)
a 'more' or 'less' like text widget
Type::Tiny::Manual::UsingWithTestMore(3)
Type::Tiny for test suites
VCP::RefCountedFile(3)
An object that deletes a named file when nothing refers to it any more
X11::Protocol::Ext::XTEST(3)
synthetic user input and more
XML::Parser::Style::Elemental(3)
a slightly more advanced and flexible object tree style for XML::Parser
annotate(1), bk annotate(1)
provide annotated listings of one or more source files
bk-grep(1), bk grep(1)
search some/all revisions of one or more files for a pattern
bk-here(1), bk here(1)
list or change the set of populated repositories bk populate - add one or more components to a nested collection bk unpopulate - remove one or more components to a nested collection
bk-renames(1), bk renames(1)
list file renames contained in one or more changesets
bp_seqpart(1), bp_seqpart.pl(1)
Takes one or more sequence files and splits them into a number of load balanced files
certbot(1)
certbot script documentation 0.0 3.5 C usage: certbot [SUBCOMMAND] [options] [-d DOMAIN] [-d DOMAIN] ... Certbot can obtain and install HTTPS/TLS/SSL certificates. By default, it will attempt to use a webserver both for obtaining and installing the certificate. The most common SUBCOMMANDS and flags are: obtain, install, and renew certificates: (default) run Obtain & install a certificate in your current webserver certonly Obtain or renew a certificate, but do not install it renew Renew all previously obtained certificates that are near expiry enhance Add security enhancements to your existing configuration -d DOMAINS Comma-separated list of domains to obtain a certificate for --apache Use the Apache plugin for authentication & installation --standalone Run a standalone webserver for authentication --nginx Use the Nginx plugin for authentication & installation --webroot Place files in a server(aqs webroot folder for authentication --manual Obtain certificates interactively, or using shell script hooks -n Run non-interactively --test-cert Obtain a test certificate from a staging server --dry-run Test "renew" or "certonly" without saving any certificates to disk manage certificates: certificates Display information about certificates you have from Certbot revoke Revoke a certificate (supply --cert-name or --cert-path) delete Delete a certificate (supply --cert-name) manage your account: register Create an ACME account unregister Deactivate an ACME account update_account Update an ACME account show_account Display account details --agree-tos Agree to the ACME server(aqs Subscriber Agreement -m EMAIL Email address for important account notifications options: -h, --help show this help message and exit -c CONFIG_FILE, --config CONFIG_FILE path to config file (default: /etc/letsencrypt/cli.ini and ~/.config/letsencrypt/cli.ini) -v, --verbose This flag can be used multiple times to incrementally increase the verbosity of output, e.g. -vvv. (default: 0) --max-log-backups MAX_LOG_BACKUPS Specifies the maximum number of backup logs that should be kept by Certbot(aqs built in log rotation. Setting this flag to 0 disables log rotation entirely, causing Certbot to always append to the same log file. (default: 1000) -n, --non-interactive, --noninteractive Run without ever asking for user input. This may require additional command line flags; the client will try to explain which ones are required if it finds one missing (default: False) --force-interactive Force Certbot to be interactive even if it detects it(aqs not being run in a terminal. This flag cannot be used with the renew subcommand. (default: False) -d DOMAIN, --domains DOMAIN, --domain DOMAIN Domain names to apply. For multiple domains you can use multiple -d flags or enter a comma separated list of domains as a parameter. The first domain provided will be the subject CN of the certificate, and all domains will be Subject Alternative Names on the certificate. The first domain will also be used in some software user interfaces and as the file paths for the certificate and related material unless otherwise specified or you already have a certificate with the same name. In the case of a name collision it will append a number like 0001 to the file path name. (default: Ask) --eab-kid EAB_KID Key Identifier for External Account Binding (default: None) --eab-hmac-key EAB_HMAC_KEY HMAC key for External Account Binding (default: None) --cert-name CERTNAME Certificate name to apply. This name is used by Certbot for housekeeping and in file paths; it doesn(aqt affect the content of the certificate itself. To see certificate names, run (aqcertbot certificates(aq. When creating a new certificate, specifies the new certificate(aqs name. (default: the first provided domain or the name of an existing certificate on your system for the same domains) --dry-run Perform a test run of the client, obtaining test (invalid) certificates but not saving them to disk. This can currently only be used with the (aqcertonly(aq and (aqrenew(aq subcommands. Note: Although --dry-run tries to avoid making any persistent changes on a system, it is not completely side-effect free: if used with webserver authenticator plugins like apache and nginx, it makes and then reverts temporary config changes in order to obtain test certificates, and reloads webservers to deploy and then roll back those changes. It also calls --pre-hook and --post-hook commands if they are defined because they may be necessary to accurately simulate renewal. --deploy- hook commands are not called. (default: False) --debug-challenges After setting up challenges, wait for user input before submitting to CA. When used in combination with the (ga-v(ga option, the challenge URLs or FQDNs and their expected return values are shown. (default: False) --preferred-chain PREFERRED_CHAIN Set the preferred certificate chain. If the CA offers multiple certificate chains, prefer the chain whose topmost certificate was issued from this Subject Common Name. If no match, the default offered chain will be used. (default: None) --preferred-challenges PREF_CHALLS A sorted, comma delimited list of the preferred challenge to use during authorization with the most preferred challenge listed first (Eg, "dns" or "http,dns"). Not all plugins support all challenges. See https://certbot.eff.org/docs/using.html#plugins for details. ACME Challenges are versioned, but if you pick "http" rather than "http-01", Certbot will select the latest version automatically. (default: []) --issuance-timeout ISSUANCE_TIMEOUT This option specifies how long (in seconds) Certbot will wait for the server to issue a certificate. (default: 90) --user-agent USER_AGENT Set a custom user agent string for the client. User agent strings allow the CA to collect high level statistics about success rates by OS, plugin and use case, and to know when to deprecate support for past Python versions and flags. If you wish to hide this information from the Let(aqs Encrypt server, set this to "". (default: CertbotACMEClient/1.26.0 (certbot; OS_NAME OS_VERSION) Authenticator/XXX Installer/YYY (SUBCOMMAND; flags: FLAGS) Py/major.minor.patchlevel). The flags encoded in the user agent are: --duplicate, --force-renew, --allow-subset-of-names, -n, and whether any hooks are set. --user-agent-comment USER_AGENT_COMMENT Add a comment to the default user agent string. May be used when repackaging Certbot or calling it from another tool to allow additional statistical data to be collected. Ignored if --user-agent is set. (Example: Foo-Wrapper/1.0) (default: None) automation: Flags for automating execution & other tweaks --keep-until-expiring, --keep, --reinstall If the requested certificate matches an existing certificate, always keep the existing one until it is due for renewal (for the (aqrun(aq subcommand this means reinstall the existing certificate). (default: Ask) --expand If an existing certificate is a strict subset of the requested names, always expand and replace it with the additional names. (default: Ask) --version show program(aqs version number and exit --force-renewal, --renew-by-default If a certificate already exists for the requested domains, renew it now, regardless of whether it is near expiry. (Often --keep-until-expiring is more appropriate). Also implies --expand. (default: False) --renew-with-new-domains If a certificate already exists for the requested certificate name but does not match the requested domains, renew it now, regardless of whether it is near expiry. (default: False) --reuse-key When renewing, use the same private key as the existing certificate. (default: False) --no-reuse-key When renewing, do not use the same private key as the existing certificate. Not reusing private keys is the default behavior of Certbot. This option may be used to unset --reuse-key on an existing certificate. (default: False) --new-key When renewing or replacing a certificate, generate a new private key, even if --reuse-key is set on the existing certificate. Combining --new-key and --reuse- key will result in the private key being replaced and then reused in future renewals. (default: False) --allow-subset-of-names When performing domain validation, do not consider it a failure if authorizations can not be obtained for a strict subset of the requested domains. This may be useful for allowing renewals for multiple domains to succeed even if some domains no longer point at this system. This option cannot be used with --csr. (default: False) --agree-tos Agree to the ACME Subscriber Agreement (default: Ask) --duplicate Allow making a certificate lineage that duplicates an existing one (both can be renewed in parallel) (default: False) -q, --quiet Silence all output except errors. Useful for automation via cron. Implies --non-interactive. (default: False) security: Security parameters & server settings --rsa-key-size N Size of the RSA key. (default: 2048) --key-type {rsa,ecdsa} Type of generated private key. Only *ONE* per invocation can be provided at this time. (default: rsa) --elliptic-curve N The SECG elliptic curve name to use. Please see RFC 8446 for supported values. (default: secp256r1) --must-staple Adds the OCSP Must-Staple extension to the certificate. Autoconfigures OCSP Stapling for supported setups (Apache version >= 2.3.3 ). (default: False) --redirect Automatically redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS for the newly authenticated vhost. (default: redirect enabled for install and run, disabled for enhance) --no-redirect Do not automatically redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS for the newly authenticated vhost. (default: redirect enabled for install and run, disabled for enhance) --hsts Add the Strict-Transport-Security header to every HTTP response. Forcing browser to always use SSL for the domain. Defends against SSL Stripping. (default: None) --uir Add the "Content-Security-Policy: upgrade-insecure- requests" header to every HTTP response. Forcing the browser to use https:// for every http:// resource. (default: None) --staple-ocsp Enables OCSP Stapling. A valid OCSP response is stapled to the certificate that the server offers during TLS. (default: None) --strict-permissions Require that all configuration files are owned by the current user; only needed if your config is somewhere unsafe like /tmp/ (default: False) --auto-hsts Gradually increasing max-age value for HTTP Strict Transport Security security header (default: False) testing: The following flags are meant for testing and integration purposes only. --test-cert, --staging Use the staging server to obtain or revoke test (invalid) certificates; equivalent to --server https://acme-staging-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory (default: False) --debug Show tracebacks in case of errors (default: False) --no-verify-ssl Disable verification of the ACME server(aqs certificate. (default: False) --http-01-port HTTP01_PORT Port used in the http-01 challenge. This only affects the port Certbot listens on. A conforming ACME server will still attempt to connect on port 80. (default: 80) --http-01-address HTTP01_ADDRESS The address the server listens to during http-01 challenge. (default: ) --https-port HTTPS_PORT Port used to serve HTTPS. This affects which port Nginx will listen on after a LE certificate is installed. (default: 443) --break-my-certs Be willing to replace or renew valid certificates with invalid (testing/staging) certificates (default: False) paths: Flags for changing execution paths & servers --cert-path CERT_PATH Path to where certificate is saved (with certonly --csr), installed from, or revoked (default: None) --key-path KEY_PATH Path to private key for certificate installation or revocation (if account key is missing) (default: None) --fullchain-path FULLCHAIN_PATH Accompanying path to a full certificate chain (certificate plus chain). (default: None) --chain-path CHAIN_PATH Accompanying path to a certificate chain. (default: None) --config-dir CONFIG_DIR Configuration directory. (default: /etc/letsencrypt) --work-dir WORK_DIR Working directory. (default: /var/lib/letsencrypt) --logs-dir LOGS_DIR Logs directory. (default: /var/log/letsencrypt) --server SERVER ACME Directory Resource URI. (default: https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory) manage: Various subcommands and flags are available for managing your certificates: certificates List certificates managed by Certbot delete Clean up all files related to a certificate renew Renew all certificates (or one specified with --cert- name) revoke Revoke a certificate specified with --cert-path or --cert-name update_symlinks Recreate symlinks in your /etc/letsencrypt/live/ directory run: Options for obtaining & installing certificates certonly: Options for modifying how a certificate is obtained --csr CSR Path to a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) in DER or PEM format. Currently --csr only works with the (aqcertonly(aq subcommand. (default: None) renew: The (aqrenew(aq subcommand will attempt to renew any certificates previously obtained if they are close to expiry, and print a summary of the results. By default, (aqrenew(aq will reuse the plugins and options used to obtain or most recently renew each certificate. You can test whether future renewals will succeed with (ga--dry-run(ga. Individual certificates can be renewed with the (ga--cert-name(ga option. Hooks are available to run commands before and after renewal; see https://certbot.eff.org/docs/using.html#renewal for more information on these. --pre-hook PRE_HOOK Command to be run in a shell before obtaining any certificates. Intended primarily for renewal, where it can be used to temporarily shut down a webserver that might conflict with the standalone plugin. This will only be called if a certificate is actually to be obtained/renewed. When renewing several certificates that have identical pre-hooks, only the first will be executed. (default: None) --post-hook POST_HOOK Command to be run in a shell after attempting to obtain/renew certificates. Can be used to deploy renewed certificates, or to restart any servers that were stopped by --pre-hook. This is only run if an attempt was made to obtain/renew a certificate. If multiple renewed certificates have identical post- hooks, only one will be run. (default: None) --deploy-hook DEPLOY_HOOK Command to be run in a shell once for each successfully issued certificate. For this command, the shell variable $RENEWED_LINEAGE will point to the config live subdirectory (for example, "/etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com") containing the new certificates and keys; the shell variable $RENEWED_DOMAINS will contain a space-delimited list of renewed certificate domains (for example, "example.com www.example.com" (default: None) --disable-hook-validation Ordinarily the commands specified for --pre- hook/--post-hook/--deploy-hook will be checked for validity, to see if the programs being run are in the $PATH, so that mistakes can be caught early, even when the hooks aren(aqt being run just yet. The validation is rather simplistic and fails if you use more advanced shell constructs, so you can use this switch to disable it. (default: False) --no-directory-hooks Disable running executables found in Certbot(aqs hook directories during renewal. (default: False) --disable-renew-updates Disable automatic updates to your server configuration that would otherwise be done by the selected installer plugin, and triggered when the user executes "certbot renew", regardless of if the certificate is renewed. This setting does not apply to important TLS configuration updates. (default: False) --no-autorenew Disable auto renewal of certificates. (default: True) certificates: List certificates managed by Certbot delete: Options for deleting a certificate revoke: Options for revocation of certificates --reason {unspecified,keycompromise,affiliationchanged,superseded,cessationofoperation} Specify reason for revoking certificate. (default: unspecified) --delete-after-revoke Delete certificates after revoking them, along with all previous and later versions of those certificates. (default: None) --no-delete-after-revoke Do not delete certificates after revoking them. This option should be used with caution because the (aqrenew(aq subcommand will attempt to renew undeleted revoked certificates. (default: None) register: Options for account registration --register-unsafely-without-email Specifying this flag enables registering an account with no email address. This is strongly discouraged, because you will be unable to receive notice about impending expiration or revocation of your certificates or problems with your Certbot installation that will lead to failure to renew. (default: False) -m EMAIL, --email EMAIL Email used for registration and recovery contact. Use comma to register multiple emails, ex: u1@example.com,u2@example.com. (default: Ask). --eff-email Share your e-mail address with EFF (default: None) --no-eff-email Don(aqt share your e-mail address with EFF (default: None) update_account: Options for account modification unregister: Options for account deactivation. --account ACCOUNT_ID Account ID to use (default: None) install: Options for modifying how a certificate is deployed rollback: Options for rolling back server configuration changes --checkpoints N Revert configuration N number of checkpoints. (default: 1) plugins: Options for the "plugins" subcommand --init Initialize plugins. (default: False) --prepare Initialize and prepare plugins. (default: False) --authenticators Limit to authenticator plugins only. (default: None) --installers Limit to installer plugins only. (default: None) update_symlinks: Recreates certificate and key symlinks in /etc/letsencrypt/live, if you changed them by hand or edited a renewal configuration file enhance: Helps to harden the TLS configuration by adding security enhancements to already existing configuration. show_account: Options useful for the "show_account" subcommand: plugins: Plugin Selection: Certbot client supports an extensible plugins architecture. See (aqcertbot plugins(aq for a list of all installed plugins and their names. You can force a particular plugin by setting options provided below. Running --help <plugin_name> will list flags specific to that plugin. --configurator CONFIGURATOR Name of the plugin that is both an authenticator and an installer. Should not be used together with --authenticator or --installer. (default: Ask) -a AUTHENTICATOR, --authenticator AUTHENTICATOR Authenticator plugin name. (default: None) -i INSTALLER, --installer INSTALLER Installer plugin name (also used to find domains). (default: None) --apache Obtain and install certificates using Apache (default: False) --nginx Obtain and install certificates using Nginx (default: False) --standalone Obtain certificates using a "standalone" webserver. (default: False) --manual Provide laborious manual instructions for obtaining a certificate (default: False) --webroot Obtain certificates by placing files in a webroot directory. (default: False) --dns-cloudflare Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Cloudflare for DNS). (default: False) --dns-cloudxns Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using CloudXNS for DNS). (default: False) --dns-digitalocean Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DigitalOcean for DNS). (default: False) --dns-dnsimple Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNSimple for DNS). (default: False) --dns-dnsmadeeasy Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNS Made Easy for DNS). (default: False) --dns-gehirn Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Gehirn Infrastructure Service for DNS). (default: False) --dns-google Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Google Cloud DNS). (default: False) --dns-linode Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Linode for DNS). (default: False) --dns-luadns Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using LuaDNS for DNS). (default: False) --dns-nsone Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using NS1 for DNS). (default: False) --dns-ovh Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using OVH for DNS). (default: False) --dns-rfc2136 Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using BIND for DNS). (default: False) --dns-route53 Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Route53 for DNS). (default: False) --dns-sakuracloud Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Sakura Cloud for DNS). (default: False) apache: Apache Web Server plugin (Please note that the default values of the Apache plugin options change depending on the operating system Certbot is run on.) --apache-enmod APACHE_ENMOD Path to the Apache (aqa2enmod(aq binary (default: None) --apache-dismod APACHE_DISMOD Path to the Apache (aqa2dismod(aq binary (default: None) --apache-le-vhost-ext APACHE_LE_VHOST_EXT SSL vhost configuration extension (default: -le- ssl.conf) --apache-server-root APACHE_SERVER_ROOT Apache server root directory (default: /etc/apache2) --apache-vhost-root APACHE_VHOST_ROOT Apache server VirtualHost configuration root (default: None) --apache-logs-root APACHE_LOGS_ROOT Apache server logs directory (default: /var/log/apache2) --apache-challenge-location APACHE_CHALLENGE_LOCATION Directory path for challenge configuration (default: /etc/apache2) --apache-handle-modules APACHE_HANDLE_MODULES Let installer handle enabling required modules for you (Only Ubuntu/Debian currently) (default: False) --apache-handle-sites APACHE_HANDLE_SITES Let installer handle enabling sites for you (Only Ubuntu/Debian currently) (default: False) --apache-ctl APACHE_CTL Full path to Apache control script (default: apache2ctl) --apache-bin APACHE_BIN Full path to apache2/httpd binary (default: None) dns-cloudflare: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Cloudflare for DNS). --dns-cloudflare-propagation-seconds DNS_CLOUDFLARE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) --dns-cloudflare-credentials DNS_CLOUDFLARE_CREDENTIALS Cloudflare credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-cloudxns: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using CloudXNS for DNS). --dns-cloudxns-propagation-seconds DNS_CLOUDXNS_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-cloudxns-credentials DNS_CLOUDXNS_CREDENTIALS CloudXNS credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-digitalocean: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DigitalOcean for DNS). --dns-digitalocean-propagation-seconds DNS_DIGITALOCEAN_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) --dns-digitalocean-credentials DNS_DIGITALOCEAN_CREDENTIALS DigitalOcean credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-dnsimple: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNSimple for DNS). --dns-dnsimple-propagation-seconds DNS_DNSIMPLE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-dnsimple-credentials DNS_DNSIMPLE_CREDENTIALS DNSimple credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-dnsmadeeasy: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNS Made Easy for DNS). --dns-dnsmadeeasy-propagation-seconds DNS_DNSMADEEASY_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-dnsmadeeasy-credentials DNS_DNSMADEEASY_CREDENTIALS DNS Made Easy credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-gehirn: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Gehirn Infrastructure Service for DNS). --dns-gehirn-propagation-seconds DNS_GEHIRN_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-gehirn-credentials DNS_GEHIRN_CREDENTIALS Gehirn Infrastructure Service credentials file. (default: None) dns-google: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Google Cloud DNS for DNS). --dns-google-propagation-seconds DNS_GOOGLE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-google-credentials DNS_GOOGLE_CREDENTIALS Path to Google Cloud DNS service account JSON file. (See https://developers.google.com/identity/protocols/ OAuth2ServiceAccount#creatinganaccount forinformation about creating a service account and https://cloud.google.com/dns/access- control#permissions_and_roles for information about therequired permissions.) (default: None) dns-linode: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Linode for DNS). --dns-linode-propagation-seconds DNS_LINODE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 120) --dns-linode-credentials DNS_LINODE_CREDENTIALS Linode credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-luadns: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using LuaDNS for DNS). --dns-luadns-propagation-seconds DNS_LUADNS_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-luadns-credentials DNS_LUADNS_CREDENTIALS LuaDNS credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-nsone: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using NS1 for DNS). --dns-nsone-propagation-seconds DNS_NSONE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-nsone-credentials DNS_NSONE_CREDENTIALS NS1 credentials file. (default: None) dns-ovh: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using OVH for DNS). --dns-ovh-propagation-seconds DNS_OVH_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 120) --dns-ovh-credentials DNS_OVH_CREDENTIALS OVH credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-rfc2136: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using BIND for DNS). --dns-rfc2136-propagation-seconds DNS_RFC2136_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-rfc2136-credentials DNS_RFC2136_CREDENTIALS RFC 2136 credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-route53: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using AWS Route53 for DNS). --dns-route53-propagation-seconds DNS_ROUTE53_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) dns-sakuracloud: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Sakura Cloud for DNS). --dns-sakuracloud-propagation-seconds DNS_SAKURACLOUD_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 90) --dns-sakuracloud-credentials DNS_SAKURACLOUD_CREDENTIALS Sakura Cloud credentials file. (default: None) manual: Authenticate through manual configuration or custom shell scripts. When using shell scripts, an authenticator script must be provided. The environment variables available to this script depend on the type of challenge. $CERTBOT_DOMAIN will always contain the domain being authenticated. For HTTP-01 and DNS-01, $CERTBOT_VALIDATION is the validation string, and $CERTBOT_TOKEN is the filename of the resource requested when performing an HTTP-01 challenge. An additional cleanup script can also be provided and can use the additional variable $CERTBOT_AUTH_OUTPUT which contains the stdout output from the auth script. For both authenticator and cleanup script, on HTTP-01 and DNS-01 challenges, $CERTBOT_REMAINING_CHALLENGES will be equal to the number of challenges that remain after the current one, and $CERTBOT_ALL_DOMAINS contains a comma-separated list of all domains that are challenged for the current certificate. --manual-auth-hook MANUAL_AUTH_HOOK Path or command to execute for the authentication script (default: None) --manual-cleanup-hook MANUAL_CLEANUP_HOOK Path or command to execute for the cleanup script (default: None) nginx: Nginx Web Server plugin --nginx-server-root NGINX_SERVER_ROOT Nginx server root directory. (default: /etc/nginx or /usr/local/etc/nginx) --nginx-ctl NGINX_CTL Path to the (aqnginx(aq binary, used for (aqconfigtest(aq and retrieving nginx version number. (default: nginx) --nginx-sleep-seconds NGINX_SLEEP_SECONDS Number of seconds to wait for nginx configuration changes to apply when reloading. (default: 1) null: Null Installer standalone: Spin up a temporary webserver webroot: Place files in webroot directory --webroot-path WEBROOT_PATH, -w WEBROOT_PATH public_html / webroot path. This can be specified multiple times to handle different domains; each domain will have the webroot path that preceded it. For instance: (ga-w /var/www/example -d example.com -d www.example.com -w /var/www/thing -d thing.net -d m.thing.net(ga (default: Ask) --webroot-map WEBROOT_MAP JSON dictionary mapping domains to webroot paths; this implies -d for each entry. You may need to escape this from your shell. E.g.: --webroot-map (aq{"eg1.is,m.eg1.is":"/www/eg1/", "eg2.is":"/www/eg2"}(aq This option is merged with, but takes precedence over, -w / -d entries. At present, if you put webroot-map in a config file, it needs to be on a single line, like: webroot-map = {"example.com":"/var/www"}. (default: {}) P
config(7)
More than you probably want to know about npm configuration
cpan-upload-http(1)
upload one or more files to CPAN, using PAUSE
cross(1)
output the cross product of two or more sets
csa_free_time_search(3)
searches one or more calendars for available free time
deletepdfpage.pl(1)
Remove one or more pages from a PDF
getmail(1)
retrieve messages from one or more POP3, IMAP4, or SDPS mailboxes and deliver to a maildir, mboxrd-format mbox file, or external MDA
getmail_fetch(1)
retrieve messages from one or more POP3 or POP3-over-SSL mailboxes and deliver to a maildir, mboxrd-format mbox file, or external MDA
getpdftext.pl(1)
Extracts and print the text from one or more PDF pages
head(1)
output beginning portion of one or more files rst2man-indent-level 0 1 rstReportMargin \$1
javap(1)
disassemble one or more class files
mergecap(1)
Merges two or more capture files into one
moreutils-parallel(1), parallel(1)
run programs in parallel
moreutils-ts(1), ts(1)
timestamp input
ok(3)
Alternative to Test::More::use_ok
r.horizon(1), r.horizon (1)
Computes horizon angle height from a digital elevation model. The module has two different modes of operation: 1. Computes the entire horizon around a single point whose coordinates are given with the (cqcoord(cq option. The horizon height (in radians). 2. Computes one or more raster maps of the horizon height in a single direction. The input for this is the angle (in degrees), which is measured counterclockwise with east=0, north=90 etc. The output is the horizon height in radians
r.patch(1), r.patch (1)
Creates a composite raster map layer by using known category values from one (or more) map layer(s) to fill in areas of (dqno data(dq in another map layer
renderpdf.pl(1)
Applies a renderer to one or more PDF pages
rpms2solv(1)
convert one or more rpms into a solv file
serialver(1)
return the serialVersionUID for one or more classes in a form suitable for copying into an evolving class
tickit_term_input_push_bytes(3)
supply more input data
tickit_term_input_readable(3)
read more data from the terminal
tickit_term_input_wait_msec(3), tickit_term_input_wait_*(3)
read more data from the terminal
tickit_utf8_count(3), tickit_utf8_countmore(3)
count characters in Unicode strings
tkmore(1)
a Perl/Tk based pager
unichars(1)
list characters for one or more properties
uniprops(1)
list unicode properties for one or more characters
v.db.addcolumn(1), v.db.addcolumn (1)
Adds one or more columns to the attribute table connected to a given vector map
wt(1)
test one or more web pages
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