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ng_pred1(4)
Predictor-1 PPP compression (RFC 1978) netgraph node type
ALTER_TEXT_SEARCH_DICTIONARY(7)
change the definition of a text search dictionary
CREATE_TEXT_SEARCH_DICTIONARY(7)
define a new text search dictionary
DROP_TEXT_SEARCH_DICTIONARY(7)
remove a text search dictionary
RkCloseRoma(3), RkCloseRoma / RkwCloseRoma(3)
close the dictionary used for Romaji-kana conversion
RkDefineDic(3)
define specified candidates in the dictionary
RkDeleteDic(3)
delete specified candidates from a dictionary
RkGetDicList(3)
get the name of a dictionary that can be added to the dictionary list
RkIntro(3), DICLib intro(3)
dictionary access library introduction
RkMountDic(3)
mount a dictionary in the dictionary list
RkOpenRoma(3)
open the dictionary to use for Romaji-kana conversion
RkRemountDic(3)
modify the priority order of a dictionary already in the dictionary list
RkUnmountDic(3)
unmount a dictionary from the dictionary list
Tcl_CreateEnsemble.tcl85(3), Tcl_CreateEnsemble(3), Tcl_FindEnsemble(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleFlags(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleMappingDict(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleNamespace(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleUnknownHandler(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleSubcommandList(3), Tcl_IsEnsemble(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleFlags(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleMappingDict(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleSubcommandList(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleUnknownHandler(3)
manipulate ensemble commands
Tcl_CreateEnsemble.tcl86(3), Tcl_CreateEnsemble(3), Tcl_FindEnsemble(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleFlags(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleMappingDict(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleNamespace(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleParameterList(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleUnknownHandler(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleSubcommandList(3), Tcl_IsEnsemble(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleFlags(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleMappingDict(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleParameterList(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleSubcommandList(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleUnknownHandler(3)
manipulate ensemble commands
Tcl_CreateEnsemble.tcl87(3), Tcl_CreateEnsemble(3), Tcl_FindEnsemble(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleFlags(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleMappingDict(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleNamespace(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleParameterList(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleUnknownHandler(3), Tcl_GetEnsembleSubcommandList(3), Tcl_IsEnsemble(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleFlags(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleMappingDict(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleParameterList(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleSubcommandList(3), Tcl_SetEnsembleUnknownHandler(3)
manipulate ensemble commands
Tcl_DictObjDone.tcl85(3), Tcl_NewDictObj(3), Tcl_DictObjPut(3), Tcl_DictObjGet(3), Tcl_DictObjRemove(3), Tcl_DictObjSize(3), Tcl_DictObjFirst(3), Tcl_DictObjNext(3), Tcl_DictObjDone(3), Tcl_DictObjPutKeyList(3), Tcl_DictObjRemoveKeyList(3)
manipulate Tcl objects as dictionaries
Tcl_DictObjDone.tcl86(3), Tcl_NewDictObj(3), Tcl_DictObjPut(3), Tcl_DictObjGet(3), Tcl_DictObjRemove(3), Tcl_DictObjSize(3), Tcl_DictObjFirst(3), Tcl_DictObjNext(3), Tcl_DictObjDone(3), Tcl_DictObjPutKeyList(3), Tcl_DictObjRemoveKeyList(3)
manipulate Tcl values as dictionaries
Tcl_DictObjDone.tcl87(3), Tcl_NewDictObj(3), Tcl_DictObjPut(3), Tcl_DictObjGet(3), Tcl_DictObjRemove(3), Tcl_DictObjSize(3), Tcl_DictObjFirst(3), Tcl_DictObjNext(3), Tcl_DictObjDone(3), Tcl_DictObjPutKeyList(3), Tcl_DictObjRemoveKeyList(3)
manipulate Tcl values as dictionaries
WordDict(3)
manage and use an inverted index dictionary
addwords(1)
Adding words to specified dictionary collectively
apertium-validate-dictionary(1)
dictionary file validator for Apertium
aspell-import(1)
import old personal dictionaries into GNU Aspell
catdic(1)
Download a dictionary
cpdic(1)
User Dictionary Copy Tool
ctow(1)
Convert Canna text-form dictionary into Wnn text-form dictionary
delwords(1)
Deleting words from specified dictionary collectively
depth-dbm-fc-solver(6), dbm-fc-solver(6)
memory efficient solving of difficult to verdict Freecell deals
dicar(1)
Archive Binary Dictionary
dico(1)
GNU dictionary client program
dicod(8)
GNU dictionary server
dicod.conf(5)
GNU dictionary server configuration file
dict(1)
DICT Protocol Client
dict.tcl85(n), dict(n)
Manipulate dictionaries
dict.tcl86(n), dict(n)
Manipulate dictionaries
dict.tcl87(n), dict(n)
Manipulate dictionaries
dictCleanup(3), dictCleanup (3)
cleanup dictionary
dictCreate(3), dictCreate (3)
create new dictionary
dictDestroy(3), dictDestroy (3)
destroy dictionary
dictModifyValue(3), dictModifyValue (3)
create/modify an item
dictNext(3), dictNext (3)
search for next value in dictionary
dictReleaseLock(3), dictReleaseLock (3)
release lock on value
dictRemove(3), dictRemove (3)
remove item from dictionary
dictSearch(3), dictSearch (3)
search for value in dictionary
dictSetValue(3), dictSetValue (3)
set/reset an items value
dict_lookup(1)
DICT Protocol Client
dictd(8)
a dictionary database server
dictfmt(1)
formats a DICT protocol dictionary database
dictfmt_index2suffix(1)
Creates a .suffix file from a DICTD database .index file
dictfmt_index2word(1)
Creates a .word index file from a DICTD database .index file
dictionary(5)
RADIUS dictionary file
dictl(1)
wrapper script for dict that permits using utf-8 encoded dictionaries on a terminal that is not utf-8 aware
dictunformat(1)
create a raw database file from a .dict and .index file
dictzip(1), dictunzip(1)
compress (or expand) files, allowing random access
ding(1)
dictionary lookup program for Unix
dpbindic(1)
Convert a binary-form dictionary into a text-form dictionary
enchant-lsmod-2(1), Enchant(1)
list provider and dictionary information
gendict(1)
Compiles word list into ICU string trie dictionary
getdns_dict(3)
getdns_dict_create, getdns_dict_create_with_extended_memory_functions, getdns_dict_create_with_memory_functions, getdns_dict_destroy -- getdns dict create and destroy routines n
getdns_dict_get(3)
getdns_dict_get_bindata, getdns_dict_get_data_type, getdns_dict_get_dict, getdns_dict_get_int, getdns_dict_get_list, getdns_dict_get_names -- get value by name from a getdns dict
getdns_dict_set(3)
getdns_dict_set_bindata, getdns_dict_set_dict, getdns_dict_set_int, getdns_dict_set_list, -- set a value by name in a getdns dict
getdns_list_get(3)
getdns_list_get_bindata, getdns_list_get_data_type, getdns_list_get_dict, getdns_list_get_length, getdns_list_get_list, getdns_list_get_int -- get a value by index from a getdns list
getdns_list_set(3)
getdns_list_set_bindata, getdns_list_set_dict, getdns_list_set_int, getdns_list_set_list, -- set a value by index from a getdns list
getdns_pretty_print_dict(3)
-- return a string representation of a getdns dict
gnome-dictionary(1)
Look up words in online dictionaries
gpredict(1)
real-time satellite tracking and orbit prediction program
hunspell(5)
format of Hunspell dictionaries and affix files
hunzip(1)
compress and encrypt dictionary files
ibd2sdi(1)
InnoDB utility for extracting serialized dictionary information (SDI) from an InnoDB tablespace
icebreaker(6)
An addictive action-puzzle game for X
kasumi(1)
a personal dictionary manager for Anthy
kdrill(1), kdrill v6.2(1)
drill program for kanji chars under Xwindows (X11R5 or better is required to run) kdrill also does dictionary lookup Yikes.. this man-page is getting huge. But I am a great believer in having proper documentation. Hopefully, this new format will help instead of hinder. At some future point in time, I shall convert this huge beast to HTML. But that point is not now. [Although actually, you CAN go to http://www.bolthole.com/kdrill/ for some help ] TIP: "/WORD" usually takes you to the next occurrence of "WORD", if you are viewing this using a "man"-like program
kinwalker(1)
predicts RNA folding trajectories
kpat(6)
A highly addictive card game
lsdic(1)
Display the user dictionary list
lt-expand(1)
dictionary expander for Apertium
lt-print(1)
compiled dictionary printer for Apertium
lt-trim(1)
compiled dictionary trimmer for Apertium
makedic(1)
Utility program for generating your own "kanjidic" style dictionaries
makeedict(1)
Utility program for generating your own "edict" style dictionaries
mate-dictionary(1)
Look up words on dictionaries
mifluzdict(1)
dump the dictionnary of an inverted index
mkbindic(1)
Convert a text-form dictionary into a binary-form dictionary
mkdic(1)
Tool for creating a user dictionary
mvdic(1)
Tool for renaming a user dictionary
nextword(1)
display next predicted words (in reverse order)
polygraph-pop-test(1)
predicts cache hit ratios for a given workload
predict(1)
Track and predict passes of satellites in Earth orbit
qmidictl(1)
A MIDI Remote Controller via UDP/IP Multicast
rmdic(1)
Tool for deleting a user dictionary
rrd_hwreapply(1)
Re-apply Holt-Winters prediction parameters to RRD data
samtools-dict(1), samtools dict(1)
create a sequence dictionary file from a fasta file EX in +\$1 nf ft CR . EE ft fi in
sdcv(1)
console version of StarDict program
spelldump(1)
Sphinxsearch tool for extract the contents of a dictionary file
splitword(1), splitwd(1)
Collect several text-form dictionary files into a single file to make a <1 line / 1 word type / 1 candidate> format
stardict(1), StarDict(1)
A Cross-Platform and international dictionary written in Gtk2
tide(1)
Harmonic tide clock and tide predictor (command line client)
tpm2_dictionarylockout(1), tpm2_dictionarylockout(1)(1)
Setup or clear dictionary-attack-lockout parameters
tpm_resetdalock(8)
reset the dictionary attack lock for the user (require owner authentication)
wtoc(1)
Convert a Wnn text-form dictionary (or dictionaries) into Canna text-form dictionaries
xfce4-dict(1)
a client program to query different dictionaries
xjdic(1), XJDIC(1)
an electronic Japanese-English dictionary program (V2.3) NB: this man page contains a summary of the information in the xjdic23.inf file
xtide(1)
Harmonic tide clock and tide predictor (interactive client)
xttpd(8)
Harmonic tide clock and tide predictor (web server)
zck_gen_zdict(1)
extract a dictionary and optionally the separate chunks from a zdict file
Algorithm::NaiveBayes(3)
Bayesian prediction of categories
Bio::Tools::Glimmer(3)
parser for Glimmer 2.X/3.X prokaryotic and GlimmerM/GlimmerHMM eukaryotic gene predictions
Bio::Tools::Prediction::Exon(3)
A predicted exon feature
Bio::Tools::Prediction::Gene(3)
a predicted gene structure feature
Bio::Tools::Run::Eponine(3)
Object for execution of the Eponine which is a mammalian TSS predictor
Bio::Tools::Run::Genewise(3)
Object for predicting genes in a given sequence given a protein
Brackup::Dict::Null(3)
noop key-value dictionary implementation, discarding everything it receives
Brackup::Dict::SQLite(3)
key-value dictionary implementation, using a SQLite database for storage
Brackup::Dict::SQLite2(3)
key-value dictionary implementation, using a SQLite database for storage (lighter/slower version of Brackup::Dict::SQLite)
Color::Library::Color(3)
Color entry for a Color::Library color dictionary
Color::Library::Dictionary(3)
Color dictionary for Color::Library
Color::Library::Dictionary::HTML(3)
(HTML) Colors from the HTML 4.0 specification
Color::Library::Dictionary::IE(3)
(IE) Colors recognized by Internet Explorer
Color::Library::Dictionary::Mozilla(3)
(Mozilla) Colors recognized by Mozilla (ColorNames.txt)
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC(3)
(NBS/ISCC Centroids) Centroids of the NBS/ISCC catalog
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::A(3)
(NBS/ISCC A) Dye Colors
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::B(3)
(NBS/ISCC B) Colour Terminology in Biology
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::F(3)
(NBS/ISCC F) Colors; (for) Ready-Mixed Paints
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::H(3)
(NBS/ISCC H) Horticultural Colour Charts
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::M(3)
(NBS/ISCC M) Dictionary of Color
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::P(3)
(NBS/ISCC P) Plochere Color System
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::R(3)
(NBS/ISCC R) Color Standards and Color Nomenclature
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::RC(3)
(NBS/ISCC RC) Rock-Color Chart
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::S(3)
(NBS/ISCC S) Postage-Stamp Color Names
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::SC(3)
(NBS/ISCC SC) Soil Color Charts
Color::Library::Dictionary::NBS_ISCC::TC(3)
(NBS/ISCC TC) Standard Color Card of America
Color::Library::Dictionary::Netscape(3)
(Netscape) Colors recognized by Netscape
Color::Library::Dictionary::SVG(3)
(SVG) Colors from the SVG specification
Color::Library::Dictionary::Tango(3)
(Tango) The Tango color palette
Color::Library::Dictionary::VACCC(3)
(VACCC) VisiBone Anglo-Centric Color Code
Color::Library::Dictionary::WWW(3)
(WWW) An alias of the SVG color dictionary
Color::Library::Dictionary::Windows(3)
(Windows) Colors from the Windows system palette
Color::Library::Dictionary::X11(3)
(X11) Colors for the X11 Window System (rgb.txt)
Email::Sender::Transport::Failable(3)
a wrapper to makes things fail predictably
Genezzo::Dict(3), Genezzo::Dict.pm(3)
The Genezzo data dictionary
Genezzo::Tablespace(3)
a class that defines a tablespace, the relationship between a collection of files on disk and a set of tables in the dictionary
Glib::VariantDict(3)
Utilities for dealing with the GVariantDict mutable interface to GVariant dictionaries
Jifty::Manual::Glossary(3)
The Jifty dictionary
Lingua::JA::Romanize::DictJA(3)
Dictionary converter
Lingua::ZH::Romanize::DictZH(3)
Dictionary converter
Net::Dict(3)
client API for accessing dictionary servers (RFC 2229)
Net::Radius::Dictionary(3)
RADIUS dictionary parser
PDF::API2::Basic::PDF::Dict(3)
PDF Dictionaries and Streams. Inherits from PDF::Objind
PDF::API2::Basic::PDF::Pages(3)
a PDF pages hierarchical element. Inherits from PDF::API2::Basic::PDF::Dict
PDF::API2::Resource::ExtGState(3)
Graphics state dictionary support
PDF::API3::Compat::API2::Basic::PDF::Dict(3)
PDF Dictionaries and Streams. Inherits from PDF::Objind
PDF::API3::Compat::API2::Basic::PDF::Pages(3)
a PDF pages hierarchical element. Inherits from PDF::API3::Compat::API2::Basic::PDF::Dict
PDF::Builder::Basic::PDF::Dict(3)
PDF Dictionaries and Streams. Inherits from PDF::Builder::Basic::PDF::Objind
PDF::Builder::Basic::PDF::Pages(3)
a PDF pages hierarchical element. Inherits from PDF::Builder::Basic::PDF::Dict
PDF::Builder::Resource(3)
Base class for PDF resources. Inherit from PDF::Builder::Basic::PDF::Dict
PDF::Builder::Resource::CIDFont::TrueType::FontFile(3)
additional code support for TT font files. Inherits from PDF::Builder::Basic::PDF::Dict
PDF::Builder::Resource::ExtGState(3)
Graphics state dictionary support
PDL::LinPred(3), PDL::Filter::LinPred(3)
Linear predictive filtering
Paws::MachineLearning::CreateBatchPrediction(3)
Arguments for method CreateBatchPrediction on Paws::MachineLearning
Paws::MachineLearning::DeleteBatchPrediction(3)
Arguments for method DeleteBatchPrediction on Paws::MachineLearning
Paws::MachineLearning::DescribeBatchPredictions(3)
Arguments for method DescribeBatchPredictions on Paws::MachineLearning
Paws::MachineLearning::GetBatchPrediction(3)
Arguments for method GetBatchPrediction on Paws::MachineLearning
Paws::MachineLearning::Predict(3)
Arguments for method Predict on Paws::MachineLearning
Paws::MachineLearning::UpdateBatchPrediction(3)
Arguments for method UpdateBatchPrediction on Paws::MachineLearning
Search::Dict(3)
look - search for key in dictionary file
Search::OpenFTS::Dict::PorterEng(3)
Porter Stemming Algorithm for english language. ( <a href="http://www.xapian.org/">Xapian</a> (former Omseek) )
Search::OpenFTS::Dict::Snowball(3), Wrapper for Lingua::Stem::Snowball(3)
Perl interface to Snowball stemmers
Search::OpenFTS::Dict::Synonym(3)
The dictionary of synonym words
Search::OpenFTS::Dict::UnknownDict(3)
The dictionary of unknown words
Search::OpenFTS::Morph::ISpell(3)
Perl interface to ISpell's dictionaries. Thanks mnoGoSearch (http://www.mhogosearch.org) developers team, kindly granted us to use their stemming code
Specio::Library::Structured(3)
Structured types for Specio (Dict, Map, Tuple)
Specio::Library::Structured::Dict(3)
Guts of Dict structured type
Test2::EventFacet::Render(3)
Facet that dictates how to render an event
Text::MeCab::Dict(3)
Utility To Work With MeCab Dictionary
Text::PDF::Dict(3)
PDF Dictionaries and Streams. Inherits from PDF::Objind
Text::PDF::Pages(3)
a PDF pages hierarchical element. Inherits from Text::PDF::Dict
Text::PDF::SFont(3)
PDF Standard inbuilt font resource object. Inherits from Text::PDF::Dict
Text::PDF::TTFont(3)
Inherits from Text::PDF::Dict and represents a TrueType font within a PDF file
Text::PDF::TTFont0(3)
Inherits from PDF::Dict and represents a TrueType Type 0 font within a PDF file
Tree::Binary::Dictionary(3)
A dictionary API to a binary tree
Types::Standard::Dict(3)
internals for the Types::Standard Dict type constraint
certbot(1)
certbot script documentation 0.0 3.5 C usage: certbot [SUBCOMMAND] [options] [-d DOMAIN] [-d DOMAIN] ... Certbot can obtain and install HTTPS/TLS/SSL certificates. By default, it will attempt to use a webserver both for obtaining and installing the certificate. The most common SUBCOMMANDS and flags are: obtain, install, and renew certificates: (default) run Obtain & install a certificate in your current webserver certonly Obtain or renew a certificate, but do not install it renew Renew all previously obtained certificates that are near expiry enhance Add security enhancements to your existing configuration -d DOMAINS Comma-separated list of domains to obtain a certificate for --apache Use the Apache plugin for authentication & installation --standalone Run a standalone webserver for authentication --nginx Use the Nginx plugin for authentication & installation --webroot Place files in a server(aqs webroot folder for authentication --manual Obtain certificates interactively, or using shell script hooks -n Run non-interactively --test-cert Obtain a test certificate from a staging server --dry-run Test "renew" or "certonly" without saving any certificates to disk manage certificates: certificates Display information about certificates you have from Certbot revoke Revoke a certificate (supply --cert-name or --cert-path) delete Delete a certificate (supply --cert-name) manage your account: register Create an ACME account unregister Deactivate an ACME account update_account Update an ACME account --agree-tos Agree to the ACME server(aqs Subscriber Agreement -m EMAIL Email address for important account notifications optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit -c CONFIG_FILE, --config CONFIG_FILE path to config file (default: /etc/letsencrypt/cli.ini and ~/.config/letsencrypt/cli.ini) -v, --verbose This flag can be used multiple times to incrementally increase the verbosity of output, e.g. -vvv. (default: -2) --max-log-backups MAX_LOG_BACKUPS Specifies the maximum number of backup logs that should be kept by Certbot(aqs built in log rotation. Setting this flag to 0 disables log rotation entirely, causing Certbot to always append to the same log file. (default: 1000) -n, --non-interactive, --noninteractive Run without ever asking for user input. This may require additional command line flags; the client will try to explain which ones are required if it finds one missing (default: False) --force-interactive Force Certbot to be interactive even if it detects it(aqs not being run in a terminal. This flag cannot be used with the renew subcommand. (default: False) -d DOMAIN, --domains DOMAIN, --domain DOMAIN Domain names to apply. For multiple domains you can use multiple -d flags or enter a comma separated list of domains as a parameter. The first domain provided will be the subject CN of the certificate, and all domains will be Subject Alternative Names on the certificate. The first domain will also be used in some software user interfaces and as the file paths for the certificate and related material unless otherwise specified or you already have a certificate with the same name. In the case of a name collision it will append a number like 0001 to the file path name. (default: Ask) --eab-kid EAB_KID Key Identifier for External Account Binding (default: None) --eab-hmac-key EAB_HMAC_KEY HMAC key for External Account Binding (default: None) --cert-name CERTNAME Certificate name to apply. This name is used by Certbot for housekeeping and in file paths; it doesn(aqt affect the content of the certificate itself. To see certificate names, run (aqcertbot certificates(aq. When creating a new certificate, specifies the new certificate(aqs name. (default: the first provided domain or the name of an existing certificate on your system for the same domains) --dry-run Perform a test run of the client, obtaining test (invalid) certificates but not saving them to disk. This can currently only be used with the (aqcertonly(aq and (aqrenew(aq subcommands. Note: Although --dry-run tries to avoid making any persistent changes on a system, it is not completely side-effect free: if used with webserver authenticator plugins like apache and nginx, it makes and then reverts temporary config changes in order to obtain test certificates, and reloads webservers to deploy and then roll back those changes. It also calls --pre-hook and --post-hook commands if they are defined because they may be necessary to accurately simulate renewal. --deploy- hook commands are not called. (default: False) --debug-challenges After setting up challenges, wait for user input before submitting to CA (default: False) --preferred-chain PREFERRED_CHAIN If the CA offers multiple certificate chains, prefer the chain whose topmost certificate was issued from this Subject Common Name. If no match, the default offered chain will be used. (default: None) --preferred-challenges PREF_CHALLS A sorted, comma delimited list of the preferred challenge to use during authorization with the most preferred challenge listed first (Eg, "dns" or "http,dns"). Not all plugins support all challenges. See https://certbot.eff.org/docs/using.html#plugins for details. ACME Challenges are versioned, but if you pick "http" rather than "http-01", Certbot will select the latest version automatically. (default: []) --user-agent USER_AGENT Set a custom user agent string for the client. User agent strings allow the CA to collect high level statistics about success rates by OS, plugin and use case, and to know when to deprecate support for past Python versions and flags. If you wish to hide this information from the Let(aqs Encrypt server, set this to "". (default: CertbotACMEClient/1.15.0 (certbot; OS_NAME OS_VERSION) Authenticator/XXX Installer/YYY (SUBCOMMAND; flags: FLAGS) Py/major.minor.patchlevel). The flags encoded in the user agent are: --duplicate, --force-renew, --allow-subset-of-names, -n, and whether any hooks are set. --user-agent-comment USER_AGENT_COMMENT Add a comment to the default user agent string. May be used when repackaging Certbot or calling it from another tool to allow additional statistical data to be collected. Ignored if --user-agent is set. (Example: Foo-Wrapper/1.0) (default: None) automation: Flags for automating execution & other tweaks --keep-until-expiring, --keep, --reinstall If the requested certificate matches an existing certificate, always keep the existing one until it is due for renewal (for the (aqrun(aq subcommand this means reinstall the existing certificate). (default: Ask) --expand If an existing certificate is a strict subset of the requested names, always expand and replace it with the additional names. (default: Ask) --version show program(aqs version number and exit --force-renewal, --renew-by-default If a certificate already exists for the requested domains, renew it now, regardless of whether it is near expiry. (Often --keep-until-expiring is more appropriate). Also implies --expand. (default: False) --renew-with-new-domains If a certificate already exists for the requested certificate name but does not match the requested domains, renew it now, regardless of whether it is near expiry. (default: False) --reuse-key When renewing, use the same private key as the existing certificate. (default: False) --allow-subset-of-names When performing domain validation, do not consider it a failure if authorizations can not be obtained for a strict subset of the requested domains. This may be useful for allowing renewals for multiple domains to succeed even if some domains no longer point at this system. This option cannot be used with --csr. (default: False) --agree-tos Agree to the ACME Subscriber Agreement (default: Ask) --duplicate Allow making a certificate lineage that duplicates an existing one (both can be renewed in parallel) (default: False) -q, --quiet Silence all output except errors. Useful for automation via cron. Implies --non-interactive. (default: False) security: Security parameters & server settings --rsa-key-size N Size of the RSA key. (default: 2048) --key-type {rsa,ecdsa} Type of generated private key(Only *ONE* per invocation can be provided at this time) (default: rsa) --elliptic-curve N The SECG elliptic curve name to use. Please see RFC 8446 for supported values. (default: secp256r1) --must-staple Adds the OCSP Must Staple extension to the certificate. Autoconfigures OCSP Stapling for supported setups (Apache version >= 2.3.3 ). (default: False) --redirect Automatically redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS for the newly authenticated vhost. (default: redirect enabled for install and run, disabled for enhance) --no-redirect Do not automatically redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS for the newly authenticated vhost. (default: redirect enabled for install and run, disabled for enhance) --hsts Add the Strict-Transport-Security header to every HTTP response. Forcing browser to always use SSL for the domain. Defends against SSL Stripping. (default: None) --uir Add the "Content-Security-Policy: upgrade-insecure- requests" header to every HTTP response. Forcing the browser to use https:// for every http:// resource. (default: None) --staple-ocsp Enables OCSP Stapling. A valid OCSP response is stapled to the certificate that the server offers during TLS. (default: None) --strict-permissions Require that all configuration files are owned by the current user; only needed if your config is somewhere unsafe like /tmp/ (default: False) --auto-hsts Gradually increasing max-age value for HTTP Strict Transport Security security header (default: False) testing: The following flags are meant for testing and integration purposes only. --test-cert, --staging Use the staging server to obtain or revoke test (invalid) certificates; equivalent to --server https://acme-staging-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory (default: False) --debug Show tracebacks in case of errors (default: False) --no-verify-ssl Disable verification of the ACME server(aqs certificate. (default: False) --http-01-port HTTP01_PORT Port used in the http-01 challenge. This only affects the port Certbot listens on. A conforming ACME server will still attempt to connect on port 80. (default: 80) --http-01-address HTTP01_ADDRESS The address the server listens to during http-01 challenge. (default: ) --https-port HTTPS_PORT Port used to serve HTTPS. This affects which port Nginx will listen on after a LE certificate is installed. (default: 443) --break-my-certs Be willing to replace or renew valid certificates with invalid (testing/staging) certificates (default: False) paths: Flags for changing execution paths & servers --cert-path CERT_PATH Path to where certificate is saved (with certonly --csr), installed from, or revoked (default: None) --key-path KEY_PATH Path to private key for certificate installation or revocation (if account key is missing) (default: None) --fullchain-path FULLCHAIN_PATH Accompanying path to a full certificate chain (certificate plus chain). (default: None) --chain-path CHAIN_PATH Accompanying path to a certificate chain. (default: None) --config-dir CONFIG_DIR Configuration directory. (default: /etc/letsencrypt) --work-dir WORK_DIR Working directory. (default: /var/lib/letsencrypt) --logs-dir LOGS_DIR Logs directory. (default: /var/log/letsencrypt) --server SERVER ACME Directory Resource URI. (default: https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory) manage: Various subcommands and flags are available for managing your certificates: certificates List certificates managed by Certbot delete Clean up all files related to a certificate renew Renew all certificates (or one specified with --cert- name) revoke Revoke a certificate specified with --cert-path or --cert-name update_symlinks Recreate symlinks in your /etc/letsencrypt/live/ directory run: Options for obtaining & installing certificates certonly: Options for modifying how a certificate is obtained --csr CSR Path to a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) in DER or PEM format. Currently --csr only works with the (aqcertonly(aq subcommand. (default: None) renew: The (aqrenew(aq subcommand will attempt to renew all certificates (or more precisely, certificate lineages) you have previously obtained if they are close to expiry, and print a summary of the results. By default, (aqrenew(aq will reuse the options used to create obtain or most recently successfully renew each certificate lineage. You can try it with (ga--dry-run(ga first. For more fine-grained control, you can renew individual lineages with the (gacertonly(ga subcommand. Hooks are available to run commands before and after renewal; see https://certbot.eff.org/docs/using.html#renewal for more information on these. --pre-hook PRE_HOOK Command to be run in a shell before obtaining any certificates. Intended primarily for renewal, where it can be used to temporarily shut down a webserver that might conflict with the standalone plugin. This will only be called if a certificate is actually to be obtained/renewed. When renewing several certificates that have identical pre-hooks, only the first will be executed. (default: None) --post-hook POST_HOOK Command to be run in a shell after attempting to obtain/renew certificates. Can be used to deploy renewed certificates, or to restart any servers that were stopped by --pre-hook. This is only run if an attempt was made to obtain/renew a certificate. If multiple renewed certificates have identical post- hooks, only one will be run. (default: None) --deploy-hook DEPLOY_HOOK Command to be run in a shell once for each successfully issued certificate. For this command, the shell variable $RENEWED_LINEAGE will point to the config live subdirectory (for example, "/etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com") containing the new certificates and keys; the shell variable $RENEWED_DOMAINS will contain a space-delimited list of renewed certificate domains (for example, "example.com www.example.com" (default: None) --disable-hook-validation Ordinarily the commands specified for --pre- hook/--post-hook/--deploy-hook will be checked for validity, to see if the programs being run are in the $PATH, so that mistakes can be caught early, even when the hooks aren(aqt being run just yet. The validation is rather simplistic and fails if you use more advanced shell constructs, so you can use this switch to disable it. (default: False) --no-directory-hooks Disable running executables found in Certbot(aqs hook directories during renewal. (default: False) --disable-renew-updates Disable automatic updates to your server configuration that would otherwise be done by the selected installer plugin, and triggered when the user executes "certbot renew", regardless of if the certificate is renewed. This setting does not apply to important TLS configuration updates. (default: False) --no-autorenew Disable auto renewal of certificates. (default: True) certificates: List certificates managed by Certbot delete: Options for deleting a certificate revoke: Options for revocation of certificates --reason {unspecified,keycompromise,affiliationchanged,superseded,cessationofoperation} Specify reason for revoking certificate. (default: unspecified) --delete-after-revoke Delete certificates after revoking them, along with all previous and later versions of those certificates. (default: None) --no-delete-after-revoke Do not delete certificates after revoking them. This option should be used with caution because the (aqrenew(aq subcommand will attempt to renew undeleted revoked certificates. (default: None) register: Options for account registration --register-unsafely-without-email Specifying this flag enables registering an account with no email address. This is strongly discouraged, because you will be unable to receive notice about impending expiration or revocation of your certificates or problems with your Certbot installation that will lead to failure to renew. (default: False) -m EMAIL, --email EMAIL Email used for registration and recovery contact. Use comma to register multiple emails, ex: u1@example.com,u2@example.com. (default: Ask). --eff-email Share your e-mail address with EFF (default: None) --no-eff-email Don(aqt share your e-mail address with EFF (default: None) update_account: Options for account modification unregister: Options for account deactivation. --account ACCOUNT_ID Account ID to use (default: None) install: Options for modifying how a certificate is deployed rollback: Options for rolling back server configuration changes --checkpoints N Revert configuration N number of checkpoints. (default: 1) plugins: Options for the "plugins" subcommand --init Initialize plugins. (default: False) --prepare Initialize and prepare plugins. (default: False) --authenticators Limit to authenticator plugins only. (default: None) --installers Limit to installer plugins only. (default: None) update_symlinks: Recreates certificate and key symlinks in /etc/letsencrypt/live, if you changed them by hand or edited a renewal configuration file enhance: Helps to harden the TLS configuration by adding security enhancements to already existing configuration. plugins: Plugin Selection: Certbot client supports an extensible plugins architecture. See (aqcertbot plugins(aq for a list of all installed plugins and their names. You can force a particular plugin by setting options provided below. Running --help <plugin_name> will list flags specific to that plugin. --configurator CONFIGURATOR Name of the plugin that is both an authenticator and an installer. Should not be used together with --authenticator or --installer. (default: Ask) -a AUTHENTICATOR, --authenticator AUTHENTICATOR Authenticator plugin name. (default: None) -i INSTALLER, --installer INSTALLER Installer plugin name (also used to find domains). (default: None) --apache Obtain and install certificates using Apache (default: False) --nginx Obtain and install certificates using Nginx (default: False) --standalone Obtain certificates using a "standalone" webserver. (default: False) --manual Provide laborious manual instructions for obtaining a certificate (default: False) --webroot Obtain certificates by placing files in a webroot directory. (default: False) --dns-cloudflare Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Cloudflare for DNS). (default: False) --dns-cloudxns Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using CloudXNS for DNS). (default: False) --dns-digitalocean Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DigitalOcean for DNS). (default: False) --dns-dnsimple Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNSimple for DNS). (default: False) --dns-dnsmadeeasy Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNS Made Easy for DNS). (default: False) --dns-gehirn Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Gehirn Infrastructure Service for DNS). (default: False) --dns-google Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Google Cloud DNS). (default: False) --dns-linode Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Linode for DNS). (default: False) --dns-luadns Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using LuaDNS for DNS). (default: False) --dns-nsone Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using NS1 for DNS). (default: False) --dns-ovh Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using OVH for DNS). (default: False) --dns-rfc2136 Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using BIND for DNS). (default: False) --dns-route53 Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Route53 for DNS). (default: False) --dns-sakuracloud Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Sakura Cloud for DNS). (default: False) apache: Apache Web Server plugin (Please note that the default values of the Apache plugin options change depending on the operating system Certbot is run on.) --apache-enmod APACHE_ENMOD Path to the Apache (aqa2enmod(aq binary (default: None) --apache-dismod APACHE_DISMOD Path to the Apache (aqa2dismod(aq binary (default: None) --apache-le-vhost-ext APACHE_LE_VHOST_EXT SSL vhost configuration extension (default: -le- ssl.conf) --apache-server-root APACHE_SERVER_ROOT Apache server root directory (default: /etc/apache2) --apache-vhost-root APACHE_VHOST_ROOT Apache server VirtualHost configuration root (default: None) --apache-logs-root APACHE_LOGS_ROOT Apache server logs directory (default: /var/log/apache2) --apache-challenge-location APACHE_CHALLENGE_LOCATION Directory path for challenge configuration (default: /etc/apache2) --apache-handle-modules APACHE_HANDLE_MODULES Let installer handle enabling required modules for you (Only Ubuntu/Debian currently) (default: False) --apache-handle-sites APACHE_HANDLE_SITES Let installer handle enabling sites for you (Only Ubuntu/Debian currently) (default: False) --apache-ctl APACHE_CTL Full path to Apache control script (default: apache2ctl) --apache-bin APACHE_BIN Full path to apache2/httpd binary (default: None) dns-cloudflare: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Cloudflare for DNS). --dns-cloudflare-propagation-seconds DNS_CLOUDFLARE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) --dns-cloudflare-credentials DNS_CLOUDFLARE_CREDENTIALS Cloudflare credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-cloudxns: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using CloudXNS for DNS). --dns-cloudxns-propagation-seconds DNS_CLOUDXNS_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-cloudxns-credentials DNS_CLOUDXNS_CREDENTIALS CloudXNS credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-digitalocean: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DigitalOcean for DNS). --dns-digitalocean-propagation-seconds DNS_DIGITALOCEAN_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) --dns-digitalocean-credentials DNS_DIGITALOCEAN_CREDENTIALS DigitalOcean credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-dnsimple: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNSimple for DNS). --dns-dnsimple-propagation-seconds DNS_DNSIMPLE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-dnsimple-credentials DNS_DNSIMPLE_CREDENTIALS DNSimple credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-dnsmadeeasy: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNS Made Easy for DNS). --dns-dnsmadeeasy-propagation-seconds DNS_DNSMADEEASY_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-dnsmadeeasy-credentials DNS_DNSMADEEASY_CREDENTIALS DNS Made Easy credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-gehirn: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Gehirn Infrastructure Service for DNS). --dns-gehirn-propagation-seconds DNS_GEHIRN_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-gehirn-credentials DNS_GEHIRN_CREDENTIALS Gehirn Infrastructure Service credentials file. (default: None) dns-google: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Google Cloud DNS for DNS). --dns-google-propagation-seconds DNS_GOOGLE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-google-credentials DNS_GOOGLE_CREDENTIALS Path to Google Cloud DNS service account JSON file. (See https://developers.google.com/identity/protocols/ OAuth2ServiceAccount#creatinganaccount forinformation about creating a service account and https://cloud.google.com/dns/access- control#permissions_and_roles for information about therequired permissions.) (default: None) dns-linode: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Linode for DNS). --dns-linode-propagation-seconds DNS_LINODE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 120) --dns-linode-credentials DNS_LINODE_CREDENTIALS Linode credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-luadns: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using LuaDNS for DNS). --dns-luadns-propagation-seconds DNS_LUADNS_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-luadns-credentials DNS_LUADNS_CREDENTIALS LuaDNS credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-nsone: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using NS1 for DNS). --dns-nsone-propagation-seconds DNS_NSONE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-nsone-credentials DNS_NSONE_CREDENTIALS NS1 credentials file. (default: None) dns-ovh: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using OVH for DNS). --dns-ovh-propagation-seconds DNS_OVH_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-ovh-credentials DNS_OVH_CREDENTIALS OVH credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-rfc2136: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using BIND for DNS). --dns-rfc2136-propagation-seconds DNS_RFC2136_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-rfc2136-credentials DNS_RFC2136_CREDENTIALS RFC 2136 credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-route53: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using AWS Route53 for DNS). --dns-route53-propagation-seconds DNS_ROUTE53_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) dns-sakuracloud: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Sakura Cloud for DNS). --dns-sakuracloud-propagation-seconds DNS_SAKURACLOUD_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 90) --dns-sakuracloud-credentials DNS_SAKURACLOUD_CREDENTIALS Sakura Cloud credentials file. (default: None) manual: Authenticate through manual configuration or custom shell scripts. When using shell scripts, an authenticator script must be provided. The environment variables available to this script depend on the type of challenge. $CERTBOT_DOMAIN will always contain the domain being authenticated. For HTTP-01 and DNS-01, $CERTBOT_VALIDATION is the validation string, and $CERTBOT_TOKEN is the filename of the resource requested when performing an HTTP-01 challenge. An additional cleanup script can also be provided and can use the additional variable $CERTBOT_AUTH_OUTPUT which contains the stdout output from the auth script. For both authenticator and cleanup script, on HTTP-01 and DNS-01 challenges, $CERTBOT_REMAINING_CHALLENGES will be equal to the number of challenges that remain after the current one, and $CERTBOT_ALL_DOMAINS contains a comma-separated list of all domains that are challenged for the current certificate. --manual-auth-hook MANUAL_AUTH_HOOK Path or command to execute for the authentication script (default: None) --manual-cleanup-hook MANUAL_CLEANUP_HOOK Path or command to execute for the cleanup script (default: None) nginx: Nginx Web Server plugin --nginx-server-root NGINX_SERVER_ROOT Nginx server root directory. (default: /etc/nginx or /usr/local/etc/nginx) --nginx-ctl NGINX_CTL Path to the (aqnginx(aq binary, used for (aqconfigtest(aq and retrieving nginx version number. (default: nginx) --nginx-sleep-seconds NGINX_SLEEP_SECONDS Number of seconds to wait for nginx configuration changes to apply when reloading. (default: 1) null: Null Installer standalone: Spin up a temporary webserver webroot: Place files in webroot directory --webroot-path WEBROOT_PATH, -w WEBROOT_PATH public_html / webroot path. This can be specified multiple times to handle different domains; each domain will have the webroot path that preceded it. For instance: (ga-w /var/www/example -d example.com -d www.example.com -w /var/www/thing -d thing.net -d m.thing.net(ga (default: Ask) --webroot-map WEBROOT_MAP JSON dictionary mapping domains to webroot paths; this implies -d for each entry. You may need to escape this from your shell. E.g.: --webroot-map (aq{"eg1.is,m.eg1.is":"/www/eg1/", "eg2.is":"/www/eg2"}(aq This option is merged with, but takes precedence over, -w / -d entries. At present, if you put webroot-map in a config file, it needs to be on a single line, like: webroot-map = {"example.com":"/var/www"}. (default: {}) P
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diameter_dict(4)
Dictionary interface of the diameter application
diameter_make(3)
Diameter dictionary compilation
dict(1), adict(1)
dictionary browser
dict(3)
Key-value dictionary
disputes(7)
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orddict(3)
Key-value dictionary as ordered list
po2web2py(1), po2web2py.py(1)
Convert GNU/gettext PO files to web2py translation dictionaries (.py)
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Predict satellite passes over an observer
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Convert web2py translation dictionaries (.py) to GNU/gettext PO files
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