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etcupdate(8)
manage updates to system files not updated by installworld
freebsd-update(8)
fetch and install binary updates to FreeBSD
sync(2)
schedule file system updates
vinvalbuf(9)
flushes and invalidates all buffers associated with a vnode
vnode_pager_setsize(9)
notify the VM system about updates in the file size
X509_get0_notBefore(3), X509_getm_notBefore(3), X509_get0_notAfter(3), X509_getm_notAfter(3), X509_set1_notBefore(3), X509_set1_notAfter(3), X509_CRL_get0_lastUpdate(3), X509_CRL_get0_nextUpdate(3), X509_CRL_set1_lastUpdate(3), X509_CRL_set1_nextUpdate(3)
get or set certificate or CRL dates
MPE_CaptureFile(4)
Sets the base filename used to capture output from updates
MPE_Update(4)
Updates an X11 display
MPI_File_seek(3)
Updates the individual file pointer
MPI_File_seek_shared(3)
Updates the shared file pointer
RTx::Calendar(3)
Calendar for RT due dates
RkDefineDic(3)
define specified candidates in the dictionary
RkDeleteDic(3)
delete specified candidates from a dictionary
SDL_JoystickUpdate(3)
Updates the state of all joysticks
Tcl_DecrRefCount.tcl85(3), Tcl_NewObj(3), Tcl_DuplicateObj(3), Tcl_IncrRefCount(3), Tcl_DecrRefCount(3), Tcl_IsShared(3), Tcl_InvalidateStringRep(3)
manipulate Tcl objects
Tcl_DecrRefCount.tcl86(3), Tcl_NewObj(3), Tcl_DuplicateObj(3), Tcl_IncrRefCount(3), Tcl_DecrRefCount(3), Tcl_IsShared(3), Tcl_InvalidateStringRep(3)
manipulate Tcl values
Tcl_DecrRefCount.tcl87(3), Tcl_NewObj(3), Tcl_DuplicateObj(3), Tcl_IncrRefCount(3), Tcl_DecrRefCount(3), Tcl_IsShared(3), Tcl_InvalidateStringRep(3)
manipulate Tcl values
X509_get0_notBefore(3), X509_getm_notBefore(3), X509_get0_notAfter(3), X509_getm_notAfter(3), X509_set1_notBefore(3), X509_set1_notAfter(3), X509_CRL_get0_lastUpdate(3), X509_CRL_get0_nextUpdate(3), X509_CRL_set1_lastUpdate(3), X509_CRL_set1_nextUpdate(3)
get or set certificate or CRL dates
X509_get0_notBefore(3ossl), X509_getm_notBefore(3ossl), X509_get0_notAfter(3ossl), X509_getm_notAfter(3ossl), X509_set1_notBefore(3ossl), X509_set1_notAfter(3ossl), X509_CRL_get0_lastUpdate(3ossl), X509_CRL_get0_nextUpdate(3ossl), X509_CRL_set1_lastUpdate(3ossl), X509_CRL_set1_nextUpdate(3ossl)
get or set certificate or CRL dates
XkbComputeShapeBounds(3)
Updates the bounding box of a shape
XkbGetControlsChanges(3)
Updates a local copy of a keyboard description with the changes previously noted by one or more calls to XkbNoteControlsChanges
XkbGetIndicatorChanges(3)
Updates a local copy of the keyboard description with the actual values of one or more calls to XkbNoteIndicatorChanges
XmDropSiteEndUpdate(3)
A Drag and Drop function that facilitates processing updates to multiple drop sites "XmDropSiteEndUpdate" "Drag and Drop functions" "XmDropSiteEndUpdate"
XmDropSiteStartUpdate(3)
A Drag and Drop function that facilitates processing updates to multiple drop sites "XmDropSiteStartUpdate" "Drag and Drop functions" "XmDropSiteStartUpdate"
XmImSetFocusValues(3)
An input manager function that notifies an input manager that a widget has received input focus and updates the input context attributes "XmImSetFocusValues" "input manager functions" "XmImSetFocusValues"
XmImSetValues(3)
An input manager function that updates attributes of an input context "XmImSetValues" "input manager functions" "XmImSetValues"
XmImVaSetFocusValues(3)
An input manager function that notifies an input manager that a widget has received input focus and updates the input context attributes "XmImVaSetFocusValues" "input manager functions" "XmImVaSetFocusValues"
XmImVaSetValues(3)
An input manager function that updates attributes of an input context "XmImVaSetValues" "input manager functions" "XmImVaSetValues"
XmListUpdateSelectedList(3)
A List function that updates the XmNselectedItems resource "XmListUpdateSelectedList" "List functions" "XmListUpdateSelectedList"
byobu-reconnect-sockets(1)
Sourcable script that updates GPG_AGENT_INFO and DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS in the environment
caldate(3)
calendar dates
caldate_mjd(3)
manipulate calendar dates
caltime(3)
calendar dates and times
caltime_tai(3)
convert calendar dates and times
ceylon-version(1), ceylon version(1)
Shows and updates version numbers in module descriptors
ck4up(1)
Check for Updates, a utility to monitor web pages for updates
clock.tcl85(n), clock(n)
Obtain and manipulate dates and times
clock.tcl86(n), clock(n)
Obtain and manipulate dates and times
clock.tcl87(n), clock(n)
Obtain and manipulate dates and times
convcal(1)
convert dates to different formats
convdate(1)
Convert to/from RFC 5322 dates and seconds since epoch
dateseq(1)
Generate a sequence of date/times from FIRST to LAST, optionally in steps of
datesort(1)
Sort contents of FILE chronologically
datetest(1)
Like test(1) but for dates
ddate(1)
convert Gregorian dates to Discordian dates
dp(8)
nmh parser of RFC 822-style dates
etcupdate(8)
manage updates to system files not updated by installworld
fi_mr(3)
Memory region operations fi_mr_reg / fi_mr_regv / fi_mr_regattr Register local memory buffers for direct fabric access fi_close Deregister registered memory buffers. fi_mr_desc Return a local descriptor associated with a registered memory region fi_mr_key Return the remote key needed to access a registered memory region fi_mr_raw_attr Return raw memory region attributes. fi_mr_map_raw Converts a raw memory region key into a key that is usable for data transfer operations. fi_mr_unmap_key Releases a previously mapped raw memory region key. fi_mr_bind Associate a registered memory region with a completion counter or an endpoint. fi_mr_refresh Updates the memory pages associated with a memory region. fi_mr_enable Enables a memory region for use
git-bug-bridge-pull(1)
Pull updates
git-bug-bridge-push(1)
Push updates
intltool-update(8)
updates PO template file and merge translations with it
jose-jwk-use(1)
Validates a key for the specified use(s)
kded5(8)
KDE daemon - triggers Sycoca database updates when needed
ldns-notify(1)
notify DNS servers that updates are available
ldns-rrsig(1)
print out the inception and expiration dates in human readable form
mouse_update(3)
updates the mouse state
ncmpivalid(1)
validates a netCDF file in parallel
netstiff(1)
powerful and easy tool to check for Web and FTP updates
newsaux(8cn), spacefor(8cn)
check available space for news queuelen - get length of outbound-news uucp queues sizeof - get size of file(s) for news ctime, getabsdate - convert dates to and from internal representation for news newshostname - get host name for news gngp - search text using a newsgroup pattern canonhdr - extract header and canonicalize newslock - do locking for news
ntfsrecover(8)
Recover updates committed by Windows on an NTFS volume
podofoincrementalupdates(1)
Provides information about incremental updates in PDF files
pure-statsdecode(8)
Show human-readable dates from a "stats" logfile
radcrypt(8)
generate password hash for use with radius, or validates a password hash
sftpgo-initprovider(1)
Initializes and/or updates the configured data provider
shtk_cvs_fetch(3)
Checks out or updates a CVS working copy
shtk_cvs_update(3)
Updates an existing working copy of a CVS repository
shtk_unittest_assert_command(3)
Runs a command and validates its exit status and output
shtk_unittest_assert_file(3)
Validates the contents of a file against golden data
shtk_unittest_expect_command(3)
Runs a command and validates its exit status and output
timew-dates(7)
date formats supported by Timewarrior
tnc(n)
tnc is an expat parser object extension, that validates the XML stream against the document DTD while parsing
tpm2_checkquote(1), tpm2_checkquote(1)(1)
Validates a quote provided by a TPM
tpm2_verifysignature(1), tpm2_verifysignature(1)(1)
Validates a signature using the TPM
votequorum_qdevice_update(3)
Updates quorum device name
xzoom(1)
magnify part of the screen, with fast updates
yang2dsdl(1)
translates YANG data models to DSDL schemas and validates instance documents
zip_register_progress_callback(3)
provide updates during zip_close (obsolete interface)
zip_register_progress_callback_with_state(3)
provide updates during zip_close
Alien::Build::Plugin::Prefer::SortVersions(3)
Plugin to sort candidates by most recent first
App::Twirc::Plugin::SecondaryAccount(3)
Cross post updates (DEPRECATED)
App::Twirc::Plugin::SquashWhiteSpace(3), App::Twirc::Plugin::SquashWhitSpace(3)
Squash whitespace in status updates
Autodia::Diagram::Class(3)
Class that holds, updates and outputs the values of a diagram element of type class
Bio::UpdateableSeqI(3)
Descendant of Bio::SeqI that allows updates
Cache::AgainstFile(3)
Cache data structures parsed from files, watching for updates to the file
Catalyst::Action::REST::ForBrowsers(3)
Automated REST Method Dispatching that Accommodates Browsers
Cz::Time(3)
Routines for printing dates in Czech
DBIx::Class::Helper::ResultSet::DateMethods1(3)
Work with dates in your RDBMS nicely
DBIx::Class::Helper::Row::ProxyResultSetUpdate(3)
Efficiently reuse ResultSet updates from results
DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI::IdentityInsert(3)
Storage Component for Sybase ASE and MSSQL for Identity Inserts / Updates
Data::FormValidator(3)
Validates user input (usually from an HTML form) based on input profile
Data::FormValidator::Constraints::DateTime(3)
D::FV constraints for dates and times
Data::FormValidator::Constraints::Dates(3)
Validate Dates and Times
Date::Calc::Iterator(3)
Iterate over a range of dates
Date::Chinese(3)
Calculate dates in the Chinese calendar
Date::Extract(3)
extract probable dates from strings
Date::ISO(3)
Perl extension for converting dates between ISO and Gregorian formats
Date::Manip::Date(3)
Methods for working with dates
Date::Piece(3)
efficient dates with Time::Piece interoperability
Date::Range(3)
work with a range of dates
Date::Roman(3)
Perl OO extension for handling roman style dates
DateTime::Calendar::Christian(3)
Dates in the Christian calendar
DateTime::Calendar::FrenchRevolutionary(3)
Dates in the French Revolutionary Calendar
DateTime::Calendar::FrenchRevolutionary::Locale(3)
Dates in the French Revolutionary Calendar
DateTime::Calendar::Hebrew(3)
Dates in the Hebrew calendar
DateTime::Calendar::Julian(3)
Dates in the Julian calendar
DateTime::Calendar::Pataphysical(3)
Dates in the pataphysical calendar
DateTime::Event::Chinese(3)
DateTime Extension for Calculating Important Chinese Dates
DateTime::Format::DateManip(3)
Perl DateTime extension to convert Date::Manip dates and durations to DateTimes and vice versa
DateTime::Format::Excel(3)
Convert between DateTime and Excel dates
DateTime::Format::Japanese::Common(3)
Utilities To Format Japanese Dates
DateTime::Format::MySQL(3)
Parse and format MySQL dates and times
DateTime::Format::Natural::Formatted(3)
Processing of formatted dates
DateTime::Format::Oracle(3)
Parse and format Oracle dates and timestamps
DateTime::Format::Pg(3)
Parse and format PostgreSQL dates and times
DateTime::Format::SQLite(3)
Parse and format SQLite dates and times
DtSearchValidDateString(3)
Validate and convert a user date string
Gantry::Plugins::Validate(3), Gantry::Plugin::Validate(3)
Validates input values
Gantry::Utils::Validate(3)
Validates input values
HTML::FormHandler::Field::Email(3)
validates email using Email::Valid
MPI_File_seek(3)
Updates individual file pointers (noncollective)
MPI_File_seek_shared(3)
Updates the global shared file pointer (collective)
OpenXPKI::Server::API2::Plugin::Cert::DateCondition(3)
Used to assemble an SQL WHERE condition regarding dates that assures the strictest date range is used
Oryx::Value::DateTime(3)
Values storing dates and times
Paws::CloudFormation::CancelUpdateStack(3)
Arguments for method CancelUpdateStack on Paws::CloudFormation
Paws::CloudFormation::UpdateStack(3)
Arguments for method UpdateStack on Paws::CloudFormation
Paws::CloudFront::UpdateStreamingDistributionResult(3), Paws::CloudFront::(3)
Arguments for method on Paws::CloudFront
Paws::CloudSearch::UpdateScalingParameters(3)
Arguments for method UpdateScalingParameters on Paws::CloudSearch
Paws::CloudSearch::UpdateServiceAccessPolicies(3)
Arguments for method UpdateServiceAccessPolicies on Paws::CloudSearch
Paws::ECS::UpdateService(3)
Arguments for method UpdateService on Paws::ECS
Paws::IAM::UpdateSAMLProvider(3)
Arguments for method UpdateSAMLProvider on Paws::IAM
Paws::IAM::UpdateSSHPublicKey(3)
Arguments for method UpdateSSHPublicKey on Paws::IAM
Paws::IAM::UpdateServerCertificate(3)
Arguments for method UpdateServerCertificate on Paws::IAM
Paws::IAM::UpdateSigningCertificate(3)
Arguments for method UpdateSigningCertificate on Paws::IAM
Paws::OpsWorks::UpdateStack(3)
Arguments for method UpdateStack on Paws::OpsWorks
Paws::StorageGateway::UpdateSnapshotSchedule(3)
Arguments for method UpdateSnapshotSchedule on Paws::StorageGateway
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::Audio(3)
Notifies feed updates via audio file
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::Balloon(3)
Notify feed updates using Win32 BalloonNotify
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::Eject(3)
Notify feed updates to CD Drive
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::Eject::darwin(3)
Notify feed updates to CD Drive for darwin
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::Eject::freebsd(3)
Notify feed updates to CD Drive for freebsd
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::Eject::linux(3)
Notify feed updates to CD Drive for linux
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::Eject::mswin32(3)
Notify feed updates to CD Drive for MSWin32
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::IRC(3)
Notify feed updates to IRC
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::MSAgent(3)
Let your Agent speak feed updates
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::NetSend(3)
Notify feed updates to Windows Messenger Service
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::SSTP(3)
Notify feed updates to SSTP
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::Tiarra(3)
Notify feed updates to Tiarra IRC Proxy
Plagger::Plugin::Notify::UpdatePing(3)
Notify updates via XMLRPC update ping
Plagger::Plugin::Publish::Gmail(3)
Notify updates to your email account
Plagger::Plugin::Search::Namazu(3)
Search Feed updates by Namazu
Plagger::Plugin::Search::Rast(3)
Search Feed updates by Rast
Plucene::Document::DateSerializer(3)
Utility functions for dealing with dates
Reaction::InterfaceModel::Action::Search::UpdateSpec(3)
Update search specification
Rose::HTML::Form::Field::Date(3)
Text field that inflates valid dates into DateTime objects
Rose::HTML::Form::Field::DateTime(3)
Text field that inflates valid dates and times into DateTime objects
Rose::HTML::Form::Field::DateTime::Range(3)
Compound field for date ranges with separate text fields for the minimum and maximum dates
Rose::HTML::Form::Field::DateTime::Split::MDYHMS(3)
Compound field for dates with separate text fields for month, day, year, hour, minute, and second, and a pop-up menu for AM/PM
Rose::HTML::Form::Field::DateTime::Split::MonthDayYear(3)
Compound field for dates with separate text fields for month, day, and year
SPOPS::Tool::DateConvert(3)
Convert dates to objects to/from your datastore
Search::Sitemap::Ping(3)
Notify search engines of sitemap updates
Search::Sitemap::Pinger(3)
Notify a specific search engines of sitemap updates
Solr::HTTPUpdateHandler(3)
Perl extension for Posting adds, updates, and deletes to a Solr Server
Test2::Harness::Auditor(3)
Auditor that validates test results by processing an event stream
Time::Interval(3)
Converts time intervals of days, hours, minutes, and seconds This is a rather simple perl module for dealing with time intervals. Among other things, this module can tell you the number of hours, minutes, and seconds elapsed between two dates. NOTE: this module does not handle resolutions < 1 second. Please see the Time::HiRes module for high resolution time operations. This module will round fractional second values to the nearest whole number
XML::Checker::Parser(3)
an XML::Parser that validates at parse time
XML::DOM::ValParser(3)
an XML::DOM::Parser that validates at parse time
XML::OPML(3)
creates and updates OPML (Outline Processor Markup Language) files
XML::RSS(3)
creates and updates RSS files
XML::XQL::Date(3)
Adds an XQL::Node type for representing and comparing dates and times
XMLTV::ValidateFile(3)
Validates an XMLTV file
XMLTV::ValidateGrabber(3)
Validates an XMLTV grabber
bk-range(1), bk range(1)
demo program to show ranges & dates
bup-bloom(1)
generates, regenerates, updates bloom filters
certbot(1)
certbot script documentation 0.0 3.5 C usage: certbot [SUBCOMMAND] [options] [-d DOMAIN] [-d DOMAIN] ... Certbot can obtain and install HTTPS/TLS/SSL certificates. By default, it will attempt to use a webserver both for obtaining and installing the certificate. The most common SUBCOMMANDS and flags are: obtain, install, and renew certificates: (default) run Obtain & install a certificate in your current webserver certonly Obtain or renew a certificate, but do not install it renew Renew all previously obtained certificates that are near expiry enhance Add security enhancements to your existing configuration -d DOMAINS Comma-separated list of domains to obtain a certificate for --apache Use the Apache plugin for authentication & installation --standalone Run a standalone webserver for authentication --nginx Use the Nginx plugin for authentication & installation --webroot Place files in a server(aqs webroot folder for authentication --manual Obtain certificates interactively, or using shell script hooks -n Run non-interactively --test-cert Obtain a test certificate from a staging server --dry-run Test "renew" or "certonly" without saving any certificates to disk manage certificates: certificates Display information about certificates you have from Certbot revoke Revoke a certificate (supply --cert-name or --cert-path) delete Delete a certificate (supply --cert-name) manage your account: register Create an ACME account unregister Deactivate an ACME account update_account Update an ACME account --agree-tos Agree to the ACME server(aqs Subscriber Agreement -m EMAIL Email address for important account notifications optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit -c CONFIG_FILE, --config CONFIG_FILE path to config file (default: /etc/letsencrypt/cli.ini and ~/.config/letsencrypt/cli.ini) -v, --verbose This flag can be used multiple times to incrementally increase the verbosity of output, e.g. -vvv. (default: -2) --max-log-backups MAX_LOG_BACKUPS Specifies the maximum number of backup logs that should be kept by Certbot(aqs built in log rotation. Setting this flag to 0 disables log rotation entirely, causing Certbot to always append to the same log file. (default: 1000) -n, --non-interactive, --noninteractive Run without ever asking for user input. This may require additional command line flags; the client will try to explain which ones are required if it finds one missing (default: False) --force-interactive Force Certbot to be interactive even if it detects it(aqs not being run in a terminal. This flag cannot be used with the renew subcommand. (default: False) -d DOMAIN, --domains DOMAIN, --domain DOMAIN Domain names to apply. For multiple domains you can use multiple -d flags or enter a comma separated list of domains as a parameter. The first domain provided will be the subject CN of the certificate, and all domains will be Subject Alternative Names on the certificate. The first domain will also be used in some software user interfaces and as the file paths for the certificate and related material unless otherwise specified or you already have a certificate with the same name. In the case of a name collision it will append a number like 0001 to the file path name. (default: Ask) --eab-kid EAB_KID Key Identifier for External Account Binding (default: None) --eab-hmac-key EAB_HMAC_KEY HMAC key for External Account Binding (default: None) --cert-name CERTNAME Certificate name to apply. This name is used by Certbot for housekeeping and in file paths; it doesn(aqt affect the content of the certificate itself. To see certificate names, run (aqcertbot certificates(aq. When creating a new certificate, specifies the new certificate(aqs name. (default: the first provided domain or the name of an existing certificate on your system for the same domains) --dry-run Perform a test run of the client, obtaining test (invalid) certificates but not saving them to disk. This can currently only be used with the (aqcertonly(aq and (aqrenew(aq subcommands. Note: Although --dry-run tries to avoid making any persistent changes on a system, it is not completely side-effect free: if used with webserver authenticator plugins like apache and nginx, it makes and then reverts temporary config changes in order to obtain test certificates, and reloads webservers to deploy and then roll back those changes. It also calls --pre-hook and --post-hook commands if they are defined because they may be necessary to accurately simulate renewal. --deploy- hook commands are not called. (default: False) --debug-challenges After setting up challenges, wait for user input before submitting to CA (default: False) --preferred-chain PREFERRED_CHAIN If the CA offers multiple certificate chains, prefer the chain whose topmost certificate was issued from this Subject Common Name. If no match, the default offered chain will be used. (default: None) --preferred-challenges PREF_CHALLS A sorted, comma delimited list of the preferred challenge to use during authorization with the most preferred challenge listed first (Eg, "dns" or "http,dns"). Not all plugins support all challenges. See https://certbot.eff.org/docs/using.html#plugins for details. ACME Challenges are versioned, but if you pick "http" rather than "http-01", Certbot will select the latest version automatically. (default: []) --user-agent USER_AGENT Set a custom user agent string for the client. User agent strings allow the CA to collect high level statistics about success rates by OS, plugin and use case, and to know when to deprecate support for past Python versions and flags. If you wish to hide this information from the Let(aqs Encrypt server, set this to "". (default: CertbotACMEClient/1.15.0 (certbot; OS_NAME OS_VERSION) Authenticator/XXX Installer/YYY (SUBCOMMAND; flags: FLAGS) Py/major.minor.patchlevel). The flags encoded in the user agent are: --duplicate, --force-renew, --allow-subset-of-names, -n, and whether any hooks are set. --user-agent-comment USER_AGENT_COMMENT Add a comment to the default user agent string. May be used when repackaging Certbot or calling it from another tool to allow additional statistical data to be collected. Ignored if --user-agent is set. (Example: Foo-Wrapper/1.0) (default: None) automation: Flags for automating execution & other tweaks --keep-until-expiring, --keep, --reinstall If the requested certificate matches an existing certificate, always keep the existing one until it is due for renewal (for the (aqrun(aq subcommand this means reinstall the existing certificate). (default: Ask) --expand If an existing certificate is a strict subset of the requested names, always expand and replace it with the additional names. (default: Ask) --version show program(aqs version number and exit --force-renewal, --renew-by-default If a certificate already exists for the requested domains, renew it now, regardless of whether it is near expiry. (Often --keep-until-expiring is more appropriate). Also implies --expand. (default: False) --renew-with-new-domains If a certificate already exists for the requested certificate name but does not match the requested domains, renew it now, regardless of whether it is near expiry. (default: False) --reuse-key When renewing, use the same private key as the existing certificate. (default: False) --allow-subset-of-names When performing domain validation, do not consider it a failure if authorizations can not be obtained for a strict subset of the requested domains. This may be useful for allowing renewals for multiple domains to succeed even if some domains no longer point at this system. This option cannot be used with --csr. (default: False) --agree-tos Agree to the ACME Subscriber Agreement (default: Ask) --duplicate Allow making a certificate lineage that duplicates an existing one (both can be renewed in parallel) (default: False) -q, --quiet Silence all output except errors. Useful for automation via cron. Implies --non-interactive. (default: False) security: Security parameters & server settings --rsa-key-size N Size of the RSA key. (default: 2048) --key-type {rsa,ecdsa} Type of generated private key(Only *ONE* per invocation can be provided at this time) (default: rsa) --elliptic-curve N The SECG elliptic curve name to use. Please see RFC 8446 for supported values. (default: secp256r1) --must-staple Adds the OCSP Must Staple extension to the certificate. Autoconfigures OCSP Stapling for supported setups (Apache version >= 2.3.3 ). (default: False) --redirect Automatically redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS for the newly authenticated vhost. (default: redirect enabled for install and run, disabled for enhance) --no-redirect Do not automatically redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS for the newly authenticated vhost. (default: redirect enabled for install and run, disabled for enhance) --hsts Add the Strict-Transport-Security header to every HTTP response. Forcing browser to always use SSL for the domain. Defends against SSL Stripping. (default: None) --uir Add the "Content-Security-Policy: upgrade-insecure- requests" header to every HTTP response. Forcing the browser to use https:// for every http:// resource. (default: None) --staple-ocsp Enables OCSP Stapling. A valid OCSP response is stapled to the certificate that the server offers during TLS. (default: None) --strict-permissions Require that all configuration files are owned by the current user; only needed if your config is somewhere unsafe like /tmp/ (default: False) --auto-hsts Gradually increasing max-age value for HTTP Strict Transport Security security header (default: False) testing: The following flags are meant for testing and integration purposes only. --test-cert, --staging Use the staging server to obtain or revoke test (invalid) certificates; equivalent to --server https://acme-staging-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory (default: False) --debug Show tracebacks in case of errors (default: False) --no-verify-ssl Disable verification of the ACME server(aqs certificate. (default: False) --http-01-port HTTP01_PORT Port used in the http-01 challenge. This only affects the port Certbot listens on. A conforming ACME server will still attempt to connect on port 80. (default: 80) --http-01-address HTTP01_ADDRESS The address the server listens to during http-01 challenge. (default: ) --https-port HTTPS_PORT Port used to serve HTTPS. This affects which port Nginx will listen on after a LE certificate is installed. (default: 443) --break-my-certs Be willing to replace or renew valid certificates with invalid (testing/staging) certificates (default: False) paths: Flags for changing execution paths & servers --cert-path CERT_PATH Path to where certificate is saved (with certonly --csr), installed from, or revoked (default: None) --key-path KEY_PATH Path to private key for certificate installation or revocation (if account key is missing) (default: None) --fullchain-path FULLCHAIN_PATH Accompanying path to a full certificate chain (certificate plus chain). (default: None) --chain-path CHAIN_PATH Accompanying path to a certificate chain. (default: None) --config-dir CONFIG_DIR Configuration directory. (default: /etc/letsencrypt) --work-dir WORK_DIR Working directory. (default: /var/lib/letsencrypt) --logs-dir LOGS_DIR Logs directory. (default: /var/log/letsencrypt) --server SERVER ACME Directory Resource URI. (default: https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory) manage: Various subcommands and flags are available for managing your certificates: certificates List certificates managed by Certbot delete Clean up all files related to a certificate renew Renew all certificates (or one specified with --cert- name) revoke Revoke a certificate specified with --cert-path or --cert-name update_symlinks Recreate symlinks in your /etc/letsencrypt/live/ directory run: Options for obtaining & installing certificates certonly: Options for modifying how a certificate is obtained --csr CSR Path to a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) in DER or PEM format. Currently --csr only works with the (aqcertonly(aq subcommand. (default: None) renew: The (aqrenew(aq subcommand will attempt to renew all certificates (or more precisely, certificate lineages) you have previously obtained if they are close to expiry, and print a summary of the results. By default, (aqrenew(aq will reuse the options used to create obtain or most recently successfully renew each certificate lineage. You can try it with (ga--dry-run(ga first. For more fine-grained control, you can renew individual lineages with the (gacertonly(ga subcommand. Hooks are available to run commands before and after renewal; see https://certbot.eff.org/docs/using.html#renewal for more information on these. --pre-hook PRE_HOOK Command to be run in a shell before obtaining any certificates. Intended primarily for renewal, where it can be used to temporarily shut down a webserver that might conflict with the standalone plugin. This will only be called if a certificate is actually to be obtained/renewed. When renewing several certificates that have identical pre-hooks, only the first will be executed. (default: None) --post-hook POST_HOOK Command to be run in a shell after attempting to obtain/renew certificates. Can be used to deploy renewed certificates, or to restart any servers that were stopped by --pre-hook. This is only run if an attempt was made to obtain/renew a certificate. If multiple renewed certificates have identical post- hooks, only one will be run. (default: None) --deploy-hook DEPLOY_HOOK Command to be run in a shell once for each successfully issued certificate. For this command, the shell variable $RENEWED_LINEAGE will point to the config live subdirectory (for example, "/etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com") containing the new certificates and keys; the shell variable $RENEWED_DOMAINS will contain a space-delimited list of renewed certificate domains (for example, "example.com www.example.com" (default: None) --disable-hook-validation Ordinarily the commands specified for --pre- hook/--post-hook/--deploy-hook will be checked for validity, to see if the programs being run are in the $PATH, so that mistakes can be caught early, even when the hooks aren(aqt being run just yet. The validation is rather simplistic and fails if you use more advanced shell constructs, so you can use this switch to disable it. (default: False) --no-directory-hooks Disable running executables found in Certbot(aqs hook directories during renewal. (default: False) --disable-renew-updates Disable automatic updates to your server configuration that would otherwise be done by the selected installer plugin, and triggered when the user executes "certbot renew", regardless of if the certificate is renewed. This setting does not apply to important TLS configuration updates. (default: False) --no-autorenew Disable auto renewal of certificates. (default: True) certificates: List certificates managed by Certbot delete: Options for deleting a certificate revoke: Options for revocation of certificates --reason {unspecified,keycompromise,affiliationchanged,superseded,cessationofoperation} Specify reason for revoking certificate. (default: unspecified) --delete-after-revoke Delete certificates after revoking them, along with all previous and later versions of those certificates. (default: None) --no-delete-after-revoke Do not delete certificates after revoking them. This option should be used with caution because the (aqrenew(aq subcommand will attempt to renew undeleted revoked certificates. (default: None) register: Options for account registration --register-unsafely-without-email Specifying this flag enables registering an account with no email address. This is strongly discouraged, because you will be unable to receive notice about impending expiration or revocation of your certificates or problems with your Certbot installation that will lead to failure to renew. (default: False) -m EMAIL, --email EMAIL Email used for registration and recovery contact. Use comma to register multiple emails, ex: u1@example.com,u2@example.com. (default: Ask). --eff-email Share your e-mail address with EFF (default: None) --no-eff-email Don(aqt share your e-mail address with EFF (default: None) update_account: Options for account modification unregister: Options for account deactivation. --account ACCOUNT_ID Account ID to use (default: None) install: Options for modifying how a certificate is deployed rollback: Options for rolling back server configuration changes --checkpoints N Revert configuration N number of checkpoints. (default: 1) plugins: Options for the "plugins" subcommand --init Initialize plugins. (default: False) --prepare Initialize and prepare plugins. (default: False) --authenticators Limit to authenticator plugins only. (default: None) --installers Limit to installer plugins only. (default: None) update_symlinks: Recreates certificate and key symlinks in /etc/letsencrypt/live, if you changed them by hand or edited a renewal configuration file enhance: Helps to harden the TLS configuration by adding security enhancements to already existing configuration. plugins: Plugin Selection: Certbot client supports an extensible plugins architecture. See (aqcertbot plugins(aq for a list of all installed plugins and their names. You can force a particular plugin by setting options provided below. Running --help <plugin_name> will list flags specific to that plugin. --configurator CONFIGURATOR Name of the plugin that is both an authenticator and an installer. Should not be used together with --authenticator or --installer. (default: Ask) -a AUTHENTICATOR, --authenticator AUTHENTICATOR Authenticator plugin name. (default: None) -i INSTALLER, --installer INSTALLER Installer plugin name (also used to find domains). (default: None) --apache Obtain and install certificates using Apache (default: False) --nginx Obtain and install certificates using Nginx (default: False) --standalone Obtain certificates using a "standalone" webserver. (default: False) --manual Provide laborious manual instructions for obtaining a certificate (default: False) --webroot Obtain certificates by placing files in a webroot directory. (default: False) --dns-cloudflare Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Cloudflare for DNS). (default: False) --dns-cloudxns Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using CloudXNS for DNS). (default: False) --dns-digitalocean Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DigitalOcean for DNS). (default: False) --dns-dnsimple Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNSimple for DNS). (default: False) --dns-dnsmadeeasy Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNS Made Easy for DNS). (default: False) --dns-gehirn Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Gehirn Infrastructure Service for DNS). (default: False) --dns-google Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Google Cloud DNS). (default: False) --dns-linode Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Linode for DNS). (default: False) --dns-luadns Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using LuaDNS for DNS). (default: False) --dns-nsone Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using NS1 for DNS). (default: False) --dns-ovh Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using OVH for DNS). (default: False) --dns-rfc2136 Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using BIND for DNS). (default: False) --dns-route53 Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Route53 for DNS). (default: False) --dns-sakuracloud Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Sakura Cloud for DNS). (default: False) apache: Apache Web Server plugin (Please note that the default values of the Apache plugin options change depending on the operating system Certbot is run on.) --apache-enmod APACHE_ENMOD Path to the Apache (aqa2enmod(aq binary (default: None) --apache-dismod APACHE_DISMOD Path to the Apache (aqa2dismod(aq binary (default: None) --apache-le-vhost-ext APACHE_LE_VHOST_EXT SSL vhost configuration extension (default: -le- ssl.conf) --apache-server-root APACHE_SERVER_ROOT Apache server root directory (default: /etc/apache2) --apache-vhost-root APACHE_VHOST_ROOT Apache server VirtualHost configuration root (default: None) --apache-logs-root APACHE_LOGS_ROOT Apache server logs directory (default: /var/log/apache2) --apache-challenge-location APACHE_CHALLENGE_LOCATION Directory path for challenge configuration (default: /etc/apache2) --apache-handle-modules APACHE_HANDLE_MODULES Let installer handle enabling required modules for you (Only Ubuntu/Debian currently) (default: False) --apache-handle-sites APACHE_HANDLE_SITES Let installer handle enabling sites for you (Only Ubuntu/Debian currently) (default: False) --apache-ctl APACHE_CTL Full path to Apache control script (default: apache2ctl) --apache-bin APACHE_BIN Full path to apache2/httpd binary (default: None) dns-cloudflare: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Cloudflare for DNS). --dns-cloudflare-propagation-seconds DNS_CLOUDFLARE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) --dns-cloudflare-credentials DNS_CLOUDFLARE_CREDENTIALS Cloudflare credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-cloudxns: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using CloudXNS for DNS). --dns-cloudxns-propagation-seconds DNS_CLOUDXNS_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-cloudxns-credentials DNS_CLOUDXNS_CREDENTIALS CloudXNS credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-digitalocean: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DigitalOcean for DNS). --dns-digitalocean-propagation-seconds DNS_DIGITALOCEAN_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) --dns-digitalocean-credentials DNS_DIGITALOCEAN_CREDENTIALS DigitalOcean credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-dnsimple: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNSimple for DNS). --dns-dnsimple-propagation-seconds DNS_DNSIMPLE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-dnsimple-credentials DNS_DNSIMPLE_CREDENTIALS DNSimple credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-dnsmadeeasy: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using DNS Made Easy for DNS). --dns-dnsmadeeasy-propagation-seconds DNS_DNSMADEEASY_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-dnsmadeeasy-credentials DNS_DNSMADEEASY_CREDENTIALS DNS Made Easy credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-gehirn: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Gehirn Infrastructure Service for DNS). --dns-gehirn-propagation-seconds DNS_GEHIRN_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-gehirn-credentials DNS_GEHIRN_CREDENTIALS Gehirn Infrastructure Service credentials file. (default: None) dns-google: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Google Cloud DNS for DNS). --dns-google-propagation-seconds DNS_GOOGLE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-google-credentials DNS_GOOGLE_CREDENTIALS Path to Google Cloud DNS service account JSON file. (See https://developers.google.com/identity/protocols/ OAuth2ServiceAccount#creatinganaccount forinformation about creating a service account and https://cloud.google.com/dns/access- control#permissions_and_roles for information about therequired permissions.) (default: None) dns-linode: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Linode for DNS). --dns-linode-propagation-seconds DNS_LINODE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 120) --dns-linode-credentials DNS_LINODE_CREDENTIALS Linode credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-luadns: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using LuaDNS for DNS). --dns-luadns-propagation-seconds DNS_LUADNS_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-luadns-credentials DNS_LUADNS_CREDENTIALS LuaDNS credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-nsone: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using NS1 for DNS). --dns-nsone-propagation-seconds DNS_NSONE_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-nsone-credentials DNS_NSONE_CREDENTIALS NS1 credentials file. (default: None) dns-ovh: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using OVH for DNS). --dns-ovh-propagation-seconds DNS_OVH_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 30) --dns-ovh-credentials DNS_OVH_CREDENTIALS OVH credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-rfc2136: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using BIND for DNS). --dns-rfc2136-propagation-seconds DNS_RFC2136_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 60) --dns-rfc2136-credentials DNS_RFC2136_CREDENTIALS RFC 2136 credentials INI file. (default: None) dns-route53: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using AWS Route53 for DNS). --dns-route53-propagation-seconds DNS_ROUTE53_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 10) dns-sakuracloud: Obtain certificates using a DNS TXT record (if you are using Sakura Cloud for DNS). --dns-sakuracloud-propagation-seconds DNS_SAKURACLOUD_PROPAGATION_SECONDS The number of seconds to wait for DNS to propagate before asking the ACME server to verify the DNS record. (default: 90) --dns-sakuracloud-credentials DNS_SAKURACLOUD_CREDENTIALS Sakura Cloud credentials file. (default: None) manual: Authenticate through manual configuration or custom shell scripts. When using shell scripts, an authenticator script must be provided. The environment variables available to this script depend on the type of challenge. $CERTBOT_DOMAIN will always contain the domain being authenticated. For HTTP-01 and DNS-01, $CERTBOT_VALIDATION is the validation string, and $CERTBOT_TOKEN is the filename of the resource requested when performing an HTTP-01 challenge. An additional cleanup script can also be provided and can use the additional variable $CERTBOT_AUTH_OUTPUT which contains the stdout output from the auth script. For both authenticator and cleanup script, on HTTP-01 and DNS-01 challenges, $CERTBOT_REMAINING_CHALLENGES will be equal to the number of challenges that remain after the current one, and $CERTBOT_ALL_DOMAINS contains a comma-separated list of all domains that are challenged for the current certificate. --manual-auth-hook MANUAL_AUTH_HOOK Path or command to execute for the authentication script (default: None) --manual-cleanup-hook MANUAL_CLEANUP_HOOK Path or command to execute for the cleanup script (default: None) nginx: Nginx Web Server plugin --nginx-server-root NGINX_SERVER_ROOT Nginx server root directory. (default: /etc/nginx or /usr/local/etc/nginx) --nginx-ctl NGINX_CTL Path to the (aqnginx(aq binary, used for (aqconfigtest(aq and retrieving nginx version number. (default: nginx) --nginx-sleep-seconds NGINX_SLEEP_SECONDS Number of seconds to wait for nginx configuration changes to apply when reloading. (default: 1) null: Null Installer standalone: Spin up a temporary webserver webroot: Place files in webroot directory --webroot-path WEBROOT_PATH, -w WEBROOT_PATH public_html / webroot path. This can be specified multiple times to handle different domains; each domain will have the webroot path that preceded it. For instance: (ga-w /var/www/example -d example.com -d www.example.com -w /var/www/thing -d thing.net -d m.thing.net(ga (default: Ask) --webroot-map WEBROOT_MAP JSON dictionary mapping domains to webroot paths; this implies -d for each entry. You may need to escape this from your shell. E.g.: --webroot-map (aq{"eg1.is,m.eg1.is":"/www/eg1/", "eg2.is":"/www/eg2"}(aq This option is merged with, but takes precedence over, -w / -d entries. At present, if you put webroot-map in a config file, it needs to be on a single line, like: webroot-map = {"example.com":"/var/www"}. (default: {}) P
csa_x_process_updates(3)
invoke a calendar application's calendar event handler
fish-completions(1)
Writing fish completions To specify a completion, use the complete command. complete takes as a parameter the name of the command to specify a completion for. For example, to add a completion for the program myprog, one would start the completion command with complete -c myprog ... To provide a list of possible completions for myprog, use the -a switch. If myprog accepts the arguments start and stop, this can be specified as complete -c myprog -a (aqstart stop(aq. The argument to the -a switch is always a single string. At completion time, it will be tokenized on spaces and tabs, and variable expansion, command substitution and other forms of parameter expansion will take place. fish has a special syntax to support specifying switches accepted by a command. The switches -s, -l and -o are used to specify a short switch (single character, such as -l), a gnu style long switch (such as --color) and an old-style long switch (like -shuffle), respectively. If the command (aqmyprog(aq has an option (aq-o(aq which can also be written as --output, and which can take an additional value of either (aqyes(aq or (aqno(aq, this can be specified by writing: 0.0 3.5 C complete -c myprog -s o -l output -a "yes no" P There are also special switches for specifying that a switch requires an argument, to disable filename completion, to create completions that are only available in some combinations, etc.. For a complete description of the various switches accepted by the complete command, see the documentation for the complete builtin, or write complete --help inside the fish shell. As a more comprehensive example, here(aqs a commented excerpt of the completions for systemd(aqs timedatectl: 0.0 3.5 C # All subcommands that timedatectl knows - this is useful for later. set -l commands status set-time set-timezone list-timezones set-local-rtc set-ntp # Disable file completions for the entire command # because it does not take files anywhere # Note that this can be undone by using "-F". # # File completions also need to be disabled # if you want to have more control over what files are offered # (e.g. just directories, or just files ending in ".mp3"). complete -c timedatectl -f # This line offers the subcommands # -"status", # -"set-timezone", # -"set-time" # -"list-timezones" # if no subcommand has been given so far. # # The (ga-n(ga/(ga--condition(ga option takes script as a string, which it executes. # If it returns true, the completion is offered. # Here the condition is the (ga__fish_seen_subcommands_from(ga helper function. # If returns true if any of the given commands is used on the commandline, # as determined by a simple heuristic. # For more complex uses, you can write your own function. # See e.g. the git completions for an example. # complete -c timedatectl -n "not __fish_seen_subcommand_from $commands" e -a "status set-time set-timezone list-timezones" # If the "set-timezone" subcommand is used, # offer the output of (gatimedatectl list-timezones(ga as completions. # Each line of output is used as a separate candidate, # and anything after a tab is taken as the description. # It(aqs often useful to transform command output with (gastring(ga into that form. complete -c timedatectl -n "__fish_seen_subcommand_from set-timezone" e -a "(timedatectl list-timezones)" # Completion candidates can also be described via (ga-d(ga, # which is useful if the description is constant. # Try to keep these short, because that means the user gets to see more at once. complete -c timedatectl -n "not __fish_seen_subcommand_from $commands" e -a "set-local-rtc" -d "Maintain RTC in local time" # We can also limit options to certain subcommands by using conditions. complete -c timedatectl -n "__fish_seen_subcommand_from set-local-rtc" e -l adjust-system-clock -d (aqSynchronize system clock from the RTC(aq # These are simple options that can be used everywhere. complete -c timedatectl -s h -l help -d (aqPrint a short help text and exit(aq complete -c timedatectl -l version -d (aqPrint a short version string and exit(aq complete -c timedatectl -l no-pager -d (aqDo not pipe output into a pager(aq P For examples of how to write your own complex completions, study the completions in /usr/share/fish/completions. (The exact path depends on your chosen installation prefix and may be slightly different)
g.gui(1), g.gui (1)
Launches a GRASS graphical user interface (GUI) session. Optionally updates default user interface settings
greenbone-nvt-sync(8)
updates the OpenVAS NVTs from Greenbone Security Feed or Community Feed
refresh(nged)
Updates the MGED display
sa-update(1)
automate SpamAssassin rule updates
stardate(1)
convert between stardates and other calendars
sync(1)
schedule file/file system updates rst2man-indent-level 0 1 rstReportMargin \$1
v.db.update(1), v.db.update (1)
Updates a column in the attribute table connected to a vector map
v.support(1), v.support (1)
Updates vector map metadata
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